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Sample Business Studies Essay Paper On Countering Flu And Coughs: Nature Heals Persuasive Essay Help

Countering Flu and Coughs: Nature Heals


Opportunistic infections such as flu and cough are the most common occurrence across the globe. While not reported as one of the most prevalent killers in the world, interactions with different people have shown that these infections make people more uncomfortable than other general illnesses. At the same time, there is no clear strategy for medication, since most of the available pharmacological treatment avenues only function to a small extent. It is therefore necessary that a formulation for such conditions be developed, that will help reduce the discomfort associated with them. The objective of the ensuing paper is to provide a proposal for a product that will address this need in the society at a low cost and with minimum negative impacts. The product will also foster the efficacy of treatment since it is natural, and can be used across the globe due to universality of raw materials and low cost of production.

Product Description

The need for a functional and sustainable healing for coughs and flu across the globe requires a product that has been confirmed suitable and sustainable over the long term. In the contemporary times, several drugs have been developed to help fight flu and coughs across the world. However, the influenza virus and coughs caused by various bacteria have shown signs of mutation and resistance to some of the drugs considered potentially effective. For this reason, there has been explicit need for the pharmaceutical industry to constantly innovate and adjust its products in response to mutating influenza virus and cough causing bacteria. For instance, one of the drugs initially considered effective against the influenza virus is oseltamivir yet the virus has changed over time and acquired resistance against this drug (CDC 2018). This therefore means that for such conditions to be addressed effectively there is need for better medication that can be sustainable in the long run.

Various natural remedies have been tried against influenza and coughs with different impacts. Allan and Arroll (2014) for instance, explore various approaches for the treatment of colds and coughs, which deviate from the conventional pharmacological techniques. The proposed product, ‘nature heals’ is considered one of the natural remedies against the influenza virus and coughs. The product will be developed by using ginger, honey and lemon fruits and is based on reports by Conley (2017) that lemon and ginger provide antioxidants which are better than any pharmacological medication. The objective of this project is to provide a product that is both low cost and effective. The proposal for this product is based on the rationale that the treatment of colds and coughs generally requires antihistamines, anti inflammatory drugs and decongestants. Ginger and lemon both have strong antihistamine components (Raal et al. 2013). They also have anti inflammatory components. All the three ingredients have decongestant properties when used in the right proportions. The product has also shown longevity in application due to the inability of the influenza virus to mutate against it. According to Allan and Arroll (2014), all the pharmacological drugs developed against influenza must have the three components in different proportions. However, nature heals will address this need since it has all the components in surplus proportions.

Market Segments and Marketing Mix

Nature heals will be sold across the country. Flu and coughs affect anyone in the population. As such, the drug will be targeting the entire population. This includes adult men and women as well as parents of young children and adolescents. The objective of marketing the drug will be to create value for the entire population and leaving children out would be unwarranted. For children however, the product can be harsh to the taste, and sweeteners will be used to address the needs of the pediatric populations. The marketing will thus target entire families, especially women who make drug purchases for their families.

The marketing mix for the product will comprise of an effective combination of the product, place, price, promotion and the people. The product as described will be a prepared drink comprising of juices of ginger and lemon laced with honey. The product has been confirmed effective through actual use by different people and the composition of the ingredients. The preparation process will involve heating crushed ginger, and lemon pieces with water at a ratio of 1:1 by volume. The heating process will be accomplished in a vat. Once the mixture has boiled significantly over a period of 30 minutes to one hour, it will be filtered then the filtrated blended with honey. The resulting mixture will then be allowed to cool for the adult drugs. For the pediatric drugs, the mixture would be blended with sweeteners before allowing cooling. The product is effective and utilitarian hence is expected to attract customers across all age groups.

The product pricing will also be used as a marketing strategy. Most of the pharmacological drugs for treating influenza and coughs are sold between $ 2.49 and $6.99 depending on the formulation and treatment approach (Walgreens 2018). For this reason, the proposed product may be sold at $ 3.5 per 250 ml. This price is considered reasonable in that the proposed product is natural unlike the other products which are artificial. The targeted population is also expected to purchase this product by virtue of its natural characteristics. The planned promotion strategy will entail the use of televised media to advertise the product. Possibly, the marketer could get testimonials on people’s experiences with the drug and present this through social media pages as well as having them televised to be spread across the country. The place of marketing will be different supermarkets and pharmacies, where people commonly get cold and cough medications; while the people will include marketers and the product development teams. Goi (2009) posits that the efficacy of the people on the ground would determine the market response to the product. The objective of the business is to bring in qualified people to handle production and customer service and thus attract more customers.

Project Feasibility

Research has shown the efficacy of a combination of antihistamines, decongestants and anti-inflammatory medications in the amelioration of colds and coughs. As such, any product that combines the three components and has been proved effective over flue and coughs would be acceptable. The low cost for the product also makes it potentially attractive to customers. The production cost of the product is also affordable. A 100 liter vat costs approximately $ 4,000 while a small filter of approximately 50 liters per hour flow rate costs $ 1800 based on market reports. The operational costs are also low. Each batch of 100 liters produces 400 bottles of the drug, which are sold at a total of $1,400. At this rate, the project should have a break-even period of less than two years if the total production cost per bottle is $ 0.80.

Competitive Analysis

The pharmaceutical industry is highly competitive and characterized by various barriers to entry. The legal requirements can be the greatest impediment to investment in that sector. The advantage for nature heals however, is that it is a natural product and the changing consumerist behaviors have demonstrated that more people are moving towards natural rather than artificial products (Ferreira 2018). Competition with manufacturers of artificial pharmaceutical products can also be a challenge since they have the advantage of being early entrants into the industry and thus have greater customer loyalty. Nature heals will require intensive marketing initially to address the concern for sustainability.

Profit and Loss Statement for 3 years

The projected profit and loss statement for the project is as shown below for the first, second and third year in operations. The tentative operations start point has been set at 400 units of the product per month for 12 months a year. The marketing costs are high in the first and second years to create an impact among customers. The assumptions made are as follows:

The operations will grow by 100% in the second year following ardent marketing practices and by 50% between the second and third year.The producer will also be responsible for product distribution. Initially, distribution may be done by the producer in a personal vehicle.

ItemY1Y2Y3Revenues   Total revenue$ 16,800$33,600$ 50,400Cost of goods sold$3,840$7,680$11,520Gross profit$ 12,960$25,920$ 38,880    Expenses   Administrative costs$ 500$ 720$ 900Marketing costs$ 2,000$ 2,000$ 1,500Logistics costs$ 1000$ 2,000$ 3,000Total expenses$ 3,500$ 4,720$ 5,400    Gross profits$ 9,460$21,200$33,480

 Aims of the Project

The key objectives of the proposed project will be as follows.

To reach break-even for the project by the end of one and a half years.To reach out to more than half of the nation’s population through different marketing media within the next year.


Nature heals will be marketed as a medicinal product targeting entire populations. The drug is expected to serve the underserved need for treating flue and coughs. The product consists of ginger, honey and lemon, which cumulatively contain antihistamines, anti-inflammatory components and decongestants. The project is expected to reach break-even in the next one and a half years and will be marketed actively through the use of different televised and social media platforms.


Allan GM and Arroll B 2014. Prevention and treatment of the common cold: making sense of the evidence. Medical Knowledge that Matters, vol. 186, no. 3, pp. 190- 199. Retrieved from

CDC 2018. Influenza antiviral drug resistance. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from

Conley B 2017. Revealed: The cold and flu remedies the health experts swear by (including one that’s ‘BETTER than anything a doctor could prescribe’). The Daily Mail. Retrieved from

Ferreira D 2018. How are changes in consumer preferences for natural products driving market disruption? CAS: A Division of the American Chemical Society. Retrieved from

Goi CL 2009. A review of marketing mix: 4 Ps or more. International Journal of Marketing Studies, vol. 1, no. 1. Retrieved from

Raal V, Volmer D, Soukand R, Hratkevits S and Kalle R 2013. Complementary treatment of the common cold and flu with medicinal plants – results from two samples of pharmacy customers in Estonia. PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 3. Retrieved from

Walgreens 2018. Cough & sore throat relief. Walgreens. Retrieved from

Sample Aviation Case Studies Paper on The Boeing 777: Design and Development to Production and Sales devry tutorcom essay help


Once in a few decades, an aircraft comes along that redefines what a modern commercial airplane is able to deliver for an airline and its passengers. Air transport has undergone various transformations since the first plane was invented. As a result of globalization and enhanced communication technologies, the airline industry has introduced diverse aircraft to meet the various demands of their clients. Due to the realization of various transport routes for the airline companies, various aircraft have been developed and improved on to meet the needs of every route. This paper highlights some of the technological advancements and gradual developments on various aircraft models. Such developments have been necessitated by the need for enhance efficiency and safety of both passengers and cargo. Specifically, the paper highlights the developments of the Boeing aircraft models. Various engine and aircraft sizes have guided the transformations in the various models developed by Boeing.

As presented by McMasters and Ilan, in 1957, Boeing made significant headwind in airline development and manufacture with the first jet-propelled airline the 707 (45). Later, in 1969, the company made headlines with the 747 jumbo jet at the time it was the largest commercial airplane in service (McMasters and Ilan 45). Also, Boeing changed the aviation industry by introducing the 777, the most commonly used continental or long-haul plane to-date (McMasters and Ilan 45). The Boeing 777 is a wide-body, twin-engine long-range airplane that was first developed in 1990 by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Currently, the 777 holds the record for the largest twin-engine jet in the aviation history with a capacity ranging between 314 to 396 passengers depending on the airlines preference (Smith 43). Additionally, the aircraft boast of a range of 5,240 to 8,555 nautical miles while cruising at 615 mph at a an altitude of 37,900 ft (Smith 43).

Boeing 777 Background

In the 1970s, the history of the airline industry was dominated with aircraft improvement. By the end of the 1980s, the Boeing commercial airplane was in a race to create a new aircraft that had the capability of long-range and high passenger capacity as the company’s flagship brand, the 777, with the low costs attributes from the twin-engine 767 model. According to Shaw, the growth of the aviation industry in the 1970s and 1980s had created a gap for a new type of aircraft for the airline companies (16). Airbus was the first to respond to this need with the A330 followed by McDonald Douglas with the MD11 and MD12 models. Due to a threat on market share, Boeing responded with the development of the 777 model after efforts to improve on the 767 model had failed.

New Aviation Technology on the Boeing 777

Aircrafts are modeled through a two-dimensional platform that ends up being transformed into a clay model. Nonetheless, from the beginning, the 777 used the three-dimensional computer program titled the computer-aided three-dimensional interactive application (Catia) during the pre-assembly process (Norris 21). As cited by Norris, this new method reduced manufacturing errors and time wasting (22). Unlike other airplanes, the 777 is powered by the largest turbofan engines in the aviation industry developed by either General Electric (GE), Rolls-Royce, as well as Pratt and Whitney. The airlines are given a variety of choices in reference to the type of engines they prefer as highlighted below;  

777-200 (Dash 200). Two Pratt and Whitney No.E46NE certified engines, Two GE No. E00049EN certified or two Rolls-Royce No. E00050EN turbofan model engines provide enough thrust to power a Dash 200.

777-300 (dash 300). Two Rolls-Royce No. E00050EN (RB211-Trent 884-17, RB211-Trent 884B-17, or RB211-Trent 892-17 Only) or Two Pratt and Whitney No.E46N (PW4090 and PW4098 only) turbofan engines can be used to power the dash 300

777-300ER. Two GE No. E00049EN certified Model GE90-115B turbofan engines can be used in a dash 300 extended rage

777-200LR. Two GE No. E00049EN certified model GE90-110B1 and GE90-115B turbofan engines can be used to power a dash 200 Ultra-long range.

How the 777 changed the Aviation Industry

Conventionally, the fundamental rationality in long-haul flying is that there is increased safety in the total number of engines. The first long-haul flight planes, that is, the Boeing 707, Douglas DC-8, and the Boeing 747, all had four engines. According to the design, in case one engine failed, the remaining three functional engines had the capability to keep the plane in the air for the entire flight. However, as turbofan technology became more refined, smaller three-engine airlines such as the McDonnell-Douglas DC-10 and the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar took over long distance flights. At the time, twin-engine aircrafts such as the Airbus A300B2 were considered ideal for medium-haul routes. For years the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) had placed restriction on routes and airplane characteristics; however, in 1985 the FAA lessened the regulations allowing twin-engine jets to fly longer distance. Subsequently, the 767 was awarded a 120 rating effectively making it a transatlantic flyer (Kazda and Robert 34). As indicated by Fu, Winai, and Tae, the FAA’s change in regulations rendered the three-engine aircrafts such as the McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 obsolete in a short period (112). The three-engine jets neither had the carrying capacity of the jumbo jets nor the low fuel cost of twin engines through long-haul flights.

Boeing 777 vs Airbus A330

By 1995, both the twin-engine aircraft from Airbus and Boeing became the best-suited long-haul airplanes for both United Airlines, as well as most international airlines. Nonetheless, in order to increase their market, Boeing introduced a much more fuel efficient version of the model in 1996 named the 777-200IGW, which would later be named the 777-200ER with ‘ER’ standing for extended range. Two years later, the company made other alterations to the 777-200 by increasing its size seating capacity to 550. This new variation model was named the 777-300. As indicated by Lynn, by the end of 1998, the Boeing 777 had recorded significant superiority over the Airbus 330, which enabled the company to earn significant profits from sales (14). Nonetheless, this did not stop the company from developing the 777-300ER in 2002. This was a new extended version of the ‘Dash 300.’ According to a study by Schonberger, the new 777-300ER sold more than 800 by 2017 making it by far the most profitable version of the 777 version (67). In 2006, the company made another effort to improve on the ‘Dash 200’ with the introduction of an ultra-long range 777-200LR aircraft that sacrificed seat capacity for fuel efficiency thus creating a new profit margin for airlines (Schonberger 67). Through the various transformations in the variations, the Boeing 777 is currently the most popular long-haul airplane in aviation. 


The aviation industry has witnessed massive developments in the various models of aircraft in use to-date. In a bid to attain a competitive edge in the airline industry, Boeing produces state-of-the-art models to suit different client needs, as well to cut on operational costs hence increasing on profit margins. Also, the need for enhanced safety and comfort by the clients compels competitors in the industry to pursue improved technologies to enhance their service offering.

Works Cited

Fu, Xiaowen, Winai Homsombat, and Tae H. Oum. “Airport–airline vertical relationships, their effects and regulatory policy implications.” Journal of Air Transport Management 17.6 (2011): 347-353.

Kazda, Antonín and Robert E. Caves, eds. Airport design and operation. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2010.

Lynn, Matthew. Birds of prey: Boeing vs. Airbus: a battle for the skies. Four Walls Eight Windows, 1997.

McMasters, John and Ilan Kroo. “Advanced configurations for very large transport airplanes.” 36th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. 1998.

Norris, Guy. “Boeing’s seventh wonder.” IEEE Spectrum 32.10 (1995): 20-23.

Schonberger, Richard J. World class manufacturing: the next decade: building power, strength, and value. Simon and Schuster, 2010.,+Richard+J.+World+class+manufacturing:+the+next+decade:+building+power,+strength,+and+value.+&ots=Mc6JMvlJaK&sig=wu6dWJacvZ64Mxa8XoLysOYNhDE

Shaw, Stephen. Airline marketing and management. London: Routledge, 2016.

Smith, Brian. “The Boeing 777.” Advanced Materials and Processes 161.9 (2003): 41-44.

Sample Political Science Essay Paper on Miranda Vs Arizona best essay help: best essay help

Miranda vs Arizona

            The Miranda vs Arizona case consolidates four such cases, in which all defendants confessed to committing alleged crimes after subjection to interrogations without information of their Fifth Amendment rights through the process. Ernesto Miranda was arrested in his house on March 13, 1963. The officers at the station interrogated him for rape and abduction charges. After several hours of interrogation, the police obtained Miranda’s confession to doing the crime. The written interrogation summary was presented and admitted as evidence during the trial.

The court admitted the written report despite the objection by the defense attorney and admission by police that they did not advice Miranda about his right to have an attorney during interrogation. The jury ruling found Miranda guilty and sentenced him to twenty to thirty years imprisonment. He later appealed the case at the Arizona Supreme Court on grounds of forceful admission. This appeal was dismissed and the conviction upheld. Later in 1966, Miranda filed an appeal with the U.S. Supreme court, which overturned the ruling.

In the U.S. Supreme Court ruling, Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the ruling of the 5-4 majority, concluding that the interrogation by police violated the Fifth Amendment. In the defense, the court reasoned that the interrogation undermined the procedural guidelines. The jury read that it was the duty of the police to inform the suspect of the Fifth Amendment rights. This provision allow the suspect to acquire a defense lawyers and keep silent. In the case a suspect chooses to remain silent, the interrogation should be discontinued. The court also ruled that a defendant has the right to an attorney, which in this case the police failed to provide (Miranda v. Arizona, n.d). The Supreme Court also faulted the decision citing that statements obtained from a suspect during interrogations could not be used in the trial process as evidence.

Justice Tom C. Clark expressed the dissenting opinions; he argued that the majority opinion was a complication of the interpretation of the Fifth Amendment that prevents police officers from conducting interrogations on suspects. In his opinion, he wrote that the state bore the burden of proving that the suspect, in this case, was informed of his rights before and during interrogation. However, he argued that you could not automatically dispel interrogation statements if the defendant was uninformed.

Justice John M. Harlan wrote his dissent opining that in the situation, no legislative clauses of the Fifth Amendment objected any means of coercion. Justice Potter Stewart and Byron R White also presented their dissenting opinions reporting that the Fifth Amendment only protects the witness against coercion to give self-incriminating statements. He argued that there was no explicit coerciveness in the custodial interrogation and as such did not require the broad expansion of the protections in the Fifth Amendment (“C-SPAN Landmark Cases | Miranda V Arizona”, 2018). He further argued that such intricate interpretation is harmful to the justice system and could harm the credibility of confessions.

The U.S. Supreme Court made a landmark ruling, which coined the Miranda Rights. These rights protect the defendant against any compulsion by any forces to incriminate themselves. The court argued that suspects are vulnerable during detention. Unchecked conditions during detention can often lead to abuse. The court cited the incidences of police brutality during interrogations to obtain leading information. Violence and other forms of intimidation deny the accused persons fundamental rights and can generate false confessions.


C-SPAN Landmark Cases | Miranda V Arizona. (2018). Retrieved from

Miranda v. Arizona. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved August 11, 2018, from

Sample History Essay Paper on America-Vietnam Involvement college essay help online

America-Vietnam Involvement

The United States actions and policies towards Vietnam occurred mainly due to the cold war between America and the Soviet Union. The tensions between the U.S and the USSR intensified after the Second World War in which the Soviet army invaded most of Eastern Europe (Stur, 2017). The Soviet created a Communist government in the protectorates which acted as a barrier between the Soviet Union and the Capitalist West. This escalated the contention with the U.S forces to prevent the spread of Communism to the most critical areas in Europe. The retaliation formed the basis of the United States policy and events during their involvement with Vietnam and the USSR (Stur, 2017). Therefore, most of the U.S actions were not in the interest of the nation but mainly to expand the Capitalist idea across the globe and remain the world superpower.

Americas Involvement in Vietnam (1945-1975)

The U.S involvement in Vietnam during the period of 1945-1975 was not for the interest of the Americas since the government used the fight for democracy as a way to justify the war. This is evident when the former President Jimmy Carter opposed the normalization of the relationship with the Vietnam government in1977 stating that the impact was mutual. The same statement was echoed by current Secretary of Defense during his visit to mark the 25th anniversary since the end of the war (Eyerman, Madigan & Ring, 2017). Moreover, the conflict divided the American people making them lose their trust in the government a faith that has never been restored. Consequently, the war led to a significant impact on the American both internally and externally as it was the first contention to be televised.

As such, the U.S press played the unforeseen role during the conflict as it portrayed American soldiers dying in a foreign nation that did not threaten the Country’s sovereignty. This negatively impacted the American citizens since the majority was not for the war. The conflict negatively affected the domestic stability of the U.S making the country to experience an extensive economic and political instability (Nguyen, 2014). Consequently, the war marked the fall of the American era as a powerful nation as it exposed its weaknesses and lowered its international prestige. The American policies towards Vietnam culminated in a substantial domestic disorder causing an increase in the anti-war movements which opposed the intensified recruitments of Americans to the war. This later steered a change of authority from the executive to the legislative branch and an end to the imperial presidential system. The foreign policies were integrated with the Vietnam syndrome to avert future repercussions.


The American policies and actions towards Vietnam were mainly based on the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union. The contention was primarily to prevent the spread of the Communist ideologies to the critical parts of Europe. As such, the involvement was not for the interest of the U.S nationals but a form of enhancing the country’s superiority across the globe. This is evident when the former president Jimmy Carter ascertains that the impact of the conflict was mutual, hence, refuted the normalization of the U.S Vietnam relationship. Similarly, the majority of the U.S citizens opposed the contention as they accused the government of spreading propaganda of fighting democracy in a country that did not pose a threat to America’s sovereignty. Consequently, the war caused an internal domestic disorder and exposed the United States weaknesses thereby, lowering its international prestige. 


Eyerman, R., Madigan, T., & Ring, M. (2017). Cultural trauma, collective memory and the Vietnam War. Politička misao: časopis za politologiju, 54(1-2), 11-31. Retrieved from:

Nguyen, V. (2014). The Vietnam War: Was the price too high for the United States of America? [Ebook] (1st ed., pp. 1-57).

Stur, H. (2017). Why the United States Went to War in Vietnam. Retrieved from

Sample Religious Studies Essay Paper on Modern challenges essay help for free: essay help for free


Religions have had very different ideas of how God interacts with the world. There exist several religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Christianity is the largest religion that is practiced by billions of people all over the world. Christianity as a religion teaches about eternal life and Jesus Christ. Christians believe in the existence of a holy trinity i.e. God the father, God the son, and the Holy Spirit. The word ‘god’, without a capital ‘G’, is avoided so as not to assume or give the impression that deities worshipped by people apart from Christians are surreal. Moreover, Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God and that he died for their sins. This paper not only analyzes the challenges which Christianity faces in the modern world, but also explores the common characteristics of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

Keywords: Christianity, religion, God, Judaism, modern challenges.

History and beliefs of Christianity

Christians believe in the existence of one God, who made the earth and everything in it. According to the book of John 1:1-3, “In the beginning there was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was at the beginning with God.” The scripture adds, “All things came into being through him, and without him, not one thing came into being. … And the Word became flesh and lived among us, and we have seen his glory, the glory as of a father’s only son, full of grace and truth”(John 1:1-3). This scripture indicates that God existed even before he made the world and man. In addition, Christians believe that it is necessary to have faith and believe in the Holy Trinity (God the Father, God the Son, and the Holy Spirit) in order to go to heaven. Faith is a sincere confidence, and a firm persuasion of the grace of God promised to us in Christ Jesus, for the remission of sin and eternal life; and it is enkindled in the heart, by the word of God and the Holy Spirit (Arndt, 1979).

The common characteristics, including ethics that Christianity shares with Judaism and Islam.

There are several beliefs and practices, which Christianity shares with other religions, most notably the Islamic religion and Judaism. Originally, Christianity developed as a part of Judaism since Jesus was a Jew who lived and taught primarily amongst Jews though not only exclusively to Jews. In addition, the three religions namely Islam, Judaism, and Christianity believe that God is active in history and that he guides and teaches his people. Moreover, the three religions have been referred to as ethical monotheism. A monotheistic religion such as Christianity recognizes the existence of only one God and that all events occur according to the will of God. In addition, each of the three religions has some supplementary books unique to their religion like Hadiths for Islam. Furthermore, it is often noted that the Quran and later Islamic stories about biblical personalities and events reflect much of ancient Jewish biblical interpretation (Goldenberg, 2009).

How the religion Christianity is responding to modern world challenges.

Every day,numerous challenges arise that threaten to destroy Christianity. Christianity is changing globally as indicated by the various modern trends such as profound alterations in church worship as well as in individual Christian ethos and lifestyle (Silva, 2017). One of the challenges faced by Christianity today is that it is transitioning from being a western religion dominated by white people, to a truly global religion. This means that for some individuals  to accept Christianity, they first have to accept and embrace the  western white peoples’ social values, including all of their baggage issues, such as women clergy, attitudes towards homosexuality, etc. which are western secular social values that  have been brought into the church, and have caused a great deal of disruption.

A scrutiny of Christianity and its past uncovers practices and customs regarded as normal and obligatory among Christians currently, which were often alien or unknown to many previous generations (Kennedy, 2010).  For example, Christianity is now challenged to provide solutions for social as well as political problems that affect the entire world (Silva, 2017). These problems include war, famine, and displaced populations, but also global difficulties related to ecology and the environment (Silva, 2017). Consequently, the recommendation is that Christian leaders ought to engage deeply in the process to find solutions to the evils that prevail in the world (Silva, 2017).

In addition, the ecological challenge underlies most of the major world problems, which include war, poverty, famine, overpopulation, and the destruction of species. The religion Christianity can contribute substantial spiritual resources to individuals, which will in turn help to improve ecological awareness and inspiration. This can be accomplished when the different religions of the world join forces with the aim of building a better world.

Another area that poses a challenge to Christianity in the modern world is the emergence of Christian Television that offers broadcast programs and tends to substitute Church services. This is a problem in the sense that people substitute reading the Bible and attending church functions since they prefer watching the television. This has led to believers lacking Biblical communion and brotherly fellowship.

What has changed about the roles of women in the religion over time?

Over time, the role of women in early Christianity started diminishing as the political structure of Western European society went from tribal to kingdoms. During the medieval period, women were organized according to the patriarchal mindset where they occupied a position of lower influence while men occupied the higher positions such as priests. This hierarchy theology placed women under the man’s authority in the church, marriage and in the society at large (Silva, 2017). Women were left to settle for smaller posts in the church such as nuns and sisters where they dedicated their lives to serving God. These prescribed gender roles, which has brought about numerous cultures and subcultures to the society depreciated the role of women in the church in the sense that it organized Christianity in a gender hierarchy way.

Gradually, women have risen up the ranks and the roles they play in the church has increased significantly. During the 17th to 19th century, amidst the backdrop of industrial revolution, several educational and nursing religious institutions were set up by/for Catholic women. This was a sign of better things to come.


Christianity is the most practiced religion in the world. They (Christians) believe in the existence of an everlasting God who is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent.  In addition, there are numerous challenges that Christians face in the modern world such as war and the rise of idol worshipping. These challenges pose a great threat to the religion of Christianity if left without a solution. Christians can use their faith and belief in God to spread peace, love, and positivity in order to tackle some of these modern world ills. Moreover, the challenges can also be tackled by teaching the masses about the existence of God and educating them about the Bible.


Goldenberg, D. M. (2009). The Curse of Ham: Race and slavery in early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Princeton University Press.

Kennedy, P. (2010). Twentieth-century theologians: A new introduction to modern Christian thought. IB Tauris.

Silva, F. C. D. (2017). Views on the contemporary challenges to Christianity.

Hedrick, C. (2008). What is Christianity?

Arndt, J., & Erb, P. C. (1979). True Christianity. Paulist Press.

Sample Aviation Critical Thinking Paper on Aviation Safety essay help: essay help

Aviation Safety

Aviation regulation has advanced significantly over the past century. Most of the advancements witnessed are safety-related, most of which have been gradual and incremental (Chaplin, 2011). The 60s had some fatal accidents, which had tremendous effects on the operations and safety measures in the industry. The effects of the accidents are still prevalent in the aviation industry. Aviation is safe today compared to the past century, because of the advances in safety programs and management systems.

Britain’s Aerial Navigation Act of 1911 perhaps launched the aviation industry’s concern for safety, although, ideally, the Act’s concern was on protection of people on the ground (Chaplin, 2011). The law encompassed provisions for registration and certification of aircraft and pilots. However, with the maturity of aviation in both the number of flights and passengers, the concept of aviation safety has changed. Britain’s de Havilland Comet changed aviation by being the first jet airliner to cross the Atlantic in addition to heralding the wider use of planes for travel as it could carry people in droves (Dowling, 2014). Wide-bodied airliners further changed the outlook of the aviation industry, not only by spurring real growth by offering more economical travel but also by shifting concern for safety from the people on the ground to passengers.

Airbus’s A320 was especially revolutionary in changing the concept of safety, as it became the first digital fly-by-wire airliner (Dowling, 2014). The A320 particularly revolutionized the pilot’s role, as well as the safe operation of a civilian aircraft, effects that reverberated across the aviation industry. Today, aviation safety is a confluence of gradual changes ranging from aircraft build, maintenance, equipping, and operation. Investment in improved tools and techniques for accident investigation have improved the industry further. The tools and techniques have been instrumental in unveiling primary causes of accidents, fronting answers to the causes and mitigating the effects. Further, for technology, training, and psychology; Sweetman and Croft (2016) posit that they have all improved over time in handling issues once dismissed as “pilot error” heralding an age of a safer aviation industry.

The aviation industry’s focus on safety is perhaps a result of the realization of loss in aircraft and reputation, particularly loss emanating from accidents. In the mitigation of losses, the industry has implemented different systems. Among the systems is Safety Management Systems (SMS), which are a series of defined, organization-wide processes that allow players in the industry to make effective risk-based decisions aligned with the daily operations of the organization (IATA, 2018).

Implementation of SMS comes with the realization that losses are avoidable through diligent deployment of mitigation systems and measures easily achievable through a sound SMS. Implemented as regulatory requirements, SMS identifies safety hazards, ensures (by providing) continuous monitoring and regular assessment of safety, and strives to ensure there is continuous improvement in the overall safety levels (IATA, 2018). The implementation then benefits the organization in various ways including providing for informed decision-making, improving safety through reduction in the risk of accidents, providing for better resource allocation resulting in increased efficiencies, and reduced costs. Additionally, the implementation strengthens an organization’s corporate culture while at the same time demonstrating an organization’s due-diligence. The result of SMS implementation is not only improved safety but also mitigation of loss through development of a robust, efficient, and frugal system.


Chaplin, J., C. (2011). Safety regulation-the first 100 years. Journal of Aeronautical History, 3, 75-96. Retrieved from

Dowling, S. (2014). 100 years of air travel. How planes shrank the globe. Future. Retrieved from

IATA. (2018). Support Consistent Implementation of SMS. Retrieved from

Sweetman, B. & Croft, J. (2016). 100 years of attention to safety brings results. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Retrieved from

Sample Film and Theater Studies Paper on The Glass Menagerie free college essay help

The Glass Menagerie is memory play written by Tennessee Williams. Before going to the theatre to watch the play, I had read the play and watched a televised show. Although I was not very keen, I was almost familiar with every character and their role.

When I entered the hallway, it was grave silent. On the stage, everything was set but there was not a single character was on stage. I was keen to keep time to catch the play before it began. I made my way to the hallway half an hour earlier. Everyone in the square was optimistic that the presentation would be exciting.

The large hall was almost empty when I arrived. Few light beams illuminated the stage. The seat arrangement gave each occupant a clear view of the stage. I sat right in the middle of the hall. Although it was dark, the light was enough to create vivid pictures of old memories. The sound was rather awful with some traces of echo. At some point, it was difficult to grasp words from the characters. However, sound clarity was achieved as the play unfolded and one could now discern the actual words.

When I went to the theatre, I was hopeful to identify the individual behavior of the characters during the play and compare with the perception created in the book. I was also keen to see how the conflict in the play unfolds. I was eager to learn how the director will use the characters to narrate a memory story.

The play opens up in the discourse of Tom’s memory. Tom lives with his mother, Amanda, and sister, Laura. Their father abandoned them years ago and they not heard from him ever since. Amanda often tells Laura stories about her teenage days when multiple callers would pursue her. She is disappointed that Laura is shy and does not attract callers. The mother is obsessed with finding a suitor for Laura and they hatch a plan with Tom. They conspire to force a meeting between Jim and Laura. At first, Laura is cautious and reserved around Jim but eventually begins to express herself freely. Laura ends up disappointed after learning that Jim is engaged to another person. The play ends with Tom’s thoughts of his unforgiving sister.

The emotional mood of the play was that of genuine concern, mindfulness, and love for each other. Amanda and Tom feel for Laura and her condition. They express their concern for her loneliness and even plan to help her resolve her crisis. It is evident from the play that the family cares about each other so much. In the end, Amanda and Tom, just like Laura are disappointed that they cannot rescue her from the state. Laura becomes unforgiving and accuses Tom of deliberately planning to frustrate her.

The setting of the play is in St Louis during the Depression era, just before the World War, in 1944. Through memory, the author connects the viewer to ancient settings using different techniques like shifting the lighting designs, sound, furniture, and architectural settings as well as different events in the characters’ lives. The author uses four characters in the play. However, we only see three, Tom, Laura, and their mother, Amanda. Their father abandoned the family years ago and does not feature in the play

The story in the play affirms my values for concern and care for the family. While everybody is busy in their own activities, Tom’s family express concern for each other. They feel sorry for Laura and decide to help her. Love is evident all over the play. However, it challenges my value of self-perception and self-judgment. Laura’s situation is a clear example of how harsh people can be to themselves.

The story is about a lovely family that is constantly in conflict. The major conflict is between the personalities of the two women, Laura and Amanda. The two women do not get along well. Amanda is outgoing and attracts many callers. She even goes to meetings with the Daughters of Revolution. On the other hands, Laura is antisocial and shy. She is not outgoing and when she leaves the apartment, she is fixated and unable to function in the outside world.

Sample Logistics Essay Paper on Christopher Batiste homework essay help: homework essay help

            Upon choosing to research the future of airport development, Christopher Batiste offers two options: the construction of new airports or the expansion of the existing facilities. Batiste provides the justification that the existing facilities will be unlikely to accommodate the demand for air travel, which will likely double by 2035 according to statistics by PwC.  While I agree with the proposition that air travel facilities should be expanded to accommodate demand, I am opposed to the idea of constructing new airports.  I feel that the current statistics sufficiently demonstrate the unpredictability of the aviation industry. Thus, while forecasts might suggest that the demand for air travel will grow in the future, it is also possible that the opposite will happen. In that case, the better option to respond to the predicted growth is to improve and expand the existing facilities.

            Batiste raises the important point that the aviation industry is a valuable transportation asset because of the impact it has on the national and international economies. As it stands, the existing facilities already support the economy by providing employment opportunities and enhancing the delivery of goods and services. However, it is unlikely that constructing new airports will lead to the escalation of service delivery. There is a higher chance of creating a surplus of facilities as the demand for air travel is currently on the decline. On the other hand, the option of improving and expanding the existing facilities will make it easy to accommodate higher demand for air travel while mitigating the possibility of incurring losses. By focusing on expanding and improving the current facilities, it will be possible to divert resources into better service delivery, as well as equipping facilities with state-of-the-art technologies that will improve customer experience.

Sample Film and Theater Studies Essay Paper on Get Out- Horror Movie argumentative essay help

Get Out- Horror Movie

Get Out is a horror film written by Jordan Peele and produced by Blum House productions in the year 2017. The film starts with a young African –American man being abducted by a disguised figure as he walks through a generic, unidentified White suburb. The main cast of the film is Daniel Kaluuya who plays the role of Chris Washington, a man of African-American descent who reluctantly accepts to meet his White girlfriends’ (Rose Armitage- played by Allison Williams) parents who live in a Suburban White neighborhood.

Chris and Rose are an interracial couple who have been courting for the past five months. While on the way towards the house, they hit a deer and they decide to report the incident. Upon arriving, the police officer (who is white), asks Chris for his identification even though he was not the one driving. Rose intervenes thereby quelling the situation. Evidently, the officer believes that a Black man driving with a White woman is suspicious. The scene shadows the numerous cases of police discrimination against Black men that occur in America. Finally, they arrive at the countryside estate and Chris is greeted in an overly accommodating behavior, which he interprets as the parent’s nervous attempt to deal with their daughter’s interracial relationship. While at Rose’s parents’ house, Chris comes across other people of African American descent but is taken aback by their behavior and character. For example, In Georgina and Walter, Chris comes across persons who seem to have no cultural understanding or recognition that they might share a cultural history.

The comments made by Rose’s parents reflect racial micro-aggressions. The viewer can note an example of this when Dean Armitage remarks that he would have voted for Obama a third time. According to Peele (2017), “this well-meaning behavior subtly insinuates that African Americans are best understood in a monolithic manner and whose interests are solely focused on race-related concerns.” Moreover, as the movie develops, viewers learn that the Armitages, together with Rose, have been enticing Black persons to their house for quite some time and harvesting their organs for personal benefit. The film Get Out portrays the White society as a conscious source of evil. For Chris to survive, he must be alert to benevolent racism. The film challenges those in education to consider how anti-Blackness operates within schools and education policy (Henry, 2017).


Henry Jr, K. L. (2017). A Review of Get Out: On White Terror and the Black Body. Equity & Excellence in Education, 50(3), 333-335.

Peele, J. (2017). They Smile in Your Face: Uncovering the Unpleasant Realities and History Hidden in Black-White Racial Dynamics.

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