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Sample Philosophy Critical Thinking Paper On Sex And Career Development Persuasive Essay Help

Sex and Career Development


Looking at the current statistics, there is no doubt that the number of male scientists and mathematicians in higher institutions of learning is higher than the number of female scientists and mathematicians. In addition, the same applies outside higher institutions of learning. Some experts claim that the trend continues because only few female students exhibit talents in sciences and mathematics. Other experts attribute this trend to biological factors (Halpern et al., 2007). While this is the case, certain unique cases demonstrate that biological factors do not influence these career differences in science and mathematics. Thesis: this paper argues that sex differences in careers related to mathematics and other sciences have no biological basis.


To start with, even if there is no doubt that the number of men in science related careers is higher than the number of women in these careers, it is not easy to establish the relationship between biological factors and careers in sciences. According to Geary (1999), establishing such a relationship is a complex task that many studies have not been able to establish. As a result, the few studies that establish such relationships tend to overlook some factors that are not biological at the expense of biological factors. This being the case, it is quite obvious that other factors such as cultural practices and personal interests, which are not biological factors, influence career development among women. As a result, sex differences in careers related to mathematics and other sciences have no biological basis.             

Once again, there is doubt that sex differences in science related careers do not have biological basis. If anything, cultural practices and communities’ ways of doing things contribute significantly to these differences. With regard to this issue, cultural practices across the world teach that women are homemakers. As a result, even the most developed communities that act against this practice find themselves attributing some home related duties to women (Halpern et al., 2007). Consequently, as young women grow up, they tend to choose careers that favor the duties their communities and cultural practices expect them to perform. Furthermore, careers in sciences and mathematics tend to be time consuming (Geary, 1999). This means that if female students are to pursue these careers, then they have to devote much of their time advancing these careers. Given that not many female students are willing to do this because of the duties they play in their families, then female students tend to shy away from these careers not because they are female, but because they have to balance between their cultural duties and careers. As a result, sex differences in careers related to mathematics and other sciences have no biological basis.                

Looking at what is currently taking place in vocational colleges especially in countries where students choose careers for themselves, it is quite evident that biological factors do not influence career development significantly. If anything, personal interest plays a significant role on this issue than biological factors do. While addressing this issue, Geary claims that only few female students with competencies in mathematics and sciences tend to develop their careers in mathematics and sciences (Geary, 1999). According to Spelke (2005), this happens because female students do not have interests in science careers. On the contrary, male students with competencies in mathematics and sciences tend to develop their careers in these fields because their interests are in these fields. In relation to this fact, there are fewer women in science and mathematics careers not because of biological factors, but because women do not have interests in science related careers. Accordingly, sex differences in careers related to mathematics and other sciences have no biological basis.  

Furthermore, current studies show no differences in cognitive abilities among male and female infants at the foundations of scientific and mathematical thinking. Spelke, in particular, demonstrates that male students do not comprehend science and mathematics better than females do. According to her, if there is any inconsistency between the two, then the inconsistency is too small (Spelke, 2005). The studies also show that even if minor differences in cognitive abilities develop later on, such differences do not equal the differences that male and female depict in their science related careers (Halpern et al., 2007). These studies depict that other factors other than biological ones influence career differences. As a result, sex differences in careers related to mathematics and other sciences have no biological basis.         


This critical analysis paper demonstrates that it is not possible to establish the relationship between career differences and biological factors because other factors influence career development. The paper argues that studies that establish such relationship tend to overlook non-biological factors. The paper also demonstrates that cultural practices and the way communities conduct themselves affect the way female students choose their careers. In addition, the paper demonstrates that personal interests among other non-biological issues affect career development among female students. Above all, the paper demonstrates that the time that students take developing their science related careers discourage female students from pursuing these careers. As a result, sex differences in careers related to mathematics and other sciences have no biological basis.         


Geary, D. (1999). Sex differences in mathematical abilities: commentary on the math-fact retrieval hypothesis. Contemporary educational psychology, 24, 267-274.

Halpern, D. et al. (2007). The science of sex differences in science and mathematics. Psychological science in the public interest, 8(1); 1-51. 

Spelke, E. (2005). Sex differences in intrinsic aptitude for mathematics and science? A critical review. American psychologist, 60(9), 950-958.

Sample Business Essay on Positive and Informative Online Review of a Satisfactory Product college essay help nyc: college essay help nyc

Positive and Informative Online Review of a Satisfactory Product


MacBook pro MD212LL/A is by far the best PC I have ever owned. The simplicity and quality of this computer is stunning. It is thin, light, and powerful. The design of this computer provides so much power into a small space. As a result, the MacBook delivers both high performance and portability. Despite its compact design, the computer delivers up to 10 hours battery life, which is far better than other laptop brands.


TheMacBook pro comes with over 4 million pixels for its spectacular retina display. As a result, users are able to retouch their photos, edit their movies in HD, and experience an amazing level of clarity. Moreover, basic functions such as web browsing and revising a document is better than it has ever been with the MacBook pro. The display in this device makes the MacBook pro one of the most advanced high-performance notebooks.  With a 2560×1600 resolution, users are able to see more of their high-resolution images with great accuracy. Moreover, the retina display reduces brightness while maintaining quality and color.


The Apple MacBook pro is equipped with the force touch trackpad that allows users to make use of realistic gestures. For example, a user can swipe or pinch to switch between various applications and navigate various contents. The Force Touch trackpad has force sensor capabilities that detect differences for pressure the user applies. This allows the user to have deeper connection to his/her content, and brings more functionality.

Advanced Intel mobile processor

The MacBook pro comes with an Intel Core i7 processor, which allows the user to run the most performance hungry applications. This implies that users can use apps such as photo studio. The MacBook pro`s hyper-Threading technology delivers enhanced performance by assigning each core multiple tasks at the same time. With processor speeds of 3.1GHz and Turbo Boost speeds of 3.4GHz, this processor can run almost any application.

Superfast file storage

            The MacBook stores nearly everything. The startup time is significantly fast, applications launch quickly and users enjoy navigating their desktops because it is responsive and fluid. The PC comes with 1.6 GBps flash storage speeds, which allows users to import huge files in seconds. In addition, the model`s 128 GB of flash storage allows the user to keep all the important files. Pro has ultrafast read and write performance flash storage. This makes this computer fast in operating.

Political Science Coursework Sample Paper on Political economy: A comparative approach admission essay help

Part 1

Rousseau presents a logical criticism of civilization based on human submergence on and relation with nature. I love your article because it sheds light on most of his philosophical thoughts regarding humans and nature. I agree that human beings would be better off in the society if they had remained contented with the peaceful past they co-existed with equity. However, I believe that regardless of the societal inequity and imbalance, the modern man is a better man and he can find a way to have his societal needs met due to his civilization (“Rousseau and Criticism,” n.d.).

Part 2

I would agree more to the radical perspective than the classical liberalism ideology in trying to explain the society. The society is not only composed of independent elements that act and survive alone, but also people meant to co-exist for a common idea or function. Within the disagreements of the radical movement, however, I believe that there is need for a government and some economists should not brand it as evil. A government contributes to order by promoting equity and eliminating ills such as disparities of income, wealth, and power that impede social development (Clark, 1998).

Part 3

I greatly realize the weight of your argument Robert, but I feel the government properly serves as a representative to the citizens. Moreover, if you doubted my differing stance, ask yourself; how could be the society be like without the government? The government has an important role to play especially promoting societal justice and welfare. The only problem I think is the slight encroachments of issues such as corruption of some leaders and unequal allocation of resources that marginalizes some individuals in the society that has handicapped the government that should represent us as individuals (Clark, 1998).

Part 4

I concur that humans need the freedom or free society in order to develop to their fullest. The freedom that is needed can only be there if we had a democratic society, but you realize it is not easy to achieve full democracy in the current society (Portes, 1971). I believe the work of the government can foster the society to be democratic and achieve freedom where all can participate.


Clark, B. S. (1998). Political economy: A comparative approach. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Portes, A. (1971). Political primitivism, differential socialization, and lower class leftist radicalism. American sociological review Vol. 36 No. 5 pp. 820-835

Rousseau and Criticism. (n.d.). Web. 11Sept 2015. Retrieved from

The Constitution Society. Rousseau: Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men: Second Part. Web. 11Sept 2015. Retrieved from

Sample Psychology Research Paper on Cross Cultural Research essay help app: essay help app

Cross Cultural Research

The research study focused on the generalized differences in the cognitive development and cognitive processing in children and adults in various cultures. The research looked at the cognitive abilities in adults in USA and Japan and compared with the cognitive development difference in children in the countries. Children from Japan and USA were subjected to various assignments for instance matching various objects in different environments. Children from USA were outperformed by their Japanese counterparts in matching rich objects (Megun & Smith, 2012).

In the second experiment children of four years from Japan and the United States took part in a visual search assignment. They were tasked with finding a specific object among several objects so as to test their relational abilities. The Japanese children were outperformed by their US counterparts in this experiment.

From the study, it is evident that there are differences in cognitive processing and development across different cultures. The study also revealed that we have many aspects that develop during the preschool period for instance sensitivity to relational objects (Hanania & Smith, 2010). This difference in children’s performance was an indication of a difference in cognitive development between western and eastern countries.

There is a theoretical stereotype that has its roots in colonialism that suggests that People from eastern cultures lack power in academics and this had an influence on the research. The researchers carried out the research with an informed mind on academic powers, which is rooted in colonialism. The stereotype is against research ethics.The scope and the design of the research is the main methodological issue, the research was only confined to Japanese and USA children of a certain age and this was not a good representative sample to show development at different ages.

As a scholar, I will address the above issue by avoiding prejudice about different cultures, respecting the diverse cultures, adhering to the conventional methods in carrying out a research and using existing theories as guidance to research.


Hanania, R., & Smith, L. B. (2010). Selective attention and attention switching: Towards a unified developmental approach. Developmental Science, 13, 622–635.

Megun, K., & Smith, L. (2012). Cross-cultural differences in cognitive development: Attention to relations and objects. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 113, 20-35.

Sample English Essay Paper on Cultural Differences essay help fairfax

Cultural Differences

Confucius once said “All people are the same. It’s only their habits that are so different.” To a significant degree, this statement is very true. For instance, most of the actions, whether communicating through language or caring for the young ones, these actions are shared across different communities and ethnic groups. Thus, it is the culture of people that make people different in terms of what we do things, relate, and feel.

Wherever they go, people are people. For instance, we connect with people living in different regions by just sharing with their experiences and beliefs. In spite of their culture, people need to sleep and all need to sleep (Livermore, 88). Thus, people are wired to survive, irrespective of the cultural background or personality, in the midst of disaster and tragedy. This means that people withstand the impossible via an innate desire to survive and sustain life. Sex drive, hunger, emotions, the desire to care for children are all common traits shared by people across different cultures. Although there might be some exceptional people who do not share some of these human traits, the way people live in terms of beliefs are all shared and guided by the different socio-cultural backgrounds. Nonetheless, there are some underlying understandings and behaviors that people share with the rest of people (humanity) across the borders in the present, past or the future. Moreover, from a theological perspective, people are the same under the image of God (Livermore, 88). People are people in the way they live in the cyclical phenomenon. For example, as humans, people have a way of enduring with conflict, sickness, aging, and advancement. All people have cultures that have shared beliefs and assumptions that bind people together.

In the article “Polite but Thirsty” by Yaping Tang has provided a description the experience of the culture shock she and other Chinese students experienced when they moved to the United States. Tang (36) explained that they were confronted with new values, codes, and behaviors which were totally different from their Chinese culture. The experiences of Tang align with the definition of culture that every group has shared beliefs, values, and assumptions that define their way of lives. In the article, Tang (37) has focused on the cross-cultural differences that exist between China and the U.S. She adds that people are same it is the habits that to differentiate us, and for this reason, people should not be quick to pass judgment on either culture. Instead, people are expected to share some light with regards to the new behaviors and habits in order to avoid difficulties in adjusting or misunderstanding each other. One of the habits that has been explored in the article is the use of first names in the U.S is formal is regarded as a formal and respectful way of addressing a person. However, this is totally different for the Chinese students and according to Tang (38), it made them uncomfortable because the use of first name is only reserved for close friends and family in China. In the same line of thought, modesty and directness are perceived differently in the two cultures. Moreover, Americans usually state and share their needs to others and accept all the compliments accorded to them, the Chinese on the other hand do not share their needs openly and often reject any form of praise, so as to show a bit of respect. Dealing with cultural shock because of external differences like climate, food, language, and mannerisms, as well as communication is embarrassing and it is the only thing that makes people different (Tang 3).

Even though people are people, in the article “Friends and Strangers” Margaret K. (Omar) Nydell explains the differences in culture between Arabs and Americans concerning a friend and a stranger. For instance, in the Arabian culture, it is normal to visit friends for anytime and stay as long as one feels like. Nonetheless, that is referred to as entering or invading personal life or privacy in the American culture. Thus, the privacy culture is highly valued among the Americans compared to Arabs. However, just like the Arabs, Americans enjoy the company of friends, but they never allow them to invade their personal life (Nydell 42). This kind of difference shows how cultural differences have shaped the way people interact in the society and associate with each other based on the cultural beliefs and shared assumptions. In addition, Arabs demand respect from people and care about their feelings, and also expect loyalty from friends. However, Americans do not demand equal feelings or demand respect, they belief that respect is earned and so is friendship. For example, the Arab American was quoted saying that “in the United States you can have more personal space; I guess is about the best way to put it” (Nydell 43). The implication made is that in spite of people being the same, cultural aspects life personal space and individualism.

 In the article, “Time Talks, with an Accent’, Robert Levine has explored the contrast that exist across cultural boundaries, thus causing contrasts in the idea of time. According to Levine (27), in the concept of social time, there are elements of rushing, waiting, late, or being early  as it is in the present, past, and the future. People in the society are born the same, but it is through culture that they change. For instance, culture is not innate but learned through socialization in the society. With regard to the article, Levine discovered that in order to manage his time, he had to learn such aspect and integrate it in his life. Moreover, he discovered the concept of the amanha that suggests that everything that need to be postponed must be (Levine 28). The difference in observing time is one way in which the difference in culture can be explored. For example, Levine (29) observes that while in the city of Niteroi, the students did not observe time, and were casual about it which was totally different to the way the Americans relate to time. During his stay in Brazil, Levine experienced a number of mishaps with amanha. For example, after he arranged for a meeting with his department chair about the issue, rather than arriving on time, she arrived for the appointment late. In his conclusion, Levine (32) observed that understanding time concepts can be classified as one of the elements of cultural values.  Thus, people are indifferent to the value of time because time as a part of cultural values, reflects the diverse beliefs and values that in most cases results to intercultural misunderstanding and conflicts. Unlike the Americans, the Brazilians did not have the concept of lateness or early.

Work Cited

Levine, Robert.  “Time Talks with an Accent”.  New Directions.  Ed.  Peter S. Gardner.  2nd Edition.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 27-32.

Livermore, David A. Cultural Intelligence: Improving Your Cq to Engage Our Multicultural World. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Academic, 2009. Print.

Nydell, Margaret K. (Omar). “Friends and Stranger.” New Directions.  Ed.  Peter S. Gardner.  2nd Edition.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 43-48. Print.

Tang, Yaping. “Polite butThirsty.” New Directions.  Ed.  Peter S. Gardner.  2nd Edition.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 36-40.  Print.

Sample Research Paper on Military Industrial Complex my assignment essay help

Military Industrial Complex

In his farewell speech, former Republican President, Dwight Eisenhower coined the Military Industrial Complex term, which up to date remains a topic of controversy and discussion. In his speech, he warned the future generation of possible’ unwarranted influence’ from the military industrial complex. This term basically refers to the relationship between legislators and the arms industry, which enables them to monetary gain from expanded military operations and arms sales. Eisenhower foresaw a future where the military industrial complex could influence unjustified wars, with the sole reason of increasing arms sales to expand the American arms industry, which would also benefit the legislators who supported the wars. Moreover, with the great desire for America to remain a super power, Eisenhower perceived that expansion of military power could be the main way through which this status could be maintained. Therefore, a permanent arms industry was required, which could be a threat to the American society and, which could also imply the safety of America through expanded military operations (Jarecki 8).

Eisenhower’s fears have been realized. The American military force has expanded and so has the arms industry. This has created a powerful influence that has brought about major several wars after World War II.  The Military Industrial Complex has continued to raise America’s power in the world map but at the same time destroying the unity of the American citizens. Unity has been affected since Americans have severally been divided in terms of supporting wars such as the Iraq invasion. This has caused societal challenges, which have even become major reasons that determine the presidential candidate that takes office. Military operations in America are critical, with the annual military budget being the highest in the world. Similarly, America is the major exporter of arms. This reveals that both the military and the arms industry in America has expanded, confirming the fears of Eisenhower, that the Military Industrial Complex could cause future issues. For instance, America’s participation in the Gulf War has been interpreted to be spearheaded by the need to protect the oil interests in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia (Jarecki 37).

However, my interpretation is that there was a hidden agenda behind attacking Iraq, which was to gain a greater world standing as a super power. This is because it was the first nation to point out the threat posed by Iraq, influencing other nations to support the Gulf War in spite of most nations not understanding the true cause of the war.

In his speech, Eisenhower stated that ‘only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry’ is able to compel the influence of a military industrial complex through peaceful ways so as to enhance freedom and prosperity (Jarecki 52). His views at the time were realistic. However, a small group of people today controls nations around the world. The US for instance has congressmen who sometimes legislates laws that meet their self-interests.  In spite of the US citizens having a responsibility of enabling the influence of the Congress, they sometimes have little power to enforce it.

Though often viewed negatively, the influence played by the military industrial complex is sometimes helpful. For instance, in the event that a foreign nation is in crisis, the US is always the country expected to make the first move, through offering humanitarian and military aid. This implies that the US spends its own funds and military power to save other nations from crisis. This however does not justify the negative side brought about military industrial complex.

Justification of War

As suggested by the film ‘Why We Fight’, World War II could be the last war that the US military had a good justification to.  A war is characterized by armed conflicts between nations and groups. The term war in a traditional aspect is rather special kind of violence that is triggered by differences in attitudes, behaviors and is also linked with assumptions to the cause of the war (van der Dennen 1). The major world wars I and II, both had international participation, where every country had to play a role to protect themselves and also to support allies. However, the Gulf War was initiated by countries with their own self-interests. The recent Iraq invasion was however justifiable. This is because the US and its allies decided to invade Iraq since the nation had not adhered to the peace keeping treaty that stipulated that it would cease to manufacture biological and lethal weapons, of which it was still producing. This invasion was triggered after the 9/11 attack, which left many dead and critically injured and hence the US and its top allies planned on invading Iraq since it was perceived to be the distributor of major weapons used in terrorism. In my opinion, such wars and invasions are justifiable since they not only ensure the safety of the US but also the safety of other nations. Moreover, the Iraq invasion was justifiable since Iraq had signed a peace treaty and had later defied the treaty and refused to comply with warnings given to shut down its lethal weapons plants.

Works Cited

Jarecki, Eugine. War and the Republic: A Story Guide to the Film Why We Fight. 2005. Web. 09 September 2015. <>.

van der Dennen, Johan. On War: Concepts, Definitions, Research Data – A Short Literature Review And Bibliography. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1980. Print.

Is Force Associated with Power and State-Building? Sociology Essay Sample college essay help online: college essay help online

Is Force Associated with Power and State-Building?

The human ideals and sophistication are always changing. Social dynamics that hold the society together (in all the parties, groups or states) have gained the evolved legitimacy. As such, a state could be referred to as an outfit founded on force. Trotsky quoted that every nation is founded on force in accordance to Max Weber’s volition on the foundations of a true state in the ‘What is Politics?’ passage. Historical perspective of force would regard it as a compelling action; that which makes you compromise your ideals/wishes. A wide range of human congregation could be termed as ‘states’ ranging from the simple office/business setup to the national outfit. It is only that earlier/traditional outfits advocated the use of physical force or violence to hold these congregations together.

Today, legitimized force holds these social outfits together. From the economic perspective, money is labelled as the holding factor. It drives people into economical outfits like companies and corporations. These ‘states’ can be described as those comprising of persons with the common interests or hope, for example, the hope of living comfortably and with a degree of power. These forces are not the like the traditional violent actions, but to some it could be regarded a dummy violent force; that which does no physical harm, but controls situations which perpetrate physical harm. This essentially brings up the usage of power by a given party or groups to hold the overall state together.

Power is rated highly in the society and is linked with a section of the general public. It signifies a social caste and the ability to monopolize. These powerful groups/individuals are held together by their common interests or may be affiliated to the power realms with a hope of better earnings (socially and economically). They would utilize legitimate domination to exercise their authority with the other societal members bound to obey them. This obedience is gained or one built on hope. The higher social class is attributed with revered wisdom and experience, and other societal members would believe that this class would formulate and implement the right policies. Therefore, the use of legitimized force is apprehended in today’s social outfit.

Sample Sports Dissertation Discussion Paper on Congressional Advocacy Letter Assignment college essay help free

HS 250 Healthcare Policy and Regulation

Congressional Advocacy Letter Assignment

1.         Utilize reference web sites to identify your key congressman who represents your district (Representative and Senator) both at the state and federal level.  You may use VSPACE Resource websites to assist you.   List the individuals who are currently serving in these roles below:

2.         Select one current healthcare, public safety, or community health related concern or issue and draft a letter to one of your identified congressman.  Utilize the Citizen’s Guide to State Government for Michigan as a reference.

3.         List the current concern or issue that you have selected below: We Need a Soccer indoor stadium

4.         The draft letter should be no more than one page with concise, well thought out points.  It should include factual information and should contain specifics about the action that you are looking for.   Include your draft letter on page two of this document.


The honourable (full name)

Office address

U.S. house of representative

City, State, Zip

Dear representative (last name),

I write to you as a concerned resident of Saginaw MI requesting for your consideration in putting up an indoor soccer stadium. All available fields are outside and this hinders us from playing soccer due to the extremely cold weather. In addition, the college gym has almost all other indoor sports except soccer. A number of hazards are involved in playing soccer in such cold weather which includes: increased risk of injuries such as frostbites, minimises performance, increases dehydration and hypothermia.

It is also important to note that soccer is an internationally recognised game in which our country regularly participates up to levels as high as the World Cup. Therefore, nurturing young talents in this game would be an added advantage to the county’s national team. Moreover, my hometown is characterised by a number of internationals who are often interested in playing football but are often disadvantaged by the extreme weather conditions.

Some of the countries that have indoor arenas include; Algeria, Angola, Cameroon,  Ivory coast, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, Tunisia, Beijing,  Changchun, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chennai, Cuttack, Bangalore, New Delhi among others and this has gone a long way in ensuring that soccer is played all year long irrespective of the weather conditions.

Having noted these aspects, I hope you will support our quest to have an indoor stadium for the purpose of nurturing talents and establishing a balance in all sports. Thank you for your time, consideration and effort in representing us in the congress. I look forward to hearing from you soon.


Your name:

Your title

Your address

Your city, state, zip

Your phone number

Sample Sociology Essay on Social Conflict Theory and Racial Profiling common app essay help: common app essay help

Social Conflict Theory and Racial Profiling

Based on the social conflict theory it is evident that society is made up conflicts within and between groups, clash of values and interests, the tension between what is and what some groups feel ought to be, conflict between vested interests and strata groups. The conflicts are what make up the society because they generate new norms, institutions and stimulate economic and technological realms.

Racial profiling in our criminal justice system is a true depiction of the social conflict theory in the modern society. It is based on conflicts that make up our society. Racial profiling premised on biased policing leads to mistrust among communities with conflicting interests in the society. Biased policing creates tension in the society because of the conflict on what is done in the criminal justice system and what ought to be done. The subjection of minority groups to stops frisks, searches result in conflict among various groups with vested interests in the society, and actually these conflicts are the one that make the society to be what it is but not what it ought to be. The creation of conflicts by racial bias results to criminality in the society because the minorities see law enforcers as not doing what they ought to do.

On the contrary, different structures with various functions make up our society. This is evidenced from the structural functional perspective. The criminal justice system being part of the society performs its duties like searches, frisks and stops at random and this should not be construed to be racial profiling. The arrests frisks and searches do not target the minority but coincidentally many of those found in conflict with the law come from minority groups. Actors in the criminal justice system have the discretion to execute their duties without bias thus racial bias is just a coincidence that arise when carrying out  their functions just as it is evident from the structural functional perspective of each structure in society have distinct functions.

The social conflict perspective best explains the condition. Different groups within the society have conflicting interests and roles thus they view differently actions of actors of criminal justice system as either racially biased or not racially biased.

Sample Business Studies Paper on Positive and Informative Online Review of a Satisfactory Product instant essay help: instant essay help





Positive and Informative Online Review of a Satisfactory Product

Logitech G27 Racing Wheel

The product

            The G27 racing wheel is ideal to PC racing game enthusiasts across all ages and genders. The wheel offers realistic pressure based on the gamer`s driving abilities. If the driver throttles the gas too much, he/she feels through the wheel as the tires begin to lose grip on the road. This completely helps provide a significant simulated experience as the driver overcorrects the steering and lose control of the vehicle. The G27 wheel comes with a clutch pedal, a six-speed shifter, and a push-down reverse gear. The clutch and the shifter on the G27`s peripheral making gaming extremely accurate.

            There are many little things that distinguish the G27 from other racing wheels and make racing enjoyable. Right on top of the horn button, there are shifter indicator and RPM LEDs, which enhance the whole gaming experience because the driver not only hears and feels when the vehicle should be put in the next gear, but also sees it right on the wheel. The wheel permits a 900-degree rotation, which allows the driver to steer hand over hand on sharp turns, which is the same with real car steering wheels.


The G27 wheel is designed with leather grip, which makes it stand out. The level of comfort and realistic feel that the wheel offers is exemplary. Moreover, the buttons on the gaming wheel are simple, with the either side of the frame having three buttons. The rest of the buttons are installed on the shifter device. Mounting the G27 is a simple task given its dual clamping feature. It seamlessly latches to a computer desk or table. The G27 comes with a sturdy rubber floor grip underneath the pedals that prevent the pedals from sliding, and it functions seamlessly because of the weight of the device. As far as gaming wheels are concerned, the heavier the better. The G27 pedals are made from steel and they have adequate distance between them, which prevents the risk of stepping on two pedals simultaneously. Perhaps, the only negative aspect with the G27 is its cable attachment. Given that each device must be connected, the peripheral looks scattered.


            A 3-year warranty is provided for G27 gaming wheel and the company`s support team provide prompt support to buyers through email, phone and FAQs section of its website.

Sample Education Essay Paper on Reading Respond college essay help

Reading Respond

 The education reforms are targeted at mounting pressure on teachers and students to raise their performance. An education system demands performance measurements and evaluation on a regular basis. In this context, tests cannot be relied upon as the only performance evaluation strategy by government agencies in making crucial decisions. This system presents an opportunity for the students to interact and acquire knowledge from tutors (Ravitch, 2012). This knowledge influences their emotional and psychological/intellectual welfare. If an organization bases its evaluation solely on the intellectual student welfare, then it overlooks the emotional welfare fact that an action that makes the process ineffective (Orfield, 2010). I therefore concur with Diane Ravitch’s views on the education reforms introduced by the government through organizations such as the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In addition, the reform threatens the existence of special schools as well as public schools. This is because of the fact that special schools put more emphasis on knowledge acquisition (Strauss, 2010).

Case of France

The educational reforms taking place in France seek to bridge the gap between rich and poor families in the community. The French middle school system would be changed to allow the access of students from poor families to education in a consistent manner. This ensures that pupils have equal chances of excelling in life. The official age for intake as proposed by the education minister was 11 to fifteen years. These reforms attracted many partners, including the teacher’s union and education stakeholders (Ravitch, 2010). These reforms would lead to the release of unqualified personnel to the market – a factor that is detrimental to the economy. The reforms are similar to the ones instituted in the United States because in both cases, the changes fail to address the teacher’s plight. On the other hand, the initiative acts as a de-motivator for human capital that assists the government in the education sector. Moreover, social justice for teachers is not addressed (McPartland, 2015).


McPartland, B. (2015, May 19). “French school reforms: Why the almighty fuss?” – The Local. Retrieved from

Orfield, G. (2010). “Policy and equity: A third of a century of educational reforms in the United States”. Prospects, 22(2), 241-268. doi:10.1007/BF02736906         

Ravitch, D. (2010, March 23). NEA – Excerpt from “The Death and Life of the Great American School System.” Retrieved from

Ravitch, D. (2012, July 28). Diane Ravitch Defends Public Education [Video file]. Retrieved from

Strauss, V. (2010, March 24). Book TV: Afterwords: Diane Ravitch, “The Death and Life of the Great American School System” [Video file]. Retrieved from

Sample Principle of Fire Homework Paper on History of Fire and US Fire Problem medical school essay help: medical school essay help

History of Fire and US Fire Problem

Fire occupancy classification refers to categorizing the type of fire occurrence based on its degree or impact. The impact of the fire classification is based on the degree of damage caused, the number of casualties coupled with the rating on the fire code. The amount of damage caused will also be determined by the grade of the building; business-class rated and education-rated buildings face most damages related to uncontrolled fire incidences. The sources of these fire incidences range from usual negligence incidences to the accidental causes. Negligence incidences are prosecutable according to the law, and the causative person(s) can even face first-degree murder charges. The examples of major fire occurrences in America history include:

The great Chicago fireOur Lady of Angels FireThe Hartford Circus fire incidentThe Triangle Shirtwaist fire incident

The time of occurrence of these fire incidences does vary but in their own respect are considerable fire highlights. The Great Chicago Fire occurred on 8th October 1871 and lasted two consecutive days. It was a great disaster in Illinois considering that it burnt up 9.9km2 area, and at least 300 people were killed. Numerous people, about 100,000, were rendered homeless and economically paralyzed. The Our Lady of Angels School fire occurred on 1st December 1958 in Illinois which left more than 90 people dead (both students and staff). The Hartford Circus Fire incident transpired on 6th July 1944 in Connecticut. A large number was killed, about 170 and several injured. The Triangle Shirtwaist fire incident occurred on 25th March 1911 in New York. The factory fire instigated about 150 deaths and numerous fatalities.

The fire occurrences made noteworthy damages on the community and the places of occurrence. The degree of impact varied, but a lot of properties and a large number killed mainly due to uncouth fire detection measures. The Our Lady of Angels Fire is a typical scenario which was detected later when the fire had spread to the second floor. Fire detection devices, which were not existent then, could have sounded the alarm when the fire was still in the basement. Numerous numbers were killed, especially the Great Chicago Fire because of limited response and slow evacuation procedures. The slow evacuation procedures meant that a large number of people were exposed to the fire risk coupled with the inadequate response which gave the fire the ‘energy’ to continue raging.

The fire incidences taught prized lessons and experiences to the government and community. It leads to the updating of the Fire Code which is incorporated in vehicles, building and structural analysis before approval. The code stresses on incorporation of fire detection and safety devices in each floor and emergency exits. The emergency exits should not be obstructed to maintain accessibility. Also, these incidences unearthed the need to train the public about fire safety and management. This would ease the fire-fighters effectiveness as the public would be able to up-track the evacuation procedures before the arrival of the firefighters in a fire-related incident. These fire occurrences highlighted the problems to be tackled in detection, prevention and fighting fire outbreaks. The firefighting equipment was innovated to suit the current and greater fire incidences. These measures serve to improve human safety and evacuation during such incidences.

According to the US Fire statistics, the District of Columbia had the highest fire death rate of 24.7. Massachusetts and California states had the lowest fire death rates, at 6.2. Relative risk is a comparison of the per capita rate of the state and the overall per capita of the country. Connecticut had a relative risk of 0.9. It is difficult to compare the US fire death rate with other countries because of the clarity difference concerning the underlying cause of death for such cases.

            The overall trend in residential buildings concerning the fires, deaths and injuries associated is 19.5%, 20.6% and 5.3% respectively in 2011. According to the Statistical Reports for School and University Fires, the major causes of fires in fraternity include Open flame, Cooking and Incendiary causes. The four major missions of US Fire Administration include:

Collecting statistics about the various fire incidencesEducating the public about fire safetyProvide reliable research about fire, its management and preventionOffering training about tackling the fire incidences.The support branch of USFA provides reliable information and guidance about management of fire incidences.

The National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) is a reporting makeshift that provides and arranges the fire data and reports that are integral in management of future fire incidences. 

Sample Philosophy Essay Paper on What Philosophy Is essay help writing


Philosophy is regarded to be the study of the nature of fundamental knowledge, its existence and the way it develops. One of its basic characteristics depicted in the myth is that it helps us understand things the way they are. This is demonstrated by the fact that the myth claims that it is only the philosophers that can help us perceive things the way they are in real life as opposed to perceiving them as shadows on the wall of the cave as most of us do (Carel and Gamez 299). The other characteristic is that philosophy uses arguments and reasoning to establish its points. As depicted in the myth, Plato argues out his point by reasoning things out. Other characteristic depicted in the myth is that philosophy as a subject digs deeper beyond the obvious things.       

As for the explanation of the origin of philosophy, I would say that philosophy developed as the need for search of human wisdom intensified in Greece and as other disciplines such as sophistry, theology and science developed. The simple reason for its development was the need to differentiate it from the other disciplines and enhance knowledge. In spite of this fact, some people claim that philosophy did not originate in Greece, but in line with argument it would be important to note that Greek philosophers were the ones that differentiated philosophy from other subjects. For this reason, the origins of philosophy are in Greece and not in other regions.

Finally, given that sophistry is based on one’s capacity to play around with words and master language while philosophy is based on factual knowledge aspects, the two subjects are different from each other. More specifically, the two subjects are different from each other because sophistry engages in argument for the sake of arguments while philosophy engages in arguments when there is the need to understand human wisdom (Crome 1).

Work Cited

Carel, Havi and Gamez, David. What Philosophy Is. New York: Continuum, 2004. Print.

Crome, Keith. Socrates and sophistry. Richmond Journal of Philosophy, 9. 2005. Print.

Sample Sociology Essay Paper on Social Deviance common app essay help

Social Deviance

            The term social deviance is refers to the deviance against formal and informal social norms. The phenomenon deals with the study of such violations against social norms in all different societies. In normal situations, a person would either conform to the social norms or violate them. The norms can be described either as explicit or implicit (Kaplan, & In Johnson, 2001). Explicit social norms are not necessarily laws and people always blend deviance and conformity in their behaviors. It is not possible to find one person who violates all norms or conform to all the norms. Sometimes behaviors are both conformity and deviance, for example when motorists go beyond the recommended speed limit in a high way; it violates the speed laws but conforms to speed of other motorists. In such case, slow driving may be viewed by others as violation of the normal flow.

            Norms depend on situations and changes with time. It is normal to laugh at a party but doing so in a burial ceremony would be so inappropriate. Changes in time have made it normal to see women in paid jobs, which were viewed differently in the past as being strange occurrence (Akers, 2009). Norms is also viewed according to the status of a person, for example, an adult is not expected to pick his nose in public place in front of other people while the same is very normal when done by a child. The theories of deviances explain that there are foundations of deviance; they are social conflict, symbolic interaction and structural functionalism.

                       Structural functionalism explains that the society is complicated and its stability is only achieved by making the complex parts to work together (Franzese, 2015). Deviance and conformity are both complex and their work together helps to bring society together and make them stronger. When a country experience an act of terrorism, spirit of patriotism rises higher than the normal level. This in fact is a deviance because it goes beyond norms, but brings people closer. Drug sellers sell drugs to youths who in turn end up being socially deviance, while the sellers achieve a socially accepted goal of being rich.

                       Symbolic interaction looks at deviance from every day occurrences. It also states that deviance are not what people do but how others view and respond to what someone has done(Krohn, Lizotte,  & Hall, 2009). One may be involved in activities that all other people are involved in; it remains normal until someone comes and makes something out of that activity. An example is of two friends who are footballers, in the evening they like to meet other friends and have a few drinks. Problems arise when one is caught by the police while drinking, charged and even expelled from his football club. Drinking is normal until the police make something out of it.

                       Social conflict views looks at the various forms of inequalities and competitions in the society. This creates conflict and social change in the society (Andersen, & Taylor, 2008). The society finds itself at loggerheads on ways it benefits few people at the expense of the majority in the society. There are always conflicts between minority groups and the dominant ones and it creates some deviance among members of theses groups. The poor might decide to rob the rich so that they compensate for the injustice the society has placed on them

Annotated Bibliography

Kaplan, H. B., & In Johnson, R. J. (2001). Social deviance: Testing a general theory.

                       The authors of the book argue that valuation of deviant behaviors is assumptions made by people around an individual. These are assumptions and judgments are guided by the presumed norms in the society. The deviant behavior is judged more harshly if it gets out of control. A person is therefore stigmatized if they go against the normal systems set and defined by the society. The book is important in that it has shed light on the psychological processes involved in the social deviance.

Akers, R. L. (2009). Social learning and social structure: A general theory of crime and deviance. New Brunswick [N.J.: Transaction Publishers.

                       Ronald has looked at concepts, background, test and modifications of social deviation in details. The detailed statement given about the social learning and its impacts on deviant and criminal behavior has offered a complete and authoritative discussion of social deviance. The strength of the book is on its exclusive devotion on detailed structure, validity and prepossession of crime and deviance. It has looked at the progress of social learning and its application in both deviance and crime cases. The author has pulled different research works together to give an exclusive review of the theory.

Franzese, R. J. (2015). The sociology of deviance: Differences, tradition, and stigma.

                       Franzese has described the differences, which exist between various theories of social deviance. He also discusses the history and the stigmatization placed on people labeled as deviant. The author argues that the behaviors labeled as deviance are defined by the society and may vary in each society although some are universal. As a sociologist, the author immersed himself in the world of deviance in order to understand deviant people and their behaviors well. The text is important because it has explained the various theories, her differences and the stigma that people place on others because of deviance behaviors.

Top of Form

Krohn, M. D., Lizotte, A. J., & Hall, G. P. (2009). Handbook on crime and deviance. Dordrecht: Springer.

Bottom of Form

The authors of the book have discussed the latest developments in the field of deviance and crime sociology. The text gives details about history of crime sociology; the methods used in investigative deviance and crime and have explained the concept of crime. This is an important because it looks at deviance and crime in details enabling readers to have deeper understanding of the discipline.

Andersen, M. L., & Taylor, H. F. (2008). Sociology: Understanding a diverse society. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

                       The book talks about the diversities in the society. The inequalities and conflicts in the society are discussed in details. Authors have argues that the dominant groups use social control to maintain their higher positions while ensuring that the minority remain in their lower positions. The minority have also come up ways to get what the dominant groups including stealing and even killing in some cases. The book also states that people usually behave the way they do because of the meaning that other people attribute to the various situations. It has given more emphasis on meanings that surround deviance and how individuals respond to these meanings. The book is therefore important in this study because it looks at the various theories of social deviance and how they affect people’s behaviors


Akers, R. L. (2009). Social learning and social structure: A general theory of crime and deviance. New Brunswick [N.J.: Transaction Publishers.

Andersen, M. L., & Taylor, H. F. (2008). Sociology: Understanding a diverse society. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Kaplan, H. B., & In Johnson, R. J. (2001). Social deviance: Testing a general theory.

Krohn, M. D., Lizotte, A. J., & Hall, G. P. (2009). Handbook on crime and deviance. Dordrecht: Springer.

Franzese, R. J. (2015). The sociology of deviance: Differences, tradition, and stigma.

Sample Criminal Law Essay Paper on writing essay help: writing essay help

Order of Volatility

            Criminal analysis depends on a solid forensic plan. It is a growing field considering the demand for refinement of evidence for criminal investigation. Forensic studies aid us understand the intent of the crime, the frequency of occurrence and the probable suspects involved. This is a significant cause in administration of justice for the affected person(s). The state crime lab is a forensic expert helping in criminal investigation (Ubelaker, 2014). The lab is divided into different sections for the collection and analysis of evidence, for example, DNA and fingerprint analysis, microscopy and the data evaluation sections. Recent reports by AB Investigative Services (ABIS) have unearthed several problems faced by the different sections in the state crime lab that have to be tackled to increase its effectiveness. The noted troublesome areas are:

TechnologySecurity and PrivacyInventory and warehouse managementOrder of VolatilityForensic plan and adherenceCustomer service

The recommendations for the following troublesome areas are as stipulated in the following texts.

            A well stipulated forensic plan and adherence to it is a recipe for efficient evidence analysis and improved crime investigation. It is one thing to come up with a plan but a different thing to implement it. Implementation of the forensic plan involves understanding the Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Control (QC) of the forensic products (National Research Council of the National Academics, 2009). The investigator has to guarantee appropriate computer forensic products are used as stipulated. To provide appropriate QA and QC in the computer forensic products, the investigator can:

Ensure usage of the latest digital tools in analysis of associated forensic dataEnsure qualified staff is assigned the development and analysis of the forensic products/data

            Technology is another determinant of the effectiveness of the state crime lab. The dynamic technology sphere produces range of forensic products suited for different functions in the crime lab. The state crime lab should outsource some functions/applications to work more effectively. The recommended practices concerning technology section of the state crime lab, they should:

Encourage innovation practices within its qualified staff to develop better products tailored to their goals/functionsIncorporate the social Internet platforms and web applications like the browsers and social media to promote e-business.

            Security and privacy should be upheld to the highest possible standards as a measure to regulate quality of the forensic products. Customer data should be safeguarded to prevent disclosure to unrelated properties unless if requested through a court order. To improve security and privacy, the state crime lab should involve a policy of dealing with the customer only and not his/her affiliates who may ask for the client’s forensic data (Ubelaker, 2012).

Communication determines the quality of service delivered. Customer service is a marketing tool which if used effectively will improve the dealings of the state crime lab. To maintain communication with the clients, the state crime lab should use mails, e-mails, phone calls and SMS services. For general inquiries by the customer, the state crime lab can used online social platforms like Facebook and Twitter. Quick response to customer concerns will improve a customer’s experience and service.

The state crime lab, like other companies, should do an inventory of its supplies and distributions. This is a vital practice to keep check of the returns accrued and prevention of fraudulent activities. To improve the inventory and warehouse management, the state crime lab should file its returns, both physical and digital data; this would act as reference when auditing the profitability and efficiency of the different sections of the lab (Ubelaker, 2014).

Price and demand variations affect the business of the state crime lab. Loyal customers, suppliers, and distributors should be accorded different rates as compared to one-time customers, suppliers, and distributors. This will increase the business trust built between the state crime lab and the loyal parties. To attract more customers, the crime lab should offer discount rates depending on the quantity and quality of the order received from the customer. Besides, this would improve customer relations and act as a significant marketing tool.


National Research Council of the National Academics. (2009).  Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community., &. C.

Ubelaker, D. H. (2014). Introduction, in The Global Practice of Forensic Science (Ed. D. H. Ubelaker). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. doi: 10.1002/9781118724248

Ubelaker, D. H. (2012). Forensic science: Current issues, future directions. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Sample Chemistry Essay Paper on Thermoset Plastics and Recycling gp essay help

Thermoset Plastics and Recycling

Thermoset substances are characterized by their strong chemical bonds that are linked together by polymers, giving them a firm link structure. This well-built structure is the foundation of the substances’ mechanical and physical strength. The complex and strong nature linking the structure of thermostats is responsible for various characteristics of these substances.

First, thermostats are cured irreversibly. The main familiar cure is stimulated by heat. The compound reaction drawn in this method is termed as irradiation. Thermosets are usually made stronger during the heating process and they cannot be remolded. Thermoset substances are largely in liquid form or supple before they are cured. It is in this form that they are then cured in order to design them into the required end result form or used as bonding agents. The gel point of thermoset substances is the duration taken by the substances to change from the viscous state to the solid state during the curing process. Other thermoset substances are used in semiconductors and integrated circuits, which are solid in nature.

Of great contrast to thermosetting substances are thermoplastic polymers that are softened when cured by heat and reversible to strong form after cooling. The process of reshaping can be done  repeatedly without making any substance change in their composition.

Thermoset substances exhibit a high structure in its bonding, which is responsible for its poor elasticity and lengthening of materials.

Curing Process in Thermosets

This process involves conversion of resin into an end-product like rubber through cross linking. The curing process is induced by heat or any catalyst that makes the molecular chains to respond at compound active sites, for instance, bonding to create the strong bonds responsible for the rigidity of substances. The linking results into a stiff 3-d structure. Bonding between the molecules results in stronger and large molecule with heavy weight, giving rise to substances with a high melting point. The high melting point of the substance is high above surrounding temperature that makes it possible for it to remain in the solid state. The implication of this reaction is that thermostats can never be recycled unless they are used as wadding elements (Keynes 9).

Thermosets have several constructive and harmful aspects. They are important in creation of permanent elements, which are large and solid in form. This is because their bonds cannot be changed even when subjected to large amounts of heat. Substances coming out of thermosets exhibit satisfactory potency, and there are no chances of weakening even if there are temperature variations.

The basic side effect of thermostats is that they cannot be recycled. This is due to the fact that the bonds created during the curing process cannot be reversed to liquid or viscosity state. Thermostats also have some common properties. They do not change form when passed under heat and cannot melt. Additionally, thermostats also do not enlarge when put under any form of solvents. They are resistant to creep, and are quite insolvent.

Thermostat materials are widely used today. For instance, melamine resin represents one such use that is applied in on worktop exteriors (Dante, Santamaria and Martin 114). Other applications are phenolic resins used in tool handlers, insulators, billiard boards, and sprockets. Unsaturated polyester resins are also applications of thermostats in the manufacture of plastics, polyesters, and fillers.

Themostats are important since they mostly improve the mechanical composition of substances. A clear understanding of thermostats is crucial in making informed decisions to enhance product designs.

Works Cited

Dante, Roberto, Santamaria Diego and Martin Jesus. “Cross linking and thermal stability of thermosets based on novolak and melamine”. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 114. 6(2009): 4059–4065.

Keynes, Milton. T838 Design and Manufacture with Polymers: Introduction to Polymers. The Open University (UK), (2000) page 9.

Sample Psychology Essay Paper on Applied thematic analysis free essay help: free essay help


Question 1

Validity and reliability are primarily quantitative research. However, when quality indictors from both qualitative and quantitative research are allocated to these concepts, they undermine the general importance of the data. Qualitative research still faces a number of challenges to validity and reliability, a selection of which is rendered cumbersome to apply when using data to analyze and determine the primary objective of the research. However, Roebuck (2011) argue, “By addressing these challenges throughout the whole research process using adequate methods, their negative effects on research quality can be substantially reduced” (243). While “precise” validity and reliability remains an illusion for any kind of study (Guest, G., MacQueen, K. M., & Namey, E. E. (2012), the notion of their applicability could prove effective is some researches.

Question 2

Mixed-method research is more than merely combining quantitative and qualitative research approaches. Practitioners, evaluators, policymakers and funding agencies now recognize that combining multiple forms of data within a single study is not only legitimate but also preferable. For instance, word count and standard content analysis offers credibility especially in instances where more than one source of data is employed. Roebuck(2011) articulates, “If content analysis techniques are incorporated into mixed method researches, both qualitative and quantitative studies could mutually confirm each other hence, creating concrete evidence on the suitability and accuracy of the research” (255).

Moreover, word count and content analysis provides researchers with a steady stream of hypothesis. Word count eliminates the tendencies of working with hard data, making it possible for qualitative findings to evaluate hypotheses that would be subsequently confirmed by qualitative research techniques. The idea of integrating structured interviews, questionnaires and the correct language could also be helpful in facilitating quantitative research. Finally, the goal of mixed research is not to replace qualitative or quantitative approaches but, rather, to combine both approaches in creative ways that utilize the strengths of each within a single study. By mixing methods in ways that minimize weaknesses or ensure that the weaknesses of one approach do not overlap significantly with the weakness of another, the study is strengthened (Guest, G., MacQueen, K. M., & Namey, 2012)


Guest, G., MacQueen, K. M., & Namey, E. E. (2012). Applied thematic analysis. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

Roebuck, K. (2011). CAQDAS: Computer assisted/aided qualitative data analysis.

Sample Accounting Research Paper Essay on Metrics research essay help: research essay help



Metrics are standard ways of measuring and assessing the different indicators such as efficiency, performance, progress as well as the quality of the project deliverables. Metrics are important because they assist the project managers predict, improve together with the decision-making during the implementation of the project. As a result, it can be argued that matrices are essential tools because they assist the project managers to manage the organization projects in the right and intended manner. Moreover, metrics also help the managers to monitor the general performance of the project together with the identification and evaluation of the potential risks that can frustrate the overall implementation of the project. Additionally, metrics can assist in estimating the profitability of the project as well as monitoring and assessing the productivity of the project team. In this paper, four types of the metrics would be considered. These metrics include schedule and effort and cost variance, productivity and resource utilization metric, gross margin metric, and the triple bottom line metric (Klubeck, 2014).

Schedule and effort cost variance

I selected this metric because of its ability to predict accurately and assess the profitability of the project as a whole. This metric depends on the concept of Earned Value Management (EVM) as a tool for tracking the profitability of a project. The type of the data that this metric can support is ordinal. Since it includes varried project concepts. However, this metric has the ability to estimate the quality of data through focusing on the project scope together with the project cost. As a result, schedule and effort cost variance is a powerful tool for assessing the overall project performance and cost. As a cost determinant, this metric is capable of revealing the value, schedule variance together with the actual cost to accurately predict the project profitability. This implies that this the analysis of the data variables can support the metric (Klubeck, 2013).

Productivity and resource utilization

This is my second metric that I selected. I selected it because of its ability to assist the project managers to monitor how the resources utilized during the project implementation. It is important to note that resources utilization can be estimated by comparing the total effort that is spent on the total budget effort that is factored in for the project. Therefore, this metric can support the real value multi captive data. In establishing the data quality, this metric can establish whether there is underutilization or overutilization of the project resources. Consequently, managers are able to find out if they are working within the planned budget. Besides, productivity metric can also be used in assessing the project profitability. However, through the analysis of the data variables, the metric points at the need of time as an essential requirement for the success of this metric (Klubeck, 2014).

Triple Bottom Line

This type of metric encompasses the three main dimensions of performance. These three dimensions include the finance, environment, and society. I have selected this metric because it has incorporated both the social together with the ecological measures that are usually missing in the other metrics. Therefore, it can be argued that triple bottom line is one of complete metrics. The triple bottom line can support numerous data, but the most appropriate data are the random vector. However, the metric can be used to estimate the quality of the data with the help of the3Ps (people, planet, and profit). These 3Ps are vital since they point at period at which the project will remain in place. It is important to note that the triple bottom line can only be supported when there is a balance among the 3Ps that indicate the sustainability of the project (Klubeck, 2012).


Klubeck, M. (2012). Metrics. Project Management, 1(3), 112 134.

Klubeck, M. (2013). Using Metrics as Indicators. Metrics, 2(1), 83-95.

Klubeck, M. (2014). Advanced Metrics. Metrics, 1(1), 243-269.

Sample Psychology Coursework Essay Paper on Experimental Psychology global history essay help

Experimental Psychology

Experimental Designs

The chosen variables are on interpersonal violence, which is the first choice. I will have the participants in one group go through a scenario where there is a fight between two people. This scenario will have low levels of IPV. The other group will contain contributors who will also go through the scenario having the same fight. However, in this scenario, there will be high IPV. Both groups of contributors will evaluate the role of IPV on the range of placing the entire blame on the victim and on the executor. The hypothesis of this experiment is that the perpetrator will face more blame on the scenario that has high IPV compared to the scenario that has low IPV.What is your IV (in terms of a hypothetical construct)? The chosen IV is interpersonal violence (IPV).What are the levels of your IV (i.e., what will the two samples do or have done to them)? The first group to go through would read a scenario with a fight, which has low levels of IPV, and the second group would read a scenario with the same fight having high levels of IPV.What is your DV (what do you want to measure) in terms of a hypothetical construct? The hypothetical construct is about attribution of blame.

How will you operationalize the DV (i.e., what will you use to measure the DV)? The applied scale would be the continuum for entirely blaming the victim and the perpetrator.

What results do you expect to find? I expect more of the blame to be attributed to the perpetrator following the scenario with high than the scenario with low levels of IPV.

The second experimental experiment would be based on the use of two independent variables at different times. The variables chosen have been choice B. the scents are to be manipulated from the dispersed sleep lab. The contributors are to sleep in the lab for two separate nights. On the first night, lavender scent is to be infused while on the second night, peppermint scent is to be infused. The contributors are to fill in a measure sleep quality test after every night they spend in the sleep lab. The hypothesis for this experiment is that there would be better quality sleep on the night of lavender than the night, which was followed by peppermint.

What is your IV (in terms of a hypothetical construct)? The preferred IV is aromatherapy.What will you do to the participants or have them do? At what point(s) in time? Contributors are to sleep in the lab for a night as the lavender scent is dispersed. They are to fill in a sleep quality measure after they wake up. After one week, the same participants are to sleep in the lab for another night at the peppermint scent is dispersed; they will go through the same measure of sleep quality again as soon as they are awake.What will you (the experimenter) measure? At what point(s) in time will you measure the outcomes? Among the variables to be measured include sleep quality, which will be immediately the contributors are awake.What results do you expect to find? The participants are to give back reports on better sleep quality after sleeping with the scent of lavender. These results are expected to be higher than the nights when the participants are to sleep when the peppermint is dispersed.

The third experiment is on non-normative sexual behavior. The Independent variables are the sado-masochism, swinging and polyamory. The dependent variable is attitudes. In this experiment, there will be an equal number of participants who are to be interviewed on the form of sexual relationships they have had. Their past backgrounds will reinforce their previous lives and the category each of them is inclined to. The main theme of this experiment is that there are various attitudes, which lead people to engage in sexual relationships. The hypothesis of this study is that there is a higher measure of changes of attitudes in the swinging group than in any other group.

What is your IV (in terms of a hypothetical construct)? The Independent variables are the sado-masochism, swinging and polyamoryWhat are the levels of your IV (i.e., what will the three groups of participants do or have done to them)? The three groups of contributors will have to be randomly chosen from a group of young adults with active sexual lives. Their medical history and background will have to be reviewed. Their present lifestyles and any other information will have to be categorized according to the information givenWhat is your DV (what do you want to measure) in terms of a hypothetical construct? I want to measure the different forms of attitudes displayed in the three varied groups. I expect to have a higher measure of attitudes in the swinging group, followed by the polyamory and then the sado-masochism.How will you operationalize the DV (i.e., what will you use to measure the DV)? The expected measure will be based on the lifestyle of the participants and the medical history.What results do you expect to find? Be sure to specify how you expect each possible pair of groups to differ (Group 1 vs. Group 2; Group 2 vs. Group 3; and Group 1 vs. Group 3).

The expected variables are to differ. Group 1 is expected to have higher instances of dorky childhood among the poly-amorous group as compared to the sado-masochism. This group is also expected to consist of a highly social people as compare to the swinging group. The swinging group is to have had more open relationships than the sado-masochism. Both the swinging and the poly-amorous are to have dorky childhood as contributing factors to their present lifestyles.

The experiment in this case is based on more than one level of the Independent variables. There is more than one true Independent variable. The levels are restricted to more than one level. The experiment is about the housing situation, which may be affected by more than one factor. The participants are expected to have come from the main independent factors in this case which is the dorm, fraternity, home and off-campus. The variable factors are in two categories: the use of alcohol and the age. The participants are to be chosen from the independent variables. A similar number of applicants from the same gender are to be placed on the different housing and evaluated on the effects of age and alcohol use. The hypothesis of this study is to highlight that age and alcohol use play a significant role in the choice of the desired housing. It is expected that the young people who take alcohol are to prefer off campus and sorority as compared to the old who prefer homes. The true experimental variable is the home against alcohol use and age

 Fill in name of hypothetical construct here  (The old prefer homes than the young who take alcohol)Fill in level here (alcohol use)Fill in level here (age)Fill in name of hypothetical construct here (The old rarely take alcohol and settle on homes.)    Fill in level here (Homes)mean score on measure of the DV  (homes are to be less preferred by the alcohol users)  mean score on measure of the DV  (Homes are to be more preferred by the old)  Fill in level here (Off Campus)mean score on measure of the DV  (off campus are better preferred by the alcohol users)  mean score on measure of the DV  (The Off Campus are to be the least preferred by the old as compared to the young)

Name your two true IVs (in terms of hypothetical constructs). The two true Independent variables are the Homes and Off-campusWhat are the two levels of your first IV? The two levels of the First Independent variables are to the homes are more preferred by few alcohol users and the old.What are the two levels of your second IV? The levels of the second independent variable is that the Off Campus is less desirable by the old and that Off Campus is also associated with the participants who are alcohol takers. How many groups of participants will you have to recruit? I will have to recruit four groups of participants.What will you do to each of those groups of participants? Each of the participants are to be placed on different houses for a given period. During this time, they are to be given a wide range of alcohol for the entire period. The participants are to be equal in terms of gender but with varied with age groups.What is your DV (what do you want to measure) in terms of a hypothetical construct? I desire to measure the number of participants who prefer alcohol and their age limits. This measurement will be dependent on the kind of preferred housing.How will you operationalize the DV (i.e., what will you use to measure the DV)?

I will use the number of alcoholic drinks taken and the age of the participants.

What results do you expect to find?I expect to find more young people preferring the off-campus and the domes while the old are expected to prefer the homes.Do you anticipate a main effect of the first IV on the DV? I expect more participants to choose home. This is because majority of the old would choose homes as some of the young people would also go for homes. In as much as the old may take alcohol, they would still go for the homes. This is unlike the young people who would still prefer off campus even when they are not drunk.Do you anticipate a main effect of the second IV on the DV? More young people would go for off campus in as much as they may not take alcohol. Few of the old people would go for off campus homes in as much as they may be alcohol users.Do you anticipate an interaction between the first IV and the second IV? The number of the participants to choose homes is expected to be higher than those who would prefer off-campus. This is attributed to the fact that more people are expected to love homes despite their age and lifestyle.Sometimes, we want to design experiments using one quasi-independent variable and one true IV.

This experiment applies the quasi-independent variable and a true variable. The experiment is based on the academic demands. The true variable is expected to be the eating behavior and the quasi-independent variable is expected to be the stress management skills. The hypothesis of this study is that the stress management skills affect eating behavior, which is a factor on the academic demands. The hypothesis is that the academic demands may be met when the positive stress management skills are applied on the good eating behavior

 Fill in name of hypothetical construct here  (Eating behavior)Fill in level here (Good)Fill in level here (Poor)Fill in name of hypothetical construct here (stress management skills)Fill in level here (positive effects)mean score on measure of the DV  (good eating behavior is expected to positively develop stress management skills)  mean score on measure of the DV  (Eating behavior is expected to negatively influence the good skills)Fill in level here (Negative Effects)mean score on measure of the DV  (Stress management skills is expected negatively influence stress management skills)mean score on measure of the DV  (Poor eating behavior is expected to negatively affect management skills)

What are your two IVs? The independent variables are the eating behavior and the Stress management skillsWhat is the true IV in this experiment (in terms of a hypothetical construct)? In this case, the true Independent variable is the stress management skillsWhat is the quasi-IV in this experiment? The quasi Independent variable is the eating behaviorWhat are the two (or more) levels of your true IV? The levels of the true variable are the positive and the negative levels.What are the two (or more) levels of your quasi-IV? The quasi variables comprise of the good and poor levels.How many samples do you have to recruit? I am to recruit two different samples.What will you do to each of those samples of participants? Each of the samples is to be trained on various stress management skills. Thereafter, they are to be placed on the different stress situations and their eating behaviors be recorded for a given period.What is your DV (what do you want to measure)? I want to measure how eating behavior is to change based on the different levels of stress.How will you operationalize the DV (i.e., what will you use to measure the DV)? The levels of stress will be measured based on the period each participant will take and the change of eating behavior. The longer the period of stress, the more the eating trend is expected to changeWhat results do you expect to find?

I expect to realize a positive change of eating behavior based on improved stress management. This is expected to improve academic achievement and hence meet the academic demands.

Sample Early Childhood Development Essay Paper on Parent Awareness Workshop argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Parent Awareness Workshop

Infant and Toddler Parent Awareness Workshop Day 1

8:00 A.M.

The scheduled activity for this session is resource distribution. Since it is the first day of the workshop, the participants will have access to materials that will enhance their knowledge of child and toddler development. The primary goal of this activity is to ensure that the concentration and participation of every participant are enhanced. Some of the materials that will be issued to the participants include children’s books, child health fact sheets, pamphlets on child development, parenting tip sheets, and others.  This activity is chosen for this session as it is a perfect way of welcoming and introducing the participants to the workshop.

9:00 A.M.

A government official will lecture the participants about programs and services available in the community that contribute towards child development.  Through the lecture, it is aimed that the participants will be able to identify the appropriate community activities such as sports events that aid in child development (Frost et al., 2008). The other goal of this activity is to give the participants a variety of community programs and services that could help in child development.  The speaker will issue leaflets from the Ministry of Youth Affairs containing information about scheduled community events. This activity is chosen for this session as it will give the participants an opportunity to question government officials about their steps in helping achieve effective child development.

10:00 AM:

Tea break

11:00 A.M to NOON

Participants will form discussion groups to explore the expected advantages and disadvantages of the community programs organized by the government. The primary goal here will be to take note of the participants’ opinions on the scheduled child development programs. More leaflets containing detailed information on the scheduled programs will be issued to the participants. This activity is chosen to ensure that the participants are involved and that individual opinions are not overlooked.

1:00 PM:

Participants will break for lunch.

2:00 PM to 3.00 P.M

The scheduled activity for the session will be a demonstration of how to prevent injuries among children. The goal of this activity is to make the participants aware of the appropriate injury prevention interventions for children and toddlers. The participants will be given the chance to set up a safe environment for children. They will be given iron boxes, plastic bags, plastic bottles, and used medication facilities such as syringes, which they will have to store safely in the setup environment. This activity is chosen as it will give the participants and interactive learning experience.

Infant and Toddler Parent Awareness Workshop Day 2

8:00 A.M.

The activity for the session will be a speech on preventive health care by an invited healthcare professional. The activity’s primary goal is to equip participants with a variety of health care prevention strategies that aid in the development of children (Frost et al., 2008). The speaker will give handouts containing numerous health care prevention strategies that may be used by the participants when taking care of their children. This activity is chosen because healthcare is one of the perspectives that if not addressed results in increased infant mortality rates.

9:00 A.M.

The participants will be involved in a ‘question and answer’ session where they will explore the essential aspects regarding nutrition of young children. The goal of this activity is to equip the participants with knowledge on nutrition practices that aid in effective child development (Beaty, 2009). Books containing information on nutrition will be used as sources of information in the process. The importance of proper nutrition in the development of a child influences the choice of this activity.

10:00 AM:

Tea break

11:00 A.M to NOON

The participants will watch two children’s TV programs. The goal of the activity is to help them identify the impacts of media as well as the importance of limited screen time for their children. Discs containing recorded children TV programs will be issued to each of the participants, as this will give the opportunity of identifying how media can impact on child development (Beaty, 2009). This activity is chosen because technology is a major factor that influences child development in the world today.

1:00 PM:

Lunch break

2:00 PM to 3.00 PM

Participants will take part in a football competition. The goal of this activity is to make them aware of the importance of sports and games to the development of a child. Balls and toys will be issued to the participants. This activity is chosen as it will enhance interactive learning as well as breaking monotony and boredom.


Beaty, J. J. (2009). Observing development of the young child. Merrill Publishing Company.

Frost, J. L., Wortham, S. C., & Reifel, R. S. (2008). Play and child development. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall. Retrieved online on September 5, 2015 from

Sample Business Case Studies Paper on Reed Elsevier common app essay help

Business Case Study- Reed Elsevier

A diagram illustrating the main internal and external stakeholders at Reed Elsevier.

           A shareholder is an entity that holds stocks within a corporation and is entitled to elect directors. Furthermore, a stockholder is allowed to acquire extra issues and collect dividends from the corporation. A shareholder also shares in the residual cash of the corporation once it is sold or even dissolved. Shareholders can either hold ordinary shares or preferential shares, the latter having additional rights and being prioritized in the allocation of dividends.

A stakeholder, on the other hand, represents a substantially broader group because they include anyone from within or without the corporation who have an interest in the success or failure of the business. Shareholders are included within this category because their primary interest is the profitability of the enterprise and an appreciation of the value of their shares. Other stakeholders might include the government, clienteles, creditors, and workers. Therefore, shareholders are part of the stakeholders that consists of a larger group of interested parties looking out for their interests in the corporation.

          There is a potential for stakeholder conflict due to diverse goals and objectives that each has. Shareholders anticipate that the commerce will earn a profit. Employees require a conducive environment for them to be retained while investors might consider how the corporation responds to environmental issues before investing their money.

Stakeholder conflict, therefore, arises when the needs of one part conflicts with that of another within the same corporation. For instance, if the corporation purchases products from a cheaper supplier at the expense of ethical practices by that vendor. Another example of conflict might be the investment in green energy, which is expensive but has a tremendous benefit to the environment. Shareholders might not like this, but the community will benefit from such an initiative.

It is important for Reed Elsevier to engage in consultation with all stakeholders in a bid to communicate with them on the need for supporting an initiative for their longer-term values. The corporation has to make stakeholders aware of trade-offs for instance employees being offered development opportunities for them to attain their potential. Such an initiative needs to be justified by comparing it to the opportunity cost of foregoing it. Such a mechanism of conveying information and justification can help reduce instances of stakeholder conflict.

            Businesses need to focus on the needs of all stakeholders since they do not work in isolation but rather affect the lives of individuals in the global community. Corporations need to concentrate on giving back to the community by engaging in activities that stimulate growth within that vicinity. The community would develop more through this and engage actively in purchasing the products of the company thus profitability.

Valuing people should be a focus that is significant to businesses since it is through such an initiative that the company recognizes and values its people. The benefits the corporation stands to gain from this include increased motivation and loyalty from employees. When corporations support their employees, the result is that employees feel more motivated and involved and can improve the efficiency thus more production and sales. 

Corporations need to focus on what customers want thereby producing quality products and services that guarantee value for money. By listening to customers and meeting their objectives, businesses can ensure that they fulfill their needs with innovative ideas that reduce their costs of production. Businesses need to do what is relevant to the corporation and stakeholders in order to create a sustainable business model that leads to growth.

Sample Management Coursework Paper on Communication Strategies argumentative essay help online

Communication Strategies

In an organization, communication is an essential tool that enhances it the organizational operations. Various situations require different strategies in communication in order to ensure that the deliberate message is conveyed in the most suitable form to the designated audience to achieve the desired objectives (Argenti, Howell& Karen,2005).  Top level management may make a decision that requires to be communicated to the employees; for instance, they may introduce personnel change initiatives and the decision that they arrive at should be relayed to the other members of staff. As the communications director, this message requires some restructuring in order to fit the targeted audience and this paper provides some aspects that should be considered in conveying this information.

Employees receive organizational changes news differently; others are fearful, others are anxious, others are resistant while others may portray unproductive behaviors. Actually, personnel changes may trigger fear and a lot of anxiety in the organization. Therefore, the communications director needs break the news as soon as possible to avoid employees receiving rumors and backlash.Firstly, the communicator should map the present situation when relaying the information to the employees. This means ensuring that each person understands where the organization currently stands and where the leaders want to take it(Argenti, Howell & Karen, 2005). He or she should appreciate the employees for any positive achievement in the firm. Secondly, the employees need to know the goals, importance, their role and impact, and the required resources of the change initiative. The information conveyed should include the expected time to actualize the changes and the affected departments or persons. This aids in ending doubts and the feeling of being a victim by the employees. The message should clearly show support to the employees during this period. After relaying this information, feedback is instrumental in understanding the reception from the employees. The communications director needs to set up avenues that employees can ask questions, air out their concerns and receive immediate response. Therefore, these are the actions needed when formatting this piece of information before breaking it to the employees.


 Argenti, A.  Howell, A. & Beck, Karen A.: (2005) “The Strategic Communication Imperative”, ,MIT Sloan Management Review (SMR) Vol. 46, No. 3, pp.83-89.

“Homewood Health.” 2014. Supporting employees during organization change. Vitality. 4(4): 1-4

Sample Business Communication Paper on Memo Analyzing Workplace Communication essay help services: essay help services

Memo Analyzing Workplace Communication


To:Seniors Preparing for a Career in Business CommunicationFrom: Date: Re:CEO Statements

The five CEO statements that were found in Walmart’s company website illustrate that CEO statements often begin by addressing shareholders, associates, and customers (Walmart Stores Inc. 2). This sort of communication is meant to portray in a positive light the achievements of the company as regards to its set objectives. At Walmart, the CEO focuses on the mission and vision of the corporation in a bid to convince shareholders, associates, and customers that their activities are channeled to their satisfaction. Major contents included in the CEO statements are financial results, performance in various business segments, key strategies for future growth and development, and social issues that the company is dealing with (Walmart Stores Inc. 3).

The CEO in his statement from 2011 to 2015 has been consistent in stating the net sales, operating income, return on investment, cash flow status, and dividends paid to shareholders as evidence of the financial status of Walmart (Walmart Stores Inc. 4). Furthermore, he gives a detailed explanation of events that lead to such results by clarifying on business segments performances. Key examples of social issues and technological enhancements that the enterprise incorporates in its operations are given to show the form of social obligation it engages in to earn the trust of the public (Walmart Stores Inc. 5). The CEO is very keen to use simple business jargon by alluding to key performance indicator terms that the audience is familiar with such as earnings per share and free cash flow.

After reviewing the five CEO statements, a pattern is established where the structure of the reports is the same. Evidence to support this pattern can be found in the 2013 CEO statement that takes the following outline:

Title: To our shareholders, associates and customers.

Subtitles include:

Financial results and key strategies.Delivering a seamless shopping experience.Talent is key to our success.Benefitting our communities.Looking ahead. (Walmart Stores Inc. 3)

The CEO often starts by introducing the mission and objectives of the company. They use financial results to establish performance and analyze operations of key segments. It then analyzes factors that lead to the success of the organization and proposes how such can be enhanced for better performance. All statements conclude with the social concerns being addressed and promises stakeholders of better prospects in future (Walmart Stores Inc. 6 ). This is a consistent pattern of commonalities found in all five CEO statements.

Work Cited

Walmart Stores Inc. . Walmart 2014 Annual Report. Bentonville, Arkansas: Walmart, 2014.

Walmart Stores Inc. Walmart 2011 Annual Report. Bentonville, Arkansas: Walmart, 2011.

—. Walmart 2012 Annual Report. Bentonville, Arkansas: Walmart, 2012.

—. Walmart 2013 Annual Report. Bentonville, Arkansas: Walmart, 2013.

—. Walmart 2015 Annual Report. Bentonville, Arkansas: Walmart, 2015.

Sample Engineering Essay Paper on Definitions mba essay help



Control refers to a particular standard used to verify results of an experimental process mostly in a trial process testing the effectiveness of a new machine, for example a new technological application.     

Control Loop

Control loop describes a process that can be controlled with specific sensors that can measure the conditions of the process.    


DAC (Digital-to-Analog-Converter) refers to a type of convert that is mostly used in connecting a computer through the USB port for a variety of purposes. In essence, DAC is responsible for the conversion of digital audio signals from the computers to analog mostly for the speakers.      


Stability in Engineering describes the ability of a system or substance to remain unaffected under stated or practically expected conditions of storage and usage. The inherent ability to withstand stress, shock or even changes in temperature conditions among other factors entails stability.      

Pneumatic Signals

These refers to such signals that are in most cases ranges between 3-15 pounds per square inch and are common in fiber optic systems. Most electronic signals are characteristically converted to pneumatic signals that are commonly used in operating control valves and elements.      


Transients refers to such devices that are used in controlling instantaneous changes in a state of energy (for instance lightening) that may also lead to energy bursts.    


Refers to a device used in reducing excess oscillation, vibrations, or an intensified signal strength in the process creating stability in electronic devices.     

Analog Control

Also referred to as a controller stick, analog control is an equipment commonly used in a two-dimensional input processes.   

Digital Control

Refers to a control theory mostly used in computers and acts to control such systems and can assume the form of a microcontroller. 

Essential Elements

This refers to explicitly defined processes and procedures used in controlling and in the management of electrical devices.   


This refers to a category of motor accountable for the movement and regulation of a process or a system. An actuator is in most instances under the operation of a specified energy source (most electric current) and is capable of controlling that particular energy in motion.  


The Digital Command Control (DCC) describes a standard system of operation in electronic panels and can be controlled independently.

Set point

That particular temperature at which a controller is set to take control of a specific system or process is referred to as a set point. The internal regulatory system that is crucial in maintaining relatively stable conditions irrespective of the external environment all describes the set point theory.     

Cyclic Response

Cyclic response refers to a long-term memory development processes that encompasses the application of certain protein elements leading to an ultimate reduction in skin frictions.      

Sample International Relations Essay Paper on World Trade Organization grad school essay help: grad school essay help


FROM:      Operation Manager

TO:             Warehouse Department

DATE:        2nd September, 2015

SUBJECT: Importance of Effective Supply Chain Design

Our company is in need of a supply chain design, which, I believe, will enhance its sustainability and profitability. Supply chain design is critical for the overall success of our company particularly on international operations. It explains how clients demand can be attained profitably through efficient allocation of customers’ orders. Supply chain network design enables the warehouse to store its products closer to its customers, hence, reducing its overall cost (Watson, Lewis, Cacioppi & Jayaraman, 2013). In addition, it assists in the adjustments when unforeseen circumstances emerge. Since our country is a member of the WTO, the company stands to benefit from international operations.

The World Trade Organization (WTO) emerged from the Uruguay Round as an intergovernmental organization to regulate international trade. The agency was established in 1995 to facilitate smooth flow of trade among member states through conforming to trade policies. The WTO preceded the GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), which was established in 1947. One of the benefits of being a member of WTO is securing of gains from trade as the member state maintain its sovereign control over its domestic operations (Jones, 2015). However, the WTO has made developing countries become vulnerable and exploited by powerful nations I terms of investments and loans. The agency is more concerned on profits than human and labor rights, as it does not promote labor standards.

The WTO is also involved in settling trade disputes among its member states. For instance, in August 2012, Argentina complained of certain measures undertaken by the US on the importation of animals and animal products from Argentina. The US supported its stand by stating that such measures were meant to eradicate the spread of infectious livestock diseases. According to the WTO, the US had violated various sections of Article I and XVI of the WTO Agreement (“United States — Measures Affecting the Importation of Animals,” 2015). The WTO initiated the dispute resolution process by establishing a panel to assess the situation, adopted the report, with recommendation to push for conformity of the measures. I agreed with the WTO resolution to exercise judicial measures, since every member state has to respect the rules set by the world agency.  


Jones, K. A. (2015). Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st century: An institutional approach. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

United States — Measures Affecting the Importation of Animals, Meat and Other Animal Products from Argentina. World Trade Organization. Dispute Settlement: Dispute DS447. Retrieved on 2 Sept. 2015 from

Watson, M., Lewis, S., Cacioppi, P. & Jayaraman, J. (2013). Supply chain network design: Applying optimization and analytics to the global supply chain. Upper Saddle River, N.J: FT Press.

Sample Research Paper Essay on Engineering “essay help” site:edu: “essay help” site:edu


            Engineering is the combination of technology, human understanding and knowledge, in order to solve problems and make life easier. It involves balancing actions, machines and chemicals so as to create and design structures that make work easier for human beings, as well as saving time used to complete an action. Furthermore, engineering is known as the processes that take place when humans use practical knowledge to invent new operations, which perform in accordance with the human nature, their activities and the surrounding environment. Some of these engineering processes are categorized into electrical, mechanical and civil engineering.

            Basically, engineers create solutions to human related problems, design buildings and engines, organize operations, calculate the rates and time at which these operations will perform at, and also communicate the different ways of using and maintaining these inventions. For example, engineers determine the right chemical ratio to be used in tooth pastes. They also calculate the weight required by an airplane for it to be sustained in the atmosphere. In addition, engineers design the shapes of structures like bridges and tall buildings, and determine the right temperatures that the constructions can survive in, whether in cold or hot weather conditions.

            There are several ways to succeed in engineering. First, it is important for students to ensure that they complete their mathematics homework. This sets a good foundation in ensuring that students succeed in other courses, such as calculus, once they join college. Second, forming good study habits helps succeed in engineering. This involves determining where to study well without any distractions, whether in the dormitories or in the library. Third, getting to know the professors well is significant. This is because students get to ask questions that they did not understand in the class work. Fourth, creating a study team helps succeed in engineering since students get to share ideas, viewpoints and learn more. Finally, creating friendships outside the school environment contributes positively in the engineering studies. It improves social, problem solving and interaction skills.     

Sample History Essay Paper on History Response extended essay help biology

History Response

            In spite of the fact that the writer of the Exploration draft did not indicate the thesis of his essay, the draft clearly shows that the writer was exploiting the topic of exploration, where he/she argues that exploration was influenced mainly by trade and religion.

            The writer notes that wealthy acquisition and religion spread was a major impact of exploration though, he/she fails to support the source in the footnote. In, addition, I agree with him though the writer does not touch on the issue of glory where individuals were driven by passion for looking to be famous, territory expansion and adventure (Hill, 407).

            The writer need to provide reference to his argument, as there are no sources cited to support religion was a motivator for the exploration. In addition, the writer has not included the author of the book rather he cites ‘textbook’ as the source; thus, the writer should cite specific and reliable sources.

            The draft lacks a thesis; the writer goes on to introduce the topic from the first paragraph and discuses along. The body is well articulated with supporting evidences, though it lacks credible in text citation and footnotes referencing.

            The draft lacks clear a conclusion in the end, as reader is left hanging.

In sum, reading the exploration draft has left me to wonder if indeed, exploration focused only on acquisition of wealth and spread of religion, as I believe that expansion of European rule and power, search for trade routes and adventure were contributing factors. Thus, the writer should conclude with the impact of exploration on the modern world.

                                                                    Works Cited

Hill, McGraw. The Age of Exploration. Chapter 13: The Age of Exploration. 2013.

Sample History Admission Essay on The Arts and the Mass Media college admission essay help houston tx: college admission essay help houston tx

Response Paper

Article 1 – The Arts and the Mass Media

In modern settings, there has a lot of technological advancement. The changes witnessed were unpredictable based on the technology used in the past few decades. Most of the changes have been welcomed and appreciated by many. However, the changes in connection to creativity have degraded the standards of the fine arts (Alloway 715). It is worth noting that there is an intrinsic attachment to an impeccably composed piece of art. In the past, performances used to take days if not months to produce. The composers would thereafter take some quality time in the fine-tuning of their work. It would soon be followed by the integration of literary devices to finally produce a thrilling piece of work (Alloway 716). The process would be rendered wholesome only if it involved special dedication. The above stepwise prerequisite seems to have long work.

According to the article “The Arts and the Mass Media”, the mainstream media provides art pieces with the motive of making financial gains. Lawrence Alloway (715), however, notes that such a trend has resulted in the creation of what is referred to as the “ersatz culture.” Some products such Hollywood movies intention is to meet the immediate needs of their consumers. The impression, however, withers with time due to the expeditious nature involved in the creation of the materials. The products generated as described in the article are “insensible” to the requirements of a “genuine culture’s values” (Alloway 715). Therefore, the final presentation is an imitation of previously existing content which results to redundancy. Operating on such standards is blamed on the perpetual predictability of contents aired on mainstream media. If the current path is to be corrected, the art process together with the artist should be slowly nurtured (Alloway 717). It would reduce instances of imitation and promote value in the arts produced in the modern era.

Article 2 – Dialectic of Enlightenment

The above argument can be confirmed by the translation work done by John Cumming (Horkheimer, Adorno and Noerr 121). Impressive art involves devotion of one’s efforts. It includes creativity added to express inner thoughts. Emotions also should be drawn from the complete work without much struggle. In the past, art encompassed more than performance and preparation. In modern days, partly due to the need to push political agendas, there is rampant cross-cultural ideology integration. The result is chaos and confusion across the industry. Modernity has brought about the rise for income appetite (Horkheimer, Adorno and Noerr 125). Accordingly, in today’s time, capitalism has made artist work more for profit rather than create crafts that would be relevant for centuries. The mindset is evident in media houses where broadcasters popularize art to earn money and appease the managers.

Such a mindset corrupts the basis of reasoning and results in erosion of creativity. Globalization can be largely blamed for this phenomenon. The reason behind this is the outlook of globalization as the “ruthless unity” of several cultures (Horkheimer, Adorno and Noerr 123).  Creative art is the harmonization of thoughts and integration of the inner desire of expressing oneself. However, not every piece produced in modern times is limited to this definition.  In contrast, it is tailored to meet the needs of the markets (Horkheimer, Adorno and Noerr 127).

The struggle to remain fashionable is denying art a chance to continue growing. Classical masterpieces such as Jazz compositions of Mozart had a trend of transitioning styles. Such music illustrated a pattern of creativity over time and attempts to bring about a different taste. The work composed by Mozart represented the open-mindedness of the artist and the lack of limit to originality. As such, modern artists should learn a few tips on Mozart’s studio sessions. The ideas will increase creativity in modern cinematic (Horkheimer, Adorno and Noerr 131). 

Works Cited

Alloway, Lawrence. The Arts and the Mass Media. 1st ed. VIA, 2017. Print.

Horkheimer, Max, Theodor W Adorno, and Gunzelin Schmid Noerr. Dialectic of Enlightenment. 1st ed. Redwood: Stanford University Press. Print.

Sample Essay Paper on Foundations of Homeland Security Technology college application essay help online

Foundations of Homeland Security Technology

For effective operation of nations in the current generation, security concerns play a pivotal role in the success of its undertakings. In consideration of the fact that security threats are on the rise each and every day, it is important that nations establish security institutions whose task is to identify and handle the ever rising threats. Through the homeland security, the United States of America has been able to combat intricate security concerns and ensure peaceful coexistence among its citizens. Since inception, the department has undergone various makeshifts so as to effectively handle its mandate. These changes are varied depending on the security concern it intends to tackle (Mills and Hamilton, 2009).

Recently, the sector has adopted the use of modern expertise that has successfully helped the nation in combating crime. Through the transformation of the general security policies, some critical technological advances have been realized aiming at increasing the security of the nation.  By the use of the elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) for digital authentication in communication security, it is now easy to confirm the identity of an individual or an organization thus avoiding the threats that may be caused by strangers (Snyder, 2015).

The digital identification approach is done through communication protocol in securing network sessions through their respective links, digital signatures on data, requests and commands on the various applications that individuals or organizations use. It is important to note that the functioning of the ECC is inhibited in devices than before when it was not able to apply to certain devices. Through advances in this technology, devices are also required to provide an up to date security status depending of the replica of the peril.

By confirming the origin of data and its veracity, the nation is able to sufficiently circumvent a threat since unauthenticated data can easily corrupt and later on compromise the security status of a nation. Through mutual authentication, unverified connections are restricted making the systems protected from any threats. Individuals in this department will be enabled to easily perceive strangers that pose a threat to the realm. They will be able to thwart activities that pose danger to the safety of citizens. Important information possessed by the security department will be reserved as private not privy to strangers. Sharing of intelligence information among practitioners in the department of homeland security will not be vulnerable to hackers who take advantage of their unauthenticated nature (Bjarnason, 2015).

The role played by communication in each state department cannot be underestimated. As the sole security department in the state, policies can be drafted as an alternative. In cases where data authentication devices cannot be used, automatic restriction through establishment of a firewall can be adopted. Through this, total restriction of data from strangers is applied as a security measure. For homeland security, use of authentication technology will enable it to intensify security of the financial system in America (Bjarnason, 2015).

Even though data sharing enables the citizens to identify corrupt and ineligible officials, the set up of the state corporations has eased the formats in which these corrupt officials navigate through without being identified. It is through credible authentification measures that will enable accountability and transparency among the officials. All these elements must work cohesively to promote the department’s role of protecting the homeland.



Bjarnason, S. (2015). Achieving Vital Security with Cloud Services. Pipeline & Gas Journal, 242(2), 49-51

Mills C& Hamilton L. (2009). Homeland security: Assessing the first five years. Pennsylvania: University Press.

Snyder, S. (2015). FCC Working Group Issues Report on Cyber security Best Practices. Intellectual Property & Technology Law Journal, 27(6), 28-31.

Sample English Paper on Finding Your Way into a Writing Assignment devry tutorcom essay help

Finding Your Way into a Writing Assignment

Various approaches are adopted when developing an argument or a thesis, the process in which a person chooses depends on the topic he/she decides to tackle. When trying to find a way into assignment writing, the approach used is problem solving technique. It’s the responsibility of learners to locate problems when not provided by an instructor. This also depends on the level of education because high school teacher do not necessarily require students to write arguments while for college professors it’s mandatory.

On first encounter with a problem, it’s required that a person identifies the problem, try and understands its phenomenon, make the possible inquiries and provide the various suggestions on how to solve it. By providing instructions and questions instructors make known of what is needed from the students. Problems and question vary from one course to another because; each course has a specialized vocabulary, shares similar goals, objectives and genre. In English, the problems and question that are consistent are; contrasting sentences from the same topic linking them to an explicit idea, differentiating between what you know and what is written by a different person and recognizing the differing suppositions that make the centre point of an arguments.

Making Choices to Develop Your Writing

In writing, it’s advisable that learners follow the basic writing process that enables them to produce a good article depending on the topic they are tackling. Since it is a process various steps are followed in producing a good writing. By brainstorming the essayist puts together the requirements of a thorough writing. In the course of brainstorming critics are able to develop the general outlook of the text. After put in place all the thoughts and ideas, a writer make a rough writing, this is where the writer puts into action the ideas and thoughts in an unplanned manner. This enables the writer to make the necessary changes before finalizing an article.

After writing a draft, the writer does editing, this is where he/she makes the necessary changes depending on the requirements and what he/she wants to achieve. Editing done is in several phases and writers present draft dissertations to their instructors to check on the format and general outlook. A writer may also be required to present the thesis to an audience. Making writing and revision choices is important because it enables a writer to exposit his/her own abilities to produce a good dissertation. Instructors offer all necessary editing steps that a writer should abide by; acting on the recommendations, they provide on writing makes it more professional.

Sample Marketing Essay on Reflection Paper essay help tips: essay help tips

Reflection Paper

            I recently participated in a Sales Career Exploration event at the Heritage Ballroom of the Tirey Hall. The occasion commenced at 5:30 pm. Even though it was an official event, the attire was specifically business casual. Various dignitaries and representations from different quarters were represented. Among the guests, included Dan Allen who is a Corporate Recruiter at the Reynolds &Reynolds in Ohio, Sarah Grahek, a Branch manager at the Cintas, Sherry Bartel, a District Sales Manager at the Pearson Higher Education, and Cook Medical Personnel. Other guests included Alyssa Jones, a Recruiting Specialist at the Ferguson Wolseley company, Bart Hile, an Agent at the State Farm, and Rebecca Johnson, a Human Resources Generalist and Angela Croswell, a Talent Acquisition Specialist both from the Baldwin & Lyons, Inc. There was Tabby Cates-Powell, a Talent Acquisition Specialist at Enterprise Holdings and David Gudal, a Senior Team Manager at the Charles Schwab. Dinner was provided immediately the guests had arrived.

As the visitors were chatting, I obtained a chance of participating in discussions with various sales professionals. Among them were Sherry from the Pearson, Dan, David, Sarah, and Alyssa. I learnt a lot from the discussions. A sales commissioner must have a goal to meet after a given duration. I also managed to realize that it takes dedication to rise from the common representative to satisfy the needs of the customers. Most of the guests started from a simple and small point to reach their destiny. David shared with us that it is necessary to uphold teamwork for greater success of the department. Some guests shared their greatest moments and the satisfaction of working in this field. Among these included satisfying the ever-growing demand of the customers and rising in the competition ladder in the market.

Sample Article Review Essay Paper on Value of College Degree compare and contrast essay help

Article Review-Value of College Degree

Examining the value of a college degree by Payscale

The first article, examining the Value of a college Degree, was written with the sole aim of establishing the value of a degree in the modern world. The article is written by various professionals who have all given their views, based on their outstanding reputations in the field of academics (“Examining the value of college degree”). From all the topics written on the article, all the authors seems to agree that college degree is very important but not always as some people fail to benefit as they had expected even after dedicating their time and applying for loans to enable them accomplish their studies.

The article shows that educational institutions give different outcomes and graduates who come out of these institutions are not always alike. The colleges are therefore challenged to ensure that they do their best to ensure that the students graduate when they are better placed to access jobs. According to one of the authors, Greg Gottesman, the rising cost of tuition fees has made cost of education out of reach of many students and therefore they are forced to take loans (“Examining the value of college degree”). The government and other stakeholders should look for ways of educating more students at lesser costs, including having a constant and affordable tuition fee.

To enable students get jobs after college, stakeholders must advise them on the current trends in the job market. Students must know which degrees would enable them get a job on the current work environment and minimize the number of students who will remain jobless after college. Failing to secure job after college makes the student not to be able to pay college fee loan and also may demoralize others from pursuing college education (“Examining the value of college degree”).

Student debt and the value of a college degree by Hans Johnson,  Marisol Cuellar Mejia , David Ezekiel Betsey Zeiger

The second article is titled, student debt and the value of college degree. The article is under the public policy institute of California and it briefly looks at ever rising tuition and other fees in college education, which have led to increased student debts in the midst of weak economy (Hans, Marisol, &David, 2013). These factors are said to have created doubts in the minds of many people on whether it is of any value to pursue college degree .it has also acknowledged the fact that many students are using loans to pay for their college education shows that college education continues to be inaccessible to many students.

The article further states that amount of loan taken by students to further their education have increased in the recent years. Much of the loans are taken by the students in the private colleges than those in the public institutions (Hans, Marisol, &David, 2013). Almost all students who attend for-profit private colleges take loans, which are oh higher amounts than those taken by their counterparts in other institutions. The article asserts that these students who attain college degrees are better placed to access good jobs than others who never graduated from colleges; this is because higher education opens doors for good jobs and better wages.

The authors are of the opinion that with the ever increasing tuition fees, policy makers should find other ways of ensuring that college education is affordable and accessible to all students. State should motivate families to save early for their children’s college education so that they avoid situations where they have to apply for loans for their college education. They also point out that the overall gain of college degree is much higher than of an individual and whether others get jobs or not, more people should be encouraged to seek higher education and get degrees (Hans, Marisol, &David, 2013).

Do the Benefits of College Still Outweigh the Costs?  By Jaison R. Abel and Richard Deitz

In the third article, do the Benefits of College Still Outweigh the Cost? Authors have at the rising cost of college education compared to their salaries that the graduates receive after attaining the college degrees. The trend points to a troubling trend, graduates earn less than what they paid for (Jaison & Richard, 2014). This trend is said to be the reason why many people today question the profitability of pursuing college degree. Economic analysis however seem to favor college degree as a good investment since the 1970s and that despite the rising tuition fees and the small earning of the graduates, the overall return for college degree graduates remain high.

The slow pace at which the labor market continues to recover from the global recession has caused many graduates to be out of jobs (Jaison & Richard, 2014). These same graduates have debts they took to access college education and are expected to pay. This article has therefore presented two scenarios, the skyrocketing college fees and the lack of jobs for the college degree graduates. The analysis of the salaries of the graduates over the past few decades also points to the fact that their wages have continued to drop.

Rising tuition and falling wages should not be translated to mean that the value of college degree is falling. The value is said to have been steady at 15 % for more than ten years, a value higher than any other sound investment(Jaison & Richard, 2014). In general, the three articles acknowledge the challenges faced by those who pursue college education, but insist that college degree remains a valuable investment.


Examining the value of a college education. PayScale. Retrieved from

Hans, J. Marisol, C. M . David, E.(2013).student debt and the value of a college degree. Public policy institute of California. Retrieved from

Jaison, R. Abel and Richard, D.(2014). Do the Benefits of College Still Outweigh the Costs? Federal Reserve Bank of New York. 20(3).Retrieved from

Sample Political Science Book Review on Presidential Leadership: Politics and Policy Making english essay help online: english essay help online

Book Summary

Chapter 9 of the book “Presidential Leadership: Politics and Policy Making” by George Edwards and Stephen Wayne focuses on the interaction between president and the executive branch. This chapter falls in the second part of the book where the authors use specific case studies to illustrate presidential leadership and the means through which the executive branch affects decision-making and policy implementation. With reference to the specific case “shooting down the hijackers”, chapter nine conceptualizes the interactions that the president must make with the executive, Congress, judiciary and all the relevant stakeholders in order to achieve particular policy objectives.

In page 328 through 349 of chapter 9, the authors highlight some of the factors that may delay the implementation of a presidential decision. As much as there could be ignorance or misunderstanding on the side of the executive, Congress or Judiciary, George Edwards and Stephen Wayne agree in their writing that the subordinates can only implement a presidential decision once they are aware of a directive or an order to implement a policy. According to the authors, the executive branch may decide to establish highly developed communication lines throughout the bureaucracy, but this does not guarantee successful transmission of communication throughout the system. The authors, in this chapter, use a case of communication failure in policy implementation towards the government’s attempts to respond to 9/11 plane terrorist attack.

            In page 328 through 349 of chapter 9, the authors consider some of the reasons that make aides and other officials to ignore presidential directives. In this line of argument, the authors’ point of focus is on disagreements that result during policy development, particular, to eliminate embarrassment rejection from the public. Similarly, the George Edwards and Stephen Wayne agree in this chapter that policy implementers have considerable duties that aim at interpreting the decisions and order made by superiors. This is because most orders given by the president are never specific or rather not complete. It is, therefore, very necessary that personnel at each level of decision-making within the bureaucratic ladder must be in a position to use personal judgment with the intentions of expanding or developing such policies.   

In page 349 through 369 of chapter 9, George Edwards and Stephen Wayne discuss the transmission process of a public policy. In their discussion, George Edwards and Stephen Wayne state that a highly decentralized implementation strategy allows for efficient and accurate transmission of a public policy to ultimate implementers. It is however noted from the reading that there are now more steps to follow before the information about a public policy reach the implementers. Such steps include translation, rework and bureaucratization of a public policy, which aim at facilitating the implementation process without facing credibility issues.

In general, chapter 9 of the book addresses the many challenges the president faces before a public policy is finally implemented. The authors address issues like limited bureaucratic power as one of the main factors that derail policy implementation. With limited bureaucratic power, the president cannot command the executive branch, operates in an environment that only has scars resources and few incentives. This means that the president may not be in a position to devote time and energy to ensure implementation of public policy, but will rather play the role of a facilitator. In other words, George Edwards and Stephen Wayne believe that the fabric of American government and political system is the root cause of poor implementation a public policy.


Edwards, G. C., & Wayne, S. J. (2014). Presidential leadership: Politics and policy making. Stamford: Cengage Learning. Press.    

Sample Leadership Studies Essay on Music and Labor Pain college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Music and Labor Pain


Parental involvement is an important aspect in the growth and maturity of all children. It is an imperative erratic which has a very positive influence on the children education. A large quantity of parents has been in position to incorporate this phenomenon. Parental involvement has had a good impact on children’s lives both in and out of classroom that directly relates to the success of a student in the contemporary society. The purpose of this paper is to examine of parental involvement and their effectiveness in the education of children.

Music and Labor Pain


Parental involvement refers to the parental engagement in school related activities of his or her children. There are quite a lot of actions in which parents can take part in. These include offering volunteering services, attending teacher student sessions and also helping the children in undertaking their homework and many others. Parental involvement is also described as the unswerving parental input a children’s school activities with an aim of improving their performance. Parental involvement is engrossed in different provisions. To begin with, parents should fulfill their obligations taking their children to school, schools also need to provide the parents with their plans, parents getting involved in their children homework assignments and tasks and being part of school governance.

Importance of Parental Involvement

Children whose parents takes part in active role in their education are well placed to perform well academically by scoring better grades in their academic achievements and developing a well established conduct (Gestwicki, 2001). Through the actions of parents getting involved in the children education and talking to them about it sends a clear message to the children about the magnitude of education. This builds a strong foundation in the life of the child about the importance of education which the real benefits are experienced later in their lives. This calls for an open communication between the teacher and parent. The warm relationship created between a parent and a child will help the teacher to understand the student better and help them achieve their best in education.

Parental involvement has a constructive manipulation where parents are well positioned to give detailed personal information about their children to theteachers. This is crucial in understanding the behavioral and social performance of the children. According to Hoang, students whose parents play an active role in their education are more likely to be motivated in class and outside classroom (Hoang, 2007). Parents are well placed to describe their children to the teachers. These include aspects of hobbies, strengths and weaknesses which are important in that create an intimate relationship between them and teachers and ease their work of understanding the children (Spenser, 2001). This way, teachers will be able to deal with students addressing their needs in an amicable way that will motivate and encourage the students. Parents also play crucial role in this aspect by motivating their children to develop a positive social life with their peers. Children will understand and appreciate working in a group setting which will improve their communication and social development. Understanding this will also make parents talk to their children about simple communication skills like appreciating what fellow students contribute, listening skills that will reduce the teachers workload and improve their harmonious social relationships.

Through parental involvement, emotional/expressive development of children is encouraged. It is important to note that the link between children and parents in permanent, emotional and responsive. This is important in the child’s life because it forms the basis of children trust to the external world. A well established and trusted parental and child relationship is easily carried over by the children to the teachers and fellow students at school and the external environment. When children have a good time with their parents, they too recognize the efforts their parents make to ensure they are well brought up (Galinsky, 2001).This kind of relationship is healthy and parents should also let their children play their roles is a supportive manner. There should be a moderate environment between school and home in that the child should not have an abrupt case of transition environment.

Parental involvement is important as it boosts children’s high self-assurance and esteem. One of the basic foundations the makes children understand whom they are is directly related to whom they parents are. This will have a direct impact on the child s sense and perception. In as much as the teacher plays a significant role in the education of the children, parental involvement has a greater influence. Their involvement will impact the child and his or her academic growth at large. Research has it that a good number of children gain academic success with an involvement of their parents unlike other factors like status, background and status (Electronic Education, 2001). When the children see that parents stress so much on education, they become role models to their children who work hard to be identified with them. Parents are encouraged to also place up higher anticipations for their children. This will have a positive impact on the children who will develop the attitude of working to their full potential. Children who receive parental guidance at home on their school work are also likely to benefit from the consistency of what is taught in school and at home thereby developing a strong and solid foundation for their education (Hass & Reiley, 2005).

How Do Parents Get Involved

Parent’s involvement mainly depends on the school mechanisms put in place. Teachers play a crucial role in making sure that parents are involved in the education of their children. One of the best way this is achieved is through a direct communication or contact between parents and teachers. These can be in many form including direct communication, newsletters, web-site and emails among other forms of communication. Through these established mechanisms, parents are given information on better ways of improving their children education life. The platforms also provide a forum for parents to get direct information about their children progress in school and responses.

Another way parents get involved is by being part of decision makers regarding the schools policies. It is easier to have favorable school transformations in schools that parents are part of the board. Additionally, their presence in the boards will also create a strong team of parents and teachers that will be in good position to come up with better and brilliant plans of the school to the success of the children. Parent’s involvement in schools is also a big motivation for the teachers. They will appreciate the efforts in several ways like providing incentives which will translate to hard work and commitment on the teacher’s side.

Teachers have the task on ensuring parents get involved by providing information on the best possible ways to aid the children with home assignments and other school tasks. Teachers should provide a calendar of activities for all their students available to parents with regards to homework tasks. This will be important in ensuring that parents get clear instructions in playing their role in students’ involvement.


It is clear that parental involvement determines the success of children in a greater way. In simpler terms, it means it is not only enough for the parents to take their children in school and leave the rest to teachers. In the first place, they should be able to make their children understand the importance of education. Parents also need to make a personal follow up on their children performance and be part of their education activities like homework. Communication involving parents and children is also crucial in parental involvement. Parental involvement goes beyond academic success as it also builds a child both socially and emotionally.


Electronic Education Report. (2001).Legislation to improve parental involvement in schools.

Gestwicki,C.(2000).Home, school and community relations. North Carolina: Thomson Learning.

Hass, R. & Reiley, K. (2008) Increasing homework completion of middle school students by using parental involvement strategies and establishing routines (Unpublished master’s thesis). Saint Xavier University, Chicago, IL.

Hoang, T. (2007). The relations between parenting and adolescent motivation. International Journal of Whole Schooling, 3(2).

Appendix A

Have the parents understood their involvement in education?Do the parents take active role in the involvement?Do the parents also understand the importance of education?Have the parents known the other important aspects other that academic achievement in being part of their children education?Do parents get information about their children from teachers?Do parents make a personal follow up about their children performance?Do the parents get to see their children homework?Do the parents assist their children in executing home assignments?Are the parents’ parts of school management boards?Do the parents know what the schools need to perform better?

Sample Accounting Presentation Paper on Madoff Investment Scandal essay help free

Madoff Investment Scandal

The Madoff Investment Scandal goes down history as one of the biggest fraud and securities cases in the US. In the scandal, investors lost $65 billion through a Ponzi scheme, which went undetected for many years given Madoff’s (the founder of Madoff Securities LLC) reputation as a well-respected financier, who helped form NASDAQ (Yang, 2014). The company’s scandal came to light after Bernard Madoff confessed that the wealth management division of his business was a Ponzi scheme. In the scheme, Madoff lured investors into the scheme by promising high returns on the investment. Through funds availed by new investors, the operator paid off the old investors, at the same time convincing them to stay on. This is however unsustainable given the amount of investment, leading to the discovery. After the discovery, Madoff got a 150 year prison sentence (Yang, 2014).

There have been several developments since the discovery and sentencing Madoff over the scandal. The most recent of the development was Paul Konisberg, Bernard Madoff’s associate, escape of prison in July 2015 following his cooperation with the prosecution on the ongoing case (New York Times, 2015). Other developments in the case include:

Sentencing of David G Friehling, an auditor with the Madoff Securities LLC to a home detention for a year, with an additional supervised year after his home detention.In December 2014, Annette Bongiorno, a former secretary of Madoff Securities LLC was given a six-year sentences on charges of securities fraud and conspiracy.Daniel Bonventre, the former director of operations of the Ponzi scheme received a 10-year prison sentence, with an additional symbolic forfeiture of $155 billion over his role in the scheme. The sentence was passed in December 2014.In August 2014, a Court of Appeal refused to void settlements that would benefit Ezra Merkin and Fairfield Greenwich, who had sued investment companies for sending their money to Madoff Securities LLC.In May 2014, Irving Picard, a trustee liquidating firm distributed $351.6 million to Madoff Securities LLC customers, bringing the total amount repaid to customers to $6 billion.In January 2014, JPMorgan was penalized $2 billion for not reporting the suspicious activities surrounding the Madoff Investment scandal.In September 2013, Paul J. Konigsberg was arrested. Konigsberg was an accountant at Madoff and one of the inner circle members of the investment company. His arrest was an indication that the federal government would continue to pursue the case against the investment company.In July 2013, Westport National Bank said it would pay $7.5 million to investors, even as the courts found it not liable for losses on Madoff Securities LLC-controlled accounts. This was after investors sued the bank for not protecting their money.


New York Times (2015). Judge Lets Off Madoff Associate Without Prison Time. New York Times. Retrieved from

Yang, S. (2014). 5 years ago Bernie Madoff was sentenced to 150 years in prison – Here’s how his Scheme Worked. Business Insider. Retrieved from


Sample Management Argumentative Essay on Risks Included Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan university essay help: university essay help

Risks Included Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan


This paper describes all types of risks that must be included in the development of an Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan. This is a plan that is used for mitigation of crises. It provides solutions and procedures for handling crises and hazards. One key characteristic of Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan (EPM) is that it provides a timely and quick response to the crisis or hazard. The emergency preparedness actions are developed to serve severe control functions. First, they are meant to develop the capability response when an emergency arises. It is developed to ensure the continuity of operations and the protection of lives and properties. It is also meant to protect or reduce the loss of properties in the affect premise or area. This is why EPM are essential plans in any premise.

Threats and risks to premises are increasingly becoming complex as a result of the diverse nature of hazards. There is a rapid growth of transnational threats due to the rising rate of terrorism, climate change, and outbreak of globalized diseases, cyber attacks, infrastructure interdependencies, as well as natural disasters such as earthquake, tsunami, and flood among others. EPM plans are developed to enhance the response to these emergencies whenever they arise so as to control significant economic as well as human losses. Several types of risks are considered when developing an EPM Plan. Nonetheless, it is essential to note that the nature of these risks keeps on evolving. Below are some of the fundamental risks that must be considered in the development plan.

Risks to be considered in the development of EPM Plan

Identification of risk is one of the most important procedures when developing an Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan. It is essential to recognize and identify the type of risk involved. The type of risks to be included might vary significantly depending on the location, type of organization, and environment amongst other influencing factors. Risk identification can be done using several mechanisms such as brainstorming, structured interviews, risk resource analysis, affinity grouping, checklist, as well as scenario analysis. The list of risks to be included in the development of EPM Plan is enormous. Natural happening or human errors can cause some of the risks. In addition, risks can be caused by technology failure such as malfunctioning of the control system. National Fire Protection Association (2013) suggested several types of risks to be included in the development of EPM Plan including natural hazards, human-caused events, technology-caused incidents, meteorological hazards, and biological hazards amongst other categories.

(a) Geologic risks

There are several types of geological risks. They can be categorized into earthquake, volcano, tsunami, hurricane, volcano, landslide, mudslide, subsidence among others. This category includes all types of risks and hazards that occur due to natural disasters (Perry & Lindell, 2003). The occurrence of geological risks is natural and very hard to control. Many people have lost lives and many properties destroyed and lost due to geologic risk exposures. The danger of geologic risks is that they are capable of causing severe damage. They are discussed as follows:


Earthquake is defined as the perceptible shaking of earth’s surface due to internal tectonic movements. Earthquakes of great magnitude have great potential of destroying a whole city. Historically, most violent earthquakes have been occurring in United States and Japan. They occur suddenly and without any warning. They can seriously damage a building and all its contents including human lives. Earthquakes disrupt electricity supply, telephone services, and gas supply. It can trigger fire, flash flood, avalanches, as well as landslides.

Volcanic eruptions

This type of risk occurs when the crust of the earth erupts. When such eruption occurs, volcanic ash, hot lava, and gases are released to the earth surface and atmosphere. They are commonplace in active volcano.

(b) Meteorologic risks

These are risks triggered by unfavorable weather conditions such as water and rain. They can be in liquid, solid, and gaseous forms. Meteorologic risks can occur on the earth’s surface or underground. There are several types of meteorologic risks including flash flood, tidal surge, flood, seiche, failure of water control structures, ice, hail, sleet, snow, avalanche, arctic freeze, drought, tropical cyclone, hurricane, sandstorm, windstorm, tornado, water spout, duststorm, wildland fire, lightning strikes, geomagnetic storm, famine, as well as extreme temperatures (Yodmani, 2001).

Tornadoes and hurricanes

These are extremely violent storms. They are naturally occurring and commonplace in some parts of United States of America. Tornadoes usually extend to the ground and move in a whirling speed of about 300 mph. at this speed, the wind is able to destroy many properties and buildings across its path. Tornadoes are usually spawned by a very powerful thunderstorm giving them the capability of uprooting trees and buildings. At this speed, tornadoes have the capability of turning harmless objects into missiles. They are very commonplace in United States.

Floods and flash floods

Floods and flash floods usually occur after a heavy downpour. They are one of the most commonplace geologic risks. Mots areas experience some level of flooding especially after heavy thunderstorms, spring rains, or winter snow thaws. They can also be caused by dam failures.

Severe winter storms

This type of meteorological risks is associated with hazardous heavy ice, snow, freezing rain, and strong winds. It can cause great destruction to properties and lives. Another effect of winter storm is that it can prevent customers and employees from accessing essential facilities and services. This eventually leads to temporary shutdown of amenities and services such as roads, hospitals among others. It can also cause severe structural damage to electricity, water, and telephone supply.

(c) Biological risks

Exposures to biological risks should also be included in the development of Emergency Preparedness and Management Plan. This type of risks is caused by biological failures. Biological risks actually refer to dangerous organic matters. They are harmful and dangerous to human health. They include viruses, parasites, bacteria, proteins, as well as fungi. Their effects in human body causes three type of biological risks namely allergy, infections, and poisoning (Workgroup, 2000).

Biological risks are divided into three major categories namely (1) pandemic disease, (2) food-borne illnesses, and (3) infectious or communicable diseases. Pandemic disease includes, H1N1, Ebola, and avian flu among others. Communicable diseases may include West Nile virus, plague, smallpox, anthrax, foot and mouth disease, as well as bovine spongiform encephalopathy such as Mad Cow Disease, BSE, and SARS. The exposures of medical risks are intensified in occupation and workplaces such as laboratories, hospitals, dispensaries. Medical staffs, laboratory technicians, and cleaning staffs are highly exposed to medical risks.

(d) Human-caused risks

These are risks that at caused by human actions or involvements. Human-caused risks can be either accidental or intentional. The accidental human caused risks can be grouped into several categories. They also include all accidental material release or spill. Such material spill may include flammable gas, flammable liquid, flammable solid, explosive, radiological, oxidizer, poison, as well as corrosive materials among others. Accidental human-caused risks may also include incidents in radiological and nuclear power plants. All hazards due to collapse of building, collapse fop structures, transportation accident, explosions, fire are all categorized as accidental human-caused risks. Other types include hazards due to resource shortage, mechanical breakdown, as well as entrapment in high angle, water, machinery, and confined space (Kapucu, 2008).

The intentional human caused risks results from planed activities. Intentional human-caused risks may include planed strikes, labor disputes, security breach, product defect, product contamination, as well as a wide range of criminal activities such as arson, robbery, vandalism, sabotage, theft, fraud, data theft, embezzlement, and malfeasance among others. Child abduction, hostage incident, homicide, lost person, kidnapping, as well as extortion also form part of intentional risks caused by human beings. Other types include intentional disinformation, discrimination, harassment, civil disturbance, mass hysteria, demonstrations, public unrest, riot, insurrection, bomb threats, and terrorism (Pearce, 2003).

(e) Technology-caused risks

These include all types of risks caused by technology failures. They may include failures in computer systems such as data corruption, hardware failure, outages, deletion, virus attack, as well as loss of network connectivity among others. Another example is failures or interruption of utilities such as electrical power, HVAC, sewage system, telecommunications, water, gas, steam, pollution control system, and other critical infrastructure.


Kapucu, N. (2008). Collaborative emergency management: better community organising, better public preparedness and response. Disasters, 32(2), 239-262.

National Fire Protection Association. (2013). Standard on disaster/emergency management and business continuity programs (NFPA 1600). Quincy, MA: Author.

Pearce, L. (2003). Disaster management and community planning, and public participation: how to achieve sustainable hazard mitigation. Natural hazards,28(2-3), 211-228.

Perry, R. W., & Lindell, M. K. (2003). Preparedness for emergency response: guidelines for the emergency planning process. Disasters, 27(4), 336-350.

Workgroup, P. (2000). Biological and chemical terrorism: strategic plan for preparedness and response. MMWR, 49, 1-14.

Yodmani, S. (2001). Disaster risk management and vulnerability reduction: Protecting the poor. The Center.

Sample Marketing Case Studies Paper on Dealing with Dealership Issue in your Family Business essay help us

TO: Sullivan-Diaz



SUBJECT: Dealing with Dealership Issue in your Family Business

There is a strong suggestion that you as a family leader need to take an urgent decision to save your family business because if you fail to do so, your family will probably blame you in future.  

I have tried to look at the various ways that you can borrow from your career in medical profession and established that though car dealership is different from medical profession, you have a lot to offer in your family business. In addition, I have established  the central problem in your family business is in the service department that for a long period has had management issues. The worst thing is that this department does not handle customers appropriately. Furthermore, there seems to be disconnect between the marketing department and the service department and this disconnect need to be addressed as soon as possible (Lovelock and Wirtz 466).    

In spite of this fact, I have evaluated the options that you as a family leader can take to save your family business. The first option would be to sell the dealership, pay all the family debts and forget about the dealership business. The second option would be retain the dealership and not resign from your current job. This means that you might recruit a new person to fill the position of a manager at your family business. The third option would be to resign from your current job and become the manager of the dealership as advised by the bank. This means that you would forfeit your career in medical field if you opt to adopt this option.

Looking at the strengths and weaknesses of the three options, it is quite clear that each of them has its strengths and weaknesses. Starting with the first option, it is rather obvious that your family will enjoy a large sum of money at once, pay its family and business debts and live happily thereafter. It is also obvious that you will continue with your job and the family business will not bother you. However, in terms of weaknesses, your family might lose a noble source of income that is not worth losing at this pointing time. In addition, your family is likely to lose a lot of money if it accepts the offer from Bill Froelich (Lovelock and Wirtz 465). With regard to the second option, it is obvious that you will continue with your current job as you look at ways of improving the performance of your family business. Your family will also not rely wholly on one source of income. However, this option will deny you a chance to implement what you have achieved in your career at a family business. In addition, the business might not perform in accordance with your expectations so you might lose. With regard to the third option, you will have all the time to look at your family business so it is likely that the business will perform as you expect it to perform. In addition, it is likely that the business will run as you expect it to run. Nevertheless, you will forfeit your current job and probably risk getting another job in medical profession knowing that the business might not perform as you expect it to perform.

After evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of each option, the best option for you as a leader in your family would be to resign from your current job and assume the position of a manager at the business. Although this option would cost your career at medical profession, there is no big difference between management in health care services and car dealership. If anything, the only difference is the change of working environment without changing the aspects of management. This option is the best one because you will not only run your family business, but you will also apply what you know to revive the business. In addition, you will address the core problem from the facts that you have rather than recruiting another person to do that job.     

From a business perspective, you are an experienced manager because you have worked and you are currently working at St Luke’s hospital. In relation to this fact, I consider you to be a qualified manager capable of dealing with the problem facing your family business. With regard to this issue, I recommend that you utilize the following marketing metrics. First, make use of the customer survey results that you receive from the Ford Company to track customer satisfaction. If you make use of this metric, you are likely to address the core problem rather than address the symptoms. Second, make use of the sales report and do a follow up on all of your customers so that you can learn more about your customers. In addition, use this metric to discover whether the missing link between the service and marketing departments has been addressed after you deal with it. Above all, you should develop a sales target for the marketing team and develop a sales report for the dealership.     

Work cited

Lovelock, Christopher, and Wirtz Jochen. Service marketing: people, technology, strategy. New York: Pearson, 2011. Print. 

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