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Sample International Relations Paper On Cooperation As The Main Solution To World’s Problems Write My Essay Help

            Ever since time in memorial, migrants from different parts of the world have considered European countries to be their most preferred destination. The number of undocumented immigrants in European countries continues to escalate to alarming rates thereby making Europe to be the most fatal destination for irregular migration in the world. Migrants from Africa, South Asia and Middle East have been known to converge within Europe as they consider the continent to be their safe heaven. Despite the rapid rate of immigrants population increase, European Union’s collective response has been to secure their borders so as to hinder more immigrants from illegally passing through the borders of the European countries. In addition to this, the European Union is set to introduce stringent measures with the main interest being to safeguard their borders from insecurities posed by extremists such as Islamic terrorists.

            According to the IOM, approximately 464,000 migrants have gained access to Europe Countries by crossing the sea. Among the largest group of migrants are the Syrians who have evaded the civil war that is currently being experienced in their home country. The Syrians make up 39% of the entire immigrant population whereas the Afghans and the Eritreans make up 11% and 7% of the entire migrants population. In essence, most of the migrants flee from their home countries in search for greener pastures in Europe due to factors such as wars, forced labor and extreme poverty levels. Since people have been known to migrate from their countries for various reasons, they have been categorized as being either refugees, asylum seekers and economic migrants. However, Europe is currently experiencing an upsurge of mixed migration where both the asylum seekers and economic migrants travel together with the intent of being approved as a refugee. A large majority of the immigrant population have been said to be only interested with gaining their own economic liberation whilst also improving their economic status and that of their families. Some of the European Union countries that have the highest population of immigrants include Italy and Greece. In fact, most of the immigrants have used the Mediterranean Basins as their access points towards the European Countries. Aside from Italy and Greece serving as the main entry points for immigrants who travel by sea through the Mediterranean Sea, Hungary is the latest country to witness migrant influx.

            According to the set Dublin regulations, asylum seekers are required to remain within the first European Country they entered. In fact, the specific EU country is responsible for examining the asylum seekers migrants’ population. Today, the burden of responsibility falls disproportionately on the entry-point states with unsealed or unprotected borders. In response to the unprecedented levels of migrants, most of the European Countries have put in stringent measures that include the detention of migrants, fines and deportation cases. In addition, the cost of supporting the migrants continues to shoot day by day.  For instance, in August 015, the European Commission approved the use of approximately 7 billion Euros for migrant’s rescue effort. In contrast, migrants in the richer north and west find comparatively well-run asylum centers and generous resettlement policies. EU’s visa-free Schengen zone has been disrupted with due to the migrants evading their first country of entry. This has led to the reintroduction of stringent measures such as heightened security scrutiny of the migrants so as to continuously check on the safety of the people.

Water Pressures in Central Asia

            Water has been a rare commodity for the citizens residing within Central Asia. As a result, the continent is under conflict as only Kyrgyzstan and Tajikstan are known to have full access of water whereas the other three countries do not share from the region’s great rivers known as Amu Darya and Syr Darya. Central Asia continues to be in a dilemma amid the fast-paced population increase. The root cause water problems have been caused by Soviet Union which caused the disintegration of the resource-sharing system. Resources such as land have ended up being very scarce since people over-utilize the land by using outdated forms of agriculture. It has more so become a daunting task to look for valuable solutions towards solving the issue of water shortage due to factors such as poor economy, border disputes, regional tensions and heightened nationalism. Other factors that have had a negative effect on solving the water problem include high rate of corruption cases, failing infrastructure and harsh climatic changes.

            In the past, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan were conditioned to provide water to Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. In turn, both Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan befitted from helping their neighboring countries as they have been in turn provided with coal, electricity and gas during the winter season.  Today, bilateral agreements have been designed as the best solution for water problems existing within the Central Asian countries. However, a myriad of bilateral and regional agreements have failed to make positive impacts due to the disintegration of resource-sharing system. In addition, President Emomali Rahmon and President Islam Karimov have failed to sort out these problems due to their already strained relationship between each other. Corruption is also another factor that has hindered the fast development of solution for the limited water problems. According to a Swiss specialist, there is always light at the end of the tunnel since he states of the fact that water might act as the best solution for peace. Thus, the countries that are at peace with each other may form a peaceful bilateral agreement with each other so as to form an effective resource-sharing system.  In essence, in a world where resources are scarce and limited, then there needs to be cooperation and agreements with the main aim of improving people’s living standards.

Sample Philosophy Argumentative Essay on A Careful Objection to Boonin’s Argument That Racial Profiling Can Be Rational english essay help: english essay help

            This paper objects Boonin’s argument that racial profiling can be rational because it affirms the consequent. In the last two chapters of his book Should Race Matter?: Unusual Answers to the Unusual Questions Boonin discusses the controversial topic of racial profiling. The main question Boonin examines is whether racial profiling is rational and morally upright. He concludes that racial profiling is both rational and morally upright. Boonin uses a two-step argument to prove the rationality of racial profiling. The first argument is that people belonging to certain races in the U.S are more likely to be involved in certain types of crimes compared to members of other races.

            According to Boonin, the above claim is supported by several studies and statistical evidence.  For example, Boonin cites statistics compiled by the FBI that shows that black Americans constitutes about 13 percent of the general population, but they are responsible for 27.9 percent of the arrests made by law enforcement agencies. Moreover, black Americans account for 36.8 percent of all arrests made in relation to weapon violations, and 34.5 percent of arrests made in connection to drug violations. On the same note, Boonin states that it is generally agreed that whites are more likely to commit serial murders compared to other races.

            Racial profiling is a fallacy because it is based on stereotypes that are beliefs associated with traits found in certain racial groups, for instance, Arabs, blacks, Jews, and Latinos. Stereotypes are never accurate because they emanate from distortions, and even when they are accurate like in the argument made by Boon, they are still based on a logical error, that is, affirming the consequent. For instance, it is known that all pregnant people are women, and we can therefore conclude that a pregnant individual is therefore a woman. However, we will be affirming the consequent if we conclude that an individual who is a woman is pregnant.

            Similarly, if statistics published by law enforcement agencies and the criminal justice system suggest that people who commit certain offenses are likely to be black, we will be affirming the consequent if we conclude that blacks are more likely to be criminals. In reality, only a small percentage of black people are criminals. People who rationalize racial profiling like Boon commit this error. This explains the numerous cases of law-abiding blacks including politicians, celebrities, and even police officers who are off duty being stopped by law enforcement agencies because of their race.

            Racial profiling is not only irrational and immoral; it violates the Fourth Amendment that prohibits subjecting citizens to unreasonable searches and seizures in the absence of a probable cause. Racial profiling is immoral because it is likely to make a section of the society to feel stigmatized because of government prosecution.

            The irrationality of racial profiling is also evident in cases where people who did not fit the profile committing crimes attributed to a certain race. For example, in 1986, a 32-year-old hotel cleaner from Dublin, Ireland by the name Murphy, carried a bomb in her bag on her way to Tel Aviv to marry her Israeli lover. The suspect was also six months pregnant. Another example is the case of Kozo Okamoto in 1972. Okamoto did not fit the racial profile of a terrorist because he was Japanese, but on arrival to Tel Aviv, Okamoto and two other Japanese travelers fished out guns from their bags and shot passengers on the arrival terminal killing more than twenty-four people and injuring almost 80 others.

            The racial diversity of the perpetrators of acts of terror has also been observed in the U.S. For example, the Oklahoma City bomber, Timothy McVeigh, the man who bombed an abortion clinic, Eric Rudolph, and Richard Reid, a British-Jamaican who tried to crash an American airline jet using his shoe. This is an indication that racial profiling is an irrational and unconstitutional approach for curbing crime, and it is counterproductive. Other factors may serve as accurate indicators of the likelihood of an individual committing a crime and not the race/ethnicity of an individual. In addition, when law enforcement agencies concentrate the limited resources on a specific race, and they ignore other racial groups and the criminals belonging to these groups, it means that criminals belonging to non-targeted groups may commit more crimes because they know that their chances of being arrested are lower.

            For example, after the Oklahoma bombings, authorities concentrated their investigation on two Arab American men who turned out to be innocent. The only lead law enforcement agencies were following is that the two men had been seen near the building shortly before the explosion. This is another evidence that racial profiling is irrational and ineffective tool of fighting or deterring crime. The nationality or ethnicity in itself is not an accurate indicator of suspicion necessary to arrest an individual and falls short of the cretirion for probable cause. Other approaches such as searching for suspicious behavior or conducting random security checks are effective in deterring crime.

            Racial profiling is irrational because it is based on the presumption that someone is guilty by association. This violates the right of presumption of innocence until proven guilty that is guaranteed in the American judicial system. Furthermore, experts have observed that when law enforcement agencies employ racial profiling, the accuracy of apprehending criminals is significantly lowered. In extreme situations, racial profiling has led to accidental deaths, for example, an innocent Brazilian man was shot dead by the police after the London bombings.

            Racial profiling also has the potential of creating tension between law enforcement agencies and the targeted communities. For instance, in the recent past, there have been cases of conflicts and distrust between black communities and law enforcement agencies in the U.S. The key contributing factor is racial profiling whereby black communities have complained that the police are unfairly targeting them. In worst instances, members of the black community have retaliated against racial profiling by fatally shooting law enforcement officers. A study that examined 175, 000 records of citizens that were stopped and frisked in New York found that African Americans made up 25 percent of the city’s population, but they constituted 50 percent of people stopped by the police. Whites only constituted 13 percent, and they made up 43 percent of the population.


            From the discussion and evidence presented in the paper, it can be concluded that racial profiling is irrational because it affirms the consequent. Racial profiling only serves to reinforce the stereotypes that the approach is based on. When law enforcement agencies focus on a certain group of people when fighting crime, then they are more likely to arrest more members from that group, and this reinforces the perception that members of that group are criminals or likely to commit certain crimes as argued by Boonin. At the same time, law enforcement officers ignore members of groups they perceive as less likely to commit crime, and this creates the perception that they are less criminal. In reality, such practices may make the ignored group to act with impunity and commit more crimes compared to their targeted counterparts.

Sample Geology Term Paper on Super Volcanoes essay help online

Super Volcanoes


For years, geologist all over the world such as Sigurdsson (2015) and Jones and Savino (2015), have been suggesting the world as we know it will be changed not by any other natural occurrence but by a massive volcanic event. This suggestion is derived from research that was documented by BBC in conjunction with Discovery Chanel in a dramatization in 2005 portraying a near-future super-eruption at Yellowstone.  The resultant film captured the imagination of the public by showing the dramatic processes and potential consequences of a gigantic eruption. As the public, as well as the scientific community, were still digesting the magnitude of a super-eruption the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland gave an example of how a massive eruption would change the world as we know it; consequently, making news globally. Though years have passed, not much information has been presented over the Super Volcano; this being the center of this paper’s discussion


            The term ‘super-volcano’ was first presented in 1949 by van Bemmelen in an explanation of the occasional super normal explosive eruptions far greater than any that has been recorded in human history.  According to his manuscript van Bemmelen, stated that the thick ash deposits around Lake Toba, on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia was a result of super volcanic activity (Miller & Wark, 2008). Later in 1992, geologist Rampino and Self used the term super-eruption to describe the ejection of partly molten rock with a mass higher than 1015 kg as well as molten magma of approximately greater volume than 450 km3 (Blake &Self, 2007). From the above text, it is evident that geologists have used the terms super volcano as well as super-eruption for a considerable amount of time. However, a BBC in conjunction with the Discovery Channel dramatization in 2005 made both terms significant enough to capture both the public as well as the scientific community’s attention. Five years later before much information had reached the masses the eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland indicated the glimpse of how volatile volcanoes can become.

            Though not categorized as a super-eruption the ash clouds produced saw thousands of flight cancelations making news globally. To geologist this was sign of how far human life would be altered when a true super-volcanic activity took place in the modern world. The last eruption recorded in reference to a super volcano was that in Toba in Sumatra approximately 75,000 years ago. According to scientist, the eruption explosive force was estimated to be about 10,000 times that witnessed at Mount St. Helens (Mason, Pyle & Oppenheimer, 2004). According to the records, the cubic kilometers of ash expelled from the suppereruption at Toba was of a magnitude that blocked sunlight through the entire globe (Savino & Jones, 2007). The global temperature fell by an estimated 21 degrees; additionally, the rain during this period would be inked and intensely acidic. From this condition, it can be argued that the human as well most species living on earth were pushed to extension. The next eruption is expected at Yellowstone Park in the United States.

            It should be noted that Yellowstone Park for a significant time was not considered as a consequence of supereruption or a feature of a super volcano. According to Marianelli, Sbrana, and Proto (2006), the Park’s caldera was the center of dispute; however, satellite images of the region indicated the scale of the eruption with the caldera clearly indicting the existence of a supervolcano. Significant research of the Park has shown that the entire park approximately, 85km by 45km is a gigantic magma reservoir (Breining, 2007). Over the research period, it has been learnt that the surface at the Park is almost 75cm higher than it was since 1923. This according to Jones and Savino (2015), the upsurge is an indication that the reservoir filling up with magma at a steady rate. Additional, scientific study showed that the emitted rocks from the last eruption was estimated to be 600,000 old a factor that supported the possibility of another expected eruption (Breining, 2007).   

            According to Allen, Simpson, McPhie, and Daly (2003), immediately before the supereruption a magnitude 8 or over earthquake will hit the Yellowstone region. A further upsurge of the surface will be expected from the pressure from the molten magma beneath. Smaller tremors will follow, as the ground would lose more structural integrity finally breaking the layer of rock that covered the previous ducts. This would then; consequently, be followed by magma, ash and water being thrown thousands of miles in the air (De Silva, 2008). Sigurdsson (2015), states that the explosive forces at Yellowstone will be not below 2,500 times that of Mount St.Helens; subsequently. Creating the loudest noise that has not been heard for approximately 75,000 years.   

            According to Miller and Wark (2008), Super Volcanoes differ from other regular volcanoes considering they are made from Supereruptions with significant distractive forces. The magnitude of distraction; conversely, an eruption of 1000 km3 of fragmental material is highlighted as the base point where any volume above is considered to develop a Super Volcano. Additionally, the appearance of the volcano itself is not lofty, symmetrical, or conical in shape. Due to the high distractive powers, the volcanic masses are disfigured from the vicious eruptions and an image of such a structure does not conform to geological imageries of normal volcanoes.  Blake and Self (2007), states that rather than having gigantic versions of the usual volcanic cone super volcanoes take a caldera shape, which is a sub-circular negative topographic feature. Additionally, De Silva (2013) indicates that dues to the explosive nature of the eruptions the material emitted would significantly change the surface structure that previously existed around the site. An example of this can be found at yellow stone where a surface area of about 100km across a diameter of the calderas is significantly different.

            In the case of Toba 2,500 miles from the epicenter, approximately 35 centimeters of ash covered the ground surface.  It is for these reasons that geologist such as Jones and Savino (2015); Sigurdsson (2015) and De Silva (2013) have indicated in their various manuscripts that the end of life as it is known will be as a result of a super-volcanic event. According to Blake and Self (2007), super-eruptions are dissimilar to earthquakes, tsunamis, storms, or floods considering the resultant effects at the least are over 1000 times Hiroshima or Nagasaki nuclear events. Breining (2007), states that Yellowstone super-eruption is expected may be equated to a large asteroid hitting the surface of the earth causing changes in the environment that will surely threaten not only civilization but also the existence of numerous species including mankind itself.


A super volcano is recognized by a number of geologist as the most devastating natural occurrence in the history of the earth. A super volcano occurs over a long period the last being that recorded to have taken place in Toba in Sumatra over 75,000 years ago. The next super-eruption is expected at Yellowstone Park in the USA that occurs over a near-clock cycle of 60,000 years with the last eruption taking place 64,000 years ago. A super volcano differs from a normal volcano considering the amount of explosive propensity it holds. According to records the Toba explosive was 10,000 that of Mount St. Helena. The materials emitted during the eruption was scattered over 2,500 miles away from the epicenter. The eruptions at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland that became global news has increased the public as well as scientific attention of the next super volcano. Research has indicated that Yellowstone is at the brink or eruption after signs of imminent eruption increasingly become evident. The devastation that is expected when this happens will to some extent threaten the existence of several species on earth. 


Allen, S. R., Simpson, C. J., McPhie, J. & Daly, S. J. (2003). Stratigraphy, distribution and geochemistry of widespread felsic volcanic units in the Mesoproterozoic Gawler Range Volcanics, South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50(1), 97-112.

Blake, S. & Self, S. (2007). Super-eruptions and supervolcanoes. Kagaku, 77, 121293-121297.

Breining, G. (2007). Super volcano: The ticking time bomb beneath Yellowstone National Park. St. Paul, Minn: Voyageur Press.

De Silva, S. (2013). Arc magmatism, calderas, and supervolcanoes. Geology, 36(8), 671-672.

Jones, M. D. & Savino, J. M. (2015). Supervolcano: The Catastrophic Event That Changed the Course of Human History-Revised. Pronoun.

Marianelli, P., Sbrana, A. & Proto, M. (2006). Magma chamber of the Campi Flegrei supervolcano at the time of eruption of the Campanian Ignimbrite. Geology, 34(11), 937-940.

Mason, B. G., Pyle, D. M. & Oppenheimer, C. (2004). The size and frequency of the largest explosive eruptions on Earth. Bulletin of Volcanology, 66(8), 735-748.

Miller, C. F. & Wark, D. A. (2008). Supervolcanoes and their explosive supereruptions. Elements, 4(1), 11-15.

Savino, J. & Jones, M. D. (2007). Supervolcano: The catastrophic event that changed the course of human history: could Yellowstone be next. Career Press.

Sigurdsson, H. (2015). Encyclopedia of volcanoes. San Diego: Academic Press.

Sample Health Care Essay Paper on Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 essay help writing: essay help writing

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

Today’s lifestyle comes with numerous health challenges that need medical attention. Affordability of healthcare is a serious issue that dictates the general economic condition in the country. Health insurance is one of the ways that makes it easy for citizens to access health care in an organized manner. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 came into effect in 2010 after President Obama signed it into law. This act is also nicknamed ‘Obamacare’ or ‘Affordable Care Act’ (ACA). The president initiated this act after a general concern to make healthcare more affordable for the legal citizens (Jacobs & Skocpol, 2010). The number of uninsured individuals and families made it difficult for the Federal Government to allocate the resources in a way that could serve everybody. This act requires all the healthcare providers and physicians to restructure their technologies, processes and financial factors in order to lower the cost and making the services more accessible. 

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was designed to ensure improvement in the quality of healthcare insurance as well as making it accessible (Jacobs & Skocpol, 2010). Its enactment was meant to encourage the estimated 20 to 30 million uninsured people in the country. Other important aspects of the Act are in the subsidies and insurances exchanges it offers to the individuals, families, and businesses (Jacobs & Skocpol, 2010). Moreover, the act also encourages health insurance providers to accept all applications, irrespective of the background conditions and sex. The companies and physicians are not to charge an extra fee as per the conditions. Since the signing into law and coming into effect, Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased the number of healthcare registration, further reducing the number of the uninsured.

The importance of this legislation comes from the fact that it encourages everyone, especially those citizens with low pay to take up healthcare insurance. Research finds out that lack of insurance cover leads to more expenses when it comes to dealing with healthcare provision. Healthcare emergencies arise when people have no liquid cash to pay thus requiring an insurance plan that allows patients to access services at any time. The cost-sharing credit with individuals and families with income of a certain range has also worked to encourage people to purchase insurance policies. Another reform by the Act is the change in the age of dependents to 26. This means that a person can remain as a dependent until the age of 26, irrespective of the marital status, the level of education or place of residence (Feldman, 2011).

However, it is important to note the impact that has come from the introduction of these reforms since March 2010. Implementation of the Act has been smooth, going by numerous challenges in the process. Nevertheless, various states have made great gains as the number of the citizens with the insurance cover. According Sanger-Katz (2016, August 19), Americans have mixed feelings on the effect of the ACA; with the survey indicating that half of Americans the law directly affects their healthcare issues. Most Americans agree on the improved coverage to the health care insurance services in the country. The major concern is on the accessibility, especially on the gap between emergency and preventive care among the poor in the society.

Ventura (2016) notes that there is no evidence of the negative effect of the healthcare reforms on the US economy. However, evidence indicates that spending on healthcare has drastically reduced over the period of implementation. Reduction in healthcare spending may mean different things to the public health professionals as well as the economy. Ventura (2016) does not see the tangible impact on the health care professionals. However, a reduction in healthcare spending could translate to the decrease of the income to the health care professionals as well as the negative impact on the related facilities and services.

ACA reforms have affected the businesses with a certain number of employees. Small businesses and their employees are required to contribute more money to cover healthcare insurance charges. The most challenge lies in the requirement for the businesses to make major contributions towards covering their employees. The increase in the amount each year has led to the debate whether small businesses will transfer the increased costs to their employees or not Ventura (2016). It comes out that employers and employees need to understand the ACA reforms some of the extra costs stipulated in it.

Research shows a modest growth in the premium and an increased competition among the providers. Different insurance products on the market show an increase on the silver plans. Silver is the second lowest in the market now; however, ACA reforms has led to a steady increase of the premiums. Services providers are slowly reducing the number of products, including moving away from platinum (Feldman, 2011). The impact of this trend shows a kind of volatility to the health care professionals. It is obvious that government regulations like ACA dictate the methods of providing services, leading to changes in consumer preferences (Sanger-Katz, 2016, August 19). Health insurance providers must consider these in order to work towards making the profit.

It is obvious that ACA has introduced numerous changes in matters of healthcare insurance, encouraging the uninsured to take up the products. The number of the insured with other states likes Massachusetts registering up to 98% of coverage. However, the challenges experienced are a sign of more work in order to make healthcare better.


Feldman, A. M. (2011). Understanding Health Care Reform: Bridging the Gap Between Myth

and Reality. CRC Press.

Jacobs, R. & Skocpol, T. (2010). Health Care Reform and American Politics. Oxford U.P.

McDonough, E. (2011). Inside National Health Reform. California: University of California


Sanger-Katz, M. (2016, August 19). “Think Your Obama care Plan Will Be Like Employer

Coverage? Think Again.” The New York Times. Accessed April 14, 2017 from

Ventura, S. (2016). The Impact of the Affordable Care Act, Six Years Later. Berkeley’s On-

Campus/Online MPH. accessed April 14, 2017 from

Sample Health Care Essay Paper on Technology Adoption for a Small and not for Profit Hospital my essay help uk

Technology Adoption for a Small and not for Profit Hospital


Adoption of technology is associated with improved efficiency and effectiveness of the services offered in hospitals. Quality health care plays a significant role as the main factor that people considers when perceiving their quality life. Adoption of new technology in hospitals is an important aspect of the management that is meant to improve the quality of services offered to patients.  However, there are significant challenges that are associated with the implementation of technology in small and not for profit hospitals.

Challenges During Purchase of Modern Technology in a Hospital Environment

Initial cash outlay

The initial costs that are associated with the modern technology are high. The modern technology involves the use of types of equipment that are highly priced in the market. As a result, cash flow statement for the small and not for profit hospital is likely to be impacted in a negative manner.  The manager of the hospital is likely to face opposing forces from the stakeholders concerning the huge cash outlays requirement to purchase the devices. Limited budget and resources will, therefore, play a significant role as the primary challenge of adopting technology in the hospital environment (Goetsch & Davis, 2014).

Training costs

Technology adoption necessitates for the users to be conversant with various applications to avoid near-misses. The events are common especially when the hospital fails to carry out thorough analysis in regards to different ways that the users will interact with the new devices. The near-misses are common challenges, and the managers should consider avoiding them when purchasing and introducing a modern technology in the hospital environment. The manager will, therefore, face a challenge of ensuring that all staff members are offered training programs that will help them use new technology with ease. The training costs hence pose challenges to the manager of a small and not for profit hospital when he or she is aiming at adopting modern technology in a hospital environment (Kaissi & Begun, 2008).

Justifying the Cost Perspective of Upgrading Your Equipment in a Small Hospital

As a healthcare leader, I would justify the costs that are associated with upgrading equipment in the hospital by using ethics, government requirements and safety of the patients. Upgrading equipment in the health care will be in agreement with the ethical practices of hospitals that advocates for timely, efficient and safety services. According to the medical ethics, health care specialists are required to offer services on a timely basis to minimizing the waiting time of the patients in the hospital. The argument is that they will manage to free more lives from a danger that could be at risk if the services are not offered at a fast rate. Increased pace would only be possible if the tools and equipment that are to be used in hospitals are upgraded. Productivity demands can also be used to support the costs perspectives of upgrading equipment since it is forcing medical practitioners to work faster and the positive results could only be achievable if they apply new devices and equipment that requires the adoption of new technology (Goetsch & Davis, 2014).


The healthcare is likely to encounter risks that are associated with failure to upgrade the equipment. For instance, the outdated equipment could be having high chances of experiencing periodical failures. If it fails, it will be putting the lives of many patients at risk. Failure to upgrade the new equipment can also cause a loss of customers who will opt to be treated in hospitals that have upgraded their equipment. The hospital is also likely to risk its competent workforce who will be aiming at using modern equipment. Automated equipment is likely to lower the near-misses that could be linked to human errors. Failure to purchase the equipment will, therefore, increase the risks that are associated with the human errors in the health center (Kaissi, & Begun, 2008).

Employee Perception

Kaissi and Begun (2008) supports that, employees are likely to resists to changes. They could perceive it as a challenge because of new applications and methods of treating the patients. However, employees are likely to perceive the purchase of the new equipment as a method of making their tasks a little bit easy. The device is likely to minimize the physical applications to automated. It will, therefore, lower the manual work that was carried out by the employees when using the outdated equipment. The automated equipment will also increase the speed of offering services to the patients. Employees will hence develop a positive perception towards it especially by knowing that it will increase their chances of freeing a large number of patients from danger within a short span of time. Automated equipment will also lower the chances of near misses that are likely to affect their reputation as well as risking the lives of their patients. Employees will, therefore, perceive the purchase of the equipment as an appropriate investment that will facilitate in achieving the set goals of the hospitals and their individual objectives (Goetsch & Davis, 2014).



Goetsch, D. L. & Davis, S. B. (2014). Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Kaissi, A. A. & Begun, J. W. (2008). Strategic Planning Processes and Hospital Financial Performance. Journal of Healthcare Management, 53(3), 197-209.

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