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Relationship Between Observed Behavior And Specific Aspects Of Early Child Development Psychology Essay Sample Persuasive Essay Help

Relationship between Observed Behavior and Specific Aspects of Early Child Development

To observe the behaviors of early child development, I studied a group of fifty children in primary school level of ages between five to ten years. The sample of children included both girls and boys. The children were in their middle and late childhood stages of development in which children are usually filled with imaginations. I enjoyed the research as I interacted with these young children. It wasn’t easy to learn their behaviors as they could be moving from one point to another. However, I managed to learn their behavior fully which to some extent varied from boys to girls.

            In this stage, the children were comparing themselves to other prominent personalities in a variety of characteristics like artistic abilities, appearance, and physical abilities among others. The behavior corresponds with the preoperational stage of Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. Under this theory children purported to make use of symbolism.This is a clear indication that the children had developed self-esteem that reflected their feelings of personal worthiness. Hence, some children could view themselves having more abilities than others. For instance, some boys determined that they were fair potential athletes than others while some girls viewed themselves as good singers than others. This behavior is a good indication of the development of self-understanding and self-esteem that could boost their cognitive developments (Jennings, Blain, Nelson, and Miller 48).

The children in their endeavors also valued relationships among themselves. The relationships could be viewed as they were functioning as a group as they spent a considerable duration of time together. These children maintained relationships for a long period in that even if they fought, it could only take a short period before seeing them together again. Within these groups, some could experience peer rejection while others experienced peer acceptance. They portrayed self-understanding whenever they were together as peers. The relationship within these children is an explicit reflection of the attachment theory that provides a framework of understanding various interpersonal relationships.

The issue of gender identification could be directly observed in these children. They developed a personal conception of one being male or female which was portrayed in the gender roles that they took while playing. Boys acted and opted to have things as their fathers while the girls could also act like their mothers by assuming to hold their roles. Some of the children went a further step separate into gender-segregated groups whereby they were guided by their peer rules. For instance, boys formed groups that were large, hierarchical and competitive as they engaged in outdoor activities. Within boys, frequent fights and rough and tumble plays could emerge as a show of strength and toughness. On the other hand, the groups for girls tended to be smaller and were full of intimate conversations that aimed at maintaining cohesion (Jennings, Blain, Nelson, and Miller 53).

            The children could be observed altering their speeches to fit various situations with different audiences. For instance, they could shout and yell using informal words while games and later in the day use formal vocabularies in their classrooms. Moreover, the tone and language they used among themselves and when addressing adults was very different. This is a clear indication of major advances in their language skills. The majority of the children gained courage of standing before a group of people and convey a message. The children had the ability to use and appreciate sophisticated kinds of languages meaning that they were also developing cognitively.

Upon studying all these behaviors and relating them to key aspects of development like gender, language, and relationships with others, it’s evident that there exists a pure relationship between them.

Works Cited

Jennings, Judy, Frank Blain, Melanie Nelson, and Maureen Miller. Child Development Basics: Stages of Development. Owatonna N.p., n.d. Print.

Sample Political Science Critical Thinking Essay Paper on Biopower essay help fairfax: essay help fairfax


            Biopower refers to the practice of recent states and the management of their subjects through various techniques that attain the subjugations of bodies and authority over the entire population. According to Foucault, biopower is referred to as a technology of power that controls individuals as a large group. He further asserts that the major feature that distinguishes biopower from other political technology trends is that it enables the management of the whole population with minimized opposition. In most cases, biopower is portrayed through most government’s interest to foster the life of its citizen’s. Through biopolitics of its subjects, the government can produce a disciplinary society and regulatory controls (“From Biopower to Biopolitics by Maurizio Lazzarato”).

            In his writing “The Will to Knowledge” Foucault refers biopower to the activities relating to public health, and control of heredity among other regulations that are less directly connected with the literal physical health of the population. In his work, Foucault tries to relate closely biopower to biopolitics although using the latter less frequently. He portrays how various regulatory techniques are used to achieve authority over a group of individuals (“From Biopower to Biopolitics by Maurizio Lazzarato”).

The technology of biopower is also exhibited in a technology fiction film known as the THX 1138. In the movie, portrays a dystopian future whereby the population is managed through android police personnel alongside compulsory drug use that subdues emotions like the forbidden sexual desire. Therefore, the regulatory depicted in the plot that prohibits sexual desire and the mandatory use of drugs that interferes with people’s mind to facilitate compliance among the residents is a clear description of biopower. To most rulers, biopower is good technology however to the larger society, biopower should be totally avoided as it violates the rights of individuals (“THX 1138 Movie Review & Film Summary (2004) | Roger Ebert”).

Works Cited

“From Biopower to Biopolitics by Maurizio Lazzarato.” Generation Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2015.

“THX 1138 Movie Review & Film Summary (2004) | Roger Ebert.” Movie Reviews and Ratings by Film Critic Roger Ebert | Roger Ebert. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Oct. 2015.

Sample Criminal Justice Admission Essay on Race, Class, and Crime nursing essay help

Race, Class, and Crime

Police officers have been accused of racial profiling. This is where a person’s race or ethnicity maybe used as a reason to stop, question, and search or arrest him/her. Thus, racial profiling is any police-initiated action that relies on the race, ethnicity instead of one’s behavior or information likely to lead a police to a person identified as being or having involved in criminal activity (Gabbidon, et al, 225). Thus, racial profiling has increased over the years.

 Racial profiling violates ones constitutional right, through profiling where, for instance, a person maybe stopped or selected by police officer based on his/her race. Thus, the thoughtful of a person basing on general characteristics or past behavior namely profiling is ineffective policing and it does not work. As studies have shown that when police use race or ethnic appearance to enforce law, it is likely to fail and lead to death such as fatal shooting of black Americans. In addition, criminal profiling; any police imitated action that uses background, physical behavior and motivational traits to nab a criminal, has also proven futile in policing.

 Police are not the only racial profile breakers as even citizens tend to profile each other, for instance white may look and stare a black American man walking in a store if is suspicious. This is due to the mindset of most people that African male are more likely to commit crime than white due to poor background, this has led to racial profiling and poor community policing. And as racial profile seems order of day, there is a need to put measures place to stop racial profiling among police and against colored people for the betterment of community.

In sum, while police use racial profiling to increase their chances of catching criminals, the method is wrong and unethical, as it humiliates the victim when used with racial attitude, it also creates fear and prevents minority groups to work with police and help abate crimes.

Sample Government Essay on Critique of an Editorial on US Government essay help cheap: essay help cheap

Critique of an Editorial on US Government

The critiques are about an article published in New York Times on 30th September 2015 titled Spending Bill Passes, Averting a Shutdown by David M. Herszenhorn on 30th September 2015. Herszenhorn is a renowned news reporter and an editor at New York Times. Herszenhorn started his media career in the early 1990s and over the years, he has become one of the key political news reporters and editors in the US. Given his experience in reputable news agency, Herszenhorn can be perceived as a credible author. The main target audience for the article are the American citizens.

According to the article, Congress approved a temporary Spending Bill in the last minutes of the fiscal year. The Bill aimed at increasing government spending to help federal agencies to continue running efficiently. According to Herszenhorn, the approval of the Spending Bill was due to strong support by Democrats in the House. He indicates that Democrats have been using the tyranny of numbers to force policy changes in the government. According to the House vote, the bill was approved by 257 members against 151 members. Out of 257 votes in favor of the bill, 186 votes were Democrats while 91 were Republicans. All members against the bill were Republicans. This indicates that the Democrats are using the majority power to impose some policies.

Herszenhorn argues that the Democrats support for the bill to increase government spending has increased the battle between Republican and Democrats. The evidence to support his argument are statements made by Mr. McConnell on how Democrats in the Congress for blocking all efforts to implement regular spending bills. Mr. McConnell indicates that Democrats are against all fiscal measures proposed by Republicans such as increasing government spending. Herszenhorn indicates that Democrats have blocked all spending bills that were proposed by Republican and approved by appropriation committees. The strong battle between Democrats and Republican has forced Republican speaker, Mr. Boehner, to express his intention to resign from office. Herszenhorn also indicates that the increased government spending will have a significant effect to the US. He indicates that the country federal debt has continued to escalate and the US can lose it ability to pay.

In my opinion, I agree with Herszenhorn opinion that Democrats are using majority leadership to pass major government policies. Republican have remained powerless since most of their proposed bills especially on fiscal measures have been blocked in the Congress. Nevertheless, approval of spending bill is likely to help the government to accomplish most of their missions such as heightening the security and infrastructure development.

Works Cited:

Herszenhorn, David. “Spending Bill passes, averting a shutdown.” New York Times, Sept. 30, 2015.

Marketing Sample Essay on Similarities and Differences in the Functions Performed By Intermediaries my assignment essay help london

Marketing Channel

Similarities and Differences in the Functions Performed By Intermediaries

            The main function of the intermediaries in a marketing channel is to ensure that the products get to the end user. Different intermediaries perform varied roles to link the manufacturers to the markets. Therefore, the firs similarity in the functions of intermediaries is the delivery of products to the final consumer. Although some of the intermediaries such as the sales agents do not take ownership of the produce, their function aid in the delivery of the produce from the manufacturer to the consumer. Additionally, all the intermediaries play the roles of marketers in promoting the products (Rosenbloom 51).

            On the other hand, the functions of different stakeholders within the marketing channel vary from one intermediary to another. The position of the intermediary determines their roles within the distribution channel, thus creating the variations. For instance, some intermediaries have the authority to set the prices and determine the final method of delivery. Distributors, retailers, and merchants have a level of product ownership that allows them to determine the market price of the products (Rosenbloom 86). On the other hand, agents do not make any profit from selling the products, but depend entirely on the commission offered by the manufacturers.

Functions Performed By Intermediaries

            The main functions of intermediaries include transactional, logistical and facilitation. The distributers, wholesalers, and the merchants help with the transactional, logistical and the facilitation of the products from the manufacturer to the consumer. Retailers are also part of the transactional intermediaries because they take risks through the ownership of the products. The agents, facilitators, brokers, only function as facilitators because they do not store the products, nor decide the market price of the goods. The three functions enhance the process of service delivery in business (Rosenbloom 106).

Work Cited

Rosenbloom, Bert. Marketing Channels: a management view. Australia Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2013. Print.

Sample Marketing Case Studies Paper on Attracting Customers and Convincing them to Pay the High Rates college application essay help online


TO: Dr Barbro Beckett, the clinic owner



SUBJECT: Attracting customers and convincing them to pay the high rates

Brief overview  

I congratulate you for the effort you have put towards improving the services you offer to your customers at your newly refurbished clinic. I further congratulate you for successfully moving to the new building, and I hope that you will settle down in your new location as quickly as possible.

Central problem   

However, in your effort of improving the quality of services you offer to your clients and charging higher prices than those covered by health insurance, I have established the following.

That the central problem facing you is that of convincing customers to pay those charges in line with the services you offer them.  I have also established that very few customers visit your clinic because of the new charges, but you have a specific target market.

Possible options  

In order to deal with the problems facing your dental clinic, you can adopt three options right now.

The first option would be to advertise your company extensively so that you can reach more potential customers. With regard to this option, I understand that this practice could be in contrast to your professional practices or even to the way you were taught in dental school to handle business (Lovelock and Wirtz 470). In contrast to this norm, you had better start promoting your business through extensive advertising.The second option would be to lower the price for your services and probably charge as HMO recommends. Although this option would be the simplest to implement, it might not fit your business strategy. Accordingly, it might be one of the least options for you to consider.The third option would be to expand your business by opening up new clinics so that potential customers can reach you easily. This means that rather than relying on one clinic you should have several clinics in the city or in the state.

Strengths and weaknesses of the possible options        

Looking at the merits and demerits of the three options, the first option will enable you to reach more people that could end up coming to your clinic. However, this option is likely to increase the cost of running your clinic and you probably do not wish to do so. The second option is likely to attract more customers and probably increase profit, but it will be in contrast to your current business practices that I highly recommend. Furthermore, you are likely to lose more money since you have already invested a lot into your business and you are focused on differentiating your business through quality services. With regard to the third option, you are likely to reach more customers, but you will have to invest more money into the business. As a result, although this option would enable you to reach more customers, it would cost you more than it has already done revamping the current clinic.

Recommended course of action

After considering the three options, I have established that the first option is likely to be the best option for you to adopt. Although this option would increase the cost of running your clinic, it is the most viable one because of the following reasons. First, the word of mouth that you rely heavily on promoting your clinic might not be as efficient as other promotional methods might be (Lovelock and Wirtz 473). As a result, it would be advisable for you to incorporate other methods of advertising such as posters, television advertising, or even road shows among other methods into your current promotional practices. Some of these methods do not cost a lot of money so they are not likely to increase your cost of doing business significantly. This notwithstanding, those methods are likely to boost your business by bring more customers. Second, with the first option, you are likely to incur less than you might incur implementing the third option. Furthermore, you will not lose money, as you are likely to do lowering the amount of money you charge your clients by adopting the second option. Third, you have already set your mind on differentiating your business and so you should not be hesitant to take another bolder step of promoting your business.   

Marketing metrics

Having established that you should promote your business through extensive advertisement, you should adopt the following marketing metrics to determine the effectiveness of the first option.

First, you should develop a financial report that should indicate the number of customers visiting your clinic and the amount of money the clinic generates at any given time.Second, you should develop a customer acquisition cost report that should indicate the advertising cost and the number of customers your clinic has at any given time (Lovelock and Wirtz 608).

With the help of these two metrics, you are likely to determine the number of customers the new promotional practices are able to generate for your business by tracking down the performance of your clinic. Consequently, it is my hope that extensive advertising that is focused on the services you offer and probably an indication of the price of the services you offer to your customers will attract more customers and probably help you overcome the problem your business faces.

Works Cited

Lovelock, Christopher and Wirtz Jochen. Services marketing: People, technology, strategy. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2011.

Sample Nursing Coursework Paper on The Nursing Practice essay help websites: essay help websites

The Nursing Practice

Nursing Professional is a complex ever-changing practice. Nursing organizations and associations play key roles in pushing for a healthy profession by proactively ensuring flow of ideas within the profession. They also advocate for clients’ needs and the trust of the society in whole (Davies, Macdowall & Cragg, 2013). The American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) is one such nursing association that is totally dedicated to supporting nurse practitioners in all areas of the practice. This essay discusses how the nursing organizations such as ANNP are transforming nursing practice through policies. The nursing organizations develop policies with the objective of improving nursing practice outcomes by either broadening or limiting the scopes of the practice. There are many approaches through which these policies are put into action, but most importantly there is the advocacy approach.

Advocacy refers to an evidence-based action that health practitioners can take to help in transforming systems and improving policies that benefit their patients’ behaviors and thus their health. It is a blend of science, stakeholders, and politics. On the political front, ANNP, for instance, has openly voiced its support of The Frontlines to Lifelines Act, a bill that aims at granting full practice authority to registered nurses (, 2015). Successful implementation of this bill would bring about positives outcomes including veterans’ access to health care, shortening delays in health care delivery, reduction in health costs and promotion of patient safety. In dispensing their duties, these nursing organizations also coordinate with other stakeholders. Such stakeholders include community institutions, agencies, and government or nongovernment institutions, with which the practitioners work to lobby for favorable policies (Davies, Macdowall & Cragg, 2013). These institutions through their policies and political power are in a position to challenge health care systems to implement policies that support the scope of nursing practice.

References,. (2015). AANP – AANP Voices Support for Senate Bill Empowering Nurse Practitioners in the Veterans Health Administration. Retrieved 1 October 2015, from

Davies, M., Macdowall, W. & Cragg, L. (2013). Health promotion theory (2nd ed.). Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.

Sample Health Care Essay Paper on Chandler Health easy essay help

Three Year Strategic Plan (2015-2017)

Chandler Health


Chandler Health is not ranked among the best and developed health care institutions, but with the goals and objectives in place, its journey to success seems unstoppable. It is a newly developed health care facility scheduled to open in six months. It will provide acute, community, and aged care services to over 10,000 people within newly built suburbs on the periphery of the city of location.

Motto: Service to all without racial or gender discrimination

Vision: Our vision is to be one of the best healthcare organizations preferably for local communities and those from beyond our border.  Through our specialist and integrated healthcare services, the achievement of this vision cannot be doubted.

Mission: Our mission as a giant healthcare organization is to treat our patients the way we would like to be treated ourselves, to work together as professionals in the provision of best quality care possible, to maintain focus on patients’ individual and diverse needs and to pursue excellence in healthcare service provision while integrating the services with social care and community services. We will show respect, courtesy, and professionalism to our patients. We will also communicate with our patients in a clear, responsible, and transparent manner.

Our Goals

To provide the best service to ensure patient safety, experience, and quality with the aim of establishing ourselves in the competitive healthcare industry.To make our organization the best place for people to work

To become a centre of excellence for research, education, innovation, and specialist services.

To provide integrated and seamless care.

To be financially sustainable without relying on financial support from governments and international organizations.To be open and transparent with our patients, the public, and other partners.

Our values: Patient-centeredness, fairness, collaboration, accountability, empowerment.

Goal One: To provide the best service to ensure patient safety, experience, and quality with the aim of establishing ourselves in the competitive healthcare industry

GoalHow it will be achieved (2015-2017)To provide the best service to ensure patient safety, experience, and quality   Rationale for the goal: To ensure an enhanced relationship between our organization, our patients, and the public.   Objectives to achieve the goal: To ensure patient safety To enhance patient experience To ensure quality service is provided to patients.   Measuring achievement of the goal: Providing questionnaires to patients and the public to give their views on the goal’s progress.   References for staff to appreciate the importance of the goal: Patient medical recordsFinancial recordsEmployee performance records    To ensure patient safety objective: actions Improving the relationship between healthcare providers and patients, and the way our patients are handled within our premises.Ensuring that the safety of our patients is improved and is better than that provided by rival healthcare providers. This will be accomplished through the implementation of electronic patient records that will enhance patient information credibility and availability.Ensuring that safe and quality healthcare services are offered to each patient.We will outsource security services from recognised security agencies to ensure the safety of every patient in our organization.   To ensure quality service: actions Providing high and exemplary standards of basic such as privacy, cleaning, dignity, patient information, hospital environment, food, and clothing.Ensuring that medical cover and diagnostics is provided to every patient who visits the hospital. This will prompt a reorganization of Chandler Health’s workforce.   To enhance patient experience: actions Working closely or in association with community and social healthcare experts to ensure the provision of coordinated services to our patients.Working tirelessly to ensure that every patient in our organization and people in the local community are engaged in the day-to-day activities in our organization. This will provide a platform for the enhancement of the experience of the patients and local people.Ensuring that our healthcare services are channelled to the patients in an approachable and compassionate way. This will raise the confidence of the patients on the level of quality provided by our healthcare organization.Ensuring that all healthcare services provided by our healthcare experts are patient-centred. We will be prompted to partner with other established healthcare organizations in the provision of quality healthcare to our patients.We will provide and avail medical records and information to our patients to raise their confidence on the quality and safety of their medical records and information.We will ensure that information related to the performance of our healthcare experts is reported openly and availed to our patients. Through this, we will uphold accountability thus convincing the patients on our service quality.We will set aside days for get-togethers and through this, patients and the public will have an opportunity of learning more about the services provided in our organization.

A strategy framework to guide the development of the 2015-2017 strategy and its integration into the daily activities of Chandler Health

Establishment of the needs of the customers (patients and community)

Taking into consideration the needs of the patients and the public will be one of our key priorities in the development and integration of the strategy into the daily activities of Chandler Health. First, as highlighted by Waxman (2005), engaging the patients and the community in the organization’s day-to-day activities would present our healthcare team and employees with the opportunity of establishing their needs and requirements. With the needs already identified, changes or improvements will be made to the strategy thus leading to its development and integration into Chandler Health’s day-to-day activities (World Health Organization, 2007). Second, delivering patient-centred care would give our healthcare team the opportunity of associating or connecting one-on-one with the patients, and this will aid in the identification of their needs that will be incorporated in the strategy thus leading to its development and integration into the daily activities of Chandler Health. Third, giving the patients and community a platform of giving their opinions and views regarding our organization would help in the identification of their needs, and this would help in the development of the entire strategy (Fisher & Shortell, 2010).

The relevant internal and external stakeholders to be consulted

According to Fisher et al (2007), a successful development and integration of the strategy into Chandler Health’s daily activities would prompt an extensive consultation with internal and external stakeholders. First, the employees of the organization will have to be consulted (Sadeghi et al, 2012), and this is owed to the fact that they will be at the forefront in its development and integration into day-to-day activities. Second, government authorities will have to be consulted, and this will ensure that the regulations and policies in place are adhered to so that the integration and development of the strategy does not become a challenge. Third, McClellan et al (2010) state that the public will have to be consulted, and this will aid in the determination of their healthcare needs that will be taken into consideration in the development of the strategy.

How a representative strategy creation committee would be created

A major internal stakeholder, preferably the Chief Executive Officer would organize a meeting for every stakeholder of the organization, a few patients, and a few members of the community. Through the meeting, the needs of the patients, the public, and the employees would be identified (Berwick, 2011). The members present in the meeting would then form a committee to create Chandler Health’s strategy that will be operational between 2015 and 2017. The committee would have to familiarize with the needs and requirement of every external and internal stakeholder. The identified needs would then form the basis of the creation of Chandler Health organization’s 2015-2017 strategy. Moreover

How to engage all staff in the creation of the strategy

Engaging all staff would be essential in the creation of the strategy. According to Mistry (2010), to ensure that all staff is engaged, the strategy creation committee would be forced to define the significance of the strategy to them. Second, the committee would have to measure and do an evaluation of the most important things and what every staff member can do in relation to the creation of the strategy. Smith & Martin (2007) argue that engaging all staff would also involve preparing them for success and this would see the committee clarifying on what every staff member is expected to accomplish in the organization. Moreover, to engage all staff, the strategy creation committee would have to give plenty of feedback to the staff regarding the developments of the strategy, and through this all staff would without a doubt be involved in the creation of the strategy (Fisher et al, 2009).

How the strategy would be communicated to the staff

Apparently, the communication of the strategy to the staff would pave the way for its development and integration into the day-to-day activities of Chandler Health (Davis & Davis & Co., 2005). First, the strategy creation committee would convene a meeting for all external and internal stakeholders, and it is through the meeting that the Chief Executive Officer would announce the developments regarding the strategy (Walker, 2012). Eurich (2010) states that, another way of communicating the strategy to the staff would be through print and mass media. Through this, every member of staff would be aware of Chandler Health’s strategy for 2015-2017.

How the strategy would be evaluated, including when and by whom

Through the evaluation of the strategy, the strategy creation committee would be aware of whether all staff is involved or not. Besides, the evaluation would provide a platform for improving and making necessary changes to the strategy. Rittenhouse et al (2009) indicate that the evaluation of the strategy would involve the provision of copies of the strategy to every stakeholder who would then give their feedback and views. The strategy would also be evaluated by observing the involvement of the patients, public, and the employees in the organization’s day-to-day activities. Shortell & Casalino (2010) underscore that the involvement of every stakeholder in the organization’s activities would imply that the plan’s mission, vision, goals, and objectives have been accomplished. A key figure who would be at the forefront in the evaluation of the strategy would be the Chief Executive Officer. However, every stakeholder would also be involved in the evaluation of the strategy. The strategy’s evaluation would be in 2016, two years, after the opening of Chandler Health.


The needs of patients and the public represent a critical element in the development and integration of strategy in a healthcare society. The management should devise suitable ways and approaches to assure the effectiveness of communication in implementing the strategy. Healthcare involves a noble service to humanity, and cooperation among all players and staff members in the healthcare facility is important to ascertain quality and value in the operations of the facility.


Berwick, D. M. 2011. Launching accountable care organizations—the proposed rule for the Medicare Shared Savings Program. New England Journal of Medicine, 364(16), e32.

Davis, A., & Davis & Co. (Glen Rock, N.J.). 2005. 21 strategies for improving employee communication: Smart tips for communicators. Glen Rock, NJ: Davis & Co.

Eurich, H. 2010. Factors of success in UN mission communication strategies in post-conflict settings: A critical assessment of the UN missions in East Timor and Nepal. Berlin: Logos.

Fisher, E. S., & Shortell, S. M. 2010. Accountable care organizations: accountable for what, to whom, and how. Jama, 304(15), 1715-1716.

Fisher, E. S., McClellan, M. B., Bertko, J., Lieberman, S. M., Lee, J. J., Lewis, J. L., & Skinner, J. S. 2009. Fostering accountable health care: moving forward in Medicare. Health Affairs, 28(2), w219-w231.

Fisher, E. S., Staiger, D. O., Bynum, J. P., & Gottlieb, D. J. 2007. Creating accountable care organizations: the extended hospital medical staff. Health Affairs, 26(1), w44-w57.

McClellan, M., McKethan, A. N., Lewis, J. L., Roski, J., & Fisher, E. S. 2010. A national strategy to put accountable care into practice. Health Affairs, 29(5), 982-990.

Mistry, S. 2010. Leading strategy execution: How to engage employees and implement your strategies. Philadelphia, Pa: Kogan Page.

Rittenhouse, D. R., Shortell, S. M., & Fisher, E. S. 2009. Primary care and accountable care—two essential elements of delivery-system reform. New England Journal of Medicine, 361(24), 2301-2303.

Sadeghi, S., Barzi, A., Mikhail, O., & Shabot, M. M. 2012. Integrating quality and strategy in health care organizations. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Shortell, S. M., & Casalino, L. P. 2010. Implementing qualifications criteria and technical assistance for accountable care organizations. Jama, 303(17), 1747-1748.

Smith, P., & Martin, D. 2007. Engaging Staff in the Strategic Planning Process by Changing Approaches and Attitudes. AUQF2007: Evolution and Renewal in Quality Assurance.

Walker, S. 2012. Employee engagement and communication research: Measurement, strategy, and action. Philadelphia, Pa: Kogan Page.

Waxman, A. 2005. Why a global strategy on diet, physical activity and health? (Vol. 95, pp. 162-166). Karger Publishers.

World Health Organization. 2007. Everybody’s business–strengthening health systems to improve health outcomes: WHO’s framework for action. Retrieved online on September 30, 2015 from

Sample Economics Case Studies Paper on PRICING OF FATTY ACIDS rice supplement essay help: rice supplement essay help


The worldwide demand for natural fatty acids, in value terms, is projected to grow at the rate of 9.7% yearly due to increased competition from the fatty acid sector, the self-sufficient energy generation, and the food industries. With the increased competition from other oil crops, the cottonseed growers have recognized the need to produce better quality seed and oils.

New cottonseed cultivars have been developed to improve the several quality factors including quantities of oil, and changes in select fatty acids. “Refined cottonseed oil is typically used as a salad and cooking oil and in the preparation of shortenings and margarine.”[1] Still, “the refined oil is not as stable to oxidation as is the crude oil, likely because of removal of the gossypol and part of the tocopherols.”[2]

Demand for base oleochemicals shall substantially mirror developing nations’ Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value across Asia, South America, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. This improvement will see the profitability of the operators squeezed as the raw materials are a fundamental segment of the manufacturing prices and the existing challenge in passing this fully across the customers. Accordingly, derivates will enjoy maximum increase, whereas personal and household care applications will experience the implications for the push of greener and additional biodegradable chemicals.

“Some researchers believe that the favorable effect of monosaturated fatty acids on risk reduction for cardiovascular heart disease is simply due to the displacement of saturated fatty acids from the diet.”[3] Other evidence suggest direct beneficial effects of monosaturated fatty acids, such as their ability to reduce the plasma concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1, which can retard the breakdown of blood clots and increase the probability of stroke. Ideally, an increase in dietary oleic acid is desirable because it has similar health advantages to increasing linoleic acid intake and is, possibly, more beneficial because of the decreased tendency for oxidation of low-density lipoproteins containing oleic acids as compared to linoleic acid.

[1] International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics, Artemis P. Simopoulos, and Fabien De Meester. 2009. A balanced omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio, cholesterol and coronary heart disease. Basel: Karger.

[2] Dayan, Nava, and Lambros Kromidas. 2011. Formulating, packaging, and marketing of natural cosmetic products. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

[3] Dayan, Nava, and Lambros Kromidas. 2011. Formulating, packaging, and marketing of natural cosmetic products. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Sample Communication Essay on Family Communication Pattern university essay help: university essay help

Family Communication Pattern


The researchers’ main purpose of carrying out the study was to find out the factors that play out when a young person chooses to befriend his or her parents though the social networking sites. They also seek to establish the role that patterns of communication in the family and the individual differences play when decisions are made to friend or not to friend parents on the SNS. It also aimed to examine how these factors would change when a young adult chooses to adjust his or her privacy settings after befriending the parent.

Research Questions/Hypotheses

H1: The following variables will be associated with ‘‘friending’’ a parent on

Facebook: conversation orientation, conformity orientation, sex, frequency of

Facebook use and number of friends.

RQ1: What is the relationship among conversation orientation, conformity?

Orientation, sex, frequency of Facebook use, and number of friends to college

Students’ likelihood of ‘‘friending’’ a parent on Facebook?

Research Questions

            2. Do young adults who friend their parents adjust their privacy settings?

            3. Do young adults who adjust their privacy settings differ from those who don’t

    adjust their privacy settings based on: sex, Facebook use, conversation

    orientation, and conformity orientation?


To answer the above questions, the researchers recruited study participants for the purposes of this study. This was after obtaining the permission to involve human subjects from the institutional review board of their college. The participants were picked based on possession of active Facebook accounts and a parent with a registered facebook account.

189 participants did and completed an online survey; most of them were brought on board through communication undergraduate studies from a private college. Large sample was obtained by distribution of survey to facebook friends by one of the researchers and sending multiple emails to members of other clubs within the campus and to students who major in communication studies.

The researchers opted to use participants of ages 18-22.Majority of them were females, making 72% of the  participants. The researchers then provided the survey link where each participant was to complete on his or her own time. The survey sought to find the demographic  information, age, race, sex and grade level of the participants. Lastly, the participants were supposed to completed measures through the Revised Family Communication Pattern (RFCP)


Majority  of facebook users had their parents as their friends in facebook, making 81.5%(154). They had moderate number of friends and spent about one hour daily on facebook and their profiles were updated 23.1 times on average per month. The study also found out that female facebook users were more likely to friend their parents on social networking sites.

            Communication patterns and orientation affected how participants choose to friend their parents. Conversation orientation affected young adults’ decision to friend parents than number of facebook friends, facebook use, and sex. Very few people adjust their privacy settings after friending their parents. Those who adjust settings are also regular in updating their profiles.


The research proved that family communication pattern is the main contributor on how children relate with their parents outside the family setting. Free and open communication with parents often lead to openness even in other settings and platforms. Parents should therefore learn from the study that good communication with their children is the first step in ensuring their online safety and protection.

Implications for The Study

For communication students, the study proves that family communication patterns are the most essential factor in enhancing relationship between parents and their children. Communication should therefore be enhanced for healthy relationships and safer existence in the society

Sample Management Case Study Paper on Nucor Corporation college essay help free

Case Study

Nucor Corporation had to make a critical decision concerning whether to invest in the new thin slab casting technology at the end of year 1986. The investment could put Nucor Corporation in a situation where it could lose everything it had invested in the prior period. This is because the venture had a huge initial investment cost of $280 million and working capital and start up expenses amounting to $30 million, which was projected to push the total investment cost to $ 340 million. This amount was nearly equivalent to the Nucor Corporation’s net worth, hence risking losing the whole company in case of failure. Highly risky projects have the high chances of generating high returns, and hence benefits to the investor. This supports the idea that that it was worthwhile for Nucor Corporation to invest in the Compact Strip Production (CSP) technology.

The Upsides of Investment

This technological advance would give Nucor a competitive edge over its competitors in that traditional integrated mills casted slabs with a thickness ranging from 8-12 inches. On the contrary, adopting CSP technology would allow Nucor to cast slabs with lesser thickness of up to two inches. By adopting this technology, Nucor would be the first company to penetrate in the market that has not been initially exploited as a first mover. Nucor would, hence, establish its reputation before the competitors among its customers, suppliers, and distributors, winning their loyalty towards the new products. Nucor would also earn high profits during the monopoly period before other competitors invest in new technology, which can be reinvested to improve its resource base. Additionally, technology would significantly lower Nucor’s future production cost, contributing to the company adopting a cost-leadership strategy. This strategy would enable Nucor to produce its products at a lower cost per unit than the competition, gaining a competitive edge in the industry.  

The Downsides of Investment

Technology is expensive for Nucor Corporation; it would consume high initial investment costs that are equivalent to the company’s net worth. Additionally, it would be a risky venture for a pioneer of CSP technology, since it had not been tested previously in the market, and hence lacks previous experience that Nucor could learn from.

Sample Marketing Essay Paper on Soft Drink Industry writing essay help: writing essay help

Soft drink industry

Soft drink industry is profitable because the two major companies in this industry have all been making profits over the years. However, from the case study, it is not possible to quantify the amount of profit because actual figures are not provided. With regard to profitability of individual businesses, concentrate business is more profitable than bottling business because throughout the war, it was able to acquire the bottling business. In addition, in contrast to concentrate business that did not require a lot of capital, the bottling business was capital-intensive yet the profits were not that high. With regard to integration, the two companies were both involved in vertical integration because they acquired most of their bottling businesses. From the case study, it is clear that in the 1980s, each of these companies owned between 20 and 30 percent of its bottling businesses.

With regard to distribution, food stores, vending and fountains were the main distribution channels for the soft drinks in the 1980s. However, these channels were replaced significantly by supermarkets later on. In spite of this fact, Coca Cola Company has, throughout the years, focused its attention on fountains as its distribution channels while Pepsi has focused its attention on retail outlets as its distribution channels.  

In terms of cost of doing business, the competition between the two companies has affected the industry’s profits because each of them has been forced to increase its advertising costs. This means that other small companies in the industry have also been affected in the same way. As a result, the industry’s profit is not as high as expected if there was no intense rivalry. This notwithstanding, the industry has expanded because the companies have expanded their businesses into the international market. My recommendation for the two companies is that they should focus on building their businesses on comparative advantages rather than on intense rivalry.   

Sample Computer Science Paper on Information Techniques to Recognize Soccer Player Performance through Wearable Technology my assignment essay help

Information Techniques to Recognize Soccer Player Performance through Wearable Technology


Wearable technology has become a technique through which systematic monitoring of soccer athletes can be realized by the coaches and team doctors. This is relation to their physical health in relation to the surrounding environment.

Fundaments Literature

Sensor incorporated wearable technology has become a way by which  it is possible for athletes to engage in self-monitoring in a consistent and more accurate manner and facilitate the development of workable strategies during training.

The architecture of wearable technology

Wearable technologies are composed of :

Sensing sectionProcessing sectionTransmission section

Wearable technology in training

The incorporation of wearable technology in training is essential in improving accuracy of data, and identifying areas of improvement.

Through GPS, it is possible for coaches to acquire data on the performance of their players. Integrated circuits and wireless sensor networks have made it possible for wearable technology to improve on monitoring of players, analysis performance and evaluating stress levels in participants.

In terms of its influence on soccer, wearable technology has enabled coaches to set targets for their players according to their performance levels. For Germany in the 2014 World Cup, it was through Adidas MiCoach Smart Run watch that the team was able to win over Argentina in the finals. This was because through the technology it was possible for the coach to evaluate the players in terms of their fitness levels, and heat rate, which were essential in the determination of the payers to field.   


It is necessary for soccer teams to embrace wearable technology to improve on player monitoring. The devices must however be safe and comfortable to the players to ensure that they measure the intended variables.

Sample Accounting Paper on Proposed distribution, followed by sale of Canary Corporation essay help service





Subject: Proposed distribution, followed by sale of Canary Corporation

Facts: Oriole Corporation is the sole shareholder of the Canary Corporation.  Prior to the sale, the Canary accumulated E&P of $8 million.  In addition, the assets of Canary entails property, equipment and plant worth $11.5 million, as well as marketable securities worth $8.5million. In relation to the strategic business reasons, the company plans to sell Canary Corporation in the next 2 years. In anticipation of the impending sale,Oriole Corporation has considered two possibilities:

Sell Canary for its fair market value of $19.5 million, whereby the company would generate a profit of $8 million after the sale.Distribute $8 million in cash and securities to Oriole in terms of dividends. In this case, the dividend acquired would be tax free because Oriole is eligible to a hundred percent dividends received deductions. The following sale of Canary for $11.5 million would lead in to taxable gain.

Issue: To determine if the distribution of $8 million in cash and securities was treated as a divided subject to the dividends received deduction, and is the subsequent sale of stock tax free?

Discussion:  In Waterman Steamship Corp. v. Comm., 70–2 USTC {9514, 26 AFTR 2d 70–5185, 430 F.2d 1185 (CA–5, 1970), the corporation received an offer to purchase the stock of its wholly owned subsidiary. Notably, after the offer was received, a dividend equivalent to the fair market price of the subsidiary’s stock minus the patient corporation’s adjusted basis in the stock. It was argued that the dividend were as a result of no taxable income as a result of 100 percent dividends as required under section 243(a)(3), and no gain was noted.

Several facts of the current case differ from those of Waterman. First, in the Oriole case, enough E&P had been accumulated to pay dividends. Second, there was no offer made to purchase Oriole. Given that no offer is outstanding, it would be hard to treat the dividend as part of sale price.

Conclusion: From the facts presented, Canary is right in its assessments relating to the tax consequences related to the proposed transaction. The divided must be accurately be offset by the 100 percent dividends received deduction.

Sample Marketing Case Study Paper on The Northern Rush ccusa autobiographical essay help: ccusa autobiographical essay help

The Northern Rush

Northern Rush is a conglomerate of James (a lecturer) and the third-year students. Northern Rush is expected to supply starter kits for the freshman in colleges and universities in Canada. The starter kit was to come in three packages: the Works, Deluxe and the Essentials. The Works composed of a set of bedroom, bathroom, organization, a few electronics and kitchen components. The Deluxe package came with bedroom, bathroom, organization and a few electronic components while the Essentials package was composed of bedroom and bathroom components. The Essentials package was priced at $170, the Deluxe package at $220 and the Works package at $325. A standard shipping fee of $25 was set for all the packages for international orders. Main competitors for Northern Rush in the providence of starter kits to students included international firms like DormItUp and DormCo and the local firms like Dorm Essentials and Residence Linen.

            In this case study, three critical issues emerge that should be addressed for the success of the venture. These key issues include:

Profitability of the ventureBenefits and challenges of working with third-year studentsMarketing strategies to be employed

The home-furnishing industry at large has been on turmoil since the financial recession of 2008. There have been shaky trends especially in the US, but the Canadian market is set on recovery. The Northern Rush will focus mainly on the Canadian market (its primary market). Canada has about 90 universities and at least 190 colleges that have annual intake. During every intake, students have to acquire home-furnishing equipment like bed linens, curtains and bathroom towels. These provide a large market for the Northern Rush which consisted of the Students, parents and general public. The number of residence students in Western University (about 5,500 from the 22,800 students admitted) and that in Fanshawe College (about 1,600 resident students) depict the potential customer base for the Northern Rush in providence of starter kits. The average amount spent by each customer group depict the mean benchmark for the Northern Rush prices (considering the inclusion of discount sales offered by its competitors). The projected sales of Northern Rush (between 100-200 packages) depict the amount of expected revenue in the first years of establishment. The 25% growth in sales are expected in the second year and 20% growth in the third year. This can evaluate the amount and period required by Northern Rush to break-even. With this expected growth and the number of students’ admission, Northern Rush has a high profitability.

Inclusion of right marketing strategies will warrant success of Northern Rush. Considering that the students are the main market category, easier tactics to ensure wide presence among them include use of online platforms like Google and Facebook. Online orders are popular among university and college students. The advertising costs are liable to the method used (cost-per-click or cost-per-thousand method). The efficient method for Northern Rush would be the cost-per-thousand method (costing $10.99 for every 1000 impressions) with the Google platform. This would allow the students find Northern Rush based on the popular words for home-furnishing equipment. Online advertising and ordering platform would be recommended for Northern Rush as it would improve customer convenience and better online platform provide good customer experience. This can work as an advertising tool in its own sense.    

Partnering with the third-year students would be ideal option as the students bring a load of the students’ perspective and experience of the starter kits. The third-year students can network with the admitted students and even sell the kits through sales representatives. James (the lecturer) will offer guidance on key business perspectives and the appropriate strategies to be employed in management of Northern Rush.

Sample Paper on Essay Responses instant essay help

Essay Responses

The benefits an institution gets from embracing diversity are exorbitant. Diversity in this regard entails talents, interest, and contextual cultures. Being part of the Daniels graduate school means that my expertise and interests will be experienced and utilized by colleagues at the institution. My prior experience as a communication trainee at a leading Public relations firm will enable me fit in the institutions graduate school.

The need to have a good portrayal towards your peers in a social context, customers in a business premise, and clients in a company is vital in ensuring success in the various engagements one may involve him/herself. As learners, we should ensure that our priorities are right to give our tutors ample time in guiding us to success. Apart from the usual customer relations stints I was involved in at the PR firm, I was also tasked with making reservations in conference halls for meetings between the firm and its client, this experience extended my understanding of the corporate world which I will share with my fellow students who will in return give their suggestion or share their own so as to compare.

As part of public relations practice ethics, it is important for individuals in this field to have proper media relations to be updated of the various developments in the global scene. Press cuttings and media analysis were part of my duties during my internship earlier on. On certain occasions, drafting media invites and press releases was part of the communication medium that public relation officers used in their day-to-day activities. Understanding the client base on the local, national, and global scene also acts as a major breakthrough for this profession, which I endeavor to further in my studies in this institution. .

It is my greatest vision that Daniels would benefit largely from my input, while at the same time equipping me with supplementary knowledge in the field of Public Communications in the Graduate school.

Sample Nursing Paper on Diabetes and Foot Care: Literature Review college application essay help online: college application essay help online

Diabetes and Foot Care: Literature Review

Article 1

In the article by Nemcová, & Hlinková (2014) describes a study aimed at assessing the efficacy of diabetic foot care education and how it influence behavior of diabetics.  The author has a notion that the knowledge and skills acquired by patient have a significant impact on their healthcare outcome. To test the hypothesis Nemcová, and Hlinková used the survey to collect data from the participant. Data were collected prior to education based on practical reasoning scheme. The patients were then introduced in education programs for six months, and data was collected at the end of the education. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics content analysis and inferential statistic.  The result indicated that increased in knowledge and motivation changed the behavior of diabetic patient after education. Nemcová, and Hlinková, (2013) concluded that education increase knowledge and motivation that result in changing behavior of diabetic patients in diabetic foot care.

Type of information has gathered

In the course of the study, a lot of information was gathered by the researcher. Among the information gathered include demographic information, information to risk factors of diabetes, foot care diagnosis information, and education outcome information.

Type of Research

The research was qualitative in nature since it tried to explain the impact of foot care education in reducing in reducing diabetic ulcers. The researcher used data collected using a survey to test the hypothesis that educating diabetic patients changes their behavior and help to the prevention of diabetic foot ulcer.

Approach Used

The study usedPhenomenological approach since it involved direct investigations and description phenomena as experienced. The researcher conducted an experiment to understand ad explain the impact of foot care education in the prevention of diabetic foot ulcer.

Importance of the Study

The study was useful in satisfying the aim of the study. The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of foot care education in changing behavior of diabetic patient to prevent foot ulcers and amputation. from the data collected it was found that patient who took foot care education for six months demonstrated positive behavior toward prevention of diabetic foot ulcers hence reducing the rate and severity of foot ulcers (Nemcová & Hlinková, 2014).

Data Collection

It is right to conclude that the data was carefully collected. Data was collected prior and after education to compare the change in behaviors of diabetic patients. Data collected prior to education helped is setting assessment based on the study and as based on practical reasoning scheme and supported by data from patient’s record.

Article 2

The article presents a study that was conducted with an aim registered nurses professional work with foot ulcer in diabetic patients in the home nursing setting. In the study, Annersten, Pilhammar, and Alm Roijer, (2013) collected the data using qualitative interviews. Data was collected from 15 RNs actively working nursing homes for municipalities of Sweden. The participants were required to have at least two years experience working in home nursing service. The result showed that RNS work through coordination, leadership, education, and evaluation. The finding also indicated that it was the responsibility of RNs to offer both medical and nursing services to diabetic patients, but the lack of formal tool limits their work. Health care assistants performed most of the nursing actions in an effort to prevent foot ulcers such as maintaining hygiene foot assessment and nutrition. The study concluded that in home nursing setting, patient assessment and nursing action to reduce foot ulcers are done by healthcare assistants (Annersten Gershater, Pilhammar & Alm Roijer, 2013). 

Methods of Measurement

Data was collected from 168 RNs who agreed to participate in the study. data was collected using an interview with unstructured questions. The data was recorded for future analysis. To maintain relevance to the study, the interviews were categorized into four categories which include leadership, nursing practices education and research and development.

Researcher relationship with the participants

Researcher maintained a close relationship with the research participant in order to build their confidence and trust on the information shared. The relationship was informal to enable correct extra information from the participants.

Methods for Data Collection

Data was collected through interview with the participants. During the interview, participants were asked open-ended questions which they were required to respond to. The data collected was recorded on an audio tape and later transcribed by the researcher for analysis.

Data Analysis

The researcher conducted a thorough analysis of the data collected. The data was analyzed according to predetermined categories and themes of the study which include leadership, nursing practice, education and training and development. Quotes and statements were matched to their respective category, and those that were doubted were left as a subjected to the discussion by the researcher (Annersten Gershater, Pilhammar, & Alm Roijer, 2013).

Sampling Population

The target population of the study was registered nurses that offered home nursing services in southern Sweden region. Since the whole target population could not be included in the study, a sample of 168 RNs was select to participate in the study. only nurses with more than two years experience and currently employed by the municipal were eligible for the study. 

Article 3

The article by Woodbury, Botros, Kuhnke, and Greene present an evaluation of peer education program (PEP) can b3e implemented in health care to prevent foot complications resulting from diabetes. The program involved workshops that were conducted by peer leaders and health care professionals on a voluntary basis in 12 communities located in 10 Canadian provinces. To ensure its effectiveness, volunteers were supported by regular online mentoring, online tips and discussions. The program also had a web portal that was used by volunteers, health team, and community participants. The curriculum for the education was based on diabetes foot care and management guidelines. The findings of the evaluation of the program indicated that 97% of the respondents changed their foot self-management behavior after peer education. The article then recommended the PEP should be made available to communities to reduce diabetes foot complications (Woodbury, Botros, Kuhnke & Greene, 2013).

Data Management

Data collection in the study involved participants completing pre and post-workshop knowledge statements to assess whether the participant increased their knowledge and awareness of diabetes self-management practices after undergoing various workshops. The data collected was maintained by the researcher for analysis and comparison at the end of the evaluation period. Data management ensures that the data collected remained confidential, and privacy of participants was maintained (Woodbury, Botros, Kuhnke & Greene, 2013).

Transcribed Interviews, Reflection, and Themes

Some data in the study was collected through telephone interviews with the participants. The recorded telephone conversation was then transcribed for to complete the assessment form for analysis. To reduce the workload of the researcher, transcription of the interview was done and recorded according to the themes of the evaluation which were developed prior to the commencement of the evaluation.

Limitations Identified by the Writer

One of the major limitations of the study is a huge workload. The writer indicates that it was difficult in conducting follow of the participants. The information collected through the portal was also not reliable since it could not be validated. Some participants only completed the initial assessment but failed to complete the second assessment and follow-up test making it difficult to compare data (Woodbury, Botros, Kuhnke & Greene, 2013).

Article 4

The article describes a study that was conducted to examine the knowledge and practice of foot care among diabetic patients in Jordan. Data was collected using an interview on 1085 participants in Jordan. Questionnaire in the Arabic language was used in the collection of data, and it was organized into two categories one concerning knowledge and the other concerning foot self-care management. The result showed that there are high discrepancies between knowledge and practice in subject to foot care management. The author concluded that efforts were required to reduce the discrepancies between practice and knowledge in relation to foot care management (Abu-Qamar, 2014).

Variables in the Study

The variables of the study were well defined by the researcher. The dependent variables of the study are knowledge and practice of foot self-care. The dependent variable is diabetes foot complications. The study indicates that knowledge and practices of self- management on foot care have a direct impact on diabetes foot complications (Abu-Qamar, 2014).

Emerging Theory in the Study

The emerging theory in the study indicates that learning improves performance behavior. In the study, increasing knowledge and awareness on diabetes foot awareness increase self- management practices for diabetic patients.

How the theory shed more light on other topics

The theory that learning improves performance help to sheds more lights on several topics. The theory can help health care practitioners to embark on various education and awareness program to improve self-management practices to prevent various chronic diseases.


The rate of diabetic foot complications around the word is very high. The articles describe various studies that have been conducted aimed at preventing foot ulcers and amputation among diabetes patients. Studies have concluded that increasing diabetes awareness and encouraging self-management practices help to reduce diabetes feet complication. The studies recommended that health care practitioners embark on programs that will increase diabetes awareness and encourage self-management practices.


Abu-Qamar, M. Z. (2014). Knowledge and practice of foot self-care among Jordanians with diabetes: An interview-based survey study. Journal of wound care, 23(5), 247-254.

Annersten Gershater, M., Pilhammar, E. & Alm Roijer, C. (2013). Prevention of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes in home nursing: a qualitative interview study. European Diabetes Nursing, 10(2), 52-57.

Nemcová, J. & Hlinková, E. (2014). The efficacy of diabetic foot cares education. Journal of clinical nursing, 23(5-6), 877-882.

Woodbury, M. G., Botros, M., Kuhnke, J. L. & Greene, J. (2013). Evaluation of a peer‐led self‐management education program PEP Talk: Diabetes, Healthy Feet and You. International Wound Journal, 10(6), 703-711.

Sample English Essay on Engineering Code of Ethics essay help writer: essay help writer

Engineering Code of Ethics

The engineering code of ethics provides the guidelines in implementation of various engineering projects and practices. They act as the checklist for aversion of disasters that may occur due to neglect in the case of the engineers and also due to equipment failures. These codes of ethics have been developed and implemented by statutory bodies like the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) created by an act of parliament. Chemical engineering is also embodied by the said principles and registered practitioners are expected to follow them or face hefty penalties including denial of practicing license. The sole responsibility relies upon the chemical engineer in case of any accidents and legal action may be taken as so deem fit. Several cases of manufacturing plants tragedies have occurred from which valuable lessons have been learnt and effective measures implemented.

According to the NSPE codes, the health, safety and wellbeing of the public is supreme in the design and implementation of industrial processes. Even chemical engineers have to ensure they consider this canon in the selection of various chemicals for the manufacture of different products like fertilizers. The soil and plant impact of these chemicals should be within the defined safety levels. Engineers are to exercise within their field of expertise. Chemical engineers are expected to act within their field and provide advice whatsoever on anything related to this field. They are expected to maintain high ethical standards and accept responsibility for anything/circumstance that results from their judgement. Chemical engineers are expected to maintain high quality of work and sound decisions supported by preamble theories or background. High work quality includes the design and implementation services, for example, the type of material/chemical to be used in the production of a product, the material that will package or convey these products. They are supposed to provide handling suggestions for the product and recommendations in case of an accident resulting from the unintended usage of the same chemical. The NSPE codes outline how chemical engineers are expected to conduct themselves, for example, avoidance of deceit or fraudulent activities that may be an insult to the engineering profession. This entails the recruitment and dissemination of information important in the performance of presumed duties. An engineer, shall not by any purpose or occasion disclose unwarranted information about his/her client to the third parties. This information should be treated private and the client’s consent on decisions relating to it is important.

Consider the Bhopal incident in India. In the manufacturing industry, the waste products have to be detoxified before discharge to the surrounding environment. In Bhopal, a pesticide manufacturing plant had released toxic gases and wastes to the environment. The chemical engineer should design detoxification processes to make the wastes released less toxic or even find alternative disposal techniques. The manufacture of pesticides involves toxic ingredients like the methyl isocyanate. The industrial processes are exothermic. An environmental assessment on the impact of this plant by the chemical engineer would have unearthed the potential risks associated and precautionary measures to be undertaken. In the Bhopal incident, methyl isocyanate mixed with water in the tank. The water was maintained at high temperature and pressure. The accidental leak of methyl isocyanate into this tank increased the pressure and temperature margins, up to around 2000C. The high operating conditions activated the emergency systems, which attempted to release the extra pressure causing the vapor to be released to the atmosphere. The methyl isocyanate vapor has a higher density than air making its release to the atmosphere lethal. Its higher density caused it to lurk in the nearest surrounding and resources. Had its density been lower, it would have dispersed over a wide region with little harm. The vapor is presumed to affect both the plants, animals, soils and human around the plant. Many deaths were reported with still long term effects being felt. Government records in 2006 put the number of injuries at around 558,000. The incident presents the chemical engineers’ approach to the safety of the industrial process and their precautionary measures. In the incident, the leak was caused by use of unwarranted material for the flow of methyl isocyanate according to the NSPE standards. Preferably, the pipe used should have an extra coating/layer and should be flexible enough as to not allow leakage spots for the chemical. The water tank and the methyl isocyanate should have different carrier systems (methyl isocyanate should not be conveyed in high pressure and temperature zones as it is very toxic once let out at those conditions). Emergency systems should also be designed to contain any leakages of these chemicals to prevent contact with the surrounding. Since then, after the incident, chemicals have been treated separately and carefully, for example, there have been standards set for containers to carry chemicals. Usually, they should have thick walls to reduce any leakage risks. For chemicals like sulfuric acid, their containers are dark in color to prevent contact with light, which affects its quality as more lethal concoction is formed (which is highly unstable).

Social Work and Human Services Research Paper on Cause and Effects of Poverty on Society, Children and Violence college admission essay help houston tx

Cause and Effects of Poverty on Society, Children and Violence



Seriousness of poverty

Definition of poverty

Thesis: history, cultural, structural and political factors as causes of poverty


Colonialism in Africa

Discrimination and racial segregation among the Blacks in US


Widening gap between poor and rich

Child mortality and poor health

Structural and cultural

Institutional structures that favor some races and gender

Discrimination that propagate poverty

Culture of poverty where the poor pass it down to offspring


Non-development of the poor increasing poverty

Differences in experience and harboring of antisocial tendencies among the poor


Poor political governance

Capitalism that frowns on social expenditure


Poor education foundation for children in politically incorrect areas

Violence against government and agitation for equality


Capacity building of the poor

Equality in distribution of resources

Government accountability to the people

Cause and Effects of Poverty on Society, Children and Violence

Poverty is one of the most widespread and dilapidating issues in the society, affecting both the developed and developing worlds alike. In defining its nature, poverty refers to a particular set of people within the society with the inability to afford some of the most essential items of life. There is however no universal definition of poverty, although most of the definitions converge on the inadequacy of resources for a decent living (Francis, 2011). While it is true that poverty is a widespread phenomenon, there are regions that are adversely affected. The most adversely affected is the developing world, where the majority live below widely accepted parameters of basic human living (Francis, 2011). Poor governance, illiteracy and lack of skills, lack of resources and lack of income and assets for attainment of basic necessities have been mentioned as some of the causes of poverty. A combination of history, structural and cultural changes and political factors, however, converge as causes and exacerbations of poverty in both the developing and the developed worlds.

Many of the world’s poorest countries and those that continue to sustain the scourge have had a history of colonialism. Africa sustained invasion from many of the European powers at the time, who not only exploited the vast resources of the continent, but also exported slaves and instituted structures that ensured Africans did not have access to technical and useful education during the exploitation period (Francis, 2011). This is a similar scenario in some Asian countries, which also live with the plague of colonialism. Yet such historical evidence to the cause of poverty does not remain in Africa and Asia, but also in the developed world such as the US. Poverty is particularly widespread among the blacks and colored in the US, a precedence attributed to historical discrimination, particularly of the Blacks. According to Jordan (2004), a history of discrimination against the Blacks in the US established current barriers to the economic success. Racial segregation, poor schooling and employment discrimination are just a few of the issues that have plagued Blacks in the US. Thus, even at similar employment positions, for a long time, Blacks have had to bear with less income than their white counterparts. During the racial segregation era, the Blacks had to put up with poorly funded healthcare and education programs; all of which compound their woes and drove them deep into poverty (Jordan, 2004). Further, the historical discrimination seems to continue to haunt the Black even in current times where employers have a preconceived notion of the poor productivity of the Blacks and other non-Whites. Employers therefore have a prejudice against the Blacks and the non-Whites, reluctant in offering them employment opportunities, which therefore propagates their historical disadvantage, plunging them further into poverty (Jordan, 2004).

The resulting effect of the historical injustices is a widening economic gap between the rich and the poor, with a marked bias among the less fortunate. The society, therefore, becomes unequally balanced, where while some, especially the whites as is the case in the US, have access to better education, job opportunities and personal development ventures, the others remain poor (Jordan, 2004). Many of the children lack health and educational facilities, in addition to high mortality rates due to poor health of the mothers and hunger. Moreover, given the fight for the limited and unequally distributed resources, many of these children are recruited as child soldiers, increasing the levels of insecurity and violence in such countries.

The structural and cultural nature of a society additionally causes poverty in such societies where the structure and culture in place perpetuates the very existence of poverty. According to Addae-Korankye (2014) structure as a cause of poverty involves the existence of an institutional environment favoring some groups, races and gender, while at the same time erecting economic barriers that deter others from accessing the means of wealth creation. Gender-based structural barriers to economic progression of women can help explain the disproportionately high rate of poverty among females (Addae-Korankye, 2014). Such statistical evidences of the high rate of poverty among women help in grounding the claim that most of the societies in the world remain largely patriarchal, resisting the inclusion of women within the economic enclaves of the society.

Within the structural make-up of the society is also the idea that racism and discrimination indeed work to propagate poverty. Both residential and institutional segregation and discrimination among the Blacks in the US help explain the chronic levels of poverty among the Black and other non-White communities (Addae-Korankye, 2014). Moreover, there has been a structural shift in the economy of the US from manufacturing to a service economy, which highly impacts the low-skilled laborers, most of who are from the Black and non-White communities. The presence of discrimination, even in the education sector, where white schools are properly funded and therefore produce more candidates for the service industry stacks the favor against non-Whites. Thus, the poorly funded Black and non-White schools produce low-skilled laborers, who fail to get employment in the changing structure of the economy (Rynell, 2008). With such a structural shift of the economy, there has been an erosion of wages of these low-skilled employees. Such jobs therefore are ineffective in protecting these employees from poverty.

Proponents of culture as a cause of poverty argue that social and behavioral deficiencies within individuals allegedly make the individuals less economically viable within a typical society. With such tendencies towards poverty therefore, such individuals create, sustain and transfer the culture of poverty to future generations, reinforced through deficiencies in behavior and social well-being (Jordan, 2004). The existence of runaway poverty among some groupings (Blacks in the US and other ethnicities in multiethnic countries particularly in Africa) points to the fact that indeed poverty may be culturally transmitted from one generation to another. Having been born and brought up in poverty and with government support to the poor, these “culturally poor” individuals perpetuate their poverty with reliance on government aid, a cycle that becomes extremely difficult to break (Addae-Korankye, 2014).

The result of the structural and cultural causes of poverty is increasingly poor people within a society of extremely rich society. The fact that the societal structure does not support self-development and advancement of a particular people means that the gap between the poor and the rich continues to widen within such a society. Moreover, children born of the two extreme sides of the society have extremely different experiences as well upbringing. The opportunities that await them in life are also extremely different, with the structures favoring those from well-off families, while at the same time working to thwart any dreams that the other children may have of progressing and breaking from the vicious cycle of poverty. Most of these children therefore are inducted into violence, crime and other antisocial behavior very early in life, becoming part of violent gangs, criminal organizations as well as rebel groups, which claim to agitate for equality within the society.

Political misappropriations, favoritism and poor governance all fall under the umbrella of political factors as the cause of poverty. According to Francis (2011), there is a claim that some countries, especially in Africa, where leaders are dishonest and heartless, and therefore auction the country’s economic base for their personal gain. Many are the cases where leaders have adopted policies that are not only harmful, but also skewed towards their own people as a means of gaining political mileage (Francis, 2011). Even more is that such leaders have in more than one occasion diverted money loaned from financial institutions and the developed countries into their own pockets or pockets of their cronies.

While not similar in their misappropriation of national wealth, political factors in ideologies especially among the republicans have taken their share of blame over the propagation of poverty. Specifically, the republicans tend to hold ideals favoring business at the expense of the working class specifically in terms of public policy (Jordan, 2004). The ideology tends to favor a Laissez Faire type of economics over government interference. This capitalist ideology depends on surplus labor forcing the laborers to compete for positions, while keeping the wages quite low (Jordan, 2004). Such low wages therefore keep these laborers in “check”, ensuring that they are under the poverty line (ACOSS, 2011).

Under such political factors, equality within the society diminishes under the political cronism. Many of the people favored by the political powers progress economically, while the “politically incorrect” regions remain economically underdeveloped. Children’s education and social welfare in the politically incorrect regions on the other hand depreciate under such governance. More important is the fact that such a biased form of governance is traditionally a cause of agitation and a cause politically instigated violence. Such uneven economic development have been a cause of civil wars and coups as witnessed in the Arab Spring that saw political upheavals in Libya, Egypt and Algeria, among many other Middle Eastern countries.

Poverty has and will continue to plague countries across the world. Important however is the fact that a number of factors cause poverty. Poor governance, political factors, structural, cultural and historical factors all converge as causes of poverty. In causing poverty, these factors set a poor precedence on society and children, and worse, they become a source of violence. Many are the governments brought down over such violent protests demanding equality in economic development. To mitigate against such adverse reactions, it is important that the government not only put austerity measures in the use of national resources, but also distribute them equally as a way of averting any destructive protests and upheavals. It is also important to build the capacity of the poor and provide them with not only employment opportunities, but means of an honest livelihood. Building their capacity will open their eyes to the opportunities within the economy. Government should however go further to provide seed capital as a means of laying economic foundations. It is further important that governments practice accountability to the people regardless of their political affiliation, while instituting policies that uproot discriminatory practices that would disadvantage some citizens on ethnic, racial, religious or gender basis.


ACOSS (2011). Poverty and its Causes. Acoss

Addae-Korankye, A. (2014). Causes of poverty in Africa: A review of literature. American International Journal of Social Science, 3(7), 147-154

Francis, T. (2011). The causes and impact of poverty on sustainable development in Africa. Poverty and Sustainable Development Conference, Bordeaux, France

Jordan, G. (2004). The causes of poverty-Cultural vs. structural: Can there be a synthesis? Perspectives in Public Affairs

Rynell, A. (2008). Causes of Poverty: Findings from Recent Research. Heartland Alliance Mid-America Institute on Poverty

Sample Nursing Coursework Paper on Application of Nursing Theory to Administrative Practice Arena essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Application of Nursing Theory to Administrative Practice Arena

The Theory of Human Caring by Jean Watson is one of the grand theories that influence various experiences in the nursing practice. It focuses on caring about the entire well-being of patients to ensure a quickened healing process. Furthermore, it allows nurses to provide better care for themselves and other nursing staff (Jesse & Alligood, 2010). Nurse administrators are faced with many problems and issues that may affect the hospital operations as well as the quality of care provided to patients. They can apply the theory of care to ease their job and solve nursing issues (Sitzman & Watson, 2013).

In hospital operations, administrative nurses can incorporate the caring theory to fulfill certain responsibilities. Theory of care can be applied in establishing a continuous relationship of care between patients or families in the admission process. Care should be applied before and during patient’s admission to the hospital as well as after patients are discharged. In assuring continuity of operations, the theory is applicable in developing plans that assist direct communication with team members, other nurses, and physicians. The administrators use the theory to understand and communicate the necessary caring philosophy and ethics applicable to organization processes and operations. In financial operations, they can become stewards by caring about the implication of financial costs by integrating the theory as an important aspect in the management of financial resources (Sitzman & Watson, 2013).

In patient care delivery, the theory goes beyond providing care that is only centered on patients and goes to the aspect of establishing connections between humans. Administrators use the theory to compliment other core values such as justice, excellence, dignity and service employed in hospitals. They encourage the nursing staff to take adequate time with patients to connect with them in an emotional and spiritual ways. Nurse leaders can apply the theory to reduce medical errors and mistakes in hospitals. This is because nurses who can practice care on others will make sure patients do not suffer from medical errors. Nurses who are given comfort, compassion and self-care are more likely to provide better patient care (Lusk, & Fater, 2013).

Theory of care entails ensuring better care to entire needs of patients, self-care by nurses and caring about other staff members. It is applicable in various areas of nursing practice such as hospital operations and the provision of quality care to patients. Nurse leaders and administrators can therefore employ it while carrying out their responsibilities in these areas.


Jesse, D. E., & Alligood, M. R. (2010). Watson’s philosophy and theory of transpersonal caring. Nursing theorists and their work, 91-112.

Lusk, J. M., & Fater, K. (2013, April). A Concept Analysis of Patient‐Centered Care. In Nursing forum (Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 89-98).

Sitzman, K., & Watson, J. (2013). Caring Science, Mindful Practice: Implementing Watson’s Human Caring Theory. Springer Publishing Company.

Sample Education Essay Paper on Education in the Past and Now online essay help

Education in the Past and Now

The recent transition in the world has greatly impacted on how different sectors have improved today. Compared to the previous days when learning required students to be in direct contact with their teachers and mostly, pen and paper were the basic tools used in learning and teaching, nowadays everything has changed through continued use of technology.

Initially children used visible and tangible instruments in developing their study and critical thinking skills but today, kids use technologically enabled materials to play while at the same time studying. Technology has led to personalization of instructions in computers that enrich and at the same time increases the readability level for growing children. It has been proved that children enhance their skills and adjusts to situations faster when they are enjoying what they are doing. It is through this that games are innovated to fit the basic learning requirements for children as they grow. The games include puzzles, crossword and other mind challenging experience that the children are taken through while observing trends and at the end gaining psychologically.

The development of teaching methods for teachers has also evolved vehemently all because of the increasing use of technology. The use of blackboard has since been done away with and replaced by use of smartboard which is basically used to project what the teacher is explain to the students. The dashboards don’t need chalks or other writing materials since the information is typed on a computer device and projected.

Together with the evolution of learning techniques and the changing of equipments used in teaching and learning, the personalization of materials to fit the specific needs that learners require is another development that has grown over time. The changes to teaching prospectus to fit the hi-tech advancements have also greatly impacted the augmentation of instructing.

Though there are several similarities between previous state of education and the present, the new development I the sector has positively impacted to better and easy learning process.


Sample English Essay Paper on Narrative essay help


My journey to learning how to read and write in English was not smooth. I can still remember the myriads of punishments I had to go through both at home and at school before learning the language. My parents, particularly my dad was very concerned with my illiteracy level, and they were forced to shift me from one elementary school to another.

I can say that my time at St Louis School helped me a lot in learning how to read and write in English. To get admission to the school, I had to sit for an interview where I had to type the words ‘daddy’ and ‘mummy’ on a computer. As a young child, I had not used a computer or any related gadget before, and I can recall the challenges I had to go through. Everything did not go well with the interview, but I was given an opportunity to redo it the week after. I spent that weekend pestering my elder brother to allow me access his computer, a request to which gave in and took me through the steps of typing English words on the computer. I can hardly disagree that this helped me learn how to read and write in English.

A week later, I passed a digital literacy interview and was admitted to grade 4. I learnt later that I was among the poorest in the English class, and my I parents agreed to address this by organizing private English lessons for me. Every evening, my teacher of English would pass by our house to take me through the basics of the English language. She read out words in English that I was to repeat after her. Once I knew how to read out several English words, she dictated the same words and directed me to write them in my notebook. I enjoyed the time I spent in learning how to read and write in English, and I have never regretted having gone through such a hard time.

Sample Composition Critical Thinking Essay Paper on Nature vs. Nurture essay help online: essay help online

Nature vs. Nurture

            The fact that some people have natural talent is not a myth. The achievements of individuals such as Michael Jordan, Bob Marley, Usain Bolt, Mozart and Michelangelo are examples of talent. Some individuals are naturally gifted in particular areas compared to others, and this is talent.

            That notwithstanding, the debate over the debate over natural talent vis-à-vis is often skewed in favor of talent. For instance, when someone listens to a fine piece of music or sees a good art work, they always jump to the conclusion that the artist must be truly gifted. They reach this conclusion because they judge the end result itself- the art work. They tend to ignore the means (the processes and the toil the artist has taken to reach there). For example, to produce a good music, the musician may have practiced for 10 years (hard work) to get to the point where he/she is in. In this context, hard work has played a significant role, irrespective of whether he/she is naturally talented or not.

            In most debates, hard work and talent are talked of as being mutually exclusive manner. For instance, talented individuals are often perceived to be lazy and complacent. On the other hand, non-gifted individuals are perceived to work hard to compensate for their lack of talent. However, the reality is that there is a limit to what talent can help you achieve, the rest is nothing but hard work. As a result, talent and hard work go hand in hand.

            I equally believe that determination too is a talent. Not all individuals have the tenacity to consistently work hard and achieve a particular goal despite the hurdles. This is a gift. Whereas it is easy to judge a talent by listening to a piece of music or looking at a piece of painting, the truth is that such pieces involve more than just talent. Excellence calls for not only hard work but also talent: nurture and nature.

Composition Essay Paper on Press Release-Writing Launching of New Product essay help online free

Press Release-Writing Launching of New Product

Website for People Suffering From Chronic Illness, Fund Raising and Donation

The Foundation for chronic illness, which is Non Governmental organization (NGO) announces today its official launching of the new websites meant and devoted to raise understanding and awareness of long-lasting and recurrent illnesses that are characterized by long suffering. The website core mandate is to support laws enacted by a legislative body that core objective is to benefit individuals who are suffering from chronic illness and their families. For the fundraisings and donations, the Foundation intends to raise funds with intentions of supporting events that support qualifying families, settling significant amounts of healthcare expenses incurred by patients. These funds will also contribute significantly in supporting other no-profit making entities that have been working effectively and strongly leading on the matters which are in line with the Foundation’s mission and objectives (Davis, Wagner & Groves, 2009).

The Support Chronic Illness Foundation websites is meant to provide information pertaining to illness under concern and resources, mitigating strategies and the suffering that chronic diseases inflict to the patients. The website additionally provides different ways in which individuals visiting the websites can give back to support in the achievement of Foundation’s mission and achievement of set goals. The support could be in form of donations petitioning in legislatives that benefits the patients of chronic diseases and their families, online shopping meant to gives a fraction of each particular item’s cost sold back to the Foundation. This will at a high extent be in line with supporting the Foundation’s core objective and mandate which necessitated its formation. The funds collected will be accounted for and the projects undertaken disclosed to the visitors of the website to enhance accountability and transparency of the foundation. This will enable the Foundation to minimize the events of cash embezzlement and raise visitor’s confidence and trust bestowed to the management staffs (Glasgow, Davis, Funnell & Beck, 2008).

Many of the chronic disease patients suffer silently at their living places due to lack of funds and information. The website will raise funds through donations from visitors, which will enable and facilitate in educating patients and families of the individuals suffering from chronic diseases. The website will also enable the Foundation in raising funds to cater for the patients suffering from these long lasting and recurrent diseases who are in the most cases elderly citizens (Davis et al., 2009).

The Support for Chronic Illness Foundations founders established it with a core agenda of raising awareness on a national level. The foundation has been committed to making major impacts on accomplishing these objectives. With the effective established website, the Foundation is optimistic that it will be in a better position to provide resources where individuals will be able to access information, learning more about different types of chronic illnesses, their symptoms and put up a way that people will be giving back in support of this valuable idea (Glasgow et al., 2009).

Foundation for Chronic Illness Mission

The mission of the Foundation for Chronic Illness is to raise awareness and understanding of different types of chronic diseases issues affecting patients, supporting legislation which benefits the patients suffering from chronic illness and their families. The Foundation also assists the patient in payment of significant amounts of their hospital bills and other expenses for the qualifying families and providing unwavering support to other nonprofit making organizations playing a major role in achievement of issues concerning and persistent to the missions of Support for Chronic illness Foundation. For more information regarding the Foundation visit the website


Davis, R. M., Wagner, E. G., & Groves, T. (2009). Advances in managing chronic disease: research, performance measurement, and quality improvement are key. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 320(7234), 525.

Glasgow, R. E., Davis, C. L., Funnell, M. M., & Beck, A. (2008). Implementing practical interventions to support chronic illness self-management. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 29(11), 563-574.

Sample Business Studies Research Paper on IT for Global Sustainability write essay help: write essay help

IT for Global Sustainability

Information technology in the world today has faced a lot of challenges. They culminate from the dynamic nature of the technological environment, which changes from time to time. In order to create a sustainable environment, countries have taken bold steps towards the future. The best thing for a country to do is to engage or conduct extensive research that will reduce the risks of attacks. This papers addresses the United States’ ranking for information technology global sustainability and its ten years trend as observed in the economy.

United States Ranking

It has been ranked 12th in the world according to the report released in 2014 by environmental performance index. Therefore, the government must come out of its comfort zone and tackle these challenges. Information technology involves transportation, communication and networking through internet.  With the use of cloud technology, many companies have complained about identity theft because hackers intercept and access their network systems. Government is also exploring and investing in cloud technology in most of its ministerial departments. This new technology allows individual computers within the locality to access and share information with the host network (Mohrman and Shani 45). In case a hacker accesses the system, he or she will be able to retrieve crucial information for the organization, which may lead to financial loss for the firm.

Ten Year Trend

For the last ten years, the United States has experienced drastic growth in its technological environment that has affected the economic welfare. This growth is unmatched with the development in infrastructural structures that are required to manage and monitor this sector.  Some of the outstanding performances have been documented in networking, telecommunication and industrial revolution. Thus, the economy has been driven a lot by the technology environment, which has employed quite a good number of people. The use of technology in health care has revolutionized the health sector that has enhanced medical care. An example of the information system installed in hospitals is cancer diagnosis and treatment infrastructure. Time taken by one patient to go through the system is reduced by a great deal hence serving many patients at a time. 

The health sector has been rendered efficient and effective in service delivery. Another example is the use of ecommerce in carrying out business transactions. Ecommerce involves purchasing and selling of goods and services through the internet. Companies have adopted information technology in transacting business, which is effective and lowers the cost of operation. In the industrial world, technology is integrated in the production and distribution of goods (Millett and Estrin 23). This saves on time and wastage, which is an important step in promoting environmental protection initiatives and increase profits as well as the country’s income.


Technology in the United States has brought change in the way people used to conduct business, communicate and transit from one location to the other. However, cybercrimes have increased with the application of technology in various sectors. Some cases of theft through technological platforms have been reported to the government agencies that deal with security issues. This has prompted research and development of security measures by internet service providers and government agencies. Identity theft is one of the crimes that has been on the rise hence should be dealt with accordingly.

Works Cited

Millett, Lynette I, and Deborah Estrin. Computing Research for Sustainability. Washington: National Academies Press, 2012. Print.

Mohrman, Susan A, and Abraham B. Shani. Organizing for Sustainability. Bingley: Emerald Group Pub, 2011. Print.

Sample Ecology Essay Paper on Air pollution college application essay help: college application essay help

Air pollution

What is air pollution?

Air pollution is the introduction of harmful foreign substances into the atmosphere. The foreign materials, biological or particulate, are considered to be harmful because they can cause diseases, death or damage to living organisms (Vllero 2).

What are the causes of air pollution?

A study by Rupak on causes of air pollution sought to determine some of the main causes of air pollution. The research contends that causes of air pollution are not limited to human beings rather; natural causes like volcanic eruptions have contributed largely to pollution. The primary cause of air pollution is the rampant burning of fuels in different activities especially by humans. The emitted carbon dioxide from these fuels during combustion form acidic rain through reaction with rainwater. Further damages to the ozone layer are caused by carbon monoxide emitted from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels (8). Ammonia-based agricultural chemicals and fertilizers also reduce air quality.

Mining activities, especially those that require blasting of rocks using explosives, usually cause air pollution by releasing harmful dust, and smoke into the atmosphere. Decomposition of organic substances also causes air pollution by releasing harmful and foul smelling gases into the air. These cause respiratory complications.

What are the positive and negative effects of air pollution?

According to Vllero, there are numerous effects of air pollution. First, it causes global warming as the global atmosphere temperature is rising due to the damage of the ozone layer. Increase in cases of respiratory diseases is also directly linked to decreasing air quality. In addition, eutrophication, damages to the ecosystem like the aquatic habitants and cancer, which is caused by exposure to harmful radiations, has seen many people lose their lives (10). On the contrary, some activities like volcanic eruptions which causes air pollution has been a blessing in disguise that exposes minerals on the air surface thus leading to job creation.

It is imperative for the government and relevant stakeholders to develop strict legislation that will help in reducing the emission of harmful substances into the environment by punishing the offenders accordingly.

Works Cited

Rupak, Gosh. 50 FAQs on Air pollution: Know all about air pollution and do your bit to limit it. New York: The Energy and Resource Institute. 2014. Print

Vllero, Daniel. Fundamentals of Air pollution. New York: Academic Press. 2014. Print

SampleEnglish Essay Paper on The Unfortunate Travelers (Humorous) melbourne essay help

The Unfortunate Travelers (Humorous)

Audience: People traveling across the Sahara

Reason for choosing the audience: To warn them of the challenges they could face when traveling across the Sahara

It was late in the night, and Brenda and I were set for the trip from the outskirts to the center of the city of Paris. Here, we were to catch up with two other friends, Martha, and Chris, who were also in the planned and scheduled trip to Africa’s biggest desert, the Sahara. On our way to “L’aeroport de Paris”, things did not go as planned for us. Brenda left me by the roadside together with the luggage in pursuit of a white dove, which she believed that if we carried on our trip to Africa, would act as our guide. Unfortunately, instead of coming back with the dove, I was surprised to see a different Brenda from the one I had set my eyes on earlier. Brenda was limping, and her face was dusty. “Hey, man! That was nasty,” Brenda began.

“What happened?” I asked exhibiting a mixed reaction of joy and sorrow, “I thought you were to come back with the so-called guide?” There was a long duration of silence between us, except for Brenda’s hard breath and weeping. It was getting late, and we would miss our flight had we stayed there longer arguing.

“The dove belongs to an old woman. Instead of warning me that there was a shallow depression on the path, she encouraged me to continue chasing after the dove. She motivated me that if I were successful, I would carry the dove home for dinner,” said Brenda.

“What followed after that?” I asked sarcastically. Instead of getting a reply from Brenda, I was down on the ground, after being hit hard by Brenda, who was agitated and angry with my reactions to her situation.

                                                                     ⃰⃰     ⃰    ⃰

Everyone in the group had dreamt of visiting Africa before, and here we were, our dreams had come true. I was panting heavily after a long walk in the sands of the Sahara. Brenda followed me closely as she could not keep with my fast pace. A few meters ahead were Martha and her friend Chris, who enjoyed walking in the sand. They had removed their worn out shoes, as they wanted to have a feeling of the scorching earth. “Come on, why the hurry? A few minutes and we are there!” I shouted while running for Brenda’s hand. I wanted to be in the company of Chris and Martha, but I would not leave Brenda behind. None of us had visited the Sahara Desert before, and this meant that the surrounding, the routes, and the residents were very unfamiliar to us.

The sun was setting to pave the way for the moon and the night. Foxes had just started to race up and down in the sand joyfully making everyone worried about what the night had in store for us. It was already dark, and apart from complaints of hunger from Brenda and Martha, everyone was fatigued and we could neither move forward with the journey nor go back to where we had come from. Chris courageously lit a fire and sat around it before we joined him in his comfort. “People from the unknown world,” this was a thunderous voice of a tall and dark man that sent every person sitting around the fire scamper for safety. We went to different directions, but without the knowledge of where we were heading to, we resorted to face the stranger.

“We are from Paris, and we are here to see what the Sahara Desert has in store for us,” I replied hesitantly. The tall man thumped on the ground, and to his surprise, everyone in front of him was again scampering for safety. “What is the problem, guys? Are you not aware that I have to prepare myself for such a delicious meal and that I have to thank God by thumping the ground?” The man asked jokingly, “Nonetheless, I will welcome you to my place for the night, and tomorrow you will be free to proceed with your journey.” Brenda was relieved and was happy that she was going to have a place to protect herself from the extremely cold night. However, the man had other intentions, and he did not make us aware of what he had in store for us until he had locked us up in one of the rooms of his shabbily constructed house.

“You are not any different from several other visitors who have had to pay for their release from this place,” the man began. Chris was the most scared of us all, but instead he burst into laughter. At the other corner of the dingy room, Martha and Brenda lay helplessly not knowing what they would do to save themselves from the situation.  “Do you mean we are to pay for the time spent here?” I was very inquisitive. Unlike the two girls who were scared of the man’s next course of action, Chris burst into laughter, and seemingly, the man did not take that kindly. He closed the door and left angrily. The man might have been out of his mind to think that the wall of his dingy house would protect his ‘preys’ from escaping. Fully armed, I took out a knife and slowly drilled the wall of the room. It did not take long before the entire wall of the dingy house was down, and we were all out of captivity.

The man returned to the house expectantly, with a group of friends whom he believed would not hesitate to cash on his ‘poor souls.’ “Hello buddies, I am back. I hope you enjoyed your last moments in the Sahara before you are shipped off hurriedly to a new destination. What do you have to say?” the man asked. However, he received no response and could not hide his anger with the silence. He pushed the front door of the house forcefully, but instead, the entire house came down crumbling him forcing him to call for help from his ‘filthy rich’ friends. “So did you mean to sell yourself to us buddy?” one of the friends asked forcing the others to laugh out loudly.

At that moment, we had successfully found our way out of the desert, and we were headed to the nearest town, where we would plan for our journey back home. In as much as we had planned to travel successfully through one of the world’s largest deserts, we had been very unfortunate to have lost direction and gotten kidnapped. We regretted having planned the journey, and our dreams of observing more of what the desert had to offer were shattered.

Sample Essay Paper on Stakeholder Theory buy essay help: buy essay help

Stakeholder’s Theory

In preparation for writing this log, I used the Google Scholar to locate six articles, which were related to Stakeholder theory in business and their applications.  I searched for terms “Stakeholder Theory”, “Application of stakeholder theory”, “value maximization and Stakeholder theory”, and “stakeholder theory value addition, and CSR”. I generated a list of 20 articles from Google Scholar. The objective at this stage was to locate peer-reviewed journals that were relevant in stakeholder theory and their use in strategic management and organization. After reading the articles through and skimming them, I selected those which were related to stakeholder theory and how it created value to organizations. The objective at this stage was to achieve  the most relevant articles related to the topic.  In total, I generated a list of three articles. I then searched the Association of Business Schools Journal Quality Guide (ABS list) for the articles which were highly ranked under their specific fields. For instance, the “Stakeholder Theory and “The Corporate Objective Revisited” by R. Edward Freeman, Andrew C. Wicks, Bidhan Parmar was ranked number one by the ABS under Organization Science.

The second article “Shareholder Value, Stakeholder Management, and Social Issues: What’s the Bottom Line? “ by Amy J. Hillman and Gerald D. Keim was published bin Strategic Management Journal which is also ranked number one based on the ABS ranking ‘world elite’ of business journals (IELTS 2015).  The third article (Value Maximization, Stakeholder Theory, and the Corporate Objective Function by Michael C. Jensen) was published in the Journal of Applied Corporate Finance and ranked number one.  Thus, all the articles selected were ranked number one by the ABS under the different fields of business (ABS 2015). The purpose of ranking was necessary to ensure that to come up with a list based on quality of the articles derived from respective journals (Morris, Harvey & Kelly, 2009).

In the article by Freeman, Wicks, and Parmar (2004), the authors provide the assumptions and the objective of stakeholder theory. According to stakeholder theory, organizations use it to create value for stakeholders in the organization. The authors have also provided an explanation of certain misconceptions related to stakeholder’s theory. In the second article, Hillman and Keim (2001), the authors tested the relationship between social issue participation, stakeholder management, and shareholder value. The article revealed that these three elements have opposing relationships to financial performance. In addition, stakeholder theory when employed creates competitive advantage to organizations when employed because managers have to optimize on business operations to ensure that shareholders’ financial needs and profitability are met. 

Although social responsibility is part of stakeholder’s theory, Hillman and Keim (2001) have noted that use of resources to support or pursue social issues that are not in any way related to primary stakeholders does not create value for the stakeholders in any way. For this reason, social issue participation in organizations according to Hillman and Keim (2001) is negatively linked with shareholder value. In the last article, Jensen (2001) established that the corporate responsibility of stakeholder theory is to provide value maximization to the stakeholders. As such, managers usually make corporate putting into account all the interests of the stakeholders.

From the search process, I have learned that Google Scholar is one of the best search engines that can be used to locate business-related articles. I have also learned that ABS is employed to determine the quality of journals based on the respective rankings.

Reference List

ABS (2015) ABS’s 2015 Academic Journal Guide. [Online]  Available at: <> (Accessed 03 October, 2015).

Freeman, R E, Wicks, A C & Parmar, B (2004) “Stakeholder Theory and “The Corporate Objective Revisited” Organization Science, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 364–369.

Hillman, A J &. Keim, G D. (2001). “Shareholder Value, Stakeholder Management, and Social Issues: What’s the Bottom Line?” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 125-139

IELTS (2015). ABS ranking reveals ‘world elite’ of business journals. [Online] Available at: <>(Accessed 03 October, 2015).

Jensen, M. C (2001).Value Maximization, Stakeholder Theory, and the Corporate Objective Function” Journal Of Applied Corporate Finance, vol. 2, no. 1.

Morris, H, Harvey, C & Kelly, A. (2009) Journal rankings and the ABS Journal Quality Guide. Management Decision, no. 47, vol. 9), pp. 1441-1451



Brief Overview

The artistic work of one Ambrogio Lorenzetti on the concept of a well-governed nation and city is still stored in a number of pictorial encyclopedias in Siena, Italy.[1] For instance, ‘The Allegory of Good Government’ is explicit in its message of upholding societal values in a strong republican state of Siena. This proposal seeks to discuss such allegories of a good and bad government and a brief overview on the intrinsic characteristics of a good and bad City that were portrayed through this creative art.[2] In essence, the reference of Lorenzetti paintings and other artistic works provide a visual argument to the effects good or bad governance have on a city and its inhabitants in this proposal.[3] Correspondingly, this proposal will also aim at exploring the historical notions of the role of justice in a political system and society.     


Good Government and Good City

A good government is described to encompass some elements of profane lifetime with a strong orientation to the significance of religion in the early cities and nations. The proposal aims at discussing the allegorical paintings that in most instances portrays the political system of the political systems. The paintings portray an inherent transition in cognition and evolution of governance among the ancient populace.[4] This article also purposes to explain the display of a ‘Good Government’ that revolves around the application of justice and wisdom in the governance of a nation or city. The primary principles of a good governing body in a city or town spin around the portrayal of wisdom and justice among the ruling class coupled with the existence of peace and harmony among the populace. Just like on the paintings below, the middle character represents a Ruler seated on a throne and wears a black and white outfit, a representation of an authority.[5]

This is yet another display of good governance the proposal seeks to analyze given that it encourages patriotism and commitment to serving the interest of the society. The article intends to use such pictorial representations of a political community to explain the current state of the 21st political systems. A ruler in a society represents hope, mercy, and faith in a Democratic government further representing some of the inherent values and principle that are needed for a good government of a city and some of the issues the proposal will seek to discuss.[6] The ‘Good City’ is a panoramic representation of the unenlightened city and the surrounding regions. In a well-organized city, there are many socio-economic activities such as constructions and manufacturing being carried out for the ultimate benefit of the society.[7] Security in a city also defines some of the effects of good governance depicted by the presence of the gallows and law scrolls in the paintings, and the study will further such notions.[8]   

Bad Government and Bad City

Bad governance in a city is displayed to have negative effects on the lives of the inhabitants of a country or city. There exist a number of flaws and bad principles defining a bad government and city, facts the study will seek to clarify.[9] For instance, though justice might be present in a bad city, it may be subdued by the bad rulers of the city. Bad governance results into malice, treachery, dishonesty, unnecessary wrath from the authorities, disharmony, and civil unrest among the inhabitants of a city or country. Correspondingly, bad governance of a city ultimately results into a tyrant leadership with the people constantly complaining and fighting. The only person working under a bad government or city is the blacksmith who has to make weapons for the ever-fighting population.[10] In such a city or country, no meaningful socio-economic activities are taking place with most houses ever on fire. These are some of the issues the proposal will ascertain in relation to the political socio-economic systems.                      


Dahlberg, Leif. “Factoring Out Justice. Imaginaries of Community, Law, and the Political in Ambrogio Lorenzetti and Niccolò Machiavelli. 2013. Imaginaries of Community, Law, and the Political in Ambrogio Lorenzetti and Niccolò Machiavelli : 35-73.

Harris, Beth, and Steven Zucker. 2015. “Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Palazzo Pubblico frescos: Allegory and effect of good and bad government.”

Lorenzetti, Ambrogio. 1900. Effects of good government in the city and the country from the allegory of good governement. A History of Western Art.

Plattner, Marc F. 2013. “Reflections on” Governance”.” Journal of Democracy 24, no. 4: 17-28.

Shoaf, Matthew G. 2011. “Painted for the ear: Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s “Fraud” and political oratory.” Word & Image 27, no. 2: 159-174.

Skinner, Quentin. 2000. Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s Buon Governo frescoes: two old questions, two new answers. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes / Ed. E. H. Gombrich [U.a.]. 1-28.

[1] Ibid, p. 123-144

[2] Shoaf, Matthew G. Painted for the ear: Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s “Fraud” and political oratory. (Word & Image 27, no. 2, 2011), p. 159-174.

[3] Ibid, p. 159-174

[4] Plattner, Marc F. Reflections on” Governance”. (Journal of Democracy 24, no. 4, 2013), p. 17-28.

[5] Ibid, p. 17-28

[6] Dahlberg, Leif. “Factoring Out Justice. Imaginaries of Community, Law, and the Political in Ambrogio Lorenzetti and Niccolò Machiavelli. (Imaginaries of Community, Law, and the Political in Ambrogio Lorenzetti and Niccolò Machiavelli, 2013), p. 35-73.

[7] Ibid, p. 35-73

[8] Lorenzetti, Ambrogio. Effects of good government in the city and the country from the allegory of good government. (A History of Western Art, 1900), p. 134

[9] Skinner, Quentin. Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s Buon Governo frescoes: two old questions, two new answers. (Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes / Ed. E. H. Gombrich [U.a.], 2000), p. 1-28.

[10] Ibid, 1-28

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