Introduction Review of the Literature Conclusion References
The effectiveness of all management programs, governmental policies, and enterprises is contingent on the level of research undertaken prior to the establishment of the organizations and throughout their daily operations. This suggests that in order to enable growth and progress in management, those concerned must conduct critical research on the various sectors associated with their institutions (Tharenou, Donohue & Cooper, 2007). Different organizations initiate minor research programs to analyze the policies and market movements pertinent to their respective spheres of authority. Managers of private and public institutions establish research projects to support an information platform on decision making, to examine present policies, and to predict the possibilities and consequences of future policies.
Understanding the fundamentals of conducting management research is vital. This enables managers from various managerial domains to analyze, design, report on, and execute research initiatives in their respective organizations, hence fostering progress and growth. Extensive design and methodology are utilized to conduct efficient and dependable research. Therefore, managers must ensure that they stay abreast of evolving business and management techniques (Scandura & Williams, 2000). Conducting extensive research techniques and protocols leads to the realization of genuine profits and the elimination of losses. An increase in management and control leads to success and growth.
On the academic and professional levels, the relevance of conducting research varies according to the education community. The selection of a research topic depends on the researcher's understanding of the anticipated outcome and the reasons for performing the study. Management research subjects are many and vary based on the existing levels of management. Therefore, the study topic must correspond to the proposed research questions. This indicates that the topic should be broad to facilitate research techniques and assure the availability of diverse facts and information (Tharenou, Donohue & Cooper, 2007). Common and recommended techniques of conducting research are primary and secondary research. Nonetheless, the study methodologies have distinct advantages and downsides.
The primary research methods involve the collecting of unique information and data pertinent to a certain research subject. The primary research approach guarantees that the study objectives are addressed. In order to obtain the desired results, the individuals conducting the study must ensure that all relevant topics are thoroughly examined. The research data and information are interpreted in accordance with the research managers' initial requirements and demands. In addition, the primary research data and material provide current statistics and findings. There are, however, a number of disadvantages associated with conducting primary research. The research requires a considerable amount of time before the final findings and conclusions may be reached. Due to the individual data collecting, planning, and compilation of the research findings, primary research incurs substantial expenses (Scandura & Williams, 2000).
The secondary research technique involves obtaining data and information from publicly accessible sources. The findings and conclusions of secondary research are derived from many available primary findings and conclusions. Ease of access to information is one of the benefits of secondary research as a method of data collection. The data comes from online sources, periodicals, books, and other publications. In comparison to the cost of collecting primary data, the cost of performing secondary research is comparatively modest. In addition, there are other research platforms created by diverse researchers. This provides differences in research and permits a diverse range of conclusions and study outcomes. On the other hand, there are numerous disadvantages associated with the use of secondary research as a means of gathering information and data. Generally, the quality of information acquired during data collection and information gathering is compromised and substandard. Usually, secondary usage of information collecting and data collection is insufficient to fulfill the research's requirements (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012). Since exhaustive study is not undertaken, the research questions are not adequately addressed.
Research on management should employ both primary and secondary research approaches. This contributes to the development of original and pertinent information through primary research. In addition, the collected information and data provides an analysis of the information and data at hand. Consequently, secondary data provides fast access to broad information on the topic and issues of the study (Gill & Johnson, 2010). The research is conducted at a relatively low cost, and the research questions are adequately addressed in the final findings and conclusions. Understanding the fundamentals of conducting management research is vital. This enables managers from various managerial domains to analyze, design, report on, and execute research initiatives in their respective organizations, hence fostering progress and growth. This suggests that in order to promote growth and progress in management, those concerned must conduct critical research on the various fields associated with their institutions. Management research subjects are many and vary based on the existing levels of management. Therefore, the study topic must correspond to the proposed research questions. The research data and information are interpreted in accordance with the research managers' initial requirements and demands.
There exist a variety of staff management programs inside various businesses and institutions. The oil and gas service station exemplifies a characteristic of the existence of managerial positions as represented by various public and commercial institutions and organizations. The level of competition in the provision of oil and gas services rises in tandem with economic expansion and growth (Gill & Johnson, 2010). This demonstrates that the management team of the oil and gas station should offer distinctive and cheap services to their customers in order to maintain and attract customers. This demonstrates that the responsibility of managers in attracting and retaining clients is to provide services and standards that surpass those of competitors and willing investors in the same area.
Use of research management and the provision of means to limit competition and attract customers go hand in hand. The research should address the various employee management tactics and the enhancement of employees' interactions with coworkers, management, and customers. The research should reveal the importance of providing incentives and other employee benefits for staff retention and the enhancement of working conditions. This facilitates the development of original and pertinent knowledge through the use of primary research. In addition, the collected information and data provides an analysis of the information and data addressed (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe & Jackson, 2012). Thus, secondary data enhances the availability and breadth of information on the research topic and queries. The evaluation, planning, report, and execution of the research projects in their corresponding entities promote the growth and development of the oil service station and distinguish it from other stations.
M. Easterby-Smith, R. Thorpe, and P. Jackson (2012). Management Research was published by Sage in London.
Gill, J., and P. Johnson (2010). Methods of Research for Managers. London: Sage.
T. Scandura and E. Williams (2000). Current practices, emerging trends, and implications for future study in the field of research technique in management. 43(6), 1248-1264, Academy of Management Journal
P. Tharenou, R. Donohue, and B. Cooper (2007). Methods of management research. Cambridge University Press in New York
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