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Sample HR Management Research Paper On Human Resources Interview Descriptive Essay Help

What was Surprising?

 The surprising fact about human resource is that it’s a dynamic field that emphasizes the aspect of diversity and understanding other peoples cultures. 

What was Useful?

 HR concentrates on building an individual’s ability to interpret different situations effectively and applying correct strategies to solve organizational complications.

How did it affect the Notions of your Career Action Plan?

 Human resource helped me to understand that the field is not only concerned with identifying the best skills for the firm but also comprehending and solving the problems facing the community.

What was your Most Important Takeaway?

One of the important aspects I learned about HR management is that honesty and transparency are virtues that should be respected regardless of the cultural background of any person.

How did you get where you are Professionally?

 To get here, I had to put a lot of hard work and sharpen some of my skills including problem solving, innovativeness and patience. It also needed building a reliable network that could help in understanding the different concepts relevant in the field (Bratton & Gold, 2017). 

What is your level of Education?

 I am currently taking master’s in business management as a supplement to the bachelors in human resource. I have also done some of the professional papers such as ACCA and CHRP which are equally relevant in human resource.

What is your Current Work Experience?

 I have worked in human resource related organizations for about 7 years and a consultancy firm for 2 years after completing my bachelors.

What Jobs helped Prepare you for your Current Job?

 Over the entire period, I worked in different capacities that helped in preparing me for my human resource career. For instance, I worked as a cashier for 2 years, an intern and an assistant administrator that adequately prepared me for my HM career.  

Describe a Typical Day/Week/Month in your Position

 A typical day involves signing in, assessing employees progress from the company database and formulating different strategies that might help in improving the productivity of the institution.

What do you like about your Job?

 It helps me to meet many people with diverse cultural backgrounds and to build a viable network with other companies.

What do you find challenging?

 The diverse nature and the ability to understand human perception and organization is a very challenging process that limits my performance in human resource

What do you wish you would have known when starting out?

 When starting, I wish I would have known that HM is not only, about managing the workforce but also studying their background and their ability to perform in different environments

What skills or abilities have helped you succeed professionally?

Some of the skills include decision making, critical analysis, innovativeness, problem-solving and networking abilities.

What do you think about?

 Human resource is constantly changing and the incorporation of technology in managing and investigating employees’ background information has constantly been applied in this field.  Equally, the use of machines could soon lead to increased conflicts between labor unions and employers (Brewster, Chung & Sparrow, 2016).

What recommendations do you have for someone interested in the field?

 Human resource is a dynamic and challenging field that requires critical analytical and social skills to help you understand the nature of human beings.


Bratton, J., & Gold, J. (2017). Human resource management: theory and practice. Palgrave.

Brewster, C., Chung, C., & Sparrow, P. (2016). Globalizing human resource management. Routledge.

Sample Aviation Coursework on Americans – ironically the pioneers of aviation – in WWI write my essay help: write my essay help


Page 1

Question 1

The first plane flown by the Americans – ironically the pioneers of aviation – in WWI was designed and largely manufactured in Europe. This inspired U.S’s own aviation ambitions further. They would soon produce Liberty engines to be used in more sophisticated planes, such as the Fokker T-2. Fokker T-2 would be the first plane to make a coast-to-coast flight non-stop. The post-war era saw more advanced planes, such as the NC-4, the first U.S. Navy flying boat, and the threat of WWI was even more incentivizing. The planes also grew bigger, requiring more space, and this led to bigger airports.

Question 2

Significant advance have occurred in the aviation industry in the past 100 years. Among others, these include the development and/or production of: the Liberty Plane; the Boeing Model 14 (the first with enclosed cabin for passengers) and more models; the Douglas DC-3 (arguably the first successful airliner); safer planes and air travels. The next 100 years may/will see faster planes and also planes that can fly for much longer, and regular space travels for civilians, among others.

Question 3

As the first Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA), the three main issues in my ‘to-do list’ would be, first, modernization of air traffic control. Secondly, I would focus on restructuring the FAA with the objective of enhancing efficiency and effectiveness. Another issue would be aviation safety, which is always an important issue regardless of the progress made so far.

Question 4

With a wingspan of 79.5 meters and a take-off weight of 1.2 million pounds, Airbus A-380 is the largest commercial passenger airplane in the world. To accommodate it, airports must adapt their infrastructures accordingly. Johnson International Airport, for instance, requires a longer and wider runway, wider taxiway, more gate space, larger hold rooms as well as passenger amenities, and dual boarding bridges for passengers, among others. These changes require the approval of the FAA, which would have to give Johnson International Airport an FAA A380 Type Certificate.

Page 2

Question 1

The ownership structure chosen should enable better efficiency of airport management and operation. Authority form of ownership would be best as this would give the management some decision-making autonomy from state control – unlike in the cases of municipal and city ownership and ensure better efficiency.

The organizational structure is as indicated in the chart below:

Question 2

The airport manager is very important. His/her main responsibilities include: overseeing the daily activities that take place at the airport (including making sure of timely completion of jobs); ensuring regulations are followed; and maintaining safety. Generally, he/she is also the contact point for the various airport administrators. However, the size of the airport significantly determines whether the airport manager is necessary, or if perhaps other administrators could as well perform the same responsibilities satisfactorily. In this case, though, with a focus on growth as well, an airport manager is important.

Question 3

A Regional Aviation System Plan (RASP) is vital to the parties involved. This is because part of a RASP’s objectives is to conduct a proper evaluation of the forming parties with the objective of enhancing the business capabilities, but also for the customers and wider community (such as by preserving the airports, improving safety and security, and improving efficiency). However, for RASP to work, the parties involved should focus on the ultimate objective and work as partners. Unhealthy competition has been the key danger to RASPs.

Question 4

Being ‘strategic’ involves making decisions based on prevailing key market and customer trends. Strategy, therefore, involves reconciling internal organizational factors (including financial abilities as well as short- and long-term goals and objectives) with external factors. The best way to do this is to continually conduct a market and customer analysis. Investing in ‘big data’ technology (by buying or hiring the help of ‘big data’ firms) can significantly help in this regard.

Question 5

There are many techniques for forecasting revenues, traffic, and passengers. These include econometric modeling (with the incorporation of macroeconomic factors), bottom-up forecasts, and traffic allocation modeling, among others. The commercial airport can use any of these, but such decision should be tailored to the airport’s needs: that is, segmentation, and short- and long-term strategic goals, among others.

Page 3

Question 1

The airport, despite the redevelopment, can still make use of the FBO operator’s underground tanks. The redevelopment should, therefore, take these into account. In this regard, the airport may choose to operate the same businesses, or find another operator to lease the operation to. This would be much more cost-effective than removing them entirely. As for leaking underground tanks, corrective action include: removal of flammable and/or explosive materials from the affected area, and preventing potential discharges to surface waters and storm water utilities, among others.

Question 2

There are various measures to minimize the size of area affected by noise. These include insulating residential areas as well as noise-sensitive buildings (such as schools and hospitals). Property removal is also an option, such as by funding the purchase of lands where properties closer to the airport can be moved. Barriers and other mechanisms for noise absorption can also reduce aircraft round noise.

Question 3

The airport can get Part 139 certification by complying with the relevant FAA requirements, including serving 30-seat (plus) scheduled/unscheduled air carrier aircraft; meeting basic movement area and safety standards; and have the infrastructure for night landings, among others. This can be relayed through the Airport Certification Manual (ACM), which is a document in which the operator details how they will comply with the Part 139 requirements.

Question 4

The to-do list in preparation for the Part 139 certification inspection will include the following. First, have ready airport files and certification manual, and conduct briefing with airport personnel. Secondly, ensure movement area (including slopes of runway end, markings, lighting, and pavements, among others), safety areas and fueling facilities are in good condition. Thirdly, conduct timed aircraft rescue and fire-fighting response drills.

Page 4

Question 1

The pros of in-house maintenance include: full control, no role redundancies, faster response time due to efficient decision-making. The cons of this option are: high costs involved in maintenance, many arising personnel issues, and it can be distracting from the core business focus. Conversely, contracted maintenance is cost-saving, enables staffing flexibility, and saves the business from handling personnel issues. The cons include: loss of control for the company, redundancy in management roles, and inefficiency in decision-making.

Question 2

Airside Maintenance’s Airport Pavement Management System (APMS). It would consist of visual inspections of al Airside’s pavements. The system would then evaluate the observations, which are then entered into a database. The system would then determine Pavement Condition Index (PCI) values through visual assessment of the condition of the pavements with FAA requirements. The database is to be updated regularly with the new observations made.

Question 3

The Compliance Assurance Program would be most advisable. The program would ensure compliance with requirements by monitoring and enforcing the rules and regulations on behalf of the airport. Risk is to be determined as high or low in relation movement and safety. Upon recording noncompliance, the system will recommend the right punishment: fees, administrative sanctions or penalties, and prosecution where necessary.

Question 4

The Safety Management System (SMS) project should be initiated by the Safety Manager, who outlines safety risks and hazards and how such a system would provide a solution. He/she then provides program and project oversight, strategies, staff management, and operational integration. The process should also involve key stakeholders, including the Information Technology (IT) department as well as committees and subcommittees and representatives from relevant departments. The steps are: system description, identity hazard, risk analyses, risk assessment, and risk mitigation.

Page 5

Question 1

The option here is to use the airport’s resources to raise funds. The airport’s unused space (that is, 30% t-hangar unused space), parking, and fueling can be used to raise funds. This can include leasing out for both aeronautical and non-aeronautical uses. Marketing would target other businesses, such as those that may require warehouse space. Mixed marketing (the 4Ps) strategy would be used: pricing, product/services, place, and promotion.

Question 2

The air service development plan (ASDP) for an air carrier would require, first, knowing the market: market size, origination, and destination (O&D) traffic; distances from the nearest hub(s), and the airlines that serve them; the size of the runway. Secondly, it would require knowing the airline, particularly the strengths and weaknesses, and what favorable factors could be leveraged for optimum outcomes.

Question 3

The agenda would look like this:

Approval of minutes from last meeting3% pay raise for employeesAddressing the issue of noise to the surrounding community

A number of considerations should be made for noise management, although the question is cost for a small airport like ours. We may consider operational approaches and reducing noise on the ground.

Question 4

Some of the selling points for more funding would include pointing out how the airport forms a vital link between the city and the communities around. However, the airport can only play this role well if it is at par with the global dreams it pursues, and that financing is necessary for this to happen. I would then list all the improvements that the funding will help achieve, and how these improvements advance short- and long-term goals and objectives.

Question 5

I think the best way to ‘sell’ the airport and change community perception is to point out that it is the people’s property, and that its failure reflects badly on the community. I would argue that the same attitude would equally affect the park they want. The best thing to do, therefore, is give the airport a chance, and make it the shining star of the community, a branding of sorts to other communities.

Page 6

Question 1

Before the leasing airline commences service, there has to be prior agreement on a number of issues: lease term, renewal term (that is, how long the services will go), lease rates (how much to be paid for the services), and lease termination (the process of terminating the contract), among others. Moreover, the airline should consider common-use benefits.

Question 2

Many airports are experiencing declining revenues and reduced air services as a result of reduced passenger traffic, among others. Airports now need to consider other options for reducing expenditure and/or increasing revenue. Options for reducing expenditure include: using automated systems, using fabric buildings, and using LED lighting, among others. Considering leasing out airport space for non-aeronautical use is one of the options for raising revenue.

Question 3

The aeronautical uses of airport property are rather obvious. The non-aeronautical uses of land, however, include the use of hangars as warehouses and distribution centers, and also for light industry. However, the airport planning must take these into account if they are to be considered. There may be need for more airport space, with leasers operating away from critical aeronautical-use spaces, added airport access and improved security strategy, among others.


 [a1]Where are your sources. Please include at least 2 sources as instructed and make sure they are appropriately used in-text.

Sample Environmental Studies and Forestry Research Paper on Shanxi Air Pollution and PM 2.5 write my essay help

Shanxi Air Pollution and PM 2.5

China has been on the news in the recent decades from its rapid development and rise as an economic power. However, even with its rise as an economic power and the world’s industrial capital (most of the world’s electronics and textile are produced in China), there has been a simultaneous rise in air pollution, particularly in Shanxi province. Concern for the levels of pollution in Shanxi province emanates from the fact that it is one of the country’s major energy bases of coal in addition to the fact that the recent rapid development has increased demand in energy with coal combustion as the main energy source. The increased demand for energy means that China burns more coal since coal consumption accounts for more than 75% of the nation’s energy source. Coal combustion emits hazardous trace elements including mercury, arsenic, and selenium, all of which have adverse effects on the environment and public health. In addition to the trace elements are other hazardous pollutants, which form particulate matter (PM). The high atmospheric concentration of PM, especially those with aerodynamic diameters below 2.5 is detrimental to environmental and human health, thus raising the attention of the increasing pollution levels in China and Shanxi in particular.

Shanxi Province

Shanxi is one of China’s leading provinces, especially in relation to energy production. Lying in Northern China and with an area of 156,300 square kilometers, the region borders China’s Yellow River to its west. Shanxi’s capital sits in Taiyuan City, “one of the major centers in China for energy production and chemical and metallurgical industries” (Tang et al., 2014, p. 235). The province has 118 counties with 1998 estimates putting its population at 31.7 million, even as an estimated 16.2 million live in urban areas. Shanxi province is home to the bulk of China’s most populous cities. The four cities, including Taiyuan and Datong, hold the bulk of the 16.2 million urban population of the province. Aside from that, Shanxi is also “one of the most polluted regions” (Wei et al., 2018, p. 429) given its importance as an energy base.

Coal Mining in Shanxi Province

Shanxi is an integral part of the Chinese economic wheel, given its rich iron and coal deposits. Specifically, “The coal industry is one of the most important industries in the province (coal and coal-related industries accounted for about one-third of the total output from industry and agriculture in 2000), and coal production in Shanxi represents about a quarter of total production in China” (Aunan et al., 2004, p. 568). Like West Virginia in the movie Blood on the Mountain, Shanxi province’s primary economic activity is coal mining, with many families thanking it for their current transformed lifestyle.

The change in the families’ lifestyles including the use of electricity and employment of males for a decent income is thanks to Shanxi’s eight major mining areas and more than 3000 medium-sized and small mines. While the bulk of the coal is exported, coke-making factories use 50 percent of the remaining coal. As it is with coal production, Shanxi is among the top coke makers. To put this in perspective, “The coke production in Shanxi represents nearly half the coke produced in China. About two-thirds of the coke produced in Shanxi is normally exported to other provinces and countries” (Aunan et al., 2004, p. 568). Shanxi also uses the coke, in metallurgical industry. Shanxi’s industry, however, transcends mining into manufacturing. The province is a center for heavy machinery such as tractors, locomotives, automobiles and mining, and metallurgical equipment. Food, paper, and textile industries also find a home in Shanxi province.

Interestingly, despite immensely contributing to the national economy, Shanxi’s economy and GDP do not reflect its importance. According to Aunan et al. (2004), “As compared to some of the coastal provinces, which have benefited from favorable economic policy and substantial economic growth after the 1978 reform, Shanxi has, together with other central and western provinces, been lagging behind” (p. 568). The neglect in economic policy saw Shanxi’s GDP marked at 79% of the average Chinese GDP. Shanxi’s economy is reminiscent of the coal workers in the movie Blood on the Mountain, who despite years of work and time spent working in the coal mines see no difference in their economic outcomes. In the movie, the lives, environment, and economic status of generations of mine workers remain the same. They live squalid lives despite their hard work and contribution to the economy and the well-being of the nation. It is the same predicament Shanxi finds itself, that despite its contribution as the country’s powerhouse, no favorable economic policies are in place in comparison with other provinces.

Pollution and its Effects in Shanxi

Notably, even as Shanxi prides itself as one of China’s power and industrial capitals, the effects, pollution, in particular, have devastating consequences to the environment and human health. Of great concern for coal pollution is particulate matter, whose human health effects are catastrophic. Coal is especially a great contributor to pollution in China, and precisely a source of particulate matter. Pollution research for China and other nations show that more than 40% of lethal fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) is attributed to coal, particularly in China’s atmosphere.

Transportation is another source of particulate matter 2.5. Recent years have seen a rise in vehicle ownership in China, which traditionally had low vehicle ownership percentages. However, with a growing economy and a rising middle class, more citizens are taking up vehicle ownership, adding to the already alarming particulate matter (PM 2.5) concentration in the country. This is in addition to fuel combustion of both coal and biomass in households. Coking additionally uses coal so does the “widespread use of coal in small coal-fired commercial boilers for heating and steam generation” (Aunan et al., 2004, p. 569).

            Data on the use of coal in Shanxi shows the exceptionally high use of coal. Between 1995 and 1997 the total household and industry use was 136.15 million tons of coal. During the period, the two types of consumption released an estimated 667,800 tons of total suspended particulates (TSP), with industries leading with 550,000 tons of TSP. Additionally, there was a total of 1,532,700 tons of sulfur dioxide released from coal combustion in the same period. 

Effects of Coal Mining in Shanxi

            The demand and consumption of coal in Shanxi and the country occasioned by the rapid development and demand for energy has seen the country rise in the ranks of coal consumers in the world. Specifically, “The four largest consumers (China, the United States, India, and the EU) represented 78 percent of total coal consumption in 2013, while China alone accounted for half of global coal demand” (Cornot-Gandolphe, 2014, p. 6). Even as the country (China) drove the global coal growth, accounting for 84% of the consumption, so has its rise in rank as an energy consumer and CO2emitter. Currently, China is the most prominent CO2 emitter in the world, with Shanxi accounting for the bulk of the emission and total suspended particulates production.

            CO2 and TSP are, however, not the only concern for the emission levels in Shanxi. Burning of coal in industries for power generation and coking in the household contributes to the emission of other harmful substances that add to the thick particulate matter suspended in the air of the coal mining province. Through an evaluation of the quality of air in the atmosphere, coal burning has become “an important source of hazardous trace element emissions, such as mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), and selenium (Se), etc” (Tian et al., 2011, p. 3078). The evaluation of the hazardous waste emission from the coal mines paints a grim picture of the total amount of emissions from coal mining. Shanxi, as one of the biggest coal mining regions of the country, contributed to the total national output of the hazardous trace elements’ emission. Calculations of Hg, As, and Se emission in 2007 revealed 132t, 550t, and 787t, respectively of these hazardous substances. Moreover, “according to the percentage of coal consumed by units equipped with different types of PM devices and FGD systems, speciation of mercury is estimated as follows: 80.48 t of Hg, 49.98 t of Hg2+, and 1.89 t of Hg, representing 60.81%, 37.76%, and 1.43% of the totals, respectively” (Tian et al., 2011, p. 3078).

            The levels of air pollution and the impact of the pollution on the global climate change have raised concern. Significantly, coal mining is not the only activity that raises concern over pollution, particulate matter suspension, and the global climate change. Methane emissions from the coal mining activity have additionally drawn attention. Data from China’s State Administration of Coal Mine Safety on coal the emission of methane from coal mining “estimated that the methane emission from coal mining in China reached 20 billion of cubic meters in 2008, most of which comes from state-owned coal mines with high-gas content” (Cheng, Wang & Zhang, 2010, p. 157; Wang &Hao, 2012). With China’s methane emission reaching six times those of the United States, even as experts indicate that methane emission contributes only a small portion on the environmental impact, it does contribute to the negative human and environmental impact of the emissions.

            Pollution levels in Shanxi have reached and passed the warning levels with no signs of abating. By 2006, the pollution levels in Shanxi had reached and surpassed the warning levels of 300. By December of the same year, the levels had reached 350, with winter being the worst of times having high “concentrations of PM, NO and SO2” (Wang et al., 2018, p. 4). The increased use of coal has had a great impact on human health, where Bradsher and Barboza report that the number of people that have contracted lung cancer and other respiratory diseases such as asthma has increased over the past two decades. The movie Blood on the Mountain especially puts the effects of the toxic coal in perspective, where hundreds of workers have their lungs destroyed from the toxic wastes of the coal-mining industry.

            Particulate matter (PM 2.5) released from coal-mining and combustion activities in Shanxi and other regions of China are loaded with hazardous chemicals including mercury, arsenic, selenium, and sulfur. Exposure to these chemicals has been known to “contribute premature death and loss in years of life” (Wang & Mauzerall, 2006, p. 1714). Additionally, the chemicals are linked to fetal and child development problems, as well as birth defects as experienced by rural Chinese women exposed to substantial levels of indoor air pollution from the use of coal. Even more is that children’s exposure to PM 2.5 affects their intelligence quotient (IQ), their ability to learn, and the central nervous system.

            While industry pollution is dangerous to human health, equally dangerous is indoor pollution from the use of coal for household cooking. Moreover, indoor pollutants can be 5-100 times greater than outdoor pollution. Pollutants suspected to be major contributors to indoor pollution include radon, cigarette smoke, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde pesticides, lead, clean solvents, ozone, and asbestos. Women and children who spend most of their time indoors are especially exposed to these pollutants. It is shocking that “Indoor pollution from coal smoke has been implicated as a causative agent in lung cancer, especially among nonsmoking women” (Li et al., 2011, p. 451).

Concern for the consequences of pollution in Shanxi is drawn given findings that Shanxi has among the highest prevalence of neural tube defects worldwide. Studies inform that the province has 10-20 cases per 1,000 births, even as some counties within the province have 17-18 cases. Exposure to indoor pollution in the province was associated with an increased risk of not only neural tube defects, but also anencephaly and spina bifida.

            The environmental impact of mining is especially visible by looking at the changing land topography. Specifically, “The coal-mining operations have damaged waterways and scarred the land. Because of intense underground mining, thousands of acres are prone to sinking, and hundreds of villages are blackened with coal waste” (Bradsher & Barboza, 2006). Sulfur dioxide released by the coal-consuming power plants are perhaps even the worst. With more than 22.5 million tons of sulfur released in 2004 alone, China is currently a nation of acid rain, where 30 percent of the nation receives it. The effects of acid rain on the ecosystem are dire especially around the power plants while spreading the acidity and poisoning crops, trees, and lakes.

Solutions for Air Pollutions in Shanxi

            Current levels of air pollution and particulate matter suspension in the air call for immediate remedial action to improve the health and environmental outcomes of China–specifically Shanxi province- and the rest of the world since the smoke clouds from China reach as far as Korea and the United States. Although the Chinese government set (in 2006) an ambitious target of reducing by 20% the amount of energy used in the production of goods and services, the growing economy and energy consumption have made attaining the target especially difficult. While it may be difficult to switch from coal as a source of energy completely, the Chinese government is in discussion to ban or restrict the production, importation, and sale of thermal coal with low calorific values and high ash and high sulfur contents. Such a ban and the use of high calorific coal with low emissions will go a long way in reducing pollution from coal combustion. Even more is that the Chinese government has led a crackdown on illegal coal mines, which contribute to pollution given the flaunting of safety and regulatory measures in such mines. 

China’s pollution policy is one of “the most stringent on coal use and energy efficiency” (Wong, 2016). It encourages laws on fuel-economy, particularly for vehicles is yet another measure that the government is taking to reduce pollution. The transport sector is one of the major contributors of pollution second to the coal industry, and such measures are welcome. Moreover, new construction codes that encourage installation of double-glazed windows as a measure of reducing air-conditioning and heating, as well as high-tech bulbs that use less energy show the Chines government’s commitment to reducing air pollution and improving air quality.


The consequences of air pollution in China are hard to ignore. Already, China has one of the worst measures of air quality, and the most polluted cities are located in the country thanks to its overreliance on coal. Shanxi province currently leads with neural tube defects prevalence, all attributed to both indoor and outdoor exposure to pollution. The rise in the number of lung cancer and other respiratory diseases calls for concern and remedial action to improve human health and environmental outcomes. Reducing its overreliance on coal and using alternative energy sources could go a long way in improving the human health and environmental outcomes. It is imperative that China takes action against pollution if the people of China and the world at large, are to have a healthy and safe environment in the coming years.


Aunan, K., Fang, J., Vennemo, H., Oye, K., &Seip, H. M. (2004). Co-benefits of climate policy—lessons learned from a study in Shanxi, China. Energy Policy, 32(4), 567-581.

Bradsher, K., &Barboza, D. (2006). Pollution from Chinese coal casts a global shadow. The New York Times, 11(06).

Cheng, Y. P., Wang, L., & Zhang, X. L. (2011). Environmental impact of coal mine methane emissions and responding strategies in China. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 5(1), 157-166.

Cornot-Gandolphe, S. (2014). China’s Coal Market–Can Beijing Tame ‘King Coal’?.

Fang, M., Chan, C. K., & Yao, X. (2009). Managing air quality in a rapidly developing nation: China. Atmospheric Environment, 43(1), 79-86.

Li, Z., Zhang, L., Ye, R., Pei, L., Liu, J., Zheng, X., &Ren, A. (2011). Indoor air pollution from coal combustion and the risk of neural tube defects in a rural population in Shanxi Province, China. American journal of epidemiology, 174(4), 451-458.

Tang, D. et al. (2014). Health benefits of improving air quality in Taiyuan, China. Environment International, 73, 235-242

Tian, H., Wang, Y., Xue, Z., Qu, Y., Chai, F., &Hao, J. (2011). Atmospheric emissions estimation of Hg, As, and Se from coal-fired power plants in China, 2007. Science of the Total Environment, 409(16), 3078-3081.

Wang, L et al. (2018). Taking action on air pollution control in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region: Progress, challenges and opportunities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(306), 1-27.

Wang, S., & Hao, J. (2012). Air quality management in China: Issues, challenges, and options. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 24(1), 2-13.

Wang, X. & Mauzerall, D., L. (2006). Evaluating the impacts of air pollution in China on public health: Implications for future air pollution and energy policies. Atmospheric Environment, 40, 1706-1721.

Wang, Z. S., Wu, T., Shi, G. L., Fu, X., Tian, Y. Z., Feng, Y. C., & Zhang, W. J. (2012). Potential source analysis for PM10 and PM2. 5 in autumn in a northern city in China. Aerosol Air Qual. Res, 12(1), 39-48.

Wei, W. et al. (2018). Quantifying the effects of air pollution control policies: A case of Shanxi province in China. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 9(3), 429-438

Wong, E. (2016). Coal burning causes the most air pollution deaths in China, study finds. The New York Times

Zheng, Y., Xue, T., Zhang, Q., Geng, G., Tong, D., Li, X., & He, K. (2017). Air quality improvements and health benefits from China’s clean air action since 2013. Environmental Research Letters, 12(11), 114020.

Sample History Creative Writing Paper on McKinley’s Backbone law essay help: law essay help

In the article McKinley’s Backbone, the statement Roosevelt made is questioned since it does not have a source that is either accurate or valid. It is clear in the article that Roosevelt statement that the President had a weak backbone is false.

The first reason I believe the statement is false is that Wister one of the source of this information did not provide a definite timeline of the event or state whether he was a direct witness to that conversation (Hamilton 483). In addition, the timelines of all the sources differ from one another. The context in which Wister, Kohlsaat, and Peck described as being the exact time when Roosevelt spoke are not the same. According to Wister, the statement was made during a lunch meeting while Kohlsaat claims that it was made late at night while on a train (Hamilton 484). Peck does not even have a source yet he is the one who first printed the statement.

The only reason the weak image of McKinley persisted is that it was made by a prominent person in the society. Furthermore, individuals like Wister, Kohlsaat, and Peck, made people believe that the statement was real because they claimed they had proof that they heard the utterances. Peck went even further to print the statement, increasing its credibility

In case any defamation material comes up, that might paint the image of an individual in the wrong sense. It is prudent first to investigate and make sure that it is true. This is why it is essential to ensure that the source of such material is credible. Furthermore, the source should be able to validate their claims by providing an accurate account of events and proof. This will ensure that no false information is passed from one generation to another.

Works Cited

Hamilton, Richard F. “McKinley’s Backbone.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 36.3 (2006): 482-492.

Sample English Paper on Personal Business Plan university essay help

Personal Business Plan

Throughout the course, I have learned that to be a successful individual; I must be a prolific goal setter. It is thus important to brainstorm ideas and establish what I want to achieve in a given time (Kwong, Thompson, & Cheung, 2012). Once I know what I want, then I can work out a plan to achieve the objective. As such, a personal business plan will clarify my objectives and help to establish ways of achieving the goals.

I have three goals. The first goal I plan to achieve after graduation is to become an ambassador for my community. The reason that I chose to do so is solely based on my passion for supporting educational projects, empowering the marginalized, as well as improving the living standards of people. Additionally, learning is a continuous process thus being an ambassador will present opportunities for growth and acquaint me with life skills imperative for personal development as well as that of the community at large. My second goal is to join entrepreneurship classes and seminars that will provide me with business ideas and ways of implementing them to sustainable development. The main reason I choose to dois is that the current job market is saturated, securing a competitive job has become challenging. Moreover, setting up a business will present immeasurable opportunities for growth and development. It will also grant me independence to the planning of my time. Thus, it will be able to plan for my long-term career path of being an ambassador for my community. The third goal is to improve my communication and interrelation skills. Such skills are essential in the dynamic business world, and they as well serve to the best interest of my ambassador career and to my business I plan to establish.

My purpose as a community ambassador is to assist the society to achieve greatest health standards. Additionally, I have learned that education is fundamental to success. As such, I plan to empower members of my community, especially those who are underprivileged in achieving quality education. Undoubtedly, achieving quality health, education, and other key basic needs in my community will in the long-term improve living standards among the community.

  My efforts to achieve success in the business and career path are based on several personal values that I espouse, such as sincerity, hard work, and ethical behaviors, which are necessary for business success (Cardon, Foo, Shepherd, & Wiklund, 2012). Other core values include reliability, efficiency, innovation, creativity, and compassion. Such values are essential to becoming a successful community ambassador as well as a successful business person.

My mission is to enhance equality among members of my community through promoting education and participating in community awareness programs. In the contemporary, although equality has been advocated for by various ambassadors, inequality is still rampant among various communities. Such inequalities include the discrimination of girls from education and poor people from accessing basic needs, such as health facilities, shelter, and food. Moreover, various marginalized communities are discriminated from accessing federal funds and other essential resources due to lack of ambassadors advocating for their immediate needs. As such, I believe every person has the right to access basic needs and quality education. Consequently, we all must show compassion to the less fortunate, be reliable, sincere and honest in executing activities as well as creatively innovate various product and services to serve the best interest of humankind.

The question I consider necessary to ask when analyzing a career opportunity include

What do I plan to achieve?Does the job offer opportunities for personal development?Is the job reliable? AndHow can I offer the highest quality services to the community?

 Before I apply or pursue a career path, it is imperative for me to consider what I want to achieve through the career and how the career serves the best interest of my community. For example, my career should equip me with the necessary experience through learning opportunities, hands-on experience, leadership development, and coaching that is necessary to execute long-term objectives such as entrepreneur skills (Neck, & Greene, 2012). Additionally, the job should be reliable in the sense that it offers competitive remuneration and flexible enough to accommodate my objectives. I analyze how the job offers opportunities for personal development. Such opportunities include engaging employees in entrepreneurship, seminars, and other opportunities that enhance a person’s life, communication, and interrelation skills. The skills are necessary for one to gain a competitive edge in the dynamic and competitive business sector. Ultimately, it is imperative that the employment opportunity provides quality services to my community. They include engagement in corporate social responsibilities like participating in community development programs, engaging in offering quality amenity facilities, as well as offering aid to the less fortunate in the community.

Their different job opportunities a person who holds a degree such as mine can pursue. They include accounting, which requires the individual, to be honest, possess accounting skills, sincere, as well as honest. The other career path an individual can pursue is human resource management which requires a person to possess quality organization, communication, interrelation, as well as leadership skills. An individual can also pursue a career as a statistician, which requires the person to have quality analytical, reporting, as well as communication skills. The mentioned examples align perfectly with the mentioned objectives. For example, being a human resource manager requires an individual to possess leadership, communication, interrelation, as well as reporting skills (Neck, & Greene, 2012). Similarly, such skills are imperative to my career, which require me to be compassionate, able to solve problems, as well as remain calm in the face of adversities.

My market positioning statement is; an enthusiastic, energetic, and talented person seeking a career in a growth-oriented organization. The values that I offer sum up to a passionate individual who pays attention to details is highly motivated with a drive to succeed and has excellent organizational, good communication, excellent interrelation, and high analytical skills.

Despite my education background, what makes me stand out is that I am an individual who is efficient and methodical with a good eye for detail and who exhibit a proactive approach to performance and data accuracy. I also have proven work experience in organizations where adherence to work ethics, customer focus, and quality performance were all part of the job.The fundamental milestones that I have identified to be essential to my success include recognition from the various humanitarian organization as well as successfully engagement and completion of voluntary activities within the community. Therefore, I will have successfully achieved my desired results in positively improving livelihoods of my community.

The external risks I may face during the process include lack of finances to cater for my basic needs (Neck, & Greene, 2012). However, I plan to use my savings to cater for my daily expenses throughout the processes of volunteering. The other challenge I may face is an objection from people who do not value girl child education. The issue will be solved by emphasizing the importance of equality and empowerment of girl child. The third problem that  I may face is limited time to cater for my career path while pursuing my part-time classes. However, I believe through proper time management; I will manage to attend to my career as well as my classes.

The ethical issues I am likely to face as an ambassador encompass matters relating to traditional culture and modern culture. The ethical principles I plan to incorporate into my professional and work life are culturally sensitivity, integrity, as well as credibility. Such principals are essential to establish quality working relationships with my community as well as the involved organizations.

The mentors who I have selected include my parents who strongly advocate giving back to the community and emphasizes on the virtues of lending a helping to the less fortunate. The other mentor I have selected is my professor who is engaged in various humanitarian activities around the globe. The final mentor I have selected is my friend who currently works as a community ambassador with a humanitarian organization.


Cardon, M. S., Foo, M., Shepherd, D., & Wiklund, J. (2012). Exploring the Heart: Entrepreneurial Emotion Is a Hot Topic. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36(1), 1-10. Retrieved from

Kwong, C. C., Thompson, P., & Cheung, C. W. (2012). The Effectiveness of Social Business Plan Competitions in Developing Social and Civic Awareness and Participation. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 11(3), 324-348. Retrieved from

Neck, H., & Greene, P. (2012). Entrepreneurship education: known worlds and new frontiers. IEEE Engineering Management Review, 40(2), 9-21. Retrieved from

Sample International Relations Essay Paper on TNC 3 cheap essay help

            In today’s world, inequality still affects the minority groups in the country in institutions, paces of work, and other social gatherings. This paper discusses how Transnational Corporations (TNC) organize its global value network in terms employment, their employees’ pay, and the goals of the global division of labor. TNC cases occur when the information entered by an employee in the E-Verify from the employer’s form 1-9 has issues as it does not match the social security administration records and at the Department of Homeland Security. Although Amazon is a big corporation, workers at this company face the same challenges as other employees in transnational corporations.

            Most of the TNC’s employees are based in large and medium manufacturing companies that are located in different areas. Globally, Most of the Amazon employees were not unionized in 2017. While these workers understand that forming a union can help them get better services, they have not been able to organize a worker’s union for the warehouse employees. However, the warehouse workers have been involved in rallies related to lack of normal workplace benefits for employees and low salaries. The rallies were led by a coalition of labor unions and employees working in Amazon warehouses.

            Some of the top CEO’s in the TNC’s make an average of $15.6 million according to research conducted in 2016. This is usually more than five times what the average employee takes home. Amazon is the fourth biggest publicly traded organization. Jeff Bezos, the CEO of the company earns approximately $100 billion and the company is expected to hit a revenue of $1 trillion this year. Some of the warehouse workers at Amazon are paid as little as $8.50 an hour.

            At Amazon men, occupy the high ranks and make more money while the low ranks are filled with women. For every $1 that men working at Amazon make, women make 99.9 cents. This is based on the cheap labor offered by women and their desperation to find jobs so that they can provide for their families. Single mothers are commonly found in the low ranks, characterized by low pay. This TNC does not address issues of managerial and employee diversity as it has considered all employees as equals.

            Several campaigns such as the stand with Oklahoma teachers, where approximately 10,000 teachers had walked away from their jobs and through the movement, jobs with justice movement have been put in place. Some TNCs have improved their services to their employees by offering them better pay; Amazon on the other hand only continues to provide poor payments to its employees. In February 2018, Amazon offered its employees up to $5000 to quit their jobs.

Sample Aviation Coursework Paper on Phenom 100 and Cessna Citation instant essay help: instant essay help

Phenom 100 and Cessna Citation

The commercial aircraft comprises helicopters, piston-driven propeller-powered planes, turbine-powered turboprops, and turbojets, thus, plays a significant role in the aviation industry (Kirschnerová, 2017). Therefore, this paper precisely examines the synopsis of the commuter aircraft Phenom 100 and Cessna Citation Mustang.

Cessna Citation Mustang

Cessna Citation Mustang is a light jet developed designed mainly to incorporate for four passengers at the aft cabin, a toilet, and an additional two seat at the cockpit (Rakowska et al., 2015). Importantly, the airliner is modeled to carry a useful load of 1,529kg with a takeoff runway length of 948m and a landing runway of 728m under the operation of a single crew. Moreover, the flight has a cruise speed of 630km/hr. and is majorly ideal for flying tourists across the park and its unit price goes at $144,540 (Wilson, K. (2018).

Source: (Wilson, 2018)

Source: (Wilson, 2018)

Phenom 100

Phenom 100 is a light jet manufactured mainly to carry a maximum of four passengers by the Brazilian aircraft developers but can exceed seven boarders with a single crew. Notably, the price for the airliner is $4.16million as at 2015 and can carry a maximum of 755kg of luggage with a landing load of 4,480kg (Phenom Update – AOPA. (2018). Significantly, the takeoff mileage for the Phenom 100 is 975m and a cruise speed of 750km/h. importantly, the jet is suited for military operations due to its ease of operations.

Source: (Phenom Update – AOPA, 2018)

Source: (Phenom Update – AOPA, 2018)


Both Phenom 100 and Citation Mustang are designed as a very lightweight jet with Phenom 100 being configured to carry a maximum of seven passengers. Significantly, Citation Mustang is developed to carry four individuals with a single crew and has a takeoff length of 728m. Therefore, all the planes are ideal for tourism and military operations based on their various models.


Kirschnerová, I. (2017). Product analysis of business aviation companies: a two-dimensional approach. Transport Problems, 12. Retrieved from:;jsessionid=B8DE6F800048FAFA021DE12B5A1FCDAE

Phenom Update – AOPA. (2018). Retrieved 9 April 2018, from

Rakowska, J., Chator, A., Barthelemy, B., Lee, M., Morgans, S., Laya, J. & Gondipalle, S. R. (2015). An iterative application of multi-disciplinary optimization for vehicle body weight reduction based on 2015 Mustang product development. SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing, 8(2015-01-0470), 685-692. Retrieved from:

Wilson, K. (2018). Cessna Flyer Association – Flight test: Cessna Citation Mustang Part I. Retrieved 9 April 2018, from

Sample Communication Essay Paper on Vision – Eye Sight assignment help sydney

Vision – Eye Sight

Vision is a vital function of the body. There are varieties of visual diseases that are correlated with the anatomy of the visual system (Raphail, Bach, & Hallock, 2014).Usually, people do not completely understand eye problems that prompt individuals to wear glasses. It is not uncommon for a person to not need glasses from birth to a certain age, but then develop issues that force them to seek spectacles prescriptions. While some spectacles may look alike, their lenses are usually different, to fit the diverse needs of people who require them. It is imperative to visit a specialist now and then for checkups. 

Stigmatization, glaucoma, and cataract are some of the most common eye problems that individuals experience. According to Horner, Thibos, & Goss (2003)stigmatization is the defect in the curvature of the eye cornea or lens, which causes a refractive error. As a result, both close and distant items seem blurry. Some people are born with conditions while others develop it at a point in their lives. The second is glaucoma, and it destroys the eye’s optic nerve when fluids concentrate in the eye’s front part. Glaucoma happens when the eye fails to draw off fluids or the iris is close to the eye drainage prompting its blockage (Raphail, Bach, & Hallock, 2014). Lastly, cataract refers to the clouding of the lens and this result in distorted vision. It is caused by diabetes or change in the protein structure of the lens.

The most common vision problems are myopia and hyperopia. In the former, the eyeball is too long causing one to only see near objects with clarity but have a poor distant vision. The latter is refers to eyes that focus objects beyond the retina instead of on the retina causing one to see distant objects clearly but not the close ones  (Horner, Thibos, & Goss, 2003).Common symptoms of eye problems include nearsightedness, blurred vision, eye throb, double vision, and eye weariness. These signs lead to issues such as difficulty in reading or seeing. Therefore, they necessitate the persons who experience them to wear glasses for them to see clearly. Lenses come in different types depending on disorders and material (Segre, 2018). Glasses that correct vision are referred to multifocal lenses, and they include bifocals, which has lens divided into two sections for presbyopia diseases. On the contrary, the trifocals have extra sections. Polycarbonate lenses are plastic, impact-resistant lenses while trivex is lighter and slimmer than the former (Segre, 2018). Both improve vision for people with light problems. A special type contacts the lens that is placed in the eye.

Indeed, eye problems are quite common, and different types exist. Some of the most common issues are glaucoma, stigmatization, cataract, myopia, and hyperopia. These problems can be rectified through glassless prescriptions and surgeries. Some eye problems develop gradually, and therefore it is imperative for an individual to schedule regular visits to an eye specialist.

Speech Outline

Title: Vision-Eye Sight


Opening: There are varieties of visual diseases that are correlated with the anatomy of the visual system (Raphail, Bach, & Hallock, 2014).Thesis: different conditions prompt people to wear glasses, some of which develop gradually, rather than being present at birth.Connect with your audience: the importance of regular check-ups


A: Main Point one: there are three eye conditions, namely astigmatism, glaucoma, and cataracts.                                                                                                                                                                     To understand these disorders it is imperative to understand the causes and the whether they are related (Horner, Thibos, & Goss, 2003).     

B. Main Point Two: Difference between Myopia and hyperopia (Horner, Thibos, & Goss, 2003).

C. Main Point Three: Different types of lenses (Segre, 2018).


A. Summarize main points:  Indeed, eye problems are quite common, and different types exist. Some of the most common issues are glaucoma, stigmatization, cataract, myopia, and hyperopia. These problems can be rectified through glassless prescriptions and surgeries.

B. Close with impact: Some eye problems develop gradually, and therefore it is imperative for an individual to schedule regular visits to an eye specialist.


Horner, D. G., Thibos, L., & Goss, D. (2003). Is Astigmatism Correlated with Myopia or             Hyperopia? Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 44 (13), 3118.

Raphail, A.-M., Bach, E. C., & Hallock, R. M. (2014). Classroom Demonstration of the Visual Effects of Eye Disease. Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education, 12 (2),             A150-A153.

Segre, L. (2018, January 30). Consumer Guide to Prescription Eyeglasses. All About Vision.            Retrieved April 7, 2018, from

Sample Anthropology Coursework Paper on Ethnography/Cultural Anthropology college essay help: college essay help

            Tap dancing is one of the most popular dancing styles that is renowned ever since the ancient times. This dancing style was born during the colonial era where the slaves emulated their masters’ jig and buck-and-wing steps. Tap dance hit the wave of the entertainment world after the slaves integrated part of their masters’ dancing steps with fast footwork moves (Graves 1). These moves became more popular as the slaves joyfully danced with the African rhythm. Amidst all sufferings and discrimination, tap dance became a source of entertainment to the slaves (Hill 3). This dancing style rapidly became pronounced as it was taught from one generation to another. Overtime, tap dancing has become one of the most renowned and unique style that has stood the continuous wave of uprising trends (Hill 6). Tap dancing is thereby a historic form of dancing that remains to be one of America’s greatest dance traditions (Graves 2). Having not had any tap dancing experience, I chose to interview, Olivia, the World Champion American tap dancer who is currently teaching tap dancing skills to the children between the ages of 5 – 9 years old. The face to face unstructured form of interview was carried out at Talents Nature Theatre based in Texas. Below is my interview with Olivia;

Interviewer: Hello Olivia, it’s a great pleasure to have you here. So when did you starts dancing?

Olivia: I began dancing at a tender age of 5 when I was a die hard fan of the ‘Dancing with the Stars’ television show. Ever since I was a child, I have always been captivated with tap dancing as I would try to imitate most tap dancers. My parents thereby chose to take me to  ‘All Stars’ dancing school where I have grown to love tap dancing as not only a dance style but also as a unique form of art.

Interviewer: You’ve also participated in different competing dancing platform, haven’t you? How has this experience shaped you?

Olivia: Indeed, I have participated in several dancing competitions where I had to compete against different talented tap dancers form diverse parts of the world. This has been an exciting experience as I had won the World’s Championship for the year 2016. I also play tap dancing to represent my University. Through this, I have not only learnt but also befitted from the valuable prizes inclusive of a fully-funded scholarship from Yale University.

Interviewer: What do you love about tap dancing? Where do you gain your inspiration from?

Olivia: I love tap dance as it is part of the African American identity. It allows one to express his/her emotions while showing the world a glimpse of your personality. Aside from this, the dancer is allowed to be creative as he/she can be able to make his own rhythm in accordance to his/her tap dance moves. I am also inspired by renowned tap dancers such as Will Gaines and Omar Edwards who have helped in retaining the tap dance tradition.

Interviewer: What aspirations do you have for your future?

Olivia: I aspire to teach many young people of the African American heritage. I would wish to set up my own tap dancing school where I would help the younger generation to nature and grow their talent. Aside from education, I would advice the parents to also invest on their children’s talents. This would go a long way in assisting children to recognize their dream and aspiration as they grow up.

Interviewer: It has been a great pleasure having you here. Thank you for your input of making Texas and the whole nation proud.

The interview was a success as Olivia was comfortable and free to respond to the unstructured questions. This interview clearly targets the general audience in spite of age and gender differences. It is also true to say that tap dancing as a traditional form of dancing is slowly evolving with the current modern times. However, tap dance as an art allows people to freely express themselves and their emotions to the public.


Hill, Constance V. C. P.O.D. H. Tap Dancing America – a Cultural History., 2014. Print.

Graves, Karen M. Tap Dancing. Mankato,Minn: Capstone Press, 2008. Print.

Sample Culture and Ethnic Studies Creative Writing Paper on No Logo global history essay help: global history essay help

Assignment 1


The arguments on erosion of social and political fabrics based on sell of lifestyles and brands are to some extent true. Companies are pushing for outsourcing their end-products and use its major investment on the company’s brand.  This has resulted in certain disclaimers on faulty products being produced and sold in the market. Society has a positive appeal towards the most fashionable and flashy brands that are assumed to be products with better quality and production. As a result, being duped into buying substantial products becomes much easier. In the case of presidential campaigns, the flashy and better advertisements that paint the family of the candidate as being much better gets a better appeal of the voters. Policies and principles are no longer elements considered as values to judge the best candidate for the job. All these points give support to this very meaning of advertisement eroding social and political principles.


The Nike paradigm is the push by multinational organizations to invest in exported labour that is cheaper and less strenuous on the company’s profitability. With globalization, multinational organizations such as Nike have shifted their interest to looking for cheaper labour in developing countries while selling their products in developed countries maximizing their profits in the process. While incurring very low production expenses they tend to strain companies still dependent on production and commodity chains within the country. These have made most companies close down their production plants in favor of the cheap labour in developing countries. At the same time, most workers have ended up jobless due to this shift and need for low costs of production and maximization of profits.

Assignment 2


According to Naomi there is an exception to the rule in the market. In certain instances different companies defy this rule of marketing dominance and choose their own patterns to success. It could be about the quality of their products, the quality of their service, or the superiority of their inventions over other products in the market. Advertisement, on the other hand, has made this very impossible and very rare for companies to beat the advertisement bubble. After designing an exceptional quality product, Samsung was drawn to the rush for competition and eventually it suffered a major blow losing its niche in the market. The eventuality of the advertisement pull eroded the quality as success is more attached to marketing than quality.


From the argument it would appear like the world is swayed into a single opinion based on popularity. The argument is looking at omission of choice and personal preferences and pilling everyone into a single group. In order to conclude that corporate globalization has weakened democracy is to assume that everyone has lost the ability to make a choice based on quality and principle. It has raised questions on democracy and its meaning; however, it cannot be concluded to mean that it has weakened democracy.


Her suggestion is to avoid branding and in the event that one buys a branded product they should opt for taking the brand tag off. The options of choice are limited and in order to search for quality or buy a product and remove the brand later is not a solution that is feasible in the fight to end brand influence. Certain companies have seen this change and are offering unbranded products to offer these clients the products they need without the strain of brands.

Sample Political Science Case Study Paper on National and International Foreign Policy college essay help los angeles

            The term ‘foreign policy’ is defined as a process and a system of activities performed by a state-organized community of people within the international arena. The term also refers to the collection of government actions that affect or attempt to affect the U.S. national security as well as the political and economic goals associated with it (Kraft & Scott 457). Most states utilize foreign policy as a fundamental tool to influence the international arena to act towards fulfilling the states’ political or economic aims and objectives. Foreign policy thereby deals with a myriad of vital issues that focus on; international trade, immigration reforms, addressing the problem of human rights abuse, providing economic assistance to poor states, and fostering robust relations between or among countries. A state also has to integrate several policy tools with the intent of attaining its set goals and objectives. Some of the most common policy tools include; economic relations, diplomacy, and threats of military intervention (Kraft & Scott 457).

            For a state to formerly utilize specific foreign policies, they have to be authorized and accepted by all policy actors who are; the president, the secretary of state, the president’s national security advisor, and the National Security Council. The National Security Council is an integral forum that allows the President, both statutory and non-statutory regular attendees to analyze and delve into matters of how foreign policy would affect national security. During the World War II, the United States had heavily invested in modifying its foreign policy to promote its national security through a broadened economic, military, and political strategy (Kraft & Scott 455).

Marshal Plan and NATO

The United States is described as a superpower nation due to its economic and political stability.  The nation is also renowned for having defeated Germany, which was the world’s most powerful nation. The Marshal Plan was thereby formulated to rebuild Europe after Nazi Germany was conquered by the United States and the Soviet Union. Derived from the former President George Marshall’s name, Marshal Plan allowed the United States to offer humanitarian assistance to the European countries which had been destabilized due to the effects of the prolonged war. In the year 1949, United States and the Western European Nations formed a partnership renowned as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (Kraft & Scott 459). This collaboration was created to foster each nation’s security after the Soviet Union became a security threat to the United States and Western European nations.

Cold War, Deterrence, and Mutually Assured Destruction

 ‘Cold War’ is one of the common historical terms used to describe the conflicts between the Soviet Union and the United States. Unlike other wars, Cold War never blew up into actual military attacks between the two nations. This war came to a halt in 1991 after the Soviet Union collapsed (Kraft & Scott 452). The United States used deterrence techniques to prevent the actualization of a military war between the country and the Soviet Union countries. Deterrence is thereby described as the use of threatening military retaliation and all instruments of national security to prevent an adversary from using military force to achieve foreign policy objectives. Mutually assured destruction was a concept used by the United States during the Cold War to stop the spread of communism and by the threat of force. Mutually assured destruction was used as a form of deterrence and containment during the Cold War.

The Military-Industrial complex is a term that was conceptualized to describe the use of communication media by retired military officers who sought to pursue the interests of the military and defense contractors. The foreign policy also encompasses foreign aid policies that allow the United States to offer humanitarian assistance to any country in need. Foreign aid is an integral aspect that aims at saving lives after natural disasters and wars. According to Kraft (476), the United States spends approximately 30000 million dollars to provide humanitarian assistance to recipient countries such as; Afghanistan, Egypt, Israel, Iraq, and Jordan.


Kraft, Michael E, and Scott R. Furlong. Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives. Thousands Oaks. Calif: CQ, 2012. Print.

Sample Linguistics Essay Paper on Endangered Languages: Cherokee rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help

            Cherokee is one of the native American languages that are considered endangered. The reason for that the few speakers that this language has and the poor transference of the language to later generations. There are about 20,000 speakers of the language, though only around 130 of them are monolingual. The majority of the speakers of this language have learned jointly with English. The very little proportion of the speakers of this language use it in their home setting, with a majority of them preferring to use English. As a result, the prevalence of the language is on a downward trend as the future generations abandon its use. As most of the speakers of the language are older adults, it is estimated that this language might die out in the next 30 to 40 years if intergenerational transmission is not improved.

            The use of the language has been an informal setting normally when intergenerational communication is taking place. The language is rarely used in the home setting. It is never used in the conventional work setting in the US. Schools have been set up by the Cherokee Preservation Foundation to admit young children and teach them the language. The schools also offer the teachers training in the language to make it easier for them to transmit knowledge of the language to the students. Cherokee is also offered a second language in some of the universities that are found within the Cherokee Territory. An example is the University of Oklahoma. The language has documentation, which uses an alphabet that has 86 characters. The language has been used in the making of road signs in the areas where the speakers live, but is not included in the media and other communication channels. Materials written in the language are not common, but the schools set up by the foundation are coming up with publications in the language. Given the efforts of the Cherokee Preservation Foundation, the language is likely to survive.


Johnson, K. (2015). Cherokee Language Sound Description and Analysis. Grantome. Retrieved 11 April 2018, from

Sample Law Essay Paper on ADR Types and Benefits essay help writing

Most of the employment contracts have Arbitration Clauses that waiver the right of an employee to sue their employers in court but rather settle disputes through arbitration. It is falls under alternative dispute resolution method that is a traditional way of settlement that is cost-conscious and fast as compared to the legal judicial system. Given the circumstances of cases, whether an employee has been fired for no reason or has been discriminated in the place of work, settling complaints arbitrarily involves a third neutral party (Carlifornia 3). The arbitrator in most instances is a qualified individual either a retired judge or attorney who is hired to get views of both parties and come up with a decision. The verdict is binding to both employer and employee given that the employment contract signed before work contained employment arbitration clause.

The most common form of dispute resolution is litigation, where the aggrieved parties face the judge and jury. It is a long process and both parties spend a lot of time and money before a final decision is attained. Alternative dispute resolution has helped relieve the overcrowded court cases, many of which are minor issues (Carlifornia 12). More importantly, adoption of ADR in conflict resolution has boosted confidence in the judicial system in upholding the rule of law.

Mediation and arbitration are both types of alternative dispute resolution methods, although each has its own specifications. In reference to mediation, a mediator works as go between to help parties communicate, but does not have authority for final verdict. Additionally, there must be willingness for both parties to sit and discuss but the talks are controlled by the mediator. A case in which mediation is appropriate is when business partners have a dispute but want to preserve the current relationship (Carlifornia 4). A mediation process helps the parties communicate and resolve the matter themselves in an effective manner. On the other hand, arbitration uses a neutral party to listen to both parties and determine the outcome of the situation. Cases that are appropriate for arbitration are those that want to skip the formalities and expenses incurred in trial (Carlifornia 8). Furthermore, arbitration cases can either be binding or nonbinding, determining whether a party is liable to appeal the decisions of an arbitrator.

Work Cited

Carlifornia, The Judicial Branch of. ADR Types & Benefits. 2018. 06 05 2018

Sample English Essay Paper on The Importance of Ethics in Technical Communication writing an essay help


Ethics is a topic that should not only be limited to philosophy and religious issues. It should also be applied in other fields such as education, business, as well as other technical communication. Ethics is a very significant topic in technical communication (Ingre & Robert, 4). When it is the duty of an individual to assist others in understanding an object, progression or system, it is significant for one to do so in an ethical manner. Ethics can be defined as an area of study addressing behavioral issues (Powell, 1).

Ethics in Technical Communication

The significance of ethics in the fields of business and technology is greatly recognized. Apart from professional associations, many other companies also publish their code of ethics. Despite how we define ethics, every individual has a sense of what is considered right or wrong. (Ingre & Robert, 5). There are several ethical principles that individuals should consider in their professional activities. Accuracy is a very significant criterion for technical communication. If a technical document contains errors, and if an audience discovers the mistakes, the entire presentation is compromised. If the inaccuracy in the presentation is intentional, the matter gets to be one of honestly and therefore ethics. When intending to market a product or express an issue, one should try presenting the message in the best way possible. This may be achieved by putting more emphasis on the benefits of the design instead of its costly price. Likewise, when describing an ideal opinion, one might use very difficult vocabulary, what is used in describing other possibilities. Here the issue of ethics is very significant. In most technical issues, the audiences tend to be persuaded by neutral details. However, in technical communication, one should also state the noticeable facts even when they tend to weaken the case being presented (Ingre & Robert, 5).

In terms of creation of impression, the moral path may be unclear. Generally, engineering communication necessitates that one should be as neutral as possible, even if the nature of the communication makes it very difficult to make presentations that is very free of connotation. To be a professional employee in the U.S. implies that one is likely to be working with people from various cultural and religious setups. Indeed, many American technicians are employed in other countries. This implies that, to succeed on one’s career, one should be sensitive to the diverse ways that communication is mainly achieved and observed in various cultures. Thus, one should consider the probable drawbacks of intercultural communication (Ingre & Robert, 6).

At one point, I was conducting a research for a parent’s group who needed to change the policy for a local education center requiring all students to be vaccinated. I gathered a few sources supporting the parent’s goals, but then came across medical proof that indicated that vaccines do more good than possible damage to people. It was a challenge of whether to include the medical evidence on the report or not. However, I thought that it was ethical to include all the research on the report even if some of the evidences could interference with the group’s goal.


There are several ethical principles that individuals should consider in their professional activities. Including honesty, accuracy, emphasis, and the creation of impressions. Individuals should observe the rules that govern their profession. With regard to honesty, individuals should provide honest and truthful communications. For instance, many people lie on their Resume and as a result secure a job with it. People normally forget that if such an act is discovered it may lead to job lose and the reputation may be ruined.


Ingre, David, and Robert, Basil. Engineering communication: A practical guide to workplace communications for engineers. Cengage Learning, 2016.

Powell, Tamara. “Ethics in Technical Communication.”2016

Sample Anthropology Research Paper on Yoga as a Treatment Method college essay help: college essay help


Yoga is one of the non- conventional approaches to attaining holistic healing. Applicable in a wide variety of situations, yoga attains healing through incorporation of strategies such as meditation, teaching and breathing exercises, and guided imagery. The combination of activities involved in yoga targets physical and mental health objectives and is aimed at encouraging the integration of the body, mind and spirit in humans. The growth of yoga as a treatment alternative in psychotherapy and physiotherapy originated in Ancient India and made its way into the U.S.A in the late 1800s. The practice has continued to be studied, resulting in breakthroughs such as the use of yoga for treating heart disease, inclusion of yoga into health insurance covers and the initial efforts towards the standardization of yoga in 1983 by the biomedical trust fund. The efficiency of yoga in the treatment of various conditions has been confirmed through its consistent use and the studies conducted on the process.

Many studies have been conducted in the past about the efficacy of yoga in treatment. Researchers have focused on the therapeutic impacts of yoga more than any other aspects of the treatment approach. Most of the studies conducted in the past about yoga emphasize its effectiveness in the treatment of conditions such as PTSD and schizophrenia as well as in stress management among students and employees. For instance, Ikai and others (824) conducted a study to determine the efficiency of yoga in enhancing resiliency and brain activity among schizophrenia patients. Similarly, Nosaka and Okumara (443) focused on the student populations as the target audience for the application of yoga treatment. In the present study, the main objective is to explore various concepts in relation to yoga including the practitioners, implications and efficiency of any treatment process involving yoga. The question to be answered is whether yoga is as efficient in the treatment of physical conditions as it is in treating psychological conditions.

Literature Review

Yoga originated in ancient India and has since spread across different parts of the world. Yoga is a word of Sankrit origin, having been derived from the word yuj, which means to join in Sankrit. The approach to treatment was coined in 3000 BC as a holistic natural treatment method. The focus of yoga as a whole is in bringing about unity between the individual consciousness and the universal consciousness surrounding the yoga participant (Jain and Bhartiya 27). As a treatment approach, the method has been confirmed effective in different conditions of life and potentially beneficial to students, schizophrenic patients and employees who are stressed out. The section represents an overview of what different pieces of literatures report on yoga practice and its efficiency in treatment of physical conditions.

Yoga Therapy

The use of yoga for stress reduction and for schizophrenia has been in place for some time since yoga was adopted from India into other countries. Nosaka and Okamura (444) reported that yoga has been used for stress reduction and tested in populations such as pregnant women, school children and those with mental and/ or physical disorders. While there is no clear evidence regarding the efficiency of yoga under physical disorders, Nosaka and Okamura (445) asserted that conditions such as hypertension, cancer and a variety of psychiatric diseases can be treated through yoga. Managers, social workers, students and university staffs were considered to be the most vulnerable to stress and thus the most needful of yoga as a stress management technique.  Children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, who give teachers a difficult time in managing as well as those who are under some post – disaster trauma can also benefit from yoga.

The ancient way of yoga administration brings about relaxation, and facilitates the balance of personal mental status. It entails harmonization of personal dimensions such as the mental, spiritual, physical and vital personality dimensions. Nosaka and Okamura (446) reported that these are the five sheaths of human existence and thus the target of yoga treatment. The basis of integrated yoga is to incorporate techniques that address all the five sheaths in entirety. Such an integrated course is effective for stress management across different target populations. Jose and Sajeena (300) also reported that Yoga is effective in the reduction of stress among school children. The perceived benefits of yoga have seen its spread in the U.S through organizations such as the biomedical yoga trust and the international association of yoga therapists (IAYT). IAYT for instance, was initiated in 1989 for the advancement of yoga practice in the U.S and has since then engaged in the publication of yoga journals, hosting of yoga conferences and the standardization of yoga training practices. The two organizations continue to foster the growth of yoga by facilitating research studies to determine the extent of yoga therapy efficiency in treatment of various conditions (Cabral, Meyer and Ames 2).

            In the pursuit of yoga practice, there are many expectations that one can have besides the healing. From the initial contact, the therapist establishes a relationship with the client to conduct an initial assessment of the case. This would result in the identification of health problems, assessment of physical capabilities and lifestyle, discussion of the reasons for the pursuit of therapy, and creation of a course of treatment. Upon the creation of a treatment plan, the therapist collaborates with the client to plan the sessions including timing and frequency. According to Cabral and others (3), yoga treatment is most likely to entail activities including breathing exercises referred to as prayanama, physical postures described as asana, meditation, guided imagery and homework. The objective of the homework element of yoga is to help the learner incorporate it into their daily lives.

Benefits of Yoga

Through engagement in different yoga related activities, there are various outcomes that can be expected, most of them beneficial to the one who practices yoga. For pregnant women, Jain and Bhartiya (27) reported that engaging in prenatal yoga resulted in an increase in calmness and reduction of pregnancy related complications. Through a randomized controlled trial conducted in hospitals, yoga was also confirmed to be safe, effective and non- pharmacological means of attaining better labor outcomes among pregnant women. Jain and Bhartiya (28) also mention the five sheaths of individual life and assert that for a pregnant woman, managing all the five sheaths of life is important for better outcomes.

The other benefits of yoga are categorized into five aspects including the physiological benefits, physical benefits, mental benefits, psychological benefits, emotional benefits and spiritual benefits. Each of these treatment outcomes is connected to specific conditions. Krishna and others (11- 12) also conducted trials to determine the efficiency of yoga for the treatment of heart failure, with positive outcomes. The findings from different trials conducted on the efficacy of treatment for yoga therefore, show the capacity of the treatment approach to heal a variety of conditions, in the physiological realm for instance, Jain and Bhartiya (28) reported that yoga improved the cardiovascular system, breathing, sleep quality and length and the efficiency of the immune system among other things. In terms of physical well being, yoga was found to have benefits such as helping in weight reduction and increasing muscle strength among others. Similarly, psychological benefits include reduction of stress, depression and anxiety; while emotional benefits included control over thoughts, increase of positive effects and management of difficult circumstances (Jain and Bartiya 28).


In order to determine the efficiency of yoga in the treatment of different conditions, an interview technique to research was used. The participants targeted by the interviews were individuals found at a yoga training center, who included both trainers and learners. The goal of the interviews was to find out from trainers and from those who have engaged in yoga over a certain period of time, what they felt were the outcomes associated with the practice. The setting was within a yoga training and healing center in the evening at the end of the day’s session. The trainers and the participating trainees had sufficient time for participation in the goals of the research. The initial step in the research was identification of potential respondents to the interviews. This was done based on a random sampling method in which potential respondents were approached and asked if they had time to participate in the exercise. The first trainer and learner who accepted to participate were asked yoga related questions.

Most of the people at the center looked between 28 and 38 years old, with bodies that can be described as healthy. From the perception developed about the center, most of those who pursue yoga are the middle aged women, who have probably heard about the benefits of yoga and who are bent on improving their levels of physical fitness. According to the trainer, most of those women attend yoga classes as preventive measures for negative health outcomes associated with weight gain, low self esteem and depression among others. For most of them, the level of confidence depended on their perception of self and hence the desire to look good and be stress free. None of those who had come in for yoga lessons on their own did so directly out of the awareness of the holistic nature of yoga treatment approaches since the y focus more on physical health aspects of yoga.

The student respondents who were questioned on their reasons for attending yoga classes provided responses that match those of their trainers. The perceived impacts on yoga in maintaining body shape, focusing on physical well- being and eliminating stress were eminent among the respondents. None of them however mentioned any specific illness or condition such as blood pressure or heart failure, which they believed could be improved through yoga. Healing through yoga implementation requires underlying beliefs about the efficiency of the process towards healing. The trainer reported that because most of the students do not really believe in the power of yoga while undertaking lessons, they limit their potential for success in some aspects of the human life dimensions. In yoga treatment, the body is viewed as a part of the entire human element comprising of five dimensions. Any form of mishap in any of the dimensions affects the health of all other dimensions. This therefore implies that for holistic healing to occur, one has to integrate all the elements of their existence into a unified being (Jain and Bhartiya 29). Without understanding the basis of yoga treatment therefore, attaining this integration of life elements can be a challenge, hence reducing the potential for yoga success in the treatment of the identified problematic area. This also explains why yoga trainers have to work closely with the students to dig into the underlying issues prior to commencing treatment. The spiritual life is even more important due to the consideration of man as part of the larger cosmos, and his existence a divine phenomenon.

During the observation exercise prior to the interviews, it was observed that the exercises took mainly two formats as described in various studies in the past. The most dominant was prayanama, which are the breathing exercises. The participants were engaged in a series of inhalation and exhalation exercises in a manner similar to that described by Krishna and others (12). The breathing exercises took a very specific protocol and were interchanged with the body positioning exercises referred to as asana. The trainers later reported that breathing exercises formed the most basic unit of yoga practice, and that one cannot train in other areas effectively when they have not undergone the breathing exercises. To the trainers, breathing was aimed at creating a balance between the stress associated with classes and the freedom to stay with friends and family.

The trainer, who can also be described as the healer in this case, is a qualified physiotherapist and an adept yoga practitioner. She underwent her training in biomedical science at the state university and went to pursue yoga as a form of alternative medicine directly from India before coming back to practice yoga as a treatment strategy. With over 5 year’s experience, the trainer is well qualified to deliver services in relation to yoga. She also sees herself as a participant in all patients’ treatment processes and the connection between the victims and the process itself. She also feels that yoga can be considered an effective treatment approach and thus be licensed and supported by the national government.


Yoga is a form of alternative healing strategy that has gained popularity across the world since its spread from India into the U.S. Currently; the practice is continuing to gain popularity across the world. With the observed benefits associated with yoga, its effectiveness in treatment of various conditions cannot be ignored. Yoga has been confirmed effective in holistic treatment due to its focus on the physical, physiological, spiritual, emotional and psychological aspects of life. The treatment method uses an approach that is dependent on various routines including breathing exercises, body positions, meditations and prayer for the family. In their own view of the healing capacity of yoga, trainers in the area report that the only way to benefit from the full capacity of yoga is first to believe its potential. Secondly, the patient ought to recognize the holistic nature of the approach vis a vis the dynamic nature of human characteristics. In this way, one can gain from the full range of benefits provided to the patient.

Works Cited

Cabral, P, Meyer, H. B. and Ames, D. Effectiveness of Yoga therapy as a complementary treatment for major psychiatric disorders: a meta-analysis. The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders, vol. 13, no. 4, (2011). doi:10.4088/PCC.10r01068

Ikai, Saeko, Suzuki, Takesumi, Uchida, Hiroyuki, Saruta, Juri, Tsukinoki, Tseiichi, Fujii, Yasuo and Mimura, Masaru. Effects of weekly one-hour hatha yoga therapy on resilience and stress levels in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders: an eight-week randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 20, no. 11, (2014), pp. 823- 830.

Jain, Sandhya and Bhatiya, Nikita. Positive effects of antenatal yoga on pregnancy outcomes. Indian Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 7, no. 4, (2017), pp. 27- 31.

Jose, Bhavya and Sajeena, Sr. Effectiveness of yoga therapy on stress and concentration among students of selected schools in Kerala. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research, vol. 7, no. 3, (2017), pp. 299- 304.

Krishna, Bandi Hari, Pal Pravati, Pal, G.K.,Sridhar, M.G., Balachander, J. and Jayasettiaseelon, E. Yoga training in heart failure (nyha i-ii) reduces oxidative stress and inflammation. Journal of exercise Physiology, vol. 17, no. 1, (2014), pp. 10- 17.

Nosaka, Michiyo and Okamura Hitoshi. A single session of an integrated yoga program as a stress management tool for school employees: comparison of daily practice and nondaily practice of a yoga therapy program. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 21, no. 7, (2015), pp. 444- 449.

Sample Economics Essay Paper on SEC college essay help


The SEC goal is to ensure that investors are protected, that capital formation is facilitated and that a fair, efficient and orderly market is maintained (SEC, 2018). The SEC does all this to ensure that investors are protected against unscrupulous dealings from agents or organizations. In order to ensure that its mission is upheld, the SEC distributes its functions among various divisions. This article will highlight the roles of one of its key divisions, which is the Division of Corporation Finance.

It is this division that deals with all matters pertaining to financial statements that companies release to the public. First SEC ensures that companies adhere to the regulations set in place regarding the initials stock offering and subsequent reporting of the statements (SEC, 2018). It is the work of this division to continuously review all statements disclosed by companies to ensure they are up to code and offer the firms assistances in case they require interpretation of the SEC rules.

It is imperative to first list the documents that SEC requires all firms to file. These statements include:

Registration statements for newly offered securitiesAnnual and quarterly filling (Forms 10-k and 10-Q)Proxy materials sent to shareholders before an annual meetingAnnual reports to shareholdersDocuments concerning tender offersFilings related to mergers and acquisition

Source (SEC, 2018)

By asking for the above documents, the SEC ensure that all the operations and investment of a company are public knowledge. This way all an investor needs to do is his due diligence to acquire this information. Furthermore, SEC makes these statements publicly available so that any individual who has an interest in a company can easily access them (SEC, 2018). It is the duty of the staff in this division to guide and counsel any member of the public and applicants on how to undertake their activities in accordance with SEC rules. Such acts ensure that new applicants will always have the acquired information to maintain the integrity of the financial statements they will provide in the future.

Even though the SEC requires the information to be presented, some companies might provide altered or false statements. It is, therefore, the duty of the SEC to ensure the information provided by companies reflects the actual position of the company. In this regard, another division of the SEC ensures that the regulations set are adhered to. The Division of Enforcement is the one that deals with all the companies or individual who fail to execute the regulations to the latter (Columbia University, 1999).

The division of enforcement ensures that companies maintain the integrity of preparing financial statements through the fear of prosecutions. It is in this division that evidence against wrongdoers is gathered, analyzed and in the event that a wrong has been committed, a civil action is initiated in the federal court. It is important to note that investigations in this matter are usually done privately and SEC endeavors to develop the facts of the case full before proceeding further (Columbia University, 1999).

In conclusion, the SEC maintains the integrity of the financial statements by requiring that all companies file their 10-K and 10-Q forms. The company must also disclose all information relating to mergers, a proxy statement to shareholders, annual reports, and tender offers. In addition, the SEC has a whole that only deals with the enforcement of its rules and regulations. This division ensures that by following the set guidelines the integrity of the statements provided to the public are factual and transparent.


Columbia University. (1999). How the SEC Protects Investors and Maintains Market Intergity. Retrieved from Columbia University:

SEC. (2018). What We Do. Retrieved from SEC:

Sample Psychology Paper on CPD Interview narrative essay help: narrative essay help

Pre-interview reflection

Addiction counselling is a profession that seeks to assist willing chemical and substance addicts into recovery. This profession operates on the belief that addiction does not discriminate among variables such as age, social status, or gender. Instead, anyone is susceptible to drug addiction so long as they have been exposed to the necessitating factors. One thing that I love about addiction counselling is that it is a profession that serves people from diverse backgrounds. It enhances the ability to facilitate positive interaction with different clients, which is essential in developing a relationship that encourages an environment that enables long-term changes of behaviour. In this profession, I know that I can enjoy working with people in a way that encourages patient interaction and healing process. I believe that through this process I will be able to reflect on how my personal qualities can be effective in accomplishing the goal of facilitating amicable patient recovery processes.

I believe that addiction-counseling profession will provide a platform that enables effective functioning in a team-oriented environment. Addiction counselling is a field that I would consider for my future. This is because from my experience and studies in the field of psychology, I have a passion for helping people with addiction-related problems. Through professional interventions, I am confident that I will be an equal contributor in promoting and enhancing their recovery through structured counselling sessions. I believe that with effective internship programs and sufficient training I will have a platform of exercising my skills and expertise in the profession of addiction counselling.

Introduction to the interview

Name: Thomas Harris

Agency: Northwest Counseling and Guidance Clinic

Number of years in the field: 12 years

Question 1: The field of psychology is characterized by a plethora of professions. What would you say were the motivating factors in your decision to be in the Chemical Dependency Professional (CDP)?

I would say that I was mainly motivated by my childhood and past experiences. I come from a broken family, and the separation between my father and my mother was necessitated by addiction to drugs. From what I have discovered in recent times, my parents met while they were attending a party and according to my aunt, they found unity and companion whenever they were engaged in the consumption of cocaine. This joy was to last for a very short time considering that once my siblings and I were born, they had to attend to their family responsibilities such as providing for our basic needs. I would say that this aspect provide very difficult for my parents because they were finding it relatively challenging to develop effective strategies for balancing between their need to engage in drug consumption and the requirement of providing for the children. With this level of negligence, there were blames and shift of responsibilities. My siblings and I were on the verge of dropping out of school until a neighbour, who must have been following our situation keenly, reported the matter to social services.

My parents were court mandated to attend therapy and rehabilitation session as my siblings, and I was redistributed to foster families. I cannot say that the foster families were unhelpful considering that they provide better opportunities for us to excel in life and realize our dreams. It is based on this experience that I decided to pursue a career that would not only help in addressing my needs but also provide a platform for those seeking help from their addiction problems to seek help without the feeling of isolation or shame. I believe that through CDP I am participating in bringing truth to the spotlight and creating a community of support.

Question 2: That is very inspiring. When engaging with a client what are some of the assessment points that you consider?

Addiction counselling clients often suffer from a variety of addiction problems, and therefore it may be relatively difficult to have a unanimous approach for addressing their problems. However, factors such as the age of onset, frequency, and duration of use, patterns of administration, influences, precipitators, and client’s own perception of chemical dependence may be effective in initiating the process. One of the aspects that I have found to be effective when assessing and evaluating a client is focusing on the nature and severity of the chemical dependency problem. This aspect helps in the description of how the problem may be related to other life areas. The approach will be effective in developing effective self-help involvement strategies while focusing on a patient’s prior treatment history. An inclusive approach will address the underlying issues in other life areas such as legal involvement, daily living skills, spirituality, medical health, domestic violence, employment, education, and leisure among other areas of importance.

Question 3: In the process of executing your responsibilities what do you consider your greatest challenges and how have you been able to address them?

Chemical dependency personnel will always encounter inconsistent behaviour from patients who may skip counselling session or show up late for a session. In some instances, I can say that clients may turn violent or uncooperative and this presents a challenge on how to proceed with the session such that the client benefits. According to the Wisconsin Bureau of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, it is the responsibility of the addiction counselor to engage in aggressive follow up of the client. Sometimes these efforts require probing personal decision making and judgment skills. In counselling sessions, the addiction counselor may navigate the challenges by posing hypothetical questions, which would focus on the techniques of building and gaining a client’s trust. Throughout this process, it is critical for addiction counselor to uphold integrity and other high standards of moral behaviour.

There are also stress related challenges of this profession, especially when working in a custodial environment. These include prisons, juvenile detention facilities, and mental health centres that are characterized by large workload and scarce resources for servicing clients. In such situations, addiction counselor must outline the underlying work requirement to the employer to ensure that both the client and the addiction counselors do not experience any situations that may impede the realization of an effective counselling process.

Question 4: What do you consider as your strengths that have made it possible to execute your responsibilities professionally and efficiently?

The diversity that characterizes the types of clients that are attracted to addiction counseling sessions means that the personnel must possess unique bust specific strengths and skills. Being caring, empathic and compassionate have provided me with a platform for delivering effective and relevant services to my clients. Through these strengths, it is possible to reason with the client and understand their perspective on the addiction problem. Furthermore, they have also created opportunities for the development of self-generated solutions to addressing the needs of the client. I also consider my love for this work as an effective strength. This is because it has enabled me to maintain professional boundaries while being sensitive to client issues. This strength improves my communication skills while enhancing my ability to establish effective relationships with my clients.

Question 5: Would you say that the addiction counseling is rewarding?

The extent to which the addiction counseling is rewarding depends on the objectives of the professional. Personally, I think it is one of the most rewarding careers in the field of psychology because it seeks to provide help to someone who is seeking it. Throughout my professional life, I have witnessed the extent to which this profession promotes social benefits of prevention, treatment, and recovery from chemical addiction-related problems and substance disorder. I have learned to appreciate and celebrate people in recovery by lauding the contributions of treatment and other service providers within these professions who promote the message of recovery in all the available formats. By interacting with clients and sharing, some of my experiences with them, the profession has become a platform for spreading the positive message that behavioural health is essential for the realization of overall health objectives. This has been facilitated by the communication of information on how prevention and treatment can be effective considering that people always recover from their addiction.

An additional rewarding aspect of this profession is that it enables the personnel to integrate different approaches depending on the client’s situation. I have been able to integrate different approaches when attending to my clients, and these include the 12-step model, the community reinforcement approach, and the cognitive-behavioural approach. This is effective because it provides for an opportunity of using an open mind to seek the best approach of assisting a client by involving the client in all steps of their treatment or recovery sessions. 


The chemical dependency counselling interview was informative and highly insightful considering that it confirmed all my expectations concerning the field of addiction counselling. My view of the field has not changed because it has validated my understanding that the field of addiction counselling largely deals with unpredictable and sometimes unruly clients. This means that it requires the efforts of a dedicated addiction counsellor who will develop the best techniques and strategies that will ensure the effective creation of rapport. An effective rapport, from my understanding of the interview process, can in building trust with a client hence facilitating and effective interaction process. An aspect that surprised me was the way addiction counsellor has the responsibility of upholding their professional standards irrespective of the prevailing situation. Professionalism in this field is critical in determining the extent to which a counselling session will be considered successful or a failure.

The interview process was critical in motivating me to consider dedicating much of time to working in the field of addiction counselling. This is because I believe that I possess the right skills and expertise that can make me one of the best addiction counsellors. It also heightened my belief in the ability of the education system to produce professional who possess practical and relevant skills that can be applied in the process of providing help to part of the most vulnerable members of the society. My passion will continue driving me into securing more opportunities within this filed despite the existing challenges.

Sample English Essay Paper on Harrison Bergeron Analysis cheap essay help: cheap essay help

            Harrison Bergeron is a story about a possible future where all persons are made equal using the least advantaged as the determinant. If a person is too intelligent, they are handicapped to make them as dumb as the rest of the population. Persons that are gifted or talented are the ones who are targeted the most by the agents of the Handicap General. The handicaps aim to ensure that all persons are equal in the society and that there is no competition among people in whichever field they are in (Vonnegut 1). This story is supportive of the sentiments made by Rawls regarding egalitarianism in the society. Rawls posits that the advantageous background of a person in terms of genetics, education, talents or hard work are arbitrary and do not entitle them to have a claim to their success.

            The reasoning of Rawls is reflected clearly in Harrison Bergeron, only that is a nightmarish exaggeration. This exaggeration is evident in the measures made by the government to prevent smart people from taking advantage of their brains and handicap contraptions that strong and graceful people are forced to wear to make them as awkward and anyone else. The Handicap General has even gone a step further to force the extremely beautiful people to wear masks to look just like other people (Vonnegut 5). This is an undesirable situation to put people in, and the story is a satire criticizing the reasoning behind egalitarianism. Rawls refuses to give credit to the efforts made by an individual to improve their economic and social status in their communities. If such an approach is to be used enforcing an equal world, then the society is headed towards failure.

Work Cited

Vonnegut, Kurt. Harrison Bergeron. 1961. Print.

Sample Women and Gender Studies Book Review Paper on The Danish Girl Movie Analysis research essay help

Tom Hopper delivered another piece that looked set to win awards. The film revolves on transgender. The story is about a happy relationship of two individuals Einar Wegener and his wife, Gerda. The relationship takes a twist one day when a model failed to show up, Gerda immediately asked Einar to pose wearing a dress. The experience thrill Einar who even decides to attend an upcoming party dressed as a woman, Gerda readily agrees. After a kiss from a partygoer, Einar realizes that he has been trapped on a wrong for so long. Einar even goes to greater lengths to try an experimental surgery procedure to help transform his gender.

 I like how Hopper delivered a master piece that is a bit safe considering the plot of the film. Hopper engages an award winning star who has won awards in other movies. In this piece, he subtly changes his awkward body to more comfortable female identity. Strong points of the movie include the depicted beautiful landscapes and dramatic use of characters placed in odd corners of the movie frame. Gerda plays a less role and only gets to react to news of Einar’s transformation.

 Considerably, the movie critically brings to light the dimension about sexual identity to the benefits of audience. The film affirms that people are free to identify with their preferred gender and roles so long as they are comfortable. However, am disappointed by how the movie deliberately skips over emotional uncertainties.  Further, the film presents parents with difficult tasks in trying to explain what is happening in the movie to teenagers considering the scenes of nudity portrayed. However, the film is a good stepping stone towards the recognition of transgender in American society.

Sample Literature Essay Paper on Zhang Ailing and Her Works english essay help: english essay help

Zhang Ailing, also known as Eileen Chang was a female Chinese writer who was born in the year 1920 into a large Shanghai family. Although she came from a privileged family, Zhang Ailing did not have a happy childhood. This is because both her parents had irreconcilable differences and the consequent drawn-out estrangement and divorce embittered them both and had a lasting impact on Zhang Ailing’s life (Louie, 2012). Her mother for instance was more concerned with personal liberation than with her children’s happiness while her father took up another wife and was a heavy opium user. Born one year after the outbreak of the May Forth Movement, Zhang lived her childhood years in the larger social context of the commencement and rapid development of the New Cultural movement. Moreover, by the time of her birth, Western concepts such as democracy and science had already began creeping into the Chinese society. The popularity of Zhang Ailing soared in Shanghai when she published her first work which was a collection of short stories titled Romances. Several of her novels have also been made into plays and films in the last few decades, and her popularity has increased as a consequence (Louie, 2012). Zhang Ailing created numerous literary works, which includes novels, essays, screenplays, and her letters, which were studied as part of her literary writings. The childhood experiences of Zhang Ailing shaped how she expressed most of her work. When she reached ten years old, her mother took arranged for her to go to primary school in order for her to study English. This was done against the wishes of her father. During this period, she also learnt how to play the piano and the art of drawing. This period where she interacted with the western culture formed some of her happiest memories. Not only did her childhood experiences shape up her personal character, but also how she expressed herself in her writings.

She wrote her first book at the age of seven which she titled “dream of a genius”. The focus of this book was about a family tragedy. Her second story was about a woman who commits suicide. Throughout her life, Zhang Ailing has published several books. The first book she published is titled “The Unfortunate her” which she did a year after her parents’ divorce. “The unfortunate her”  shows that the institutions of marriage and love fallen in predicament is closely related to the intense anxiety of self-identity, which is pertaining not only to individual status, but also to a collective, class/national identity. That same year when her work got published, her mother moved to Europe and her father took up another wife. This made Zhang Ailing’s relationship with her father to deteriorate even more. In the spring of 1938, after a series of abuse from her father who beat her up mercilessly and then locked her up in her room for months because of a heated argument Zhang had had with her step mother, She decided to escape and join her mother who had returned to Shanghai from Europe. During the period when she was isolated in her room, Zhang Ailing spent her time writing about the incident with her father and her unhappy childhood in an essay she titled “What a Life! What a girl’s Life”. The essay stemmed from her desire to escape from the clutches of her father. Her imprisonment by her father, together with her disenchantment with her mother’s image, sowed the seeds of Zhang’s subsequent tragic vision and anti-romantic worldview (Hoyan, 1996). The essay went on to be published in English in the newspaper called Shanghai Evening post, which is located in Shanghai China. By publishing in English, Zhang Ailing was able to reach out to both Chinese and English readers. She continued to incorporate bilingualism and biculturalism in the course of her illustrious writing profession. In the year 1943, Zhang not only published three cultural critiques, but also six film reviews in The Twentieth Century. The three cultural critiques are the “Chinese Life and Fashions,” “Still Alive,” and “Demons and Fairies. These works were later rewritten in Chinese language and they mainly focused on the culture and characteristics of the Chinese people (Hoyan, 1996).

She wrote in a self-mocking tone in “My dream of genius” an essay written at the age of nineteen: “I do not know how to peel an apple… I am afraid of occasions such as visiting the hairdresser or having a fitting in front of the tailor. Many people tried to teach me how to knit, but none of them succeeded. After living in the house for two years, I still failed to figure out where the doorbell was…In short; I am a piece of garbage in society… My mother’s serious warnings exert no influence on me, except to upset my psychological balance”. Such strong sentiments were molded during her childhood years. The two years that her mother tried to teach her how to act as a lady seemingly damaged her pride. She expressed her sentiments in the essay titled My Dream of a Genius. Even though Zhang Ailing was not able to grasp the teachings of her mother on how to become a lady, she was able to excel academically as she gained admission to London University based on merit. She went on to study English, Chinese, translation and literature. Also, her admission to London University exposed her to the Western culture which taught her a lot. In addition, the cold war together with world tensions might have created in Zhang Ailing a sense of insecurity about the possibility of personal and political betrayal. She had apolitical view on the war. Her apolitical attitude explains the reason why she was willing to write under the Japanese occupation in the subsequent years (Hoyan, 1996). To her, reality is something unsystematic, random, fragmented and difficult to understand (Hoyan, 1996).

In the last years of her life, Zhang Ailing dedicated her time to write two novels; one in Chinese and the other in English. She embarked on writing the Chinese novel in the year 1970 and upon completion, she gave it the title little reunion. The novel was posthumously published in the year 2009. In the year 1969, Zhang published Romance of Half a Lifetime in Taiwan two yers removed from her husband’s death. The novel was a rewriting of the novel Eighteen Springs although she made several changes to remove the pro- communist elements. The fact that her last two novels are rewritings of earlier works is an indication of a decline in inspiration.

In conclusion, Zhang was a self-conscious writer whose works speak volume of her incredible writing prowess. Her works show a strong sensuality and sympathetic understanding, as well as an identification with femininity and with everyday life (Hoyan, 1996).

Works Cited

Louie, Kam. Eileen Chang: Romancing Languages, Cultures and Genres. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2012. Print

Hoyan, and Carole H.F. “The Life and Works of Zhang Ailing: a Critical Study.” Open Collections, 1996. Print

Sample Art Paper on The art works of Munch, Duchamp, and Mattise scholarship essay help

The questions that need answered are in the instructions

The art works of Munch, Duchamp, and Mattise led to controversy because of the unique styles of art work they incorporated in their pieces. Munch was criticized for his raw expression, Matisse for his wild colors and simplified cut-outs, and Duchamp for what looked like “an explosion in shingle factory”. This is because in expressing their artworks, the artists used different styles that were new to the world. Matisse used the white of exposed canvas and pure colors in his Fauve painting. This style of painting was received with controversy because his use of color and pattern was considered unsettling and disorienting. His work served as a precursor for abstract expressionalism in the 20th century. On the other hand, Marcel Duchamp who was a French painter and sculptor was criticized due to the type of art works he did.   His attraction to human sexuality and word play led him to create unique art pieces which mainly featured women such as the femme fatale. Moreover, Munch was criticized for his raw expression since his works portrayed emotional materials such as terror and death scenes. He used symbolism as a style of art to depict his artwork. Symbolism represents a synthesis of form and feeling, of reality and the artist’s inner subjectivity. The works of the above artists has paved way for the rise of new art forms. Artists such as Lee Kranser, Mark Rothko, and Kenneth Noland have all benefitted from the art style perfected by Matisse, Duchamp, and Munch.

Both Jason Pollock and William de Kooning incorporated the use of abstract expressionalism in their paintings. This type of art put together the use of various forms of art such as cubism, surrealism and expressionism. Their paintings had a traditional touch to it, with some of the most prominent art works of William de Kooning featuring women. According to Drue Kataoka in the video how art can lengthen life, art helps individuals discover new things in unexpected places and changes the way we view things over time. One way an individual can maintain curiosity and interest in arts is by taking nature walks. By embarking on these walks, an individual is able to connect with the beauty of nature thereby growing his/her interest in art. Also, by taking photographs during the nature walk, one is able to discover more about the environment.

From the video by Ursus Wehrli on tidying up art, we learn that a single art piece can be modified and expressed as another art form by rearranging and restructuring. Tidying up art is a new idea which brings order to already done art pieces by making it simpler from its complex nature. I agree with Ursus Wehrli in his idea of tidying up art because it brings rise to another different art piece which is not as complex as the original artwork. According to Jessica Backus in the video Why you don’t get contemporary art, she states that one of the reasons why people do not understand art is because they do not understand art. Art has to be understood in order to be interpreted. An individual has to go out and experience art by visiting places such as museums or galleries. By doing so, an individual is able to learn more about art which will provide him/her with the knowledge to interprete the art. Also, she suggests that intermediaries have played a part in making people not get art. Furthermore, another reason why people do not get contemporary art is because they are the problem and not the art. These obstacles can be overcomed through experiencing art. This can be done by studying art and visiting art exhibitions such as galleries and museums.

Sample Music Essay Paper on Church devry tutorcom essay help

When it comes to religious matters, there are various expectations or rather experiences that different institutions provide for the visitors and church members. The success of any ministry is measured in the way the first time visitors are welcomed to feel at home which encourages them to come visit again the next service. This is an account of my personal experience of going to church which for a greater part has not been okay given the poor reception of the visitors.

Overall, it is of no significance the way modern or attractive the sanctuary is, or the color on the walls or the class of the congregation. One of the greatest virtues I connect with is the environment that offers a meaningful worship. Secondly, it is the personal connection that a church extends to the visitors that enables a visitor to feel relaxed rather than stand out as the new guy or lady in the congregation. It goes beyond just the normal handshake or greetings, it is like getting interest in the visitors to know their story and whereabouts, whether they will be constant visitors or not. To narrow down it down, I want to talk about my experience in Valley Creek Church, in Taxes (10xchurch 3).

At the entrance to the Church, there is a receptionist who by the look of things recognizes the new faces visiting for the first time. After a brief introduction and getting to know each other’s name, the usher takes me into the church where I am introduced to a greeter whose work is to show visitors around so that they are comfortable during the service. The kind gesture of feeling the warm welcome is all a person needs to feel appreciated by the church (10xchurch 7).

The music session, also known as worship time was rather as expected, it was very loud. The worship team was so into the songs and each had its own moods or reactions that affected the congregation. The atmosphere or rather the mood during the worship and praise time was somewhat different from the normal. It may be described as calm, and creates a culture of worship that expounds beyond the church building (10xchurch 12). It is more of connecting one on one with God, lying before his throne. Immediately after the worship, there is preaching that rotates around preparation of the second coming of Jesus.

After the service as people were walking out, there was a line from the door where we each got to great everyone as you go by. It was a great culture to my belief that going to church is not only getting to hear the message of God but also to relate with the fellow saints. Additionally, we were welcome to dine with the rest of the groups that had carried a meal for lunch (10xchurch 15). The whole experience was unique and captivating, knowing that there is a group of church members who value all, visitors on not. Such a service helps pull one into the church to be a member.

In summary, churches offer different experiences apart from what is demonstrated above. Different churches have their own culture and way of worship, but what should be constant is that visitors should be appreciated and given a warm welcome.

Work cited

10xchurch. Church Hospitality: First-Time Church Visitor Experience at Valley Creek Church. 2016. 18 04 2018

Sample HR Management Paper on MGT 258 Reflective essay extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology

It was a bunch of mixed feelings inside me while I was preparing for the first class; I was both nervous and excited. However, the instructor simplified the unit and by the end of the first week, I was enjoying the course. Before studying this course I did not have an idea on how large organizations effectively manage their human resource. I never understood how companies like Volkswagen and Netflix managed their large staff. This was a new learning experience to me as earlier ideas and perspectives were challenged. The topics covered every week have presented me with an opportunity to increase my knowledge in many fields such as building and managing a team. This class has been a good foundation for other human resource classes.

The course textbook ‘Management’ is an educative book that ties explanations to the real world. I think it will still serve as a guide book in future if I start my business or have a managerial position. The course began with an introduction to management that was an eye opener as I learnt about the different types of managers. From this information, I think I would like to have a position as a first-line manager as this post is involves a lot of interaction with employees. In my opinion, understanding management was very important before moving to human resource topics and the instructor did a superb job by clearing the basics first and then proceeding to the complex concepts.  Other topics such as managing in a global environment introduced me to the concept of management in a foreign country. I know have knowledge on the steps to take to internationalize a company. I think global outsourcing would be a good way to build an international brand.

 Some of the lessons will be useful in other courses. The topic on planning work activities has lay foundation to study in strategic planning. Steps in goal setting will help me set personal goals regarding my life. I have been familiarized with new business jargons like McDonaldizations that have been useful in understanding the fast food business in USA. Lessons learnt from entrepreneurial ventures topic have changed my mind set about starting a business where I thought one has to start large. I am now equipped with necessary skills and knowledge of setting up my own business. Lesson about decision making will be instrumental in making decisions regarding my life and career. I am now familiar with the steps of decision making. Being a group leader, the lesson about forming and managing a team will be beneficial in my group leadership role. This course involved many case studies on top companies. I am now familiar with operations of top companies such as Volkswagen. I was not aware that a business can adopt change without affecting its profits, but then while studying this subject that change is bound to occur in any business. The method of managing change determines the business survival.

Conclusively, I am grateful to this class since I have discovered the type of management position that I want to hold. After the case study on Netflix, I have understood the factors that have helped them stay relevant to date. The most important tip that I have learnt is hiring smart people benefits a business. This lesson has improved my understanding of operations of business organizations. I am grateful to this course as I have been equipped with knowledge that will not only help me in my course but also in my life.

Sample Nursing Paper on Presentation on ethics in health care admission essay help

            I carefully listened to the lecture by Luzviminda Boyonas as I took notes and photos for future reference. The images used were captivating and enabled me to follow the Among the lessons that I learnt is the four principles that guide ethics in healthcare they include justice that requires a nurse to treat all patients equally, autonomy that means involving patients in decision making, fidelity which can be interpreted as faithfulness to patients and code of conduct and beneficence that refers to helping the patient advance their own good. All the 4 principles are important. However, autonomy often takes precedence over the others. Following this principles prevent unnecessary legal problems. I learnt survey shows that nurses are the most honest are the most trusted and ethical professionals. The lecturer insisted on the need of been ethical as it will increase patient’s confidence in the health care system.

            I can use this information in my future practice. First I will exercise fairness in dealing with all patients regardless of their cases. I will also exercise autonomy by informing a patient on the possible solutions and allowing them to make the final decision. In the spirit of nonmaleficence I will be careful in dealing with patients by providing them with the best care. The presentation enabled me achieve 2020 healthy goals as I was able to gain tips on promoting quality of life by taking care of patients. Good care aids in fast healing thus promoting quality of life. One of the goals is to increase awareness on health issues, the lecture helped in improving my awareness on health care ethics. The activity introduced a new concept to community health nursing that encourages selfless service rather than viewing it as a job.

Sample Law Paper on Don’t Talk to Police essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The American constitution offers an opportunity for its citizens to exercise their right on the Fifth Amendment clause by protecting them from being compelled in a criminal case and being a witness against themselves (Duane). As such, this article aims at providing a video summary of don’t talk to police as discussed by James Duane.

Video Summary

Duane feels that an individual should not talk to the police when accused of a crime or in an interrogating environment. For instance, one can make an error while trying to describe to the police where they were at a time of crime incidence which the police might presume as a lie (Duane). Further, the officer interrogating the client may forget what a person said earlier or maybe lured into saying wrong things by the cops under no obligation of telling the truth.  Therefore, one’s statement in conjunction with fake eyewitness accounts to poor testimony that can result in being convicted of serious crime (Duane).

Some of the key concepts entailed by the presenter include self-incrimination which is an act of exposing oneself by giving an explanation to accusation or charge. Moreover, the idea of Miranda warning that is used to prevent a convict from talking (Duane). However, one has a right to speak to the attorney and have them around during interrogation. Consequently, Fifth Amendment safeguards an individual from being witness to themselves unless under the presence of a jury.


James advises individuals on the need to remain silent when being questioned by the police since speaking can lead to one being convicted of a serious crime even if they were innocent. Additionally, cops can ask questions that can lead a person to provide informative materials that can be used against them in a court of law. 

Works Cited

Duane, James. Don’t Talk To Police. 2010, Accessed 18 Apr 2018.

Sample History Essay Paper on Reaction Paper to Ghosts of Rwanda and Black Gold melbourne essay help: melbourne essay help

Reaction Paper to Ghosts of Rwanda and Black Gold

            Most of the conflicts in the world stem from a systemic failure and interference by powerful external forces. The Rwandan genocide and the historical cycle of poverty among coffee farmers in Ethiopia are classical examples of historical systemic failures and the overbearing power wielded by external powers. The two documentaries, Ghosts of Rwanda and Black Gold, poignantly paint the picture of how such factors can create an enabling-environment where political and economic vices thrive for the benefit of the rich and powerful nations. They document the influence and the power possessed by rich nations and international organizations such as the United Nations, United States and World Trade Organization. Most importantly, they highlight how such powerful entities primarily intervene in political and economic conflicts only it serves their interests.

            Produced in 2004, the documentary Ghosts of Rwanda chronicles the state-sponsored ethnic cleansing in 1994 in Rwanda. The documentary retells the methodical murder of over 800,000 Rwandans, mostly from the Tutsi ethnic community as the international community watched. As the Hutu extremists hunted and massacred the Tutsi, international community was reluctant to intervene. The documentary traces the diplomatic and political failures to quell a war that traces its origins to social, political and economic biasness by colonial powers. The documentary uses interviews with key players involved in the conflict including soldiers, survivors and government officials among others to indict the international community who failed to stop the slaughter due to deep rooted national interests (Barker, 2004).

One of the fundamental objectives of a documentary is to document a fundamental issue, historical, present or future. And in Ghosts of Rwanda, the audience is treated to a firsthand account of the events that transpired during the historic Rwandan genocide. Through their eyes, audiences are offered a unique opportunity to relive the terrible tales of the survivors, the inhumane motivation of the soldiers who slaughtered thousands of Tutsi minorities and the mindset of the diplomats who stood by and watched as the Hutu extremists led one of the largest massacres in human history. As the Tutsis ran scared into the forests to escape an imminent death as seen through the eyes of the survivors, the world is reminded of the dangers of systemic failures and historical social, political and economic injustices committed in developing countries with the blessing of developed countries (Barker, 2004).

The minority Tutsis were elevated above the Hutus by colonial powers setting off a cascade of events that led to deep rooted ethnic hatred. The documentary objectively shows that the seeds of hatred sowed by Germans and nurtured by the British sprout fast. The nadir of such growth was a government-sponsored ethnic cleansing. The colonial powers gave the minority Tutsis preferential treatment over their Hutu brothers. Jobs and economic opportunities were unevenly distributed. The Tutsi were perceived as highly educated and given plumb jobs in the government. They were essentially made lords over Hutus. One of the strengths of this documentary is it objectivity. By documenting information from various sources, the producers are able to focus on their themes without falling into the temptation of being biased on such an emotive issue. The documentary is emotive and highlights the perception of leaders such as Kofi Annan and Boutros Boutros-Ghali who headed the United Nations. Most crucially, it intertwines the haunting experiences of the survivors and the Hutu extremists. It collects the views of more than diplomats (Barker, 2004). The producers corroborate their evidences with the information collected by journalists such as Fergal Keane who walked through the streets Rwandan towns and village paths to chronicle to the world the failures of the international community and the dangers of bystander politics and national interests.

In Black Gold, the producers bring to their audiences the dangers associated with economic dominance of global coffee market by world super powers and international organizations. The documentary follows the struggles of Tadesse Meskela, an Ethiopian representing the 74-member Oromia Coffee Farmers Co-op Union as he challenges the dominance of multinational corporations in the world’s coffee market. His primary mission is to ensure that his people, the Oromia, can get fair prices for the coffee that they tirelessly struggle to bring to the world market. The odds are stark high against him as he seeks to overturn the influence of the middlemen and push his agenda to the doorsteps of World Trade Organization (WTO). However, his met with challenges as his voice is drowned by the multinational corporations with their huge financial war chest and the powerful influence exerted on WTO by the world’s richest nations. Back at home the coffee farmers are starving despite their produce bettered only by oil on the global trade arena. Meskela is a proponent of fair-trade concept is works tirelessly including going overseas to ensure that coffee farmers back in Ethiopia get a fair share of the profits currently hoarded by coffee giants.

The documentary is thought-provoking. It is an indictment of the inactivity of the WTO in ensuring fair trade which is one of the founding principles of the organization. The organization has been held hostage by powerful countries where these multinational corporations are based. As a result, the interests of poor nations and business entities such as the ones Meskela is representing are swept aside by the powerful tide of organizational greed and national interests. As the coffee giants continue to rake in huge profits, the local farmers who ought to be the major beneficiaries of their sweat languish in poverty. It is an irony of big business that plays out throughout the documentary in the form of business facts and figures and personal journey of Meskela and the many farmers he represents (Francis & Francis, 2006).

In documenting the ills associated with big business in the coffee industry, the directors of the documentary, Marc and Nick Francis prioritizes objectivity as the founding pillar of their insightful investigative work. They collected firsthand information from Ethiopians earning less than a half a dollar for a day’s job, the poor coffee farmers, big corporations and the WTO. He highlights the absurdity of a commodity produced in Ethiopia but whose prices are determined thousands of miles away in London and New York. The documentary is well-reached and awash with disheartening stories and emotive tales and facts.

In conclusion, the two documentaries provide useful insight on how international diplomacy plays out on the global political and economic landscape. They are indictments of the failures of international community in ensuring fair play when it comes to international diplomacy, politics and economics. In Rwanda, close to a million people were slaughtered as the world watched conflicted by national interests. Ethiopia’s coffee farmers and coffee factory workers are plagued by poverty while the powerful nations benefit from their sweat.


Barker, G. (dir.). (2004). Ghosts of Rwanda. USA: Frontline.

Francis, M. & Francis, N. (dir.). (2006). Black Gold. USA: Speakit Films.    

Sample Political Science Essay Paper on The Historical Record of Russian Wars and Invasions computer science essay help

Russia has been involved in several armed conflicts and wars from antiquity to the present day with most of these wars being fought by the Russian military and the Russian people. The 13th Century witnessed the Mongol invasion and decimation of “Rus” principalities. At the time, the Mongol Empire invaded Europe, and Kievan Rus’ was also targeted during the invasion leading to the destruction of cities such as Ryazan, Moscow, Kolomna, Vladimir, as well as Kiev. The Battle of the Kalka Rive in 1223 that resulted in the victory of the Mongol Empire over several Rus’ principalities set the stage for the war. Between 1237 and 1240, there was a full-scale invasion of Rus’ by Batu Khan that saw all the principalities submit to Mongol rule. The period between late 1400 and early 1700s marking early modern Russia witnessed Russian wars with countries such as Sweden, Poland, and the Ottoman Empire. The war between Poland and Russia occurred between 1605 and 1618 and was known as the Dimitriadis. It was as a result of the military conflicts and invasions carried out towards the east by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The war between Russia and Sweden, commonly referred to as the Russo-Swedish War took place between 1590 and 1595. The war was triggered by Boris Godunov’s efforts to gain the territory of the Duchy of Estonia that belonged to Sweden. Russia’s war with the Ottoman Empire is referred to as the Russo-Turkish War, and it took place between 1828 and 1829. The war was triggered by the Sultan’s move to close the Dardanelles to Russian ships as well as the revocation of the Akkerman Convention to retaliate Russia’s involvement in the Battle of Navarino.

In 1812, there was the French invasion of Russia by Napoleon with the Russians referring to the war as the Patriotic War of 1812 whereas the French referred to it as the Russian Campaign. The onset of the war was when Napoleon’s army crossed the Neman River aiming to fight and defeat the Russian army. The economic issue of contention was Russia’s trade with the British merchants whereas the political issue was the need to liberate Poland from Russia’s threat and control. Between 1914 and 1920, Russia was involved in World War I and witnessed the Russian Civil War. Russia joined World War I as an Allied power alongside the French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. However, the Russian government’s collapse in March 1917 followed by a military defeat saw the Russians come to terms with the Central Powers such as Germany. The Russian Civil War came immediately after World War I with several factions aiming at determining Russia’s political future at the time. The Civil War was between the Red Army and the White Army with the former being led by Vladimir Lenin and was interested in socialism while the latter was interested in capitalism and monarchism. Russia, then known as the Soviet Union, was drawn into World War II in June 1941 when the European Axis Powers led by Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union. The invasion of the Soviet Union paved the way for the largest land theatre of war in the world’s history.

Russia’s involvement in wars was because of the need to protect its national interests. To a large extent, this has influenced current Russian foreign policy toward the West. The evolution of Russia’ foreign policy began when Primakov took over the foreign office in 1996, a time when Russia was in a deep and protracted crisis. At the time, Russia’s role or impact on international developments were limited with key decisions on the enlargement of the EU and NATO being made without Russia’s involvement. The fear of losing its place in global matters alongside being isolated have thus influenced Russian foreign policy. The primary objective of the policy is to restore Russia’s position as one of the world’s great powers. Since Putin’s rise to power, he has broadly continued to undertake Russia’s operations within the same foreign policy scheme. With his priority on building a foreign policy based on national interest, Putin has acted more assertively to the attacks by the West and the U.S. on countries such as Ukraine and Syria. Putin’s argument is that the West and the U.S. are destabilizing forces that must be resisted in every means possible. The crisis of 2011 Russian elections further shaped Putin’s conduct of foreign policy toward the West and the blowback of Russia. During the 2011 Russian elections, Putin accused the U.S. of supporting street protests against the election. Putin’s stand was that Russia ought to safeguard itself from interference from external powers in its internal affairs. Putin has since taken a strong stand against the West and the United States in a bid to have Russia assert itself as a global power.

Sample Management Essay Paper on Market and Human Resource Analysis for IrisCam cheap mba definition essay help: cheap mba definition essay help

Marketing and Human Resource Analysis for IrisCam


            IrisCam intends to be the world’s best manufacturer of cameras and all associated accessories. The company has 150 employees and one manufacturing plant in the US. The company has plans to build plants in Asia where there are ready materials and accessible labor. IrisCam’s strategy has been to differentiate itself from the competitors regarding the premium quality of its cameras. Its products and promotion strategies make it noticeable and unique to the consumers thereby enabling it to record better sales and returns compared to its competitors. Additionally, emplacing on the quality of the products has helped in the reputation management of the firm. The promotion of the brand has made people associate it with quality taste and status. The company continually improves its customer service to make it have a positive reputation in the market (Thompson, Peteraf, Gamble & Strickland, 2016). Marketing efforts of the organization are aimed at making increase sales and brand recognition among the consumers.


            The firm has made efforts to position itself as a premium brand of camera. It has done this by striving to create a digital experience as opposed to just providing the clients with the product. The products are designed to provide the clients with advanced features that are easy to understand and use. The outcome of the use of the cameras of this firm is to revolutionize how people make and preserve memories. The cameras are internet enabled and can be linked to the social media accounts of the users or the cloud. Further, the company promotes good customer experience by training its employees from time to time on how to best improve their services and appeal to the customers by other means, such as offering customers convenience.


            IrisCam targets consumers in the upper class who have higher income compared to the rest of the population. Consequently, it focuses on providing the customers with premium cameras. These clients prefer having a gadget that is unique and can perform functions that are impossible for the ones already in the market. Further, all the types of cameras made are of limited and customized editions to make the clients feel unique. The enterprise’s customers’ demographic often includes persons in high wage professions, business owners, and other high-income earners in the age bracket of 25-60 (Chi‐Young, Murphy & Jyh‐Lin, 2017). Most of these people are in a lifestyle that is fast-moving and are often moving to exotic places to unwind. Having a camera that is water resistant and can withstand varying temperature and humidity without altering the quality of the pictures is the epitome of convenience for the clients. The camera satisfies the mentioned needs at once. The marketing approach of this firm is aimed at making the customers feel valued regarding the services rendered and also in the quality of the camera.

Marketing Tactics

            The firm relies on merchandising a lot in its marketing efforts. Its products contain its logo. The company also goes an extra mile to ensure that the merchandise is pleasant and attractive to the consumers, which helps in the addition of value to its services and products (Jones et al., 2015). Additionally, the organization ensures that not only is its camera perfect, but also the bags and cables that accompany it. The devices are so durable that the clients are given a five-year warranty period. The enterprise is famed for using unconventional methods of marketing its brand. For example, it avoids having adverts in traditional media, such as billboards, television, and newspapers. Despite not advertising in the same manner as other companies, the firm can generate popularity and publicity among the consumers.

            The enterprise has presented itself to the customers as customer oriented, focused on providing quality and as an ethical brand. Its stores are aesthetically appealing and comfortable for maximum relaxation of the clients. The origin of all the components used in the assembly of the IrisCam cameras has been established and determined to be ethical. The components are sourced from ethical suppliers, and the company has made sure that this is known by the customers. The company also offers to take back the cameras from the clients once they are done with them as opposed to throwing them away (Jondle, Ardichvili & Mitchell, 2014). The ethical image of the corporation that is generated by this action makes it gain favor in the eyes of the clients and leads to customer loyalty and retention. The trends of the 21st century have proven that having an ethical brand as a result of being accountable and environmentally friendly attract customers (Thompson, Peteraf, Gamble & Strickland, 2016).

            Originally, the marketing approach of IrisCam relies on its brand image and nothing more. The company only advertises on the forums where the high-end clients are bound to be found. These include business magazines and holiday brochures. The limited marketing of this company makes the clients feel unique and special compared to the rest of the population. The cost of advertising for IrisCam is very small compared to what is spent by other firms of the same stature as IrisCam. The enterprise also relies on social media marketing to publicize its goods to increase its market share. The use of Twitter for marketing does not require a significant investment, and that is an advantage for the company. It uses its Twitter page to share stories about new stores, CSR achievements and other critical milestones (Thompson, Peteraf, Gamble & Strickland, 2016). The followers that this company has on social media also share the updates, making the stories become even more viral and visible to other potential clients. Moreover, the firm has more than 100 entertaining and engaging videos on YouTube that showcase its brand and related products.

Human Resource

            IrisCam is among the best companies regarding how it treats its employees. The corporation has adopted a purpose-driven culture in handling its workforce. The approach has the effect of making the employees feel valued at work and more fulfilled with their occupation (Thompson, Peteraf, Gamble & Strickland, 2016). Furthermore, the employees form strong relationships with their co-workers and are high performers and loyal to the organization. The recruitment process is aimed at improving the lives of the persons selected to work in the company. In a bid to improve the lives of the employees, the company has been paying college tuition fees for employees who wish to further their studies. This scheme provides the employees with full tuition fees at Arizona State University online college.  Employees of IrisCam who do not yet have a bachelor’s degree are encouraged to enroll for that program. The human resource management of the firm states that the motivation behind this scheme is to address the problem of educational inequality in the American society.  

            The employees are referred to as partners in the company and encouraged to buy stakes in the enterprise to increase their dedication and benefits. The employees are supposed to choose from 50 undergraduate degree programs from ASU Online. There are no conditions for the sponsorship, not even a commitment to keep working for the firm once the benefitting employees have graduated. The most popular degrees in the program include psychology, engineering sciences, and organizational leadership. The introduction of this program in 2015 drove up the number of applications for positions in the company, even for corporate posts where the applicants already had degrees (Sindhwani & Ahuja, 2014). The program attracted a lot of talent to the company inclusive of persons that did not qualify for it.

            This is positive branding using the human resource wing of the company. The result expected is that the company will attract and retain the best talent to the workforce and in effect offset this additional cost of the program. There is also the tendency of the consumers spending more on companies that seem to have and perpetuate good values than those that do not. Customers are often sensitive to how a company treats its employees, and if they perceive it positively, they are likely to choose the brand.

Results and Mistakes in the Strategies

            The marketing strategies of this company have been effective, especially in giving the firm and ethically sound image, which has made the clients who support ethical trade in electronics and other commodities loyal to the enterprise. The company has not diversified to include other segments of the market apart from the high-end consumers, and this makes the market attach a higher value to the products that the enterprise sells.  Regarding human resource, the move to consider the employee’s partners as opposed to just workers who can be replaced at any time is a positive move. The humane treatment of the employees has trickled down to how they handle the customers, and this has had a positive impact on the firm (Thompson, Peteraf, Gamble & Strickland, 2016). The only mistake in the Human resource is not having the beneficiaries of the college tuition commit to working for the organization because it creates an opportunity for a person to join the firm just to attain a degree and then resign to pursue other interests. It might also lower the value attached to the college tuition program by the employees. The solution to this would be to require the beneficiaries to work for the firm for at least one year after graduation.


Chi‐Young C., Murphy, A., & Jyh‐Lin W. (2017). Segmentation of consumer markets in the US: What do intercity price differences tell us? The Canadian Journal of Economics, 49(3), 738-777.

Jondle, D., Ardichvili, A., & Mitchell, J. (2014). Modeling ethical business culture: Development of the ethical business culture survey and its use to validate the CEBC model of ethical business culture. Journal of Business Ethics, 119(1), 29-43.

Jones, M. A., Reynolds, K. E., Arnold, M. J., Gabler, C. B., Gillison, S. T., & Landers, V. M. (2015). Exploring consumers’ attitude towards relationship marketing. The Journal of Services Marketing, 29(3), 188-199. 

Sindhwani, P., & Ahuja, V. (2014). A study of online co-creation strategies of companies using netnography. International Journal of Online Marketing, 4(1), 39-n/a.

Thompson, A., Peteraf, M., Gamble, J., & Strickland, A. (2016). Crafting and executing strategy (20th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill Education.

Sample Essay paper on Critical Film Analysis popular mba argumentative essay help

The film shows that American ideology is reinforced in their film production. American production ideologies are anchored on glamour, wholesomeness and pageantry charm of Americans and movie characters. Notably, most movie audiences have consistently rooted for underdogs in different movies produced in America. These ideals fundamentally crown American culture. For example, Little Miss Sunshine movie demonstrates how American film production criticizes dominant American ideologies in regards to ideal family, success and assigned gender roles (Breslin and Greg n.p). Ideologies are assumed cultural norms that define how individuals see themselves and their interactions with others. An example is the scene to support the statement is where a little girl is glued to watch a Miss America pageant on TV and so we see American ideology in play based on the desire to be a beauty winner of a pageant.

Desire to win a beauty pageant is depicted by Olive, the main protagonist of the movie coming from a dysfunctional family. Actually, Olive wins the Little Miss Sunshine entry form that confirms her attendance as a contestant in the beauty pageant. In this film, Olive is a little girl with desire to succeed in winning the content. Her family is very supportive and wants her dream to be actualized in line with American ideologies and pride. However, they are so burdened with their own problems that they can barely make it through a day without experiencing a problem. The dysfunctional family realizes that there is need to change things in order to allow Olive attend and win the content. They are brought together in a camper van for a trip to California. The family consolidates all members to attend and on the way their car breaks down. Unfortunately Olive is forgotten at a gas station though they manage to get to the content on time, even though they are ready for any outcome even if it does not go their way.

Little Miss Sunshine is a film about dysfunctional American society where family members are unable to meet societal expectations. For instance, in an ideal society, a father should be the provider of a family and act as a good example as a masculine figure. However, this fails to materialize because the father in this family is largely unsuccessful with his career and therefore unable to meet expectations. On the same note, the son is a loser and the mother likewise, is unable to adequately fulfill her roles. The mother does not cook and instead gives the family packed food purchased from stores. Further, she fails to give motherly advice to Olive by supporting her pageantry dream while knowing that Olive is not up to the task. She qualifies to be called a bad mother.

The scene that spells out American culture and family structure is towards the end of the film where the family joins Olive on stage during this inappropriate performance. Luckily, the family unites and bonds together but fails to allow Olive mingle out with other contestants. In this movie scene, the family succeeds in upholding one ideal of a family; standing together as one. However, the plan fails as they are ridiculed by the rest of the public and their daughter is consequently kicked out of the pageantry.

Work Cited

Breslin, Abigail, and Greg Kinnear. Little Miss Sunshine. Dir. Jonathan Dayton and Valerie

            Faris. 2006. Fox Searchlight Pictures, 2008. DVD.

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