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Sample Marketing Paper On Promotional Strategy For Axe Nursing Essay Help

Promotional Strategy

Promotional Strategy

Since Axe is a product aimed at the mass market, promotion efforts will be centered on mediums that facilitate the widest reach. In particular, the product will be comprehensively promoted in the mass media (television and print media) and social media. This promotion strategy is aligned with the marketing objectives of offering a convenient and quality product. It will reinforce the commitment of the Axe brand of offering products that can be used by all consumer segments. Axe will be promoted as an affordable remedy that is widely available across the world. The product will offer consistent quality and will be developed to meet the needs of the market. Consumers worldwide desire a body care product that is effective whilst still being affordable due to the frequency of usage. The product will be able to meet these requirements since it will adhere to Axe’s s reputation of developing quality and effective products that are inexpensive.

The promotion approach for Axe is centered on convenience and quality. By communicating on mass media about these features of the product, the company will be able to net a wide base of consumers who have desired such a product. The promotion decision is mainly being influenced by the reach and effectiveness of a medium as well as the reputation of the Axe brand. The mix of mass and social media will enable the promotion campaign to reach as many potential customers as possible and enable dynamism in the promotion message. The promotional strategy is achievable since Axe has been able to achieve it in the past. Axe will follow this established strategy whilst making some improvements and changes to appeal to the needs of current mediums and consumers. The competitors of Axe have largely dormant marketing strategies as their brands have already been established in the market. By bringing in dynamism and a new promotion approach in this segment, Axe will gain an edge over its competitors.

Sample Management Essay Paper on Article Write Up: Leadership law essay help

Article Write Up: Leadership

            The article “What is Leadership? Ten Ways To Define It” by Gamelearn (2016) starts by asking a probing and provoking question. It asks, “What is Leadership?” The author does not provide a definitive answer and admits the definition of leadership has no consensus. The lack of consensus is caused by the sheer broadness of the scope covered by leadership. In the context of the article, effective leadership is considered. Ten elements that can help in coming up with a good definition of leadership are explored in the article. These elements include vision, serving, empathy, creativity, thoroughness, managing, teambuilding, taking risks, and improving (Gamelearn, 2016). The effectiveness of the elements when applied by a leader or a manager in an organization is dependent on the nature of the organization and the goals of the management and employees.

            Having the qualities mentioned in the article increases the effectiveness of leadership. For example, having a vision and communicating it in an inspiring manner to the employees ensures the achievement of the objectives of an organization (Ekinci, 2015). A manager should not just focus on the managerial duties as described for his or her occupation. Leadership is needed to make the workers appreciative of the efforts made by the manager (Ekinci, 2015). Demonstrating the stated elements elicits the admiration of the juniors and also makes them feel valued by the organization. Empathy, in particular, allows the manager to have a glimpse of the personal lives of the employees. The manager can then give the employees treatment aimed at making their professional and personal life pleasant (Holt, Marques, Hu & Wood, 2017). The employees in turn show their appreciation by being more cooperative and hardworking.


Ekinci, A. (2015). Development Of The School Principals’ Servant Leadership Behaviors Scale And Evaluation Of Servant Leadership Behaviors According To Teachers’ Views. Egitim Ve Bilim, 40(179).

Gamelearn. (2016). What Is Leadership? 10 Ways To Define It. Retrieved from

Holt, S., Marques, J., Hu, J., & Wood, A. (2017). Cultivating Empathy: New Perspectives on Educating Business Leaders. Journal Of Values-Based Leadership, 10(1). doi: 10.22543/0733.101.1173

Sample Management Essay Paper on Hermès summary and response essay help: summary and response essay help


What is the distinctive strategic model at Hermès and how does it relate to being a family business?

Since its founding, Hermès has use one strategic model distinguishing it from its competition: achieving the highest product quality and standard using the finest in material and craftsmanship. The company has used this model throughout its operation years even as it diversified its product lines. Rather than bow to the pressure of industrialization, the company has maintained its tradition, employing only the best artisans, who produce masterpieces through great craftsmanship (Crawford et al., 2014). Hermès focus on quality and craftsmanship follows the company’s philosophy established by the founder, Thierry Hermès, and passed down to successors, all of who were family members. Moreover, the choice of the family member to pass down the reins of the company follows similar careful scrutiny, through an apprenticeship program. The program’s aim is to recognize and retain individuals in the family who have proven business savvy, as well as have the disposition to honor, sustain and develop the family legacy.

What is the difference between a public and a private company? Can a public company still be run like a private family business? What do you think?

The difference between a public and private company lies on the shares of the company, wherein while public companies have their shares traded on a stock exchange, private companies are not. Trading on the stock exchange means that the public company has access to capital and liquidity by selling its shares. Private companies, however, do not have such a luxury. Listing on the stock exchange, is possible for family companies, with a possibility of maintaining company traditions. Listing requires at least 25 percent of the company’s shares be held by outside shareholders. Such leaves a 75% controlling stake, making it possible to run a public company like a private family business.

Why would a family business go public?

A family business may consider going public to raise funds for expansions in instances when the retained profits are not enough for such expansions. Going public through an IPO (initial public offer), therefore presents a way to raise funds, for such expansions, while at the same time fulfilling the family’s desire to take some more off the table without necessarily cashing out entirely. Additionally, a family business may also seek to create a higher profile and assuage fears among customers and suppliers over the credibility of the company. By offering employees the option of buying into the company, a family business may go public as a way of retaining top talent.

How did Bernard Arnault manage to get an ownership stake? Why is he a threat when the family still owns 70%?

Arnault hid his intentions to get ownership in Hermès through financial derivatives (Crawford et al., 2014). He accumulated cash-settled equity swaps contracts through investment companies, allowing him to circumvent legal requirements. Through such circumvention, he was able to acquire a stake in Hermès when it floated its stock in the IPO. Despite the family owning 70% of the company, Arnault is a threat given his chairmanship at LVMH, where Hermès owns a stake. He is a threat in that through Hermès stake in his group, he can launch a hostile takeover bid on Hermès as he tried in 2010 (Crawford et al., 2014).

How did Hermès defend itself? What was the rationale behind this move? What are the economic consequences of creating a trust for the family members and for the owners and investors?

Hermès redesigned its ownership structure as a defense against hostile takeover and protection of family legacy. By establishing a holding company that would prevent at least 51% shares from family members from being transferred in the next 20 years (Crawford et al., 2014), Hermès ensured that the family would always have a controlling share in the company. While the move is protectionist against hostile takeovers, creating trust means that family members, owners, and investors do not have the option of a buyout. They, therefore, remain tied to the company without the option of getting their investment through the selling of their shares.


Crawford, R., J. et al. (2014). Hermès Paris. Insead

Sample Business Studies Coursework Paper on Employee Loyalty, Organizational Performance & Performance Evaluation–A Critical Survey Questions argumentative essay help online

Question 1

Employees are crucial in any organization since the success or failure of the organization is linked to their performance. Loyal employees accomplish their activities with the aim of creating a positive impact on the enterprise. Loyalty is defined as the commitment one has towards the success of the firm and understanding that working for a certain syndicate is the best option (Murali, Aayush, and Seema 62). Therefore, staff loyalty contributes significantly to the performance of the organization.

Question 2 

Providing motivational rewards to the best performing personnel helps in building and strengthening workforce loyalty (Murali, Aayush, and Seema 63). Allowing the employees to be involved in decision-making promotes creativity, which eventually improves their loyalty and innovativeness. Additionally, creating a conducive working environment is critically significant in enhancing staff loyalty.

Question 3

Strong workplace culture has a significant impact on the level of employee support to the corporate manager since it acts as a motivational factor. Facebook involves its workers by providing them with the necessary responsibilities, facilities, and conducive work setting. A fully occupied workforce is individuals that are physically strengthened, mentally focused, and emotionally connected to the firm’s goals and missions (Preko and Jhon 51). The technique promotes staff loyalty, which contributes to the personnel supporting the CEO despite the controversies surrounding the company.

Question 4

I am loyal to my current employer because the organization makes me feel like an essential aspect of the firm. This is attained through a feedback system developed by the company, which assists in enhancing two-way communication between the workers and management. Furthermore, the syndicate provides a conducive working environment to its staff, thereby strengthening my loyalty. 

Works Cited

Murali, Sachin, Aayush Poddar, and A. Seema. “Employee Loyalty, Organizational Performance & Performance Evaluation–A Critical Survey.”

Preko, Alexander, and Jhon Adjetey. “A Study on the Concept of Employee Loyalty and Engagement on the Performance of Sales Executives of Commercial Banks in Ghana.” International Journal of Business Research and Management (IJBRM) Vol. 4, No. 2, 2013, Pp. 51-62.

Sample Religious Studies Essay Paper on Transmission of Cultural/Religious Ideas and Practices in the Mediterranean research essay help: research essay help

The Eastern Mediterranean has been in the headlines over the years as an object of sharply varying representations. It is a junction of three continents and is known to connect three major countries including Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Research indicates that Egypt had a strong connection or relation to other cultures in the Mediterranean. In other words, Egypt played a crucial role in the transmission of cultural and religious ideas and practices across the Mediterranean.

 According to Abulafia, one of the roles of Egypt in the transmission of cultural ideas across the Mediterranean is that it served as an export destination for various cultural artifacts from other countries in the region (24). The highlands of Crete were known for pottery and other exotic objects such as pieces of ivory, ostrich egg, and faience. Melos was known for its large quantities of obsidian. Moreover, Knossos was known for its production of a special type of cloth. These materials were exported to neighboring lands such as Egypt. Other goods exported to Egypt and other countries in the region were enormous jars that were used primarily for the storage of oil and other goods as well as products of eggshell-thin pottery. In addition to acting as an export destination in the Mediterranean region, Egypt had an influence on the naming of some of the cultural sites and towns such as Amnisos (Abulafia 25).

Abulafia further argues that one of the hallmarks of civilization in the Mediterranean was the inception of writing (25). Scribes facilitated the spread of writing as a practice and they majorly used it in religious contexts. Another major function of writing was the maintenance of accounts by the scribes who as a result, enjoyed an efficient and demanding administration (25). Most of the writing in the Mediterranean region drew inspiration from Egyptian writing. For instance, the Cretan script used symbols that resembled Egyptian hieroglyphs (Abulafia 25). The only difference came between the Egyptian language and other languages such as the Cretan language that because of its sound system, had signs that were quite un-Egyptian. Abulafia argues that although the idea of writing was borrowed from Egypt by other Greek and other cultures, the Egyptian writing system was not.

Other than its role in the transmission of the mentioned cultural ideas and aspects across the Mediterranean region, Egypt also had a role to play in the transmission of religious ideas in the region. Persia had a leader known as Alexander who traversed the Mediterranean region. He took control of many countries in the region thanks to his influence and power. Alexander traveled to Canopus and sailed around Lake Mareotis and disembarked at a site in Egypt, which is the present-day Alexandria. It was in Alexandria that he made a decision on where the agora was to be built. Alexander also decided how many temples were to be established in the area as well as the gods to which the temples were to be dedicated. The religious practices that started in the Egyptian city of Alexandria later spread to other neighboring lands.

In sum, Egypt played various roles as a node in the transmission of cultural and religious ideas and practices across the Mediterranean. The country acted as an export destination for various cultural artifacts produced by neighboring lands. Also, most of the writing in the Mediterranean region drew inspiration from Egyptian writing. It can also be seen that the city of Alexandria in Egypt was chosen as a key religious site where temples were built. The religious practices in Alexandria later spread to other countries in the Mediterranean region.

Work Cited

Abulafia, David. The great sea: a human history of the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press, 2011.

Sample Nursing Paper on Health Promotion in Older Adults law essay help: law essay help

Health Promotion in Older Adults

Article 1

 The first article titled ‘Systematic Review of Yoga Interventions to Promote Cardiovascular Health in Older Adults’ discusses the importance of using physical activities to improve both fitness and good health among mature adults. The topic urges them to increase their engagement in yoga due to the different benefits it has including improving mood, reducing stress, enhance the quality of life, promoting overall wellbeing, increasing strength, balance, and flexibility.

 The article explains the health benefit of using yoga as one of the physical exercises that promote proper living among older adults. According to the author, it helps in preventing the development of different health complications such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and dyslipidemia. Moreover, the article states that it aids in modifying essential body aspects such as blood lipids, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), and blood glucose.

 Older adults are a fragile population in society and it is important to find a proper strategy that can help them improve their overall health without subjecting them to opportunistic diseases. I chose the topic because yoga is one of the simplest physical activities that the population can engage in to improve their overall fitness including cardiovascular health. Through this, I would establish the different health benefits it has to them

 While many researchers focus on how yoga reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases, little has been done to establish the interventions that can be employed to reduce the effects of the disease among older adults. The population of mature adults in the United States is constantly increasing and is expected to double by 2050 (Barrows & Fleury, 2016). Similarly, the cost of treating CVD among older adults above 65 years is also increasing thus reducing the overall productivity of the country. Yoga aids in reducing the likelihood of the population suffering from chronic complications such as diabetes, cardiovascular complications, and obesity. Using yoga interventions in improving the population’s health through reducing stress, increasing strength, flexibility, improved endurance, and overall balance.

Article 2

The topic ‘Weight Loss and Physical Activity for Disease Prevention in Obese Older Adults: an Important Role for Lifestyle’ provides an insight on the importance of aspects such as engaging in physical activities and losing weight as a means of preventing diseases.

 Engaging in activities that help in weight reduction and promote engagement in physical activities. Health conditions such as obesity and being overweight lead to the accumulation of fats in the body that could, in turn, lead to severe events such as death. As such, promoting good health through weight loss interventions and engagement in physical activities are critical in identifying other interventions that can help in promoting good health among obese older adults.

 I chose the above topic due to its direct approach to finding solutions to some of the complications facing a section of the human population. The high number of Americans dying from weight-related complications presents an increasing concern to both local and federal agencies. I believe the topic provides detailed information that can not only help in managing obesity but also enable obese older adults to embrace physical activities as a means of reducing some of the opportunistic diseases affecting them.

Obesity and overweight is becoming a complex problem in the United States and has led to several deaths over the years. Among the older adults, it affects all four domains including medical, functional, social and psychological (Valencia et al., 2014). There exist several evidence showing that intentional weight loss (IWL) has several advantages on functional status, comorbidities and quality of life. Obesity is associated with an increase in global deaths than other factors such as low economic growth and underweight. The obesity paradox can be explained as the decrease of the number of complexities and deaths among people with obesity while their counterparts record more hospital complications such as cardiac arrest.


Barrows, J. L., & Fleury, J. (2016). Systematic review of yoga interventions to promote cardiovascular health in older adults. Western journal of nursing research, 38(6), 753-781.

Valencia, W. M., Stoutenberg, M., & Florez, H. (2014). Weight loss and physical activity for disease prevention in obese older adults: an important role for lifestyle management. Current diabetes reports, 14(10), 539.

Sample Religious Studies Essay Paper on Sufism high school essay help

Sufism is a core inner dimension of the Islamic faith that denotes how Tawhid is achieved. A Sufi is an individual who has attained the Tawhid mysteries hence sees God everywhere. People who prefer God to anything else practice Sufism and God chooses them over everything. It is the spiritual mysticism in the Islamic religion. Essentially, it cannot exist without true belief in religion. Consequently, Sufism is a movement within the Islamic religion for the faithful who believe in the true ways of life and respect God as the sole creator of every living thing and the world. Sufism is a movement within the Islamic faith that helps to make them better worshipers.

            Sufism encourages people to denounce worldly pleasures such as cheap sensations and to keep away from evil deeds. Similarly, a Sufi lives by earning an honest living and does not depend on others for aid. Therefore, they are not a menace to the community. Sufism is one of the oldest religious Islamic philosophies described as the apprehension of divine realities. Moreover, the essence of Sufism is found in the purification of the senses and the will to build both the inner and outer life. it is a practice that is attained by practicing a sense of purification of the individual will and the inner thoughts and feelings. Additionally, it is denoted as the achievement through which an individual is blessed by capturing the divine realities and eternal felicity.

Sample Religious Studies Essay Paper on Discussion Board Exercise college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

The modern Church has evolved into a complicated institution that does not value the power of the Gospel as emphasized in Christianity. This is to state that most institutions of prayers have diverted objectives of spreading the Gospel into an economic activity that generates wealth for specific stakeholders with self-interests. Fortunately, there are Churches that spread the intended Gospel despite encountering modern social vices that defy religious practices and principles of Christianity. Modern society has barred effective meditation and contemplation even though individuals could be motivated towards practicing meditation for religious satisfaction.

The rise and growth of technology invention in social media platforms has transformed modern Christianity in both positive and negative ways. The positive aspect of social media in Christianity meditation and contemplation is advanced by the capabilities of instant messaging. However, the immorality that takes place on social media platforms has resulted in an ineffective implementation or practicing meditation and contemplation (Cunningham and Keith 84). For instance, sharing of nudity is condemned in Christianity and this challenges the modern generation which beliefs in the power of self-determination. This is to state the modern generation is deviating from practices that will chain their social freedom with moral roles and responsibilities.

Similarly, lack of adequate parenthood in spreading Christianity to children has also resulted in ineffective meditation and contemplation. Modern parents are avoiding their social responsibility of ensuring that religion plays part in a child’s upbringing process. It is critical to remember that children emulate their parents as evidenced in the former’s character traits and personal attributes (Cunningham and Keith 86). The economic structure of most countries has forced most parents to overwork and forget their parenthood to children. Eventually, these children find no relevance with religious practices such as meditation and contemplation as a way of life in Christianity.

It should be an individual effort that a person maintains a religious life despite many factors that bar effective meditation and contemplation. Individuals should be responsible to counter any challenges that prevent them from spreading the Christian gospel. The following are some of the measures that can be adopted to motivate individuals into practicing meditation despite the challenges of a cluttered culture in modern society.

a) Ensure that one engages in a circle of Christian friends as a means of strengthening a religious relationship with God. In essence, a gospel-based friendship would reduce the chances of succumbing to different temptations that bar effective meditation and contemplation.

b) Enhance one’s responsibility of playing a religious role such as teaching Bible stories to Sunday school children (Cunningham and Keith 88). Similarly, participating in choir and worship sessions would ensure that the Gospel of Christianity maintains its religious value.

c) Lastly, it would be vital to condemn practices that defy the basic principles of Christianity as a means of enriching specific individuals. A voice against false prophets should be encouraged to uproot factors that bar effective meditation and contemplation.

According to the case context, there are different factors that bar effective meditation and contemplation among most Christians. As noted in the discussion, most of these factors emanate from a lack of moral influence in modern societies. In essence, there are communities in which religion has lost social significance due to factors that bar effective meditation and contemplation. However, hope is a religious virtue in Christianity which should motivate its followers towards practicing meditation. Chances are high that a newly baptized Christianity would backslide into bad old ways despite undergoing a thorough meditation induction in a Church.

Work Cited

Cunningham, Lawrence, and Keith J. Egan. Christian spirituality: Themes from the tradition.         Paulist Press, 1996: 84-92.    

Sample Nursing Essay Paper on Strategic Management essay help for free

The term strategic management (SM) describes continuous processes involved in the development of plans, effective monitoring, comprehensive analyses, and assessment of organizational goals and objectives. Through strategic management, entities can evaluate their close competitors, set attainable objectives, and satisfy the insatiable demands of the consumers (David & David 10). Strategic management is characterized by effective plans, innovative solutions, and comprehensive decision-making.

My chosen profession is to become a business management professional. As a business manager, strategic management will significantly help with the streamlining of certain organizational practices. For instance, strategic management will be crucial in the assessment of the financial viability of the entity and in the evaluation of strategic goals (David & David 12). The most important benefit of strategic management is that it can transform businesses into more disciplined and organized entities. In particular, it will act as an important bridge linking individual employees’ performances and organizational aims and purposes.

Strategic management will help my organization to evaluate its competitors and determine key market functions. It includes accurate evaluation of existing opportunities in the market and advising the company on the production of market-oriented commodities (David & David 20). Moreover, in-depth analyses through strategic management will help the firm to identify operational loopholes, credible threats, and general challenges limiting the company’s progress.

Subsequently, as the business manager, I will implement strategic management policies to sustain the company’s competitive edges. Additionally, the concept will help in gaining a better understanding of rival businesses and becoming more responsive to varied consumer needs (David & David 16). Arguably, other CEOs or other top management officials should gain a detailed understanding of the concept of strategic management. The concept will enable such officials to establish requisite processes and resources that are vital in strengthening and supporting core competencies.   

Work Cited

David, F. R., & David, F. R. (2016). Strategic management: A competitive advantage approach, concepts and cases. Pearson.

Sample Nursing Essay Paper on Evaluation and Management Codes with Highest Denial Rate essay help online

            There is an underlying problem for the coding system in assessment and management. Most practitioners are unsure of the correct Current Procedural Code, therefore, leading to high rates of denial of service. Nevertheless, there are available solutions that can help in mitigating the issue. The evaluation and management codes that tend to have the highest rate of denial are M86, M80, CO-B15, CO-18, and global surgery codes. The codes pose a problem because of the issues listed in each code below:


In this code, there can be a denial of service because of payment for the same or similar services in a given period. The code poses a problem because it may be difficult to distinguish between the same or similar services.


There can be a denial of service when performed in the same session or date as the initial processed service for a particular patient. This code poses a problem because there are chances that a patient is given the same session or time as a previously processed service.


In this code, there can be adjustments in payment because the procedure requires that a qualifying service is received and then covered. The code poses a problem when the service or process has not yet been received.


In this code, there can be a denial of service if there exists a duplicate service. If there are the same services submitted for the same patient on the same date of service and by the service doctor, this can be termed as duplicate service (Olsen et al. 78). The code poses a threat because the chances of such conditions happening to a patient cannot be ruled out.

Global Surgery Denials

The typical global days are 090, 010, 000, XXX, YYY, and ZZZ. They are determined by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) (Vines et al. 98). For instance, XXX means global days does not apply. The code poses a threat because practitioners may interpret it.

How to Solve the Issue of Denial of Service

For the Case of M86, there should be a thorough check of the claim status to verify that the denial is not based on the information of the previous payments. The CGS Interactive Voice Response Unit can determine the status of a claim.

            In M80 and B-15, the issue can be resolved by checking the Correct Coding Initiative (CCI) edits before submitting a claim. The CCI edits are updated after three months in each year. The Modifier Referral Tool can be used to give specific information on modifiers, which are used to denote the exceptions to CCI.

            For CO-18, there should be verification of the claim status to ensure that claim duplication is not based on the previous information about payment. The CGS Interactive Voice Response Unit can also be used to determine the status of a claim.

            To avoid Global Surgery Denials, all employees should be trained to enable them to determine the code accurately, and therefore, attach appropriate modifiers. Employees should familiarize with the different global days and their interpretation.

Place of Service

32 is a code for a nursing facility. The facility provides skilled nursing care to residents. Other services such as rehabilitation for the sick, disabled, or injured people are also offered regularly. 41 is the code for a land ambulance (Beaman 206). The vehicle is specially designed, equipped, and has trained staff to provide lifesaving and transportation services for the sick or the injured people. It is essential to have the correct codes for the place of service to avoid denial of service, which is a common problem caused by inconsistent codes.  Proper measures should be implemented at all levels to eliminate the denial of service problem. It is vital to have training that seeks to address the issue before it escalates to higher levels and causes poor service delivery. For instance, the various codes should be known by practitioners to avoid making mistakes.

Works Cited

Beaman, Nina. Pearson’s Comprehensive Medical Assisting: Administrative and Clinical                                    Competencies. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson, 2011.

Vines, Deborah, Ann Braceland, Elizabeth Rollins, and Susan Miller. Comprehensive Health             Insurance: Billing, Coding, and Reimbursement. 2018.

Olsen, Michael D, Eliza C.-Y. Tse, and Joseph J. West. Strategic Management in the Hospitals.                   Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2018. Print.

Sample English Essay Paper on How Would You Define A Good Friend best college essay help: best college essay help

Friendship refers to the liking and familiarizing of two different minds. Friendships also mean the state of two or more individual’s being friends. Friendship could also mean the bond that joins two different individuals together. Individuals that are friends talk and spend their time together often. Good friendship entails warmth, loyalty, and honesty. There are various types of friendship for instance friendship with the family, society members, school friends, or even online friends. The typical nature of friendship entails a unique kind of concern for a friend, which may be termed or understood as a type of love. Friendship is also determined by various bonds, for instance, romantic bonds, family bonds or close friendship bonds. Emotions generally characterize friendship bonds for instance trust and affection. Technological advancement has vastly influenced the nature of friendship and fostered opposite-sex friendships.

            Some of the significant determinants of the variance of the friendship’s nature based on gender include the varying cultures, beliefs, norms, and behaviors of different individuals. Technology has made it easy for friends to connect for instance using various social media platforms. Technology makes it easy for friends to communicate with each other and this vastly boosts the quality of friendship. Good friendship raises the quality of life for instance by bringing happiness and increasing an individual’s sense of purpose and belonging. Friendships also help one eliminate stressors in life and boost self-esteem, self-worth, and self-confidence. Friendships also enable an individual to go through traumatic events successfully for instance illness, loss of occupation, or divorce. Friendship creates a support framework, enhances protection as well as mutual respect and benefits. The primary key to a good friendship includes trust, faithfulness, unselfishness, being supportive, and honesty.

Sample Health Care Essay Paper on Regulatory Agency argumentative essay help

Regulatory Agency

The agencyThe agency’s structureAgency’s effect on healthcareExample of the agencyThe agency’s regulatory authorityDealing with elements of negligence and intentional tortsThe National Commission on Correctional Health Care (NCCHC)The NCCHC is a non-profit entity responsible for the accreditation and certification of healthcare firms in the U.S. NCCHC has a centralized organizational structure. The organizational structure comprises of a president and CEO, executive 4 VPs, chief HR Officer, and a General Counsel. The agency accredits, certifies, and measure standards in healthcare organizations.HCCHC’s explicit mission is to improve the general healthcare of the public. The commission is responsible for accurate evaluation of healthcare entities. It inspires the provision of safe and effective care services reflecting high quality and value to the customers. The main customers are in jails, prisons, and juvenile confinement facilities.  In general, NCCHC plays a significant role in ensuring the quality and safety of healthcare delivery systems in different facets.  An example of the agency is the International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology.   The agency facilitates the provision of quality health to all Americans both in prisons and outside prisons. The department liaises with the prison authorities to provide related services to the inmates.   The agency comprise of individuals whose primary desire is to assess and treat criminal behaviors among inmates with mental health issues. The agency’s derives its regulatory authority from the National Commission on Correctional Health Care. It liaisons with relevant agencies in ensuring the provision of organized, adequate, and quality healthcare services. Most of the services are based on the acceptable national standards. The agency strictly regulated by the NCCHC      The HCCHC uses awareness campaigns and education to inmates and healthcare professionals to reduce cases of negligence and intentional torts. Additionally, they use different quality control and assessment tools to ensure quality services to the inmates.


IACFP (2018). International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology. Retrieved from

The National Commission on Correctional Health Care (2018) About Us. Retrieved from

Sample Nursing Essay Paper on Dementia online essay help: online essay help


Dementia is a cognitive brain disorder that results in a changed personality and failing memory. In the last 10 years, there has been increasing concern regarding the effects of dementia care in terms of ethnic, cultural, and racial variations. Accordingly, the older adult population is becoming more prone to chronic illness continues to have adverse effects on them. The amount of studies being conducted today on cultural differences in dementia caregiving illustrates the increased interest in the subject. According to Van et al. (2018), the number of people affected by neurodegenerative dementia is rapidly increasing, as populations age around the globe. There are various perspectives through with dementia is being viewed including socio-cultural, scientific, or anthropological. This study explores how social and cultural experiences impact expressions of dementia, behavior change techniques, and the risk factors involved when dealing with dementia patients.

Over 35.6 million people are diagnosed with dementia globally. Danat et al. (2019) noted that this number could double in 20 years. Further, as stated by Chapko et al. (2018) and Evripidou, Charalambous, Middleton, & Papastavrou (2018), it is commonly believed in various societies across the world that supernatural factors cause dementia. Recently, however, neuroscientific and psychiatric studies have taken precedence. Dealing with immigrant dementia patients is, however, a major challenge facing medical professionals. Culture and ethnicity are two main factors influencing dementia in aging adults. Hence, different societies have different cultural frames of interpretation of aging and dementia, with some involving supernatural elements that structure how individuals address emotional and mental issues. Therefore, culture-based conceptions may also influence individual perceptions because of the intra-inter ethnic diversity across populations.

According to Van et al. (2018), there is a correlation between the majority of dementia patients and ethnocultural identities. For example, African-Americans tend to underutilize mental health services because of cultural mistrust. Culture-based conceptions and differences among patients with dementia portray different patterns in using medical assistance. Studies conducted by Dewing and Dijk (2016) and Chapko et al. (2018) in Europe found that the Germans had less access to seeking care for mental health compared to the Spanish. Therefore, multi-ethnic variations exist in the conceptualization of dementia in various parts of the world. African-American caregivers, for example, who have experienced difficulties in their lives may exhibit symptoms of dementia. The socio-cultural belief of an older-adult immigrant from Brazil patient was analyzed. In their ancestral home, they believe that the illness is caused by supernatural forces. Therefore, this belief makes it difficult for the patient to fully understand his condition.

            It is also important that patients follow the right prescription and medical advice and make the necessary lifestyle changes to ensure better health outcomes. Hence, policymakers have included diverse approaches to increase patient activation and participation as patients are crucial in determining health outcomes (Spears, 2018). A significant approach that is known to influence care outcomes for patients with dementia is ‘patient activation.’ Patient activation is an approach that defines the skills of taking sufficient care of the patient’s health, healthcare facilities, knowledge, and confidence (Dewing & Dijk, 2016). It is a procedure that enables the patients to self-actualize the medication process and ensure that they help the clinicians by accurately conveying how they feel. However, there is little information regarding how patient activation levels can be increased despite the increasing number of studies that have demonstrated the positive effect of patient activation on health outcomes. The best technique that would work for my patient is ‘patient Activation.’ Patient activation therapy would be the best for this patient because he does not fully understand the impact of self-activation on health outcomes.

Clinicians can adopt various approaches such as patient empowerment, patient education,’ and motivational therapy to increase self-activation (Danat et al., 2019). Moreover, it has been noted that health outcomes increase significantly in institutions implementing motivational therapy, interviews, self-management behaviors, and other communication-based approaches known to be more effective in enhancing improvement inpatient. In addition, it is critical for clinicians to behave morally when dealing with dementia patients as it can help them in better understanding their situation and adhering to the treatment (Evripidou, Charalambous, Middleton, & Papastavrou, 2018). Higher self-management standards are also associated with the patient’s support of the chronic care model. As patient activation is known to increase the level of self-management and patient outcomes, it can be regarded as the best technique for most patients.

Some of the risk factors that can increase the levels of dementia in this patient include loss of hearing and diabetes. As cardiovascular disease is the most prevalent form of dementia, optimizing cardiovascular health is essential to prevent vascular events such as stroke. Optimizing cardiovascular health is important for reducing cognitive decline and maintaining brain health (Chatterjee, 2016). For this end, blood pressure control measures, physical activity, and consuming fruits, nuts, and vegetables are important.

Diabetes is another factor in the patient that increases the risk of dementia in the patient. It has also been identified as the most significant risk factor. Therefore, older adults with diabetes have higher rates of decline in mental function than their non-diabetic peers. According to Thomson, Auduong, Miller, and Gurgel (2017), keeping blood sugar under control in the long run through exercise and diet as well as taking the right medication for diabetes is crucial for maintaining brain health. However, as sugar fuels, the brain, overtreatment of diabetes can damage also the brain and the patient’s overall health. Overtreatment of high blood pressure is thus associated with a decline in cognitive ability in older adults, thereby increasing the risk of dementia (Spears, 2018). As diabetes can also cause mood changes and cognition difficulties, it is also associated with an increased risk of dementia.


            Dementia is more prevalent in older adults, and there has been no evidence of a known cause of the illness or of the damage it causes to the brain cells. However, causes of dementia include dementia brain tumor, head injuries, or continuous brain cell death. It is not a single illness but is characterized by a combination of a decline in cognitive functions such as memory impairment, forgetfulness, loss of communication, and mental coordination. The symptoms of dementia may vary from one patient to another and include but are not limited to loss of memory, communication problems, difficulty in executing familiar tasks such as driving, disorientation, mood changes, and personality changes. Dementia progresses from mild cognitive impairment to mild dementia, to moderate dementia, and then severe dementia. Although there is no known cure for dementia as brain cell death is irreversible, it can be managed and prevented by halting the brain tissue damage using various drugs such as Rivastigmine Exelon and Donepezil. Dementia is a cognitive disorder with a high prevalence among older adults because of their predisposition to chronic illnesses because of their age. However, it may also affect younger adults who have been subjected to other mental cognitive disorders or have had a long history of drug abuse.


Chapko, D., McCormack, R., Black, C., Staff, R., & Murray, A. (2018). Life-course determinants of cognitive reserve (CR) in cognitive aging and dementia–a systematic literature review. Aging &Mental Health, 22(8), 921–932.

Chatterjee, S., Peters, S. A., Woodward, M., Arango, S. M., Batty, G. D., Beckett, N., … & Hassing, L. B. (2016). Type 2 diabetes as a risk factor for dementia in women compared with men: a pooled analysis of 2.3 million people comprising more than 100,000 cases of dementia. Diabetes care, 39(2), 300–307.

Danat, I. M., Clifford, A., Partridge, M., Zhou, W., Bakre, A. T., Chen, A., … & Anstey, K. J. (2019). Impacts of Overweight and Obesity in Older Age on the Risk of Dementia: A Systematic Literature Review and a Meta-Analysis. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, (Preprint), 1–13.

Dewing, J., & Dijk, S. (2016). What is the current state of care for older people with dementia in general hospitals? A literature review. Dementia, 15(1), 106–124.

Evripidou, M., Charalambous, A., Middleton, N., & Papastavrou, E. (2018). Nurses’ knowledge and attitudes about dementia care: Systematic literature review. Perspectives in psychiatric care.

Spears, M. M. (2018). Nonpharmacological Behavioral Interventions for Patients with Dementia: A Systematic Literature Review (Doctoral dissertation, Walden University).

Thomson, R. S., Auduong, P., Miller, A. T., &Gurgel, R. K. (2017). Hearing loss as a risk factor for dementia: a systematic review. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology, 2(2), 69–79.

Van Santen, J., Dröes, R. M., Holstege, M., Henkemans, O. B., Van Rijn, A., De Vries, R., … & Meiland, F. (2018). Effects of exergaming in people with dementia: results of a systematic literature review. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, (Preprint), 1–20.

 [A1]Note that though I have edited this paper for language and grammar, there is one major point to be clarified. As I specified in my previous comment, the instructions require certain specific answers in terms of treating your patient with dementia. However, your paper makes no mention of this.

Please clarify with the client and revise accordingly.

 [A2]This sentence is difficult to understand. What do you mean by older adult population is becoming diverse? Please clarify.

Sample Business Studies Essay Paper on JIT Inventory System free essay help online: free essay help online

Steps needed in determining the value adding production activities.

            The combination of all resources and activities that are needed in the generation of products and services can be defined using value chain criteria. The value adding activities are activities in a company set up which contribute to the intended services or products, and the organization gains profit by investing its capital in it. The steps mentioned below can be used by the management to determine the value adding production activities:

The administration will consider those activities with the highest consumer preference and high demand.The management shall also determine the activities that a client can be willing to make payments.The activities involved in the process of product transformation shall also be determined.

            The non-value adding activities do not fit in this criteria. An example of value-adding activities is where a customer will be willing to pay for the packaging and painting of finished products (Viale, 2016). Nevertheless, receiving and storage of the raw materials is not value adding activity although it is included in the product production process.

The total cycle time in days.

            When raw materials are converted into finished products, then the time involved in the process is called the total cycle time. The total cycle time stipulates the time that raw materials are received into the company and includes all the time that is used in all the processes up to when the products are finished. The time can be calculated as shown below:

The total cycle time (TCT) is the summation of Process Time (PT), Move Time (MT), Inspection Time (IT), and Wait Time (WT)


Process Time (PT)= Packing Time+ Painting Time

                             =1 day + 4 days

                             =5 days.

Move time is equivalent to 6 days

Inspection time is 4 days

Queue time is given by the summation of time used in setting up of equipment, cutting and assembling.

Queue Time=7+6+7= 20 days

Wait time is the summation of the time used for receiving the materials and the time for storage.

Wait Time= 1+9=10 days

Therefore the total cycle time= 5+6+4+20+10

                                                =45 days

The manufacturing efficiency ratio.

The manufacturing efficiency ratio is given by:

[Process Time (PT)/Manufacturing Cycle Time (MCT)]*100%


MCT=Process Time +Move Time +Inspection Time + Queue Time


MCT= Total Time Cycle (TTC)-Wait Time (WT)

WT= 10 days

Process Time (PT) = Summation of the time for painting and the packing time

Therefore, PT=5 days

Move Time (MT)= 4 days

Queue Time= 20 days

Manufacturing cycle time= 5+6+4+20=35 days.

Therefore, the efficiency ratio becomes (5/35)*100=14.3%

Activities that might be reduced to implement an efficient JIT system.

            The JIT inventory system refers to a system with zero inventory and stockless production in a business setting which is realized by advocating for a timely purchase and production of raw materials. To effectively use the JIT system, an enterprise has to establish a good connection with the suppliers and organize for a regular supply of raw materials in smaller quantities before a production process takes place. With the implementation of the criteria, the costs of holding raw materials are eliminated, and the inefficiencies are reduced (Vollmann, Berry & Whybark, 2013). Hence, all parties should give higher quality services for this to be achieved. The JIT inventory system will lead to the following:

The time for setting up the equipment can be reduced.As the JIT system uses zero inventory holding, then, the storing materials shall be eliminated.There will be a reduction in the number of days for packaging and painting of the finished products because of the smaller quantities involved.There will be no inspection of raw materials because of the reduction in the time for cutting the material because of much emphasis on the quality offered by all the parties.The number of days for moving the materials will also be reduced because of the reduced flow of materials.


Vollmann, T. E., Berry, W. L., & Whybark, D. C. (2013). Integrated production and inventory         management: Revitalizing the manufacturing enterprise. Homewood, Ill: Business One              Irwin.

Viale, J. D. (2016). JIT forecasting and master scheduling: Not an oxymoron. Menlo Park, Calif:               Crisp Publications.

Sample Management Essay Paper on Top 10 Components of Leadership essay help services

            A good leader should have the ability to inspire the best behaviors and outcomes from the followers. He or she should be firm enough to prevent delinquency and at the same time accommodating enough to allow the followers to have confidence in them. The following are the top ten components that each leader should have in order to be effective in discharging his or her duties.


The position of leadership often requires one to make decisions that will affect the lives and professions of others. If the change caused by the decisions is to be embraced by the followers, the leader should be transparent in explain how decisions have been made. Transparency is further enhanced when the followers are involved in the decision-making process.

Learning from Failure

A leader is supposed to be comfortable with taking big risks for the progress of the organization. The bigger the risk, the higher the potential gains. By taking risks, the likelihood of failure is increased as well. An effective leader is not afraid of failure but is ready to learn from the failure.


The relationship between a leader and the followers has to be based on trust. The leader should be trustworthy so that the followers feel confident in placing their fates and resources under his care (Jenkins, Lock and Lock 11). The followers must also have integrity enough to be trusted by the leader. This mutual trust makes the organization run smoothly.


A good leader should be confident in his/her abilities and reflect the same to the subordinates. No one is likely to follow a leader who second-guesses himself/herself. At the same time, people can quickly notice façade put up by unconfident leaders.


The leader should have his/her focus on making the team led perform better. He should also understand that he is not in a leadership position for personal gain but for the benefit of all the members of the team.

Be a Great Listener

An effective leader should listen to ideas and concerns of the rest of the team or organization. Being a good listener informs the leader of what is happening on the ground. It also assists in giving insights on how performance of the organization might be improved from the perspective of the team members.


A leader should cultivate the skill of making people under his/her authority feel valued. Their contribution to the organization should be recognized. If they perform exceptionally, they should be praised. This should be tempered with encouragement whenever the performance is below expectation.


A leader should have a clear idea of where he/she wants the organization to be in the future. this vision guides the strategy and the set of values adopted to help in making decisions that will ensure that the vision is accomplished.

Put People First

The leader should cultivate on having healthy relationships with the other members of the team before focusing on the strategy of the organization. Healthy interpersonal relationships generate the synergy needed to propel the organization forward.


A leader should be ready to accept and embrace changes in the organization. The changes can be in the form of technology, processes or the team members that he/she is to lead. For change to improve the organization, the members need to be excited about it. Creating that excitement is the responsibility of the leader.

Work Cited

Jenkins, Judi, Larry Lock, and Mary Anne Lock. “Leadership-A Critical Bridge to Accountability.” Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin 84.3 (2018): 10-5.

Sample Management Essay Paper on Risk Analysis cbest essay help: cbest essay help

Risk Analysis

Investment is a process that requires decisive strategies which impact markets positively. Without an effective strategy for establishing a business venture, the chances of losing revenues are high. Revenues are lost in terms of finances and time. Capital used to establish the business includes assets that are valued in monetary terms. Efficient strategies integrate positive aspects of all business practices to keep profit-generation in the right momentum of high-profit margins.  Being a risk conservative investor requires business objectives that improve chances of success, in terms of profit revenue generation, in establishing a venture.

I am a risk-tolerant investor who capitalizes on market loopholes dreaded for the possibility of high losses. In other terms, understanding and measuring risks describes a strategy that enables investors to secure a certain market share irrespective of threats that face the venture. For instance, providing hardware and software services would face imminent risks of computer failure (Mishra & Mittal, 2019). It is common to find computer technicians being sued for damages that are irreversible for devices that are wrongly fixed. These risks, among others, would cause a tense business environment that bars an investor from making progressive policies for their organization.

A risk-tolerant investor also understands the importance of staying calm when confronted by a violent client. There are situations when a client becomes rogue and confronts a person inhumanely in a public environment. Such scenarios are common in any business but pose a great risk of engaging in physical violence (Kumar & Kasilingam, 2017). A risk-tolerant investor is able to weather such storms by establishing peaceful means of dealing with conflicts from a different client. This is facilitated by an evaluation of cultural diversity and its associated risks for a given market. Otherwise, ineffective cultural management strategies would lead to a business resolution as authorities would not allow violence involving public entities.

My risk tolerance score is seven which indicates that funds will be withdrawn in 3-5 years which attracts 4 points. These funds will be spent in 6-10 years and this attracts 3 points which accumulate to a total of seven points. A slow strategy of withdrawing funds from a personal account would be associated with timely spending when purchasing stock. Business investments appreciate the importance of time before establishing a business venture as most individuals fail to evaluate options before making a move (Mishra & Mittal, 2019). Withdrawing funds would be accompanied by an expenditure process that gets quality assets for investment. Considering quality over quantity expenditure for assets that would last long with affordable maintenance cost. For instance, purchasing quality computer accessories for a repair shop would promote a business as most clients would spend on quality services. The investment strategy would become successful as a result of understanding the dynamics of client management. Eventually, investment strategies are promoted by challenging oneself in overcoming avoidable risks that accrue high-profit margins for the business.

Becoming a risk-conservative investor entails analyzing all factors of business in different market contexts. Considering cultural diversity aspects, such as language and religion, is an important step when evaluating the feasibility of a venture. Moreover, considering leadership and management theories would enhance an employee-management relationship. Relating with employees in a positive environment would enable the management to come up with progressive strategies that contribute towards high-profit generation in a firm. Elements noted in this discussion would determine a score risk tolerance value for any conservative investor.


Mishra, V., & Mittal, A. (2019). A Comparative Study of Demographic and Risk Tolerance             Profile of Conventional and Socially Responsible Investors in India. IUP Journal of             Management Research, 18(1), 36-52.

Kumar, V. R., & Kasilingam, R. (2017). Does the Demographics and Selected Investor Profile             Factors Influence Financial Literacy?-An Investor Perception Study. Sumedha Journal of    Management, 6(2), 75-89.

Sample Nursing Essay Paper on Technology Change Proposal: The Case for Patient Safety aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Technology Change Proposal: The Case for Patient Safety


Patient safety and healthcare quality are some of the integral parts of medical practice in contemporary times. With the right technology, it is possible not only to improve the performance of healthcare facilities but also to create a bigger impact on patients in terms of safety and quality. Technology improves communication between clinician groups; improves the safety of the patient medication. It is also possible to improve access to medication information, reduce the probability of medication errors, and to encourage patient-centered care. Through the impacts on the operations and communications efficiency, technology can help in boosting patient safety. Technologies proposed for improving patient safety should therefore address any of the risks to patient safety and subsequently affect patient safety. The present proposal is for medical alerts and clinical flags to improve patient safety.

Proposed Technology Change and its Impacts on Patient Safety

Medical alerts, clinical flags, and reminders are some of the most viable technologies that can be used for the improvement of patient safety in different ways. Medical alert systems are also referred to as personal emergency response systems and are used mostly by those who suffer from chronic conditions. However, such systems are proposed for the general healthcare practice to enable all patients to gain from the benefits associated with them rather than confining the benefits to a particular patient population. Access to such systems can promote emergency response to any medical issues including when patients experience a fall, a fire, or anything else that requires urgent medical attention. Clinical flags and reminders purpose to improve the efficiency of drug administration and usage (Foisey, 2010). The combination of these technologies and their incorporation into the general electronic health recording systems can boost patient safety significantly.

One of the most common risks to patient safety is medication errors. Such errors occur at different stages in the healthcare process and can be the result of different system characteristics. For instance, prescription errors can occur as a result of miscommunication or missed interpretation of prescriptions (Foisey, 2017). These may lead to serious complications for the patient and may even result in fatality. Prescription and administration errors can be reduced through clinical flags. Missed medications or clinical no-shows are other possible causes of medication errors and patient safety risks. Through reminders and clinical flags, such outcomes can be reduced, improving patient safety outcomes and promoting efficient utilization of medication. If used by the patients through physician intervention, they can significantly result in improved patient safety. For instance, reminders introduced into the healthcare process can help patients adhere to scheduled physician meetings, physicians to effectively manage patient medications, and pharmacists to perform better at drug dispensing.

Factors affecting Change Implementation

The change implementation process can be affected by several factors namely, environmental, human, and technological factors. Factors such as perceived change attributes such as performance expectancy and projected level of effort; human factors such as social influence, individual characteristics such as receptivity and resistance; and facilitating conditions such as initial training and support affect the change implementation process and can result in change efficacy or lack thereof (Coeurderoy, Nathalie & Vas, 2014). In this particular case, enabling factors will include perceived system efficacy, initial training, and technology use support. Since the system efficacy has been confirmed, this information needs to be relayed to the healthcare practitioners to boost their perception. Similarly, the system developers will have to train the users prior to actually launching. The dissuading factors on the other hand include individual resistance to change, which can inhibit adoption capability; and the projected level of effort. Since the system will be new, adding the reminders, clinical flags and medical alert technologies to healthcare practice can increase the level of complexity in operations, which also drives resistance to such systems.

Change Communication, Implementation, and Evaluation

The change implementation process begins with communication of the desired change. To do this effectively, the first step will be to create awareness of the need for change. Raising awareness about patient safety concerns in healthcare facilities, the possible risks to patient safety and the measures that can be taken to reduce these risks can enhance the potential of practitioners to support technology changes (Hasanaj & Manxhari, 2017). This communication will be done using internet-based channels such as YouTube videos, social media networks, and communities linked to particular healthcare facilities. Posters and common practitioner videos can also be used to spread information about the need for technology change.

Experts in the use of the identified technologies will then be contacted to help with the implementation phase. The implementation will begin with testing, where the system developers will coordinate with the healthcare providers to come up with an appropriate infrastructure for the use of the new technologies. They will then train the users on the technologies before evaluating their performance in terms of reporting, data recording, and actual use of those technologies. The frequency of technology use relative to the frequency of service delivery may be used as the measure of utilization. The added technology will be evaluated for its performance based on the health outcomes achieved before and after technology implementation. The number of medication errors will be particularly important to consider as it will be a direct measure of quality improvement.


Coeurderoy, R., Nathalie, G. & Vas, A. (2014). Explaining factors affecting technological change adoption. Management Decision, 5(2), 1082- 1100. Retrieved from

Foisey, C.Q. (2017, March 1). 4 ways technology is improving patient safety. Health IT Outcomes. Retrieved from

Hasanaj, R. & Manxhari, M. (2017). Importance of communication during change: A case of the municipality of Vlora. European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 2(1), 5-9. Retrieved from

Sample Ethics Paper on Code of Ethics: Principles for Ethical Leadership college admission essay help houston tx

 MK402 Ethics

Question 1

Professional practice standard reflects my ethical standard because the professional code of ethics incorporates values, principles, and professional standards to members. As a member of a business professional association, ethical codes are a crucial part of our practice. According to Flite (2013), a set of ethical codes such as core ethical principles of beneficence, justice, and nonmaleficence guide the ethical decision-making process. In addition, the codes of ethics and code of conduct help me in examining the complexities of the workplace and they are consistent in connection with important values in life and in business practice.

Question 2

It is not acceptable to retarget customers using their search information. The techniques and strategies used by the search engine are not disclosed to the public. Considerably, such strategies may infringe on the privacy of the consumer and further pose security risks to the public for instance through hacking or data infringement. Infringement on consumer privacy is unethical, a breach of professional code, and exposes the consumer to harm. Secondly, consumers’ consents are not informed on their right to opt-out, an ethical dilemma if the consumer cannot circumvent cookies from third parties.

Question 3

It is ethically unacceptable for companies to have greater access and use to customer information. This infringes on the customer’s right to privacy and confidentiality because the customer does not know whether or not the company is restricted from sharing the information with the third party. Secondly, by using technical language, the companies take away the right to informed consent. Considerably, the customers are coerced, and their right to autonomy breached. Such practices go against core ethical principles of doing good (beneficence), do no harm (nonmaleficence), control by the individual (autonomy), and fairness (justice).

Question 4

It is ethically unacceptable to use influencers to promote products to customers. First, influencers have power over the public perception and hence may fail to disclose some information to the customers. Consequently, nondisclosure violates consumers’ right to make an informed choice. Secondly, there is the possibility of the existence of a conflict of interest between the company and the marketer. This may lead to exploitation of the customers’ rights, lack of transparency and exposes them to harm, especially when the monitoring mechanism is impaired, for instance in the gambling business and tobacco companies. Lastly, the use of social media as an influencer marketing strategy targeting the youth, a vulnerable population, raises moral questions on the “duty to care”, especially when the customers are not able to distinguish what is right from what is not right. Customers on this platform may receive misleading information to influence the choice of the products, diminishing their autonomy, and negatively impacting moral values.

Question 5

Black hat marketing is ethically unacceptable and is an example of an unethical marketing strategy that erodes the trust of customers and the reputation of companies. First, by leaving negative reviews on competitors’ websites, they tarnish the reputation of the companies and affect the business environment. Secondly, such practices conceal unethical practices being used by companies and this exposes the consumers to harm. Additionally, the crucial information may be withheld from the customers and may either mislead them in consuming the product or influence their decision-making process. Lastly, falsification and fabrication of data is ethical malpractice and fraud. Such practice breaches the social responsibility of companies and affects the integrity of market research.


Flite, C. A., & Harman, L. B. (2013). Code of ethics: Principles for Ethical Leadership. Perspectives in Health Information Management/AHIMA, American Health Information Management Association, 10(winter)

Sample Philosophy Essay Paper on Sometimes it is Just to Break the Laws of the Community college essay help free: college essay help free

As Martin Luther King said in the Letter from Birmingham jail, there are just and unjust laws. In a community oppressed by unjust laws, it would be just for some people or all to break the laws to fight for a better tomorrow. Some of the laws only tend to affect segregation in a community. Some people are, therefore, forced to break the law in an attempt to find justice. Laws should be applicable to everyone. When they favor one side, it becomes a different situation that calls for a demonstration from the concerned party.

An unjust law is no law and it tends to oppress a certain portion of the community. For instance, the Negro community was oppressed for a long time, and through resistance, life became better for them in the United States. Freedom can never be achieved through the silence in a case of unfairness. An active breakage of law or demonstration pushes the relevant authorities into taking action. This is how most of the African nations gained their independence. Some laws may seem just but when it comes to application, they leave some people disadvantaged. Martin Luther gives an example by explaining why he was in jail. He was arrested for lack of a parading permit during one of his demonstrations. While he was supposed to register for the permit, it is important to note that the ordinance is not in support of their movement against segregation. This leads to citizens being denied their First Amendment Privilege. Citizens have a right to a peaceful protest, therefore, denying them a permit makes the law unjust.

Civil disobedience has existed for a long time. For instance, in the bible, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego disobeyed the laws of Nebuchadnezzar because they believed in a higher moral (Martin). Early Christians would rather suffer before submitting to unjust Roman Laws. In Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego’s story, the disobedience bore fruits since they ended up proving that their God was Mightier and the king ordered everyone to worship Him. Sometimes all the legal methods may fail to make people resort to breaking the law to achieve justice although it has various consequences such as imprisonment. Mostly, justice, especially when minorities are involved in issues such as segregation, is achieved through breaking the law.

People are arrested for lack of a permit while there may be a possibility that they applied for the permit but the system derailed the process to stop them from demonstrating. However, this may only infuriate the affected individuals further leading to violent solutions. Some people believe that tension can be minimized by silence, trusting that the system will solve the pending issues, because of the belief that demonstrations often lead to violence. However, asking someone to withdraw his/her efforts to gain basic constitutional rights because such an action could lead to violence is illegal.

In conclusion, sometimes breaking the law is the only way to obtain results. This is what has been proven over the years. Fighting for the right of the people sometimes gets ugly but the result is always the goal. Independence was attained with such methods; the African and American communities still fight for their rights. things got better. Women’s rights have been forcefully achieved through several instances of demonstrations and confronting the authorities. Breaking the law of the community is therefore just for sometimes.

Work Cited

Martin, Luther King Jr. “Letter from Birmingham Jail. 1963. Retrieved from

Sample Religious Studies Paper on Categorization of the Pact of Umar college essay help near me

The Pact of Umar refers to a body of privileges and limitations that was entered into by Muslims and Non-Muslims around the seventh century. The non-Muslims whose relations with Muslims were governed by the pact included Jews and Christians. For the most part, Muslims, particularly their rulers, proclaimed to offer protection to non-Muslims. However, the restrictions and limitations outlined in the Pact of Umar alienated and humiliated non-Muslims to a great extent. For instance, one of the requirements for Christians was that they had to pay fees, which were in the form of tax, to receive protection services from Muslims. The restrictions and privileges appearing in the pact can be categorized into those that are socially oriented, cultural-based, and economic-oriented.

Socially-oriented privileges and restrictions of the Pact of Umar were mainly about how Muslims and non-Muslims were to interact socially. The socio-religious interaction between the two factions was highly prohibited in the Muslim world. One of the socio-religious prohibitions of the pact was that non-Muslims were not allowed to construct new places of worship or sacred places such as churches, monasteries, monks’ cells, and hermitages. They were further prohibited from restoring any of the sacred places that fell into ruin or that were located in the quarters of Muslims (Goddard 46). Still on the socio-religious category, non-Muslims were not allowed to teach their Children any Muslim teachings using the Quran. Essentially, the establishment of new worship or sacred places translated to increased non-Muslim populations in the Muslim world. The prohibitions aimed at preventing an increase of the non-Muslim population as well as the conversion of Muslims to non-Muslim religions such as Christianity. The overall goal of this category of restrictions to deny the expansion of other religions in the Muslim world. With the restrictions, Muslim rulers had an easy time dealing with the minority non-Muslim population.

Another category of the regulations was that based on culture. This category revolved around non-Muslims’ mode of dressing, their identity, as well as customs. Non-Muslims were restricted from resembling the Muslims in any way when it comes to dressing. For instance, they were prohibited from wearing a conical cap (qalansuwa), sandals, the turban, or parting their hair in the Arab fashion. They were also restricted from speaking as the Muslims or adopting their Arabic nicknames, also referred to as kunyas (Goddard 46). From a cultural perspective, Muslim rulers’ primary objective was to ensure that their cultural practices were selfishly for Muslims rather than share them with non-Muslims. The goal of this category was to ensure that the Muslim culture was protected from contamination from other non-Muslim cultures.

The pact’s privileges and restrictions can also be categorized from an economic aspect. Economic-inclined restrictions revolved around activities that non-Muslims did for a living. Non-Muslims were forbidden from selling wine and displaying non-Muslim publications both in the streets and markets (Goddard 46).  With this category, the primary goal of Muslim rulers was to protect the Muslim doctrines outlined in the Quran such as that prohibiting Muslims from consuming alcoholic drinks. They also sort to maintain Muslims’ economic dominance over non-Muslims.

Overall, although non-Muslims enjoyed protection from Muslims, they paid for the protection services offered to them. Payment for the services was mainly through taxation. The Pact of Umar served the selfish interests of Muslims and their rulers. Other than making boundaries between Muslims and non-Muslims clear, the privileges and limitations outlie in the pact humiliated, excluded, and segregated non-Muslim believers.

Work Cited

Goddard, Hugh. A History of Christian-Muslim Relations. Chicago (Ill.: New Amsterdam Books, 2000,

Sample Business Studies Paper on Skills and Capabilities Useful in Achieving and Implementing Change Process college application essay help: college application essay help

Surviving and thriving in any organization requires the ability to implement a change process. The business world is continuously changing, and hence, businesses have to adapt accordingly (Frich et al.,657). The challenge becomes even more severe for multinational enterprises (MNEs) since they operate in different jurisdictions and business environments. Such organizations have to adhere to varying legal requirements, cultural settings, and customer orientations. To successfully achieve a change process, a leader or a manager needs to have some specific skills and capabilities as discussed below.

Facilitative and effective communication skills are crucial in achieving a positive change in the internal rules within an MSE. Employees ought to understand why a change is needed in the first place (Frich et al.,657). Consequently, they need to know how and when the change will be implemented. To achieve this, effective communication from leadership is inevitable. Without effective communication, any change may lead to internal disputes and resistance.

Creativity and innovation are essential skills needed to implement an internal change within an MSE. The best way of tacking business challenges is to continuously think and create new solutions to both existing and novel problems (Rosemann & Brocke, 107). To achieve this, creativity and innovation are needed. For instance, a manager needs to come up with new ways of motivating employees and guiding them through the entire change process.

The ability to manage through uncertainty coupled with the ability to build trust among the organizational members are other crucial skills needed to achieve and implement change. The change process is marred with uncertainties regarding different aspects of the business, whether triggered by internal or external forces. As a result, it is essential for a leader to be able to drive an organization through these uncertainties.

Works Cited

Frich, Jan C., et al. “Leadership development programs for physicians: a systematic review.” Journal of general internal medicine 30.5 (2015): 656-674.

Rosemann, Michael, and Jan vom Brocke. “The six core elements of business process management.” Handbook on business process management 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015. 105-122.

Sample History Essay Paper on The Cold War write my essay help: write my essay help

            History records the Cold War as a geopolitical dispute between the Soviet Union and the United States. The two superpower’s primary aim, however, was to project their views and perspectives around the world following the collapse of colonialism after the Second World War. The cold war substantially changed in the 1950s and 190s, and one of the main ways it changed is due to the shift from the military perspectives and focus into an ideology that was more cultural. In the 1950s, the warfare was mainly physical, that is, Germany and Korea had split, and thus a possibility of a nuclear war was discovered. In the 1960s, there was little physical warfare, and the racing space was ideological. The American young individuals were gaining liberalization, and this made the world safer and enhanced democracy. The cold war generally became a dominant impact on the various features of the American community during the twentieth century’s second half.

            The relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union entailed a complex mixture of economic, ideological and political factors and this resulted into shifts between cautious collaboration and highly harsh superpower hatred and conflicts over time. The apparent differences in the legislative frameworks of the two nations made it impossible for them to attain a mutual friendship and understanding on significant policy matters. The United States majorly made it impossible for the two countries to relate and thus the failure to achieve peace. Initially, the American government revealed vast hostility to the leaders of the Soviet Union for saving Russia from the First World War and was against the idea of communism. The two countries, therefore, remained in hostility and failed to establish diplomatic relationships, until the unexpected democratic shifts between 1989 and 1991.

Sample History Essay Paper on World History essay help us

World History

Question a

One of the most significant events of World War II was the German invasion of Poland. Hitler invaded Poland in September 1939 and Britain and France declared war on Germany (Roberts, 2012). After Germany conquered Poland, it attacked France. The Battle of Midway was another key event of World War II. The US forces destroyed hundreds of Japanese planes to regain control of the Pacific. D-day was also experienced during World War II. The US troops invaded Germany by passing through France and Belgium (Roberts, 2012). The Germans surrendered as they were attacked by both the Americans and Russians.

Question b

One of the reasons for the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union was the Soviet Union’s refusal to be part of the United Nations (UN) (Leffler & Painter, 2005). Going back to World War II which had just ended, Stalin was piqued because he felt that the Soviet armies and populations had suffered unnecessary losses because America and Britain delayed D-Day being unwilling to end the war earlier. Moreover, the Soviet Union feared America’s nuclear weapons and America’s refusal to share its nuclear secrets. American society was plunged into anxiety because of the Cold War. The cultural antagonism between the then superpowers including the United States and the Soviet Union had both positive and negative impacts (Leffler & Painter, 2005).  An adverse impact was political confrontations not only between the two countries but across the world thus interfering with the nature of U.S. politics. Further, the two countries engaged in economic competition due to their different economic philosophies resulting in America spending heavily on its military to win a potential war. McCarthyism led Americans to form anti-Communist groups such as the House Un-America Committee (HUAC) to eliminate the communists within the US through a witch hunt.

Question c

The Great Society, launched in 1964 by President Johnson, were domestic programs whose primary objective was completely eliminating poverty and racial injustice (Hinton, 2015). Its major aspects were the war on poverty, urban renewal, education reform, Medicaid and Medicare legislation, and support of the arts and humanities.


Hinton, E. (2015). “A War within Our Own Boundaries”: Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society and the Rise of the Carceral State. The Journal of American History, 102(1), 100-112. Retrieved online from

Leffler, M. P., & Painter, D. S. (Eds.). (2005). Origins of the Cold War: An international history. Psychology Press. Retrieved from

Roberts, P. M. (2012). World War II: The essential reference guide. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO.

Sample Business Studies Essay Paper on Strategic Communication and Effective Organizational Change essay help writer: essay help writer

Strategic Communication and Effective Organizational Change

            Organizational change refers to the process that entails altering a company’s procedures, strategizes, processes, culture, and technologies as well as the impacts that result from these changes. Organizational change is one of the most challenging issues that businesses face and to effectively tackle the problem, firms should embrace effective communication techniques. According to Lewis (2019), one of the importance of adopting a strategic communication strategy for an organization that is changing is that it minimizes uncertainties and the effects of resistance in a firm. Effective communication channels also keep the employees and stakeholders aware of the change and thus reduce conflicts and boost collaboration to achieve the organization’s goals and objectives. Effective communication techniques also allow effective organizational change as they enable the employees and stakeholders to support and commit to the change process, and this raises the chances of success for the firm.

            Employing strategic communication channels also boost organizational change by aligning the firm’s goals with the requirements of the employees and stakeholders, enhancing cooperation. The two primary ways that a firm can communicate effectively with its internal and external stakeholders include scheduling meetings and using conference calls. Holding meetings with the stakeholders allows dialogue and exchange of ideas and information regarding the change in question, and thus strategic decisions are made (Lewis, 2019). Conference calls are the modern and common technique of communicating with the internal and external stakeholders as it boosts convenience and saves on time and costs, for instance, traveling costs in case of meetings. Both conference calls and meetings are the stakeholders interact with the management and discuss the issue of change, and this makes the process more achievable and boosts the overall success of the organization.


Lewis, L. (2019). Organizational change: Creating change through strategic communication.


Sample Nursing Coursework Paper on Client Profile: Smoking Cessation Intervention admission college essay help

Client Profile: Smoking Cessation Intervention

Client Information

The patient is a 40-year-old female named A.C who has been smoking since she was 21. She is of medium built and healthy in look, has been married for the last 18 years, and has 4 children. She also works as a corporate lawyer and has colleagues who also smoke. In the past, she had attempted to quit smoking using the cold turkey method but had failed mainly because of the influence of her peers. She can be described more as a social smoker than an addict. Currently, the client has the intention to cease smoking and has requested to be assisted through cognitive behavioral therapy to progress to complete cessation. To achieve this, the client’s strengths and weaknesses are to be explored by the social worker to ensure that they are used optimally to help the client.

Client Strengths

One of the reasons why the client currently has the motivation to cease smoking is because she is pregnant. This can be considered a strength in the sense that she understands the implications of her smoking in her condition on the health of her baby. Furthermore, since she is educated, understanding the rationale behind smoking cessation, comprehension of the cessation methods proposed and active participation in the smoking cessation-related activities that will be proposed during the intervention will not be a challenge. She is also willing to stop smoking and has personally reported her intention to be assisted. According to Farris et al. (2015), behaviors such as alcohol use, poor stress management, and adherence to certain cultural practices also foster smoking. However, A.C has not shown any indications of such behaviors hence it is deductible that her smoking is independent of any other negative behaviors. This makes it possible to help her cease smoking by focusing only on the actual smoking cessation activities.

Another strength that will be useful in smoking cessation is the support system that the client has. Besides her husband, A.C has other non-smoker friends who are very supportive of her decision to quit smoking. This support network will be favorable for complete smoking cessation. The work environment, in which the client commonly met smokers and would be influenced to continue smoking, has now turned into a smoke-free environment. This means that the client may find it easier to keep free from smoking compared to before.

Barriers to Smoking Cessation

Daoud et al. (2018) described some of the most prevalent barriers to smoking cessation among men. However, some of those barriers also affect women, resulting in lower probabilities of smoking cessation as well as higher risks of engaging in other negative behaviors. Such barriers include cultural/ social background and the social groups to which one belongs (Sussan et al., 2017). The client under consideration is a social smoker. This means that when she is with her smoker friends, she will most likely be lured to smoke. Other factors that enhance the smoking probability for A.C include stress, need for weight control, and concern about social outcomes of smoking cessation. Campbell et al. (2018) point out that one of the impacts of continuous smoking is weight reduction. While this is mentioned as a side effect of smoking, it is clear that A.C takes this seriously and uses the side effect to her advantage. This poses a challenge to the cessation efforts in that as soon as she delivers her baby, she may decide to reduce the baby fat through smoking.

Another barrier that could possibly come up is the client’s concern about withdrawal effects that she may face once she stops smoking, the loss of the pleasure associated with smoking and handling boredom. Farris et al. (2015) also point out that anxiety is one of the enablers of smoking since smoking induces relaxation. For an individual who has been used to smoking for relaxation, dealing with life anxieties such as fear of failure can be difficult.

Overcoming the Cessation Barriers

To get more positive outcomes through the intervention, various approaches have been proposed for dealing with the barriers to smoking cessation. One of these approaches will be through positive reinforcement. The client and the social worker can agree on the most viable positive reinforcement practice for the times when she fails to heed to the cravings for smoking. A sheet will be provided to enable the client record such instances including the dates and time. This sheet can also be used for evaluating intervention progress and efficiency as described by Campbell et al. (2018). Secondly, providing alternative activities such as mediation can help to address the challenge of relaxation. Since one of the issues that the client has with cessation is the fear of failure, alternative activities can help address this effectively. Such activities can also promote stress management.

The actual intervention will begin with attending formal classes for smoking cessation and scheduling of counseling sessions. Formal classes will help the client to identify their personal needs with regards to smoking cessation, the gaps between where they are and where they need to be and the most viable methods towards smoking cessation. Counseling on the other hand, will help the client by providing evidence-based information on smoking cessation and possibly combine counseling programs with medical adjunct therapy to help the client deal with withdrawal issues during the initial stages of smoking cessation. The best way to achieve all these is to involve the client’s family in the intervention process.


Campbell, K.A., Fergie, L., Coleman-Haynes, T., Cooper, S., Lorencatto, F., Ussher, M., Dyas, J. & Coleman, T. (2018). Improving behavioral support for smoking cessation in pregnancy: what are the barriers to stopping and which behavior change techniques can influence them? Application of theoretical domains framework. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2), 359. Retrieved from

Daoud, N., Jung, Y.E., Muhammad, A.S., Weinstein, R., Qaadny, A., Ghattas, F., Khatib, M. & Grotto, I. (2018). Facilitators and barriers to smoking cessation among minority men using the behavioral-ecological model and Behavior Change Wheel: A concept mapping study. PLoS One, 13(10). Retrieved from

Farris, S.G., Allan, N.P., Morales, P.C., Schmidt, N.B., & Zvolensky, M.J. (2015). Does successful smoking cessation reduce anxious arousal among treatment seeking smokers? Journal of Anxiety Disorder, 36, 92-98. Retrieved from

Sussan, T.E., Shahzad, F.E., Tabassum, E., Cohen, J.E., Wise, R.A., Blaha, M.J. et al. (2017). Electronic cigarette use behaviors and motivations among smokers and non-smokers. BMC Public Health, 16, 686. Retrieved from

Sample Health Care Research Paper on Suicide Bereavement essay help 123

Suicide is a leading cause of death in the world. According to the world health organization it claims about 800,000 people annually. Any suicide discussion about suicide would be incomplete without considering the perspective of the bereaved. The death of a loved one, especially a sibling is one of the most painful experiences that anyone would have to deal with. One feels sad, at a loss, lonely, and hurt when the person you have lived with all your life dies. Those feelings are aggravated when the cause of death is a suicide due to feelings of guilt, rejection, shame, betrayal, anger, and also due to stigma and trauma. The suicide survivors have to cope with serious and sometimes long-lasting psychological effects such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and also complicated grief. Therefore, the bereaved require a strong support system and medication in extreme cases.  Unfortunately, the stigma meted on suicide survivors may prevent them from seeking much-needed support and so they may require unique interventions and supportive measures. Therefore, this research will discuss some effects of suicide bereavement and the interventions that can be given to suicide survivors.


When a loved one dies, no matter the cause of death, bereaved people may experience intense and painful emotions which is a normal grieving process. However, when a person losses a sibling to suicide, the acute grief is extended and the grief may go on to develop into complicated grief. Such a person feels stuck and the intense grief continues. They get depressed and some even get suicidal because they feel like death is the only way out of their grief. In addition to the overwhelming grief, shame, anger, betrayal, guilt, confusion and the need to conceal the cause of death are also common with suicide survivors. Most suicide survivors try to make sense of death, trying to understand why their loved ones chose to kill themselves. When the deceased leaves an explanation, it may help the bereaved understand the cause but without any explanation, the bereaved are left confused. The survivors are also overwhelmed with guilt because they feel that they should have done something to prevent suicide. They replay events leading to their loved one’s death digging for clues and signals that they failed to notice. Another common response to suicide bereavement is shame especially if someone was the elder sibling. Society sometimes places parental responsibility on elder siblings and so they feel responsible for their siblings. So when their siblings commit suicide, they end up blaming themselves for not taking good care of them (Cerel, Jordan & Duberstein, 2008). Feelings of abandonment, rejection, and anger are also common among suicide survivors). They feel like the siblings did not love them enough such that they decide to take their life and leave them behind. They feel angry at their siblings wondering why their love for each other was not enough to prevent them from committing suicide. They also feel angry at themselves and at God and other family members and the whole universe for not preventing suicide. To make it worse, they are also affected by the stigma and trauma surrounding suicide. Society imposes shame on those who commit suicide, and the suicide survivors which prevents them from seeking help and from healing. Due to this, they may suffer from depression, PTSD and even get suicide (Bellini et al., 2018. For these reasons, suicide survivors experience different grieving from grief after other causes of death and so they require special care.

Suicide survivors are at a higher risk of getting complicated grief. Due to the stigma, guilt, and anger that emanates from suicide loss, an informal intervention such as family and friends support is not sufficient to get them through the grief. Their kind of grief sometimes warrants formal intervention such as joining support groups. Support groups unite people going through a similar situation and provide accurate information and also allow each other to grieve by normalizing their reactions and behavior. They offer mutual support to each other and feel understood and that their feelings are acceptable. Since suicide survivors are at a higher risk of developing complicated grief, they may require Complicated grief treatment which entails interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and antidepressants for those who fall into depression.

Suicide survivors face unique challenges that make their grieving process difficult. This puts them at risk of developing complicated grief, falling into depression, PTSD, and getting suicidal. When those conditions are not intervened, the suicide survivors may have to endure life long suffering and negative health outcomes that may even be fatal. More research on suicide bereavement needs to be conducted so as to know the needs of suicide survivors and how to help them overcome the grief.


Bellini, S., Erbuto, D., Andriessen, K., Milelli, M., Innamorati, M., & Lester, D. et al. (2018). Depression, Hopelessness, and Complicated Grief in Survivors of Suicide. Frontiers In Psychology, 9. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00198

Cerel, J., Jordan, J., & Duberstein, P. (2008). The Impact of Suicide on the Family. Crisis, 29(1), 38-44. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910.29.1.38

Sample Education Essay Paper on Student Teaching essay help service: essay help service

Student Teaching

Positive Insights and Experience

Student teaching is an instructional college-based supervised tutoring experience that later leads to a graduate in teacher education and certification. Positive experiences I have encountered include engaging students in the class discussions such that some of them responded well to the lessons taught by asking and answering questions. Additionally, getting positive feedback from the head of the department and other members of the teaching staff throughout my teaching practice helped me improve on various aspects such as enhancing my communication skills (Izadinia et al., 2015). Moreover, being able to encourage learners to work hard in their academics and instilling social skills that would enable them to grow into responsible professionals (Izadinia et al., 2015).

Challenges Faced in Student Teaching

 Newly introduced to the school, I found it challenging to adapt to school programs. Knowing all the students by name was difficult considering their large population. Since the school had introduced digital learning methods, the machines would fail and others we too complicated for me to use thus reducing my productivity at the institution (Bovil et al., 2016). In other instances, I did not know how to deal with parents that were uncomfortable with different school rules or how their children were handled by the management.

Solution to Challenges

Having a contingency plan when the lesson plan failed or changes in the timetable enabled continued teaching with minimal interruptions. Giving rules and regulations to be followed in class and seeking help from the mentor teacher helped me to handle the different characters of students in the school. Creating a calm interactive environment also assisted me to handle parents’ complaints and helping them understand that the rules established are designed to assist their children to achieve the best in life (Lo et al., 2017).


Izadinia, M. (2015). A closer look at the role of mentor teachers in shaping preservice teachers’ professional identity. Teaching and Teacher Education, 52, 1-10.

Bovill, C., Cook-Sather, A., Felten, P., Millard, L., & Moore-Cherry, N. (2016). Addressing potential challenges in co-creating learning and teaching: overcoming resistance, navigating institutional norms and ensuring inclusivity in student–staff partnerships. Higher Education, 71(2), 195-208.

Lo, C. K., & Hew, K. F. (2017). A critical review of flipped classroom challenges in K-12 education: Possible solutions and recommendations for future research. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 12(1), 4.

Sample Sociology Essay Paper on Social Determinants of Health gp essay help

Social Determinants of Health

Health is a wide term that includes all aspects of the human being: physical, mental, emotional, and psychological. Social determinants of health are the elements that influence health whose origin is in the social construct of a neighborhood. Explicitly, this idea is inclusive of the conditions surrounding an individual’s birth, growth, employment, and maturity. Social mostly refers to the surrounding and its organization. As such, social determinants of health have to do with health determinants that emanate from the surrounding environment; both physical and non-physical. However, social human factors have a more profound impact on health. Social determinants of health include employment conditions, social exclusion, women and gender equity, early child development, globalization, health systems, and urbanization (“About social determinants of health,” 2017).

Employment conditions in this age and time are directly proportional to health conditions. Persons with good jobs are able to afford good healthcare and hence maintain good health conditions. Moreover, most lucrative jobs nowadays even cover the cost of healthcare. Contrastingly, poor employment conditions carry an inherent ripple effect that results in poor health outcomes. Worse still, the threat of unemployment is also existent and can cause adverse health outcomes. The type of jobs also determines health status. Some jobs expose the workers to health threats including terminal illnesses like miners. Social exclusion is the deliberate act of denying someone a chance to participate in an action that is social in nature. Social exclusion has affected mostly women and children. The adverse effects of this social health determinant include limited or no access to affordable education and health facilities. Since knowledge informs health decisions, then an uneducated individual will fall short in some aspect of their health. Social exclusion is often propagated based on income, occupational status, and social networks including race, religion, and gender.

The issue of women and gender equality has often been considered on an economic basis and seldom on a health basis. Women in some social constructs have to bear with poor health outcomes because they are often denied their right to health. Worse still, some backgrounds even engender health systems and research thus looking out the women. The mental effects of gender inequality also go unrealized yet with very damaging outcomes. A good number of women end up committing suicide because of gender bias and prejudice. Early child development if properly handled can have a lasting positive impact on a babies’ health. Children that are immunized have a higher chance of experiencing better health than those that are not.

The effects of globalization stem from the unequal distribution of resources between the gainers and the losers. This interaction often leaves efficient first-world countries benefiting while their third-world counterparts lose. This loss is often transferred to the countries’ sectors with health being one of the most affected. As such, civilians have to do with lack poorly maintained health institutions lacking vital equipment. Globalization also leads to the dumping of unhealthy medications in the markets of third-world countries. Urbanization, mostly due to the concentration of resources results in the growth of slums with very poor living conditions and hence poor health outcomes.   

Social determinants of health provide a picture of the real causes of poor health outcomes making it easier for policymakers to make informed decisions aimed at alleviating poor health. This idea can also be used to determine the root causes of the homeless population. Since people are social in nature, homelessness also emanates from certain unaddressed social elements. Like poor health, homelessness will result from employment conditions, social exclusion, urbanization, gender inequality, and health conditions. As such, developing a programme aimed to address the homelessness menace should be well informed based on these determinants. The program should consider the following five components: income, inclusion, urbanization, gender, and racial equality, and health.

The primary reason behind homelessness in Seattle is the high cost of housing (Stringfellow & Wagle, n.d.). This means that some income earners are not able to make enough to afford a house. Worse still, landing a job is not that easy in Seattle. As such, only individuals with decent employment are able to afford to house. Tackling employment menace can result in favorable housing outcomes for the homeless. The authorities should strive to encourage the creation of affordable housing by changing zoning laws and increasing density. The proposed head tax that was repelled after two months should also be reinstated since it can help reduce the severity of the housing problem although by a small margin. Seattle should seek to create a source of income to the jobless since this may enable them to even afford a tent to put over their head.

Urbanization is often praised for the developments in infrastructure that it brings. However, history has taught that every urban center gives rise to a slum nearby as the bourgeoisie will require the proletariat. The former often make huge profits and push housing costs up especially in Seattle considering the presence of giant firms like Amazon, Microsoft, Starbucks, and Boeing (Rufo, 2019). The persons unable to even land these proletariat positions have no choice but to turn to beg or illegal activities in an effort to make ends meet. Policymakers should think of a way of dealing with this inherent urbanization problem. The third component of this program would be addressing equality problems, mainly racial inequality. All races must have an equal and fair chance at landing a job. The rationale behind this act would be to ensure that the neglected races, mainly the African Americans and the Hispanics, can get jobs that fit their qualifications. Gender inequality also deserves a closer look. Lastly, health plays a big role in making people homeless not just in Seattle but also in the whole world. The reason being sick people cannot work and thereby become dependents. When their caretakers abscond their duties, the sick have no other alternative but to go to the streets. Some disabled persons have also had to suffer this unfortunate turn of events. Seattle should institute ways of helping the sick and destitute like orphans who cannot fend for themselves.                      

This model is sufficiently effective in mitigating the homelessness problem since it tackles the issue from the root causes. Simply buying houses and giving it to the homeless is not a sustainable solution since it deals with the effects of the problem. The only other action apart from this that can be advantageous is providing cheap and affordable education especially on entrepreneurship and creating a favorable economic environment for businesses to start and grow. This would change people’s perspective from employment and hence ease the pressure on employment. This model will also take a long time before its benefits can be realized as opposed to the quick-fix solution availed by buying houses for the homeless.

Total Word Count 1134


About social determinants of health. (2017, September 25). Retrieved from

Rufo, C. F. (2019, January 03). Seattle under Siege. Retrieved from

Stringfellow, M., & Wagle, D. (n.d.). The economics of homelessness in Seattle and King County. Retrieved from

Sample Religious Studies Essay Paper on “Mission to the Volga”: Islamic Representation devry tutorcom essay help: devry tutorcom essay help


Anthropological research can take different forms, resulting in different levels of understanding of any given culture. In most cases, understanding a culture from an outsider’s perspective can be based on lower levels of information compared to when the same culture is explored from an insider’s perspective. The insider has a deeper understanding of the cultural aspects and is better placed to explain the rationale behind specific cultural beliefs and activities. For instance, in Ibn Fadlan’s Mission to the Volga, the cultural descriptions provided by the author are mostly based on explanations given by specific individuals about their cultures. The book provides emic and etic considerations of cultural practices through the perspective of the author. In particular, the Turk culture is explained from an outsider’s perspective (etic) while the Islamic culture is explained through specific stories, based on an insider’s (emic) perspective. In the ensuing paper, the objective is to explore the extent to which this particular book presents Islamic cultural practices. The emic approach is used to explain how the text represents Islam.

Mission to the Volga

The cultural representation in Ibn Fadlan’s book is quite detailed. However, the extent to which the Islamic culture is represented is lower compared to the representation of the Turk culture. There are several specific mentions of cultural activities attributed to Islam and comparison with similar cultural practices in the Turkish kingdom visited. One of the earliest references to the Islamic culture mentions the four seasons of the year as recognized in the Islamic calendar. These seasons include Rajab, Sha’ban, Ramadan, and Shawwal (Fadlan 11). For a Muslim, these seasons are used to represent specific movements of the moon and are also meant to guide the faithful on the prayer patterns for particular periods. For instance, Ramadan is always a period of great piety, prayer, and fasting. A non-Muslim would probably assume the four seasons to be synonymous with the four seasons in the Western calendar. The seasons also define major Islamic holidays and are set based on historical events in the Islamic religion. This is probably why the mention of the seasons is followed by the mention of prayer impacts in Fadlan (11).

Another significant cultural practice in Islam is represented by Fadlan (12). A Muslim is not supposed to consume any meat obtained from animals that have not been slaughtered using a specific allowable procedure. The ritual slaughter is referred to as Dhabihah, and there are special prayers conducted before the actual slaughter. Moreover, Dhabihah is only acceptable for animals considered halal. Fadlan compares these Islamic ritual practices with the Turkish custom of hitting an animal on the head to death (12). In the Islamic religion, this would not be allowed, and a Muslim is not permitted to partake of such meats. It is, however, allowable for a Muslim to slaughter an animal in a house where he or she is to eat. This example is seen in the book where Fadlan is allowed to slaughter the animal in his friend’s house, most likely due to the awareness that he would not eat anything otherwise slaughtered.

Several other aspects of the Islamic culture are represented in the book, albeit to a small extent. For instance, reading the Quran and adhering to recommended prayer methods are some of the ways through which man is advised to follow the Islamic faith. Fadlan presents some of the elements of the Islamic faith practice with reference to prayers (25). This is done through questions on leading prayers and on how to treat others, particularly the poor. For general Islamic prayers, there is a specific approach that is supposed to be taken, whereby a muezzin from a mosque calls out people for Adhan. The muezzin calls people to line up for the beginning of prayers, which is the Takbir. The question as to whether calling people to prayers once should be considered different from calling people twice is effectively addressed through the assertion that both are permissible. The objective is that people should come for prayers at particular times and any call that does not achieve this would be ineffective and thus the need for the second call. When the first call is effective, there would be no need for the second. Another belief that is represented is that oppression is not permissible. The Islamic teachings prohibit any oppression among the faithful either through unfair charging of debtors or misuse of authority. In this regard, Fadlan’s report showed that any person should not take what is meant for one group of people and give to another group, especially if the first group consists of the poor and the oppressed while the second group consists of the wealthy oppressors (25). Islam prohibits corruption.

Olive explained that the emic perspective is often more relevant in cultural interpretations and understanding cultural experiences within the culture under consideration (par. 3.2). According to Olive, it is difficult to comprehend the specifics of a culture from an outsider’s perspective fully since that perspective is separated from the feelings associated with being part of the culture. This assertion can be clearly explained based on the representation of Islamic versus Turkish cultural funerals. Fadlan presents a side-by-side comparison of the Turkish funeral with the Islamic funeral (31). In the Turkish funeral, the body is washed similar to how the washing is done in the Islamic culture, the men weep instead of the women as in the Islamic culture, and the dead in the Turkish culture are handled differently depending on their statuses in the society. Those of high rank are given a ‘better’ send-off. In the Islamic culture, on the other hand, everyone is buried in the ground in a particular position regardless of their status in society. This practice is also described by Hedayat (1285). From an etic perspective as described by Fadlan, this could be taken as disrespect to the dead (31). For a Muslim, however, the burial is an indication of the inevitable journey of the human being. The body is placed in the grave with the head facing Mecca and prayers are conducted for Allah to forgive the dead and take them into his kingdom. This cannot be easily understood by an outsider.


Understanding cultural practices can be a challenge when working from an etic perspective. However, the emic perspective gives a clearer view of why cultural practices are the way they are. Anthropological researchers have to be incorporated into a particular culture for them to understand all its nuances fully. The book Mission to the Volga provides various narrations of specific Islamic cultural practices in comparison to Turkish practices. Through the mentioned representations, one gets a clearer perspective of what Islamic practices would involve in particular contexts.

Works Cited

Fadlan, Ibn. Mission to the Volga. Translated by Montgomery, James E. New York University Press.

Hedayat, Kamyar. When the spirit leaves: Childhood death, grieving and bereavement in Islam. Journal of Palliative Medicine, vol. 9, no. 6, (2007), pp. 1282-1291. Accessed 7 March 2019.

Olive, James L. Reflecting on the tensions between emic and etic perspectives in life history research: Lessons learned. Qualitative Social Research Forum, vol. 15, no. 2, (2014). Accessed 6 March 2019.

Sample Essay Paper on White Collar Crimes medical school essay help: medical school essay help

White Collar Crimes


White-collar crimes refer to non-violent crimes committed by individuals in high-end respectable positions or a high-level society social status. It ranges from fraud, embezzlement, tax evasion, and money laundering. Notably, factors such as attitude in perception, limitation of jurisdiction, and leniency are some of the contemporary problems facing the fight against this unethical activity while solutions may include changing perception, the imposition of substantial penalties, and developing proper jurisdiction of operation.

Attitudes in Perceptions

 According to Michel et al. (2016), white-collar crime can be termed as a violation of the morals and ethics of the society, desecration of trust or just disrespecting corporate regulations. The difference in the points of view has made it difficult to precisely define these non-violent crimes as no sufficient opinion is acceptable by society. Additionally, offenders of these crimes have the belief that they are immune from different laws and authorities in place and regard their victims to perceive them with respect and courtesy rather than fear (Dearden et al., 2017).

Limit of Jurisdiction

Various law enforcers have been faced with the dilemma of lack of clear boundaries of their operations. Agencies may have adequate resources to stop frauds, bribery, freeze assets and provide redress to the aggrieved parties but their authority can be limited to one state or region thereby cannot investigate trans-border crimes (Mugellini et al., 2017). Lack of clear jurisdiction has led to misunderstandings and confusion in implementing rules or performing persecution procedures when persecuting white collar criminals


Lawmaking bodies and judicial sectors have given low penalty punishments to white-collar crime offenders compared to the crimes committed due to tolerance. Low penalties given such as probation sentences, several warning, and low-cost bonds and fines leaves the white-collar criminals to harvest the spoils of others other than teaching the offenders that crime does not pay (Mugellini et al., 2017). Additionally, Laws made by the government have often left a gap in clearly defining the rules to deal with white collar crimes enabling the individuals to exploit this situation to commit their crimes.


Changing Perceptions

Educating the society about the dangers of white collar crimes as it is a vice and not acceptable in society at all costs. The community should have a broad view of the extent of damages caused by these crimes such as depleting the economy of its valuable resources. Perception change will include reporting of cases such as fraud, embezzlement and money laundering situations (Gottschalk et al., 2017). The lawmaking agencies should work hand in hand with the members of the society, employees and corporate organizations to address issues regarding white collar crimes.

Proper Jurisdictions of Operations

Correctly assigning different responsibilities and roles to specific law enforcement agencies will ensure every department knows their roles in curbing the white collar crimes. Clear functions and jurisdiction will reduce overlapping and confusion of duties to perform in apprehending criminals and investigating cases of committed offenses. Every department will be responsible for carrying out its duties thereby reduce chances of white collar crimes being committed (Gottschalk et al., 2017).

Heavy Punishments

Strict punishment of white-collar crime offenders by the courts will reduce cases of financial misuse or embezzlement thereby reducing occurrences of the crimes committed. Payment of heavy fines, long jail terms, recovering public assets and freezing of both corporate and individual assets are some measures to put in place to punish the offenders. Leniency to such offenders will reduce such cases and thereby help to promote accountability at work (Henning et al., 2015).


Dearden, T. E. (2017). An assessment of adults’ views on white-collar crime. Journal of Financial Crime, 24(2), 309-321.

Henning, P. J. (2015). Is deterrence relevant in sentencing white-collar criminals. Wayne L. Rev., 61, 27. Gottschalk, P. (2017). Convenience in white-collar crime: Introducing a core concept. Deviant Behavior, 38(5), 605-619.

Michel, C., Cochran, J. K., & Heide, K. M. (2016). Public knowledge about white-collar crime: an exploratory study. Crime, law and social change, 65(1-2), 67-91.

Mugellini, G., Isenring, G. L., & Killias, M. (2017). Employee offences: What strategy of prevention for what business? Security journal, 30(3), 825-843.

Sample Nursing Research Paper on Critique my assignment essay help london



Quantitative research studies are essential in nursing practice, as they help to construe phenomena and depict affiliations that may exist among variables, and this helps to get useful answers for nursing professionals. The relationship between various factors is described by quantitative research. The purpose of this paper is to critique the study done by Donna Cole and Kathleen Neville titled “The relationships among health promotional behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in nurses practicing in a community medical center” (Neville & Cole, 2016). This paper focuses on the relationships among the various factors that exist in the study such as compassion fatigue, satisfaction, burnout, and health promotional behaviors and how they affect performance at the workplace and the general wellness of the nurses at Hunterdon Medical Center.


            The research study’s purpose was clearly stated and it was relevant, especially in nursing practice. The research is imperative in the practice of nursing as the primary variables, which include burnout, compassion, and health promotion behaviors, are essential issues that nurses encounter in their duties. Due to the tremendous burden of caring for the sick, nurses are emotionally and physically drained while ensuring that the patients’ families are satisfied with the care their loved ones receive.

Ethical Aspect of the Study

The work was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IBR). However, the article did not mention whether the participants were informed at the initial stage about the nature of the study.

Frame of Reference

            The study followed a conventional design approach. It was organized in the following format: abstract, background, experimental methods, findings, and conclusion.

Research Question/Hypothesis

            The study used a hypothesis instead of a research question. There was a clear statement on the theory and the information was presented in the literature review. The variables were also described properly. Health promotional activities were the independent variables while fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and less burnout were the dependent variables.

Research Design

            Neville and Cole used descriptive, correlational, and non-experimental design in their research. A framework was also provided to aid in guiding the research work. The participants used in the study were selected randomly, thus the researchers had control over the research study. The topic to be examined was also made clear. Manipulation of variables was eliminated because they used a non-experimental research design. There was consistency in the control measures used with the type of research design. The work also purposed to find the correlation between different variables used in sampling, which are the dependent and independent variables. The descriptive design also focused on the examination of subjects without necessarily interceding. There was an alignment of the sample size with the features of a detailed descriptive study.


            Neville and Cole stated the sample population. The population consisted of part-time and full time clinical nurse leaders and nurse practitioners in inpatient and outpatient settings at Hunterdon Medical Center. However, the contracted nurses were excluded from the samples. The study exceeded the sample size required through uses of power analysis as the research used 223 subjects as compared to the minimum sample size of 85 (Polit & Beck, 2018). Nevertheless, the use of a larger sample leads to minimal errors in a research. The sample used was a non-probability sample.

Data Collection

            It took over two months to complete the data collection procedure during which they regularly notified the nursing staff of the upcoming study. The ProQOL-R-V and HPLP-II were the scales used by the researchers in data collection. The tools seemed reliable, as the researchers explained how they work. The explanation was paramount to assist the patients to understand the working of the test score. The HPLP-II scale is broadly used in research, hence is reliable.

Statistical/Data Analysis

            The study used descriptive statistics. The researchers also discussed all the data analysis methods. The statistical tests were the most appropriate for this study because of the nature of the samples used and according to the assessment done by the researchers. The ProQOL-R-V established the relationship between the primary variables (Knapp, 2018). Hence, the statistical test used was appropriate for the study and it was aligned with the hypothesis given. In the research work, a high percentage of the targeted population participated in the study; 56% out of the required standard of 50% (Hoskins& Mariano, 2015).  The Pearson Product-Moment Coefficient statistical test was used to determine the correlation between compassion fatigue and health promotional behaviors. Therefore, the statistical methods used were appropriate.


            The findings from the research authenticate what is presented in the literature review; nurses experience compassion fatigue. As indicated from the hypothesis, health promotional activities reduce fatigue among the nurses, the finding also corroborated with the hypothesis. The Pearson Product-Moment Coefficients indicated an inverse relation in the promotional behaviors and fatigue. The use of a table to bridge the results also helped in amplifying the results presentation.

The findings show that physical activities had no correlation with burnout, compassion satisfaction, and compassion fatigue. Hence, the results did not match the initial researchers’ theory on how physical activities may influence compassion fatigue. The hidden significant increase in the level of compassion fatigue was also a limitation in this study.

Clinical Practice

            The researchers also discuss the implication of the study in nursing practice. The study implies that health promotional behaviors can influence nurses by increasing compassion satisfaction and lowering burnout. The researchers also highlight the significance of carrying out more studies to find out supplementary subjects that may prohibit compassion fatigue. Cole and Neville further recommend that more research should be done to ascertain how the behavior of nurses may affect compassion fatigue, and this is grounded in the study evidence.


            Neglecting the few limitations evident in the research work conducted by Cole and Neville, the study is comprehensive and significant to the nursing practice. The analytical view of the research work is outstanding and presents the hypothesis of the study professionally. Various bodies have approved the source, and thus the work is reliable. The researchers did a satisfactory work on analysis, design, collection of data, and choosing of statistical methods. The approach used by Cole and Neville can also be used for future reference because of its detailed nature.


Hoskins, C. N., & Mariano, C. (2015). Research in nursing and health: Understanding and using quantitative and qualitative methods. New York, NY: Springer Pub. Co.

Knapp, T. R. (2018). Quantitative nursing research. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.

Neville, K., & Cole, D. A. (2016, June). The relationships among health promotion behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in nurses practicing in a community medical center. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 43(6), 348-354. Retrieved March 08, 2019.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2018). Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice.

Sample Education Article Review Paper on Starting Off Strong: The Importance of Early Learning gp essay help: gp essay help

Article Review

Author: Chrys Dougherty

Title of Article: Starting Off Strong: The Importance of Early Learning

Publication: American Educator

Publication Date: Summer 2014.

            Dougherty argues that students from disadvantaged backgrounds tend to fail ACTs at a higher rate because of poor early learning. The disadvantaged students are mostly from the low-income homes. The financial difficulties faced by the parents of theses student make it hard for them to get the required early education. They either miss out or are put through less than ideal early learning making them ill prepared to learn later on in life. The impact of poor foundation in academics is the inability to meet the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks in English, Reading, Mathematics and Science.

            The author postulates that the education sector is still far from achieving the goal of having all students graduating from high school ready for college and other post-secondary institutions. The cause of this is the poor early education that is afforded the disadvantaged students in the society (Dougherty, 2014). Students that hail from low income household are introduced to learning later than their counterparts from well to do families. He further suggests that the educators in early learning should not fear exposing the young learners to more content in the lower grades, as that will help in building interest in some of the subjects that tend to challenge them in middle school and high school. It takes a long time to attain competence in some areas of education, given that most of it is cumulative. Having the students exposed to broader content at an early age makes it easier for them to catch up and improve their grades in high school.

            The strengths of this article include the fact that the author is a seasoned educator who has been exposed to the various factors affecting the education sector. Data has been used to illustrate how inadequate early learning is impacting the disadvantaged students by denying them a chance to get a college education. The author has made use of information from various sources inclusive of peer reviewed journal articles, reports, books, among others. The use of these numerous sources has helped in ensuring that the content of the article is objective and considers the issue using different perspectives. The only discernible weakness of this article is solely blaming inadequate early learning for the dismal rates of success in the ACTs countrywide (Dougherty, 2014). The writer has not considered other causes for the poor performance of high school students from disadvantaged backgrounds. It is understandable that poor early education plays a significant role, but other causes should also have been considered.

            The sentiments of the author regarding how early education affects the rate of transition from high school to college are valid. This is proven by the fact that the knowledge and problem-solving skills needed to pass the ACTs are cumulative (Dougherty, 2014). If early education is poor or inadequate, then the student will not be in a position to make sense of what is taught in middle school. The education is cumulative and takes time to master. The time wasted on inadequate early learning means that the student has no chance to recover or catch up. Once the student has knowledge and skills gap, passing all the subjects in the ACT is not possible. They are, therefore, deemed not fit for college. This line of thought by the author is similar to that of many other scholars who feel that socioeconomic position of a person has a bearing on the quality of education received. Children growing up in poor neighborhoods are not exposed to knowledge and experiences that would make them excel in academics (Luo et al, 2016). This is coupled with schools that have limited resources and instructors (Thien, 2016). While the children of the affluent start schooling earlier, the children of the poor stay at home a little longer and are mostly influenced to have interests in other things apart from education.

            The United States Education Department is interested in having all students graduating from high school ready for college. However, this goal is unattainable due to the failure rates of the students in their ACT tests. This article plays the role of revealing one of the major reasons why students from needy backgrounds are not scoring well in their ACT tests. Poor early education is blamed for the poor performance of the disadvantaged student. In addition to identifying the problem, the author has gone ahead and dissected its nature and how it is perpetuated by the teachers and the system as a whole. Having identified the problem, a prescription for resolving it is suggested together with the barriers that are likely to be encountered by a person interested in resolving the problem (Dougherty, 2014). the author does indicate the importance of the information passed on by the article by expounding on how it affects the education sector in America.

            This article is helpful to the educators. It will guide them in recognizing how they might be failing at delivering quality early learning to their students. Furthermore, the suggestions given in the article can be used to streamline and improve on the content given to the young students. The educators are encouraged to not limit themselves when passing on skills and knowledge in early learning (Dougherty, 2014). It can also help the educators avoid the limitations and barriers that are making early learning unhelpful for the disadvantaged students as they progress in their education. The philosophy of education that is woven throughout this article is essentialism. This philosophy emphasizes on having a common core of knowledge that is passed on to the students in a systematic manner. This philosophy also allows for a change in the common core knowledge should the environment demand it. These two qualities of essentialism make it the most identifiable education philosophy in the article. The information in this article is most applicable in the low-income parts of New York City such as Harlem schools.

            Dougherty has identified early learning as the main reason for the poor transition of disadvantaged students from high school to colleges and other post-secondary options. Early education is supposed to prepare the student to better grasp concepts in middle school and high school. However, students from poor communities either delay early education or are not given the right content. This makes them become challenged later on in their academic journey preventing their entry into colleges (Dougherty, 2014). Conclusively, he is critical of the approach used by most early education educators in public schools. They try to avoid too much content in the fear of making the students bored. This has the ripple effect of wasting time that would be used in laying good academic foundation and at the same time denies the students essential skills needed to make it to college.


Dougherty, C. (2014). STARTING OFF STRONG: The importance of early learning. The American Educator, 80, 12-18. 

Luo, Y., Wang, Z., Zhang, H., & Chen, A. (2016). The influence of family socio-economic status on learning burnout in adolescents: Mediating and moderating effects. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(7), 2111-2119. 

Thien, L. M. (2016). Malaysian students’ performance in mathematics literacy in PISA from gender and socioeconomic status perspectives. The Asia – Pacific Education Researcher, 25(4), 657-666.

Sample Management Essay Paper on Capital Budgeting law essay help

The Net Present Value (NPV) method of evaluating a long-term capital project involves obtaining the project’s net cash flows. To get this value, the project’s future expected cash inflows are discounted by an appropriate discounting rate then summed together. The project’s cash outflows are then subtracted from the sum total of cash inflows. A positive result, NPV, insinuates a viable project while a negative NPV insinuates an inviable project (Gallo n.p.). As such, the corporation should undertake the long-term capital project if the NPV is greater than zero. It is recommendable to use the NPV method in conjunction with other methods such as the payback period especially when one is interested in identifying the viability of the project and the break-even period.  

The payback period approach of evaluating a project determines the amount of time it would take to recover the capital outlay for the project in years. The payback period is based on a pre-set acceptable period. The criteria to be followed under this approach is to accept the project if its calculated payback period is less than the pre-set acceptable period (Ehrhardt, Michael & Eugene 337). If the calculated period happens to be more than the set acceptable period then the project is rejected. The payback period has two serious flaws: it ignores the time value of money and the cash inflows that will be realized after the period of consideration. As such, using this method in isolation may lead to poor decisions. It is highly recommendable that analysts supplement the payback period with the NPV approach. The reason being the latter considers all cash inflows until the project is rendered obsolete. Secondly, the NPV method considers the time value of money by discounting the cash inflows by a suitable discounting factor.      

Works Cited.

Ehrhardt, Michael C., and Eugene F. Brigham. Corporate finance: A focused approach. Cengage Learning, 2016.

Gallo, Amy. “A Refresher on Net Present Value.” Harvard Business Review, 6 Dec. 2017,

Sample Medicine Coursework Paper on Medical Marijuana scholarship essay help

Medical Marijuana

Thesis: The use of marijuana should not be allowed for medicinal purposes as it is highly addictive, can result in the use of harder drugs, and has the potential to decimate lives.

The medical effects of marijuana were discovered in the early 1800s.The medical effects were discovered when an Irish doctor, Sir William Brooke O’Shaughnessy, found that extracts of marijuana could help ease vomiting and stomach pain in cholera patients (Volkow, 2014).In the late 1800s, marijuana extracts were marketed to doctors’ offices and pharmacies across the United States and Europe to treat Stomach pains, along with other ailments (Volkow, 2014).It was later found that THC was the reason for the plant’s medicinal properties and mind-altering impactMarijuana is federally classified as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act.In recent years there has been increasing debate over whether marijuana should be not only taken off this list, but legalized for medicinal purposes.Users claim that it can treat a variety of ailments ranging from anxiety to cancer. However, the science to back up these claims is lacking while other studies have shown that it can actually cause more harm than good.

High Blood Pressure

Thesis: High blood pressure caused by stress can be managed by the stimulus-based model because it interprets stress as a stimulus, group situation or life event that may induce normal psychological responses, which may enhance the susceptibility of a person to that condition

A: By using the stimulus-based model, one can either use emotion-centered coping or problem-focused coping to manage stress.

When an encountered with a challenge a person mainly assesses the challenge as threatening or non-threatening, and also in regards to whether he/she has the capability to cope or react to the challenge effectively.If the person does not believe that he/she has the aptitude to react to the challenge, he/she will use an emotion-centered coping reaction like wishful thinking, emphasizing the positive, or distancing (Cohen, Gianaros, & Manuck, 2016).If the individual has the ability to manage the challenge, he/she will typically develop a problem-centered coping reaction like examination of the situation to understand it better (Cohen, Gianaros, & Manuck, 2016).Overall, the stimulus-based model can help one avoid high blood pressure through proper management of stress.  

Sleep Apnea

Thesis: Sleep apnea leads to sleep related disorders because it affects the quality of sleep

At the start of sleep, the function of the HPA axis is constantly suppressed.As sleep progresses, the secretory activity of the HPA is enhanced to take it closer to the optimum circadian rhythm as soon as one wakes up, and the key activity of the sympathetic nervous system affects the overall quantity of rapid eye movement sleep (REM) (Winbush et al, 585).As such, the increase of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) after waking up is the pivotal control factor managing the end of sleep (Winbush et al, 585).The fact that the start and end of sleep include activity in the HPS axis and the close temporal association between sleep and the axis highlights the impact of stress on sleep.

Anxiety Disorder

Thesis: Anxiety disorder in teenagers is directly associated with psychiatric issues and parental pressures while anxiety related o examination is also directly related to psychiatric issues.

A: There are numerous studies that investigate anxiety disorders in teenagers.

A study conducted in China found that rural school location, poor academic grades, low school satisfaction, older age, conflicts with peers and teachers, and female gender were strongly correlated to anxiety levels among teenagers.Another study revealed that anxiety was related with reduced self-acceptance and enhanced psychological distress among teenagers.Higher levels of psychological distress were then related to substance use and delinquent behaviors.


Cohen, S., Gianaros, P. J., & Manuck, S. B. (2016). A stage model of stress and disease. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(4), 456-463.

Volkow, N. (2014). “Adverse health effects of marijuana use.” New England Journal of Medicine 370.23: 2219-2227.

Winbush, Nicole Y., et al. (2007). “The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on sleep disturbance: a systematic review.” Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing 3.6: 585-591.

Sample Health Care Essay Paper on Career Spectrum Scavenger Hunt narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Part 1

CareerDescriptionDifferencesQuality Improvement CoordinatorThe job entails managing and coordinating a healthcare team and as well as taking administrative duties in a healthcare facilityThe salary range of the position is $49,000 to $88,000 per year.Healthcare risk management managerThe job involves overseeing and mitigating errors, accidents, and other things that can lead to a malpractice suit.The salary range of the position is $42,000 to 1$03,000 per year.Certified diabetes educatorThe person is responsible for educating diabetic patients on diet, barriers, and general health.The salary range for the position is $42,000 to $80,000 per year.Clinical educatorThe clinical educator is responsible for educating individuals on how to manage diseases by engaging in healthy habitsThe salary range for the position is $51,000 to $93,000 per year.Informatics nurseThe person is responsible for examining healthcare facilities’ need for clinical IT application and deploying technology.The salary range for the position is $52,000 to 89,000 per year

Part 2

The careers that I best fit into are healthcare risk management manager and informatics nurse. The role of a healthcare risk manager suits me because I have a strong comprehension of health processes and policies that help to reduce liabilities and risk. I love the role since it will enable me to organize and implement training to ensure patient care and safety process are understood and met. The job will give me a proactive role in the healthcare system in the quest to help people. The job will help me have a meaningful impact in people’s lives. I am also interested in the role since part of it requires one to field the concerns from patients about their care and enable the institution to comply with federal and state requirements (Rubbio, Bruccoleri, & Perrone, 2016). I will need to have a bachelor’s degree in nursing to become a healthcare risk management manager.

Informatics nurse is also an attractive career option for me. The role is especially relevant in this age of fast technological advancements. As an informatics nurse, I will educate and train staff on how to use novel technology and systems in the healthcare facility. I love new innovations; thus the role will suit my passion. Another part of this job will to entail working with suppliers, staff, and IT to ensure each person is using technology in an effectively and efficiently (Yen et al, 2017). The role will enable me to play a key role in the health system by introducing meaningful technology to the facility that will help staff attend to the needs of patients effectively. I believe that technology can make a health system standout. I will use my role to ensure my facility is a leader in technology and innovations. Overall, I believe that these two roles fit my ambition and will enable me to have a steady career path. I will work hard to ensure that I can fit well in either of these roles.  

Part 3

EmployerDescriptionEmployment or internship opportunitiesParkland Health and Hospital SystemIt is a large hospital districtHealthcare risk manager.Medical City HealthcareIt is a system that features 14 hospitalsHealthcare risk manager.Lifecare Health PartnersIt is a private hospital systemHealthcare risk manager.Texas Children HospitalIt is a large hospital systemInformatics nurse   


Rubbio, I., Bruccoleri, M., & Perrone, G. (2016). Introducing “healthcare resilience” in clinical risk management. In Proceedings of the 23rd EurOMa Conference.

Yen, P. Y., Phillips, A., Kennedy, M. K., & Collins, S. (2017). Nursing informatics competency assessment for the nurse leader: instrument refinement, validation, and psychometric analysis. Journal of Nursing Administration, 47(5), 271-277.

Sample Business Studies Essay Paper on civil Liberties get essay help

Assignment Questions

Assignment Questions

Assignment 1- Civil Liberties

Civil liberties are defined as the basic rights that are guaranteed either explicitly through statements in the international bill of rights or in the constitution, or implicitly through interpretation of either of the sources of rights and freedoms. Civil liberties differ from civil rights in that the latter refers specifically to the right not to be discriminated against due to individual characteristics such as race, religion, and gender among others. Any form of discrimination is a violation of civil rights.The three-pronged test is used to determine whether the government has violated the First Amendment, which protected religious factions against sponsorship, active involvement, or financial support by the government. For the 1971 case of Lemon v. Kurtzman, the court used the 3 parts of the test namely, 1.) whether the government had a secular rationale for its action; 2.) whether the government’s actions neither advanced nor prohibited religion; and 3.) whether the action by the government resulted in excessive religious involvement.Defamation can be either through libel or through slander. When defining defamation, a consideration of the medium used is made. Any defamation activity that involves the spread of untrue and/ or malicious information through writing is defined as libel while where the same information is spread orally, the activity would be described as slander. Any digital writings are considered libel.In the case of NAACP v. Alabama in 1958, it was established through the Supreme Court that the NAACP had the right to defend the rights of its members and to represent the same in a court of law. Contrary to the lower courts’ decision to stop the organization’s operations in the state, the Supreme Court decided that any demand for the membership list for the organization was a violation of the members’ rights of association; that the lower courts had not provided sufficient evidence that their rationale for requesting for the membership list superseded the members’ rights of association; and that the courts had been able to show the extent to which having the membership list of the organization would deter the members from enjoying their right to association (Ho, 2012).

Assignment 2- The Judiciary

The principle of stare decisis is described as a situation in which the court, during a ruling, refers to a similar issue that had been brought to the court previously, and on which a ruling had already been issued. This principle is used to promote consistency in the development of legal principles, to enhance predictability in court decisions and to promote evenhandedness (Kozel, 2010). The Supreme Court particularly defers to its previous decisions even where the decision’s soundness had been in doubt. This contributes in part to the perceived judicial system integrity.A statute is defined as a law enacted by a legislature. For instance, a federal legislature such as the Congress or a state legislature can enact laws for the country and the state respectively. This implies that in addition to the federal statutes, each state also has its own state statutes.The Chief Justice is the head of the Supreme Court and thus the head of the judicial arm of the government. The Chief Justice can also act as the administrator of the government where the head of the government is unavailable; he can speak on behalf of the judiciary as its head and also provide explanations of its roles; he also has the responsibility of a Supreme Court judge and sits in on its rulings.While judicial activism describes rulings made based on personal opinion rather than existing laws, textualism or originalism describes rulings made in consideration of existing laws. Judicial activism is also referred to as an antonym to judicial restraint in which existing laws regulate decision-making in the judiciary.

Assignment 3

Term limits play an essential role in curbing position monopolies. In presidential and semi-presidential positions, there is a probability that elected persons would desire to be in those positions for life, for example ‘president for life’ roles. However, there are certain positions in which term limits do not necessarily serve the intended purpose. For instance, lower elective positions should not necessarily have term limits. They can however have age limits, which can help to avoid monopoly. Through the age limits, it would be possible for the citizens to monitor development projects and the performance of the specific position holders. Where the position holder is a performer, citizens can give them other chances to continue serving the communities.

Assignment 4 – Video Summary

In the video by Kathleen Murphy, any person that desires to learn about investing and to begin on the journey can learn a lot. One of the key lessons from the video is that one can start at any given time in life. Saving for a lifetime may not be helpful in that a lifetime may not be complete. People should think more about making their finances last beyond a lifetime. Some of the essential practices to keep in mind are to plan, to always have a budget and a debt management plan; to diversify investments; and to focus on one’s dreams no matter how long it takes. Above all, Murphy emphasizes the importance of not letting anything get in one’s way of investing. She suggests that there should be no opportunity for fear, intimidation or lack of confidence to prevent one from achieving what they want.

The lessons learned from this video are applicable in any given career context. Everybody, including me, enters a career with the intention to grow in that career. Being aware of the challenges in that career and overcoming them is one of the motivating factors behind career growth. At the same time, many people do not think about financial management in the context of their respective careers or during the career growth path. As an individual, I believe this video has given me an eye-opening experience that will enable me plan my financial life alongside my career growth. I understand that it may be challenging but I will not let any challenge bar me from my dreams. Most significantly, I will make an effort to live within my means.


Ho, D.E. (2012). NAAC v. Alabama and false symmetry in the disclosure debate. Legislation and Public Policy, 15, 405-442. Retrieved from

Kozel, R.J. (2010). Stare Decisis as  judicial doctrine. Notre Dame Law School. Retrieved from

Murphy, K. (2013, December 6). Get serious! Get smart! Get going! YouTube Video. Retrieved from

Sample Nursing Essay Paper on Informatics in the Clinical Setting essay help services: essay help services

Informatics in the Clinical Setting


The increasing role of health informatics in any healthcare and/ or clinical setting has resulted in increased recognition of informatics professionals in the healthcare industry. In every facility, informatics professionals are involved in a variety of roles whose objective is to improve healthcare safety and service quality through information technology. One of the positions associated with these roles is the health informatics coordinator job. An interview was conducted with A.A., a health informatics coordinator at a renowned city hospital, with the objective of understanding the roles associated with the job and the challenges he experiences within the clinical setting in which he works. The ensuing paper presents a description of some of the information obtained about the health informatics coordinator job.

Role Description and Education Level

A health informatics coordinator within a clinical setting or in the healthcare industry is also referred to as a health information manager. The role entails working at facilities such as nursing homes, clinics, hospitals or any other facility in which healthcare service delivery is the objective. The health informatics coordinator role involves ensuring the accuracy and security of biomedical information databases in the facility. Those in this position use advanced coding systems and informatics tools to achieve their objectives in accordance with the principles of information technology management. Additionally, the health informatics coordinator also supervises the activities of technicians tasked with maintaining health informatics databases and with running analyses for insurance reimbursement objectives. These technicians are also responsible for assessing database qualities and they do this with the help of the health informatics coordinator. The health informatics coordinator should therefore stay abreast with all the latest trends in biomedical information technology. This is to ensure that the healthcare organization where they offer their services uses cutting-edge technological techniques to minimize confidentiality concerns in data management.

The education requirements for a job as a health informatics coordinator include a bachelor’s degree in an informatics-related field. However, clinical facilities prefer to hire candidates with a Master’s degree. Additionally, most healthcare facilities give preference to candidates with experience as health information technicians. These understand the clinical information environment and are capable of optimizing the available technologies, analytical techniques, and database management processes for optimum outcomes. Candidates for the role need to understand and have expertise in information technology as well as healthcare administration. For this reason, undergraduate and graduate courses may include subjects like biomedical science, biomedical management, and computer science among others.

The roles of the health informatics coordinator affect patient safety and quality of care in several ways. The most important aspect of healthcare service delivery is information sharing and accuracy. In an age where electronic health recording has become increasingly important, patient safety and healthcare quality both depend on the credibility of information shared concerning patients. Inaccurate patient information can result in negative patient safety outcomes such as medication errors, prescription errors, and misdiagnosis among others. As such, the health informatics coordinator plays an essential role in ensuring there is data accuracy in the use of electronic health records and subsequently in the delivery of quality and safe healthcare services.

Human Factors Affecting the Role

The health informatics coordinator job can be challenging as it demands attention to detail across the entire healthcare organization. Various human factors affect the performance and perspective of the healthcare informatics coordinator. Human factors affect the safety and usability of health information technologies through influences on systems, services and applications for healthcare information technology. According to Ulrich and Kear (2014), some of the human factors that affect the roles of the health informatics coordinator include management/ leadership support, communication, fatigue, stress in the workplace, the work environment, and the team structures among others. In explaining leadership support, Kushniruk et al. (2016), posit that effective leadership support not only promotes job satisfaction for the coordinator but also ensures that requisite resources are available for effective job performance. The interview with A.A also showed that outcomes such as stress and fatigue can negatively affect the performance of the health informatics coordinator. When under stress and/ or fatigue, the decision making capacity of the health informatics coordinator can be impaired, resulting in slower action, reactive rather than proactive action and poorer quality of decisions. These outcomes can have detrimental effects on patient safety and the quality of care delivery due to their impacts on the quality of information shared via healthcare facility databases.

In addition to the aforementioned factors, A.A also reported resistance to change as a probable challenge to his role as a health informatics coordinator. In his experience, he has faced challenges pushing through suitable technology changes due to resistance from various healthcare practitioners. This can however be addressed by involving key healthcare practitioners such as nurse leaders, throughout the change process to enable them understand the rationale behind change and to support the recommended change. The team structures also affect practices such as communication, which can either enhance or limit the effectiveness of the health informatics coordinator in his role.

External Influences on the Clinical Setting

The Joint Commission Patient Safety Goals and the Patient Safety Indicators developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) have provided an effective framework for healthcare facilities to focus on patient safety and improve the quality of healthcare services delivered. In a typical clinical setting, the Patient Safety Goals direct the focus of healthcare facilities on promoting surgical safety; eliminating or reducing the major causes of patient harm; preventing in-hospital infections, falls and pressure ulcers. For clinical facilities focusing on these goals, it is mandatory to maintain preventive measures against and keep records on protocols that prevent in-patient suicide; to continuously conduct and record patient safety risk assessments; screen patients for behavioral characteristics that portray suicide risk and to monitor high risk patients for harm prevention Kushniruk, Nohr and Borycki (2016). The patient safety indicators by the AHRQ help clinical facilities to monitor progress towards improving healthcare outcomes based on specific high risk practices such as pressure ulcer rates, retained surgical equipment prevalence rates, and post-operative hip fracture rates. These indicators are tied to the patient safety goals given by the Joint Commission. Through their mandatory regulations, the AHRQ and the Joint commission have continued to impact on healthcare delivery safety and quality. Healthcare facilities have to adhere to the provided stipulations in order to be fully compliant for third party financing (Medicare and Medicaid).

Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER)

The Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) initiative was developed to foster inter-professional development in education reform among communities. Its other objective is to develop a global workforce that maximizes technology and informatics integration into clinical practice, education and development of research resources. Within the clinical setting, TIGER is most applicable in healthcare research and education. TIGER utilizes different technologies in different clinical settings to enhance education management and information sharing. For instance, one of the common resource sharing interfaces used by TIGER is the TIGER initiative website, which provides several educational resources for both nursing education and seamless practice integration (Schlak & Troseth, 2013). Its objective in sharing this information is to enable inter-professional healthcare colleagues to deliver effective, patient-centered and safe healthcare services.


Kushniruk, A., Nohr, C., & Borycki, E. (2016). Human factors for more usable and safer health information technology: Where are we and where do we go from here? Yearbook of Medical Informatics, 1, 120-125. Retrieved from

Schlak, S.E., & Troseth, M. (2013). TIGER initiative: Advancing health. Nursing Management, 44(1), 19-20. Retrieved from

Ulrich, B., & Kear, T. (2014). Patient safety and patient safety culture: Foundations of excellent healthcare delivery. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 41(5), 447-456, 505. Retrieved from

Sample Marketing Essay Paper on Analysis of Tesla popular mba argumentative essay help: popular mba argumentative essay help

Tesla is an American multinational company that focuses on the segment of electric automobiles. It is considered one of the best builders of electric cars. The company’s source of revenue is facing a significant threat from increasing competition (MacDuffie 482). One of the company’s main challenges comes from the mass exodus of consumers to the emerging producers of electric cars (Chen and Perez 55). The movement, according to Gilson and Abbott (72) has discouraged people from buying Tesla’s vehicles due to its poor public relations management. To that end, it is clear that the company’s revenue is dwindling largely due to poor PR.

It is clear that Tesla should be focused on sociological research to attract young clients. The research should be focused on establishing the norms and the culture of human interactions. It is critical to note the sanctions and norms of the Millennials and Generation Z. The research will be qualitative as it seeks to establish the social characteristics of young customers. It means that the data source will be from primary sources as it will entail filed observations and the use of questionnaires. The greatest strength of this research is that it will enable Tesla to come up with original findings that will enable it to develop its generic plan. On the other hand, the weakness lies in the fact that it is time-consuming to conduct this research and its interpretations may be subjective thus not reflecting an accurate picture.

It is clear that young people are the suitable audience for its products and services. It means that the company needs to come up with a public relations strategy that (1) creates brand awareness and this includes an understanding of what fair trade coffee is (2) increase the business at its local-stores in college towns. To achieve this, the company needs to engage in a social research to determine how it can appeal to the young generation.

Works Cited

Chen, Yurong, and Yannick Perez. “Business model design: lessons learned from Tesla Motors.” Towards a Sustainable Economy. Springer, Cham, 2018. 53-69.

Gilson, Stuart C., and Sarah Abbott. “Tesla Motors (A): Financing Growth.” (2018).

MacDuffie, John Paul. “Response to Perkins and Murmann: Pay Attention to What Is and Isn’t Unique about Tesla.” Management and Organization Review 14.3 (2018): 481-489.

Sample HR Management Essay Paper on Telehealth college essay help



 Telehealth is a broad term that involves use of audio and video technology to provide   health services to patients where barriers exist. The four types of telehealth used by medical professionals are Remote Patient Monitor (RPM), mobile health (mHealth), asynchronous video and live video-conferencing. In light with this, the research will examine Remote Patient Monitoring in telehealth, its advantages and disadvantages, how to prevent fraud in remote patient monitoring and whether to participate in telehealth as a patient or a provider and why or why not.

Question 1

Remote patient monitoring is technology used to monitor patient’s health outside the traditional healthcare settings. Remote Patient Devices such as pulse oximeter, glucometer and high blood pressure cuffs have wireless sensors and a centralized repository that can measure and transmit patient’s psychological parameters data to healthcare providers (Malasinghe et al 2019). Remote patient monitoring has advantages as patients have easy access to healthcare from the comfort of their places or in the remote areas reducing the commuter stress of distance and time (Anasonye et al., 2018). Additionally, patients are assured of their comfort as they are sure there is someone watching over them and making them comfortable. Healthcare providers can also better manage their time as workload and time are balanced. However, remote patient monitoring has disadvantages as it requires broadband connectivity which cannot be available in small healthcare or rural hospitals (Anasonye et el., 2019). Additionally, cases of malfunction of remote patient monitoring devices have led to transmission of wrong information thereby lead to wrong diagnosis.

Question 2

Fraud cases of improper billing can be prevented when   laws on billing processes are reviewed on telehealth payment and the system of payment is updated on any arising changes. Additionally, health professionals should be properly trained and adequately reimbursed to prevent cases of kickback requests (Balestra et al., 2018). Patients should also be adequately informed on the charges of the health care and cases of exploitation to be strictly dealt with.

Question 3

I would participate in telehealth as a medical provider so as to provide patient care to people where barriers such as distance exist. Additionally, by providing care to patients, there is increased professional value to healthcare.


Anasonye, N. (2019). Nurse’s Role in Applying Telemedicine in the Management of Heart failure in Elderly.

Balestra, M. (2018). Telehealth and Legal Implications for Nurse Practitioners. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 14(1).

 Malasinghe, L. P., Ramzan, N., & Dahal, K. (2019). Remote patient monitoring: a comprehensive study. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, 10(1).

Sample Health Care Case Studies Paper on William Beaumont Hospital and Jeri Antilla case free college essay help: free college essay help

William Beaumont Hospital and Jeri Antilla Case

The William Beaumont hospital and Jeri Antilla case is about two employees who sued the hospital for wrongful termination. According to the hospital, after investigation, it determined that the two workers were guilty of misconduct, including abusive language and bullying, at the work place thus terminated their employment. Additionally, they violated the code of conduct by being condescending and sarcastic towards other members of the staff, especially the newer nurses. I agree with the decision made by the hospital because during hiring, the nurses must have been made aware of the rules and regulations of the establishment, inclusive of the code of conduct (Burns, 2016). The National Labor Relations Board amended the complaint to reveal the fact that the code of conduct in question allowed the hospital to discourage section 7 of under the NLRA (Deakins). This section includes engaging in concerted activities involving mutual aid whereby the nurses were not accused of any specific violation. I also agree with this decision because, the NLRA is supposed to protect employees such as the two nurses thus the importance of calling out the hospital on their code.

The Administrative Law Judge determined that the code of conduct addressed by the hospital was ambiguous and exaggerated after analyzing the code, which covered specific concerns regarding two work rules that prohibited physical or verbal gestures that surpassed the confines of fair criticism (Burns, 2016). The rules violated section 8 of the NLRA because the rules could be interpreted as limiting lawful discussions and complaints that are protected under section 7 of the Act. By issuing a direct order to the employees not to discuss an investigation with the co-workers in an event involving a patient in the hospital, the facility violated section 8 of the labor Act (Dekins). However, I do not agree with this decision because it sent a mixed message to employees. It simply says that the NLRB pays more attention to policy and handbook provisions that relate to personal interaction among employees. The attention does not define a conclusion in which intimidating and bullying behavior is prohibited by the NLRA thus a confusing message to the employees.

The hospital could have handled the situation differently by anticipating the actions of the nurses in question. Indeed, the prohibitions and violations of section 8 should have been properly reviewed before putting the hospital through many legal procedures. It should have sought the legal guidance of a lawyer in the proceedings to close all the loopholes that could come back to affect them in the future. Even though the nurses were not offered their jobs back due to unrelated issues, the hospital could have faced negative consequences had it only charged them with the violations stipulated in their policy hand book. That is, there was some wide range avenues for exploration that could have caused the establishment a lot of liability yet the situation could have been avoided.

If I were the supervisor, I would take my time to build a solid case because if they went against some of the hospital rules, it is highly likely that they violated others. Indeed, I would pursue the matter with caution to ensure I leave no room for mistakes. When employer policies and work rules are not clearly evaluated, employers are left to figure out the constituents of a lawful work rule. As such, employers should consult labor lawyers, which is what I would have done as the supervisor. The lawyers would have helped me go through the narrowly tailored work rules thus avoid mistakes that would cause the hospital problems.


Burns. M. (April,26,2016) NLRB comes down hard on Beaumont hospital; one board member dissents strongly. AS Online. Retrieved from

Deakins O. NLRB finds policy against certain “verbal comments or physical gestures” may restrict concerted activity. Employment Law Matters. Retrieved from

Sample Logistics Essay Paper on The Correlation between Mobile Security and Human Behavior buy essay help

Question 1

Surveillance is the systematic, routine, and focused attention to personal information for security purposes (Lyon 2). Digital scrutiny is the “new surveillance” system that has become increasingly popular among many countries in the world. This strategy has its origin in the advancement of technology, the evolution of phones, and increased access to the internet. Consequently, there are rapid changes in geographical relations of proximity, social and spatial diffusion, advancement of electronic commerce, and availability of massive personal data in the hands of second parties (Lyon 2). A collateral consequence of this is the increased threat to the public and state security, which prompts the government to embark on manipulative digital surveillance systems.

Edward Snowden, a former National Agency Security Contractor in the United States, revealed to Americans about the government’s illegal digital surveillance in 2013 (Lyon 2).  In order to collect the huge amounts of data that the private companies possess, the government has extended its surveillance network and partnered with search engines, manufacturers of communication gadgets, and mobile service providers (Scott n.p). Operating Systems in phones and computers and third parties internet services (APIs) can be exploited to provide spy information to the state or third parties (Ndibwile 1). For instance, an alleged intrusive device was installed in computer network to monitor emails in California at Berkeley’s College of Natural Resources (Scott n.p). Furthermore, digital surveillance is a common practice in totalitarian regimes as such rulers are in constant fear of emancipatory power of the internet. 

Security agencies are using different strategies to implement this surveillance system. First, it is alleged that government-sponsored hackers intrude search companies’ databases to collect massive information. For instance, in April 2015, cyber-hackers collected information from four million employees and political appointees. Secondly, the government has initiated laws and policies that legitimize “illegal” access of the state to personal data in emails and phone recordings. An example for this is the Patriots Act that was enacted after the 9/11 attack; this law allowed FBI to access telecommunication as well as financial and credit reports without an individual’s consent or court order. Similarly, Mark Klein, a whistleblower and a former employee of AT&T, disclosed in 2004 that the National Security Agency established a secret room in San Francisco facility where they monitored email and phone communication by enrooting all incoming emails and phone traffics (Altheide 4). These claims were supported by Thomas Tamm, a Justice Department Attorney, who confirmed that the government had interception points for emails and phone calls across America (Altheide 3). Lastly, the administration utilizes the gap in consent terms in privacy and confidentiality in Operating Systems (OS) and other software. In most cases, the wordings of the ‘terms and conditions’ are  technical and the public and internet users do not read them carefully; this creates a viable ground for data sharing to the third parties.

Question 2

I believe that the government has fundamental responsibility to maintain balance between public trust and security. However, this cannot be achieved through manipulation of telecommunication services and illegal digital monitoring. Even though surveillance is fundamental in promoting State security, intruding on email and phone communication without consent or court order is not only illegal but also unethical, a breach of privacy and confidentiality, and a threat to freedom of expression. The judiciary should be firm to protect our liberty; it should remain vigilant to identify any breach of human rights. Moreover, public should also demand clear explanation from the government on how they plan to guard us from criminals and terrorists. People should not surrender their liberties by agreeing to government’s corporate-run digital surveillance.

Considerably, to avoid intrusion of public privacy, security agencies should adhere to two recommendations. First, security oversight authority should be established to monitor State surveillance activities to ensure strict adherence to the existing legal framework. Secondly, there should be increased citizen participation in matters of security as an alternative to indiscriminate surveillance strategies. Citizen’s inclusion in security matters promotes public trust, government transparency, and allays fear of intrusion of the right to privacy.

Works Cited

Altheide, David L. “The Triumph of Fear: Connecting the Dots about Whistleblowers and Surveillance.” International Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism (IJCWT) 4.1 (2014): 1-7.

Lyon, David. “Surveillance, Snowden, and Big Data: Capacities, Consequences, Critique.” Big Data & Society 1.2 (2014): 2053951714541861.

Ndibwile, Jema David, et al. “Smart4Gap: Factors that Influence Smartphone Security Decisions in Developing and Developed Countries.” Proceedings of the 2018 10th International Conference on Information Management and Engineering. ACM, 2018.

Scott Jaschik. “U of California Faculty Members Object to New Email Monitoring.” U of California Faculty Members Object to New Email Monitoring, 1 Feb. 2016, Accessed on 19 March 2019.

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