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Leading and Managing in Nursing


Patricia S. Yoder-Wise, RN, EdD, NEA-BC, ANEF, FAAN Professor and Dean Emerita, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas




Table of Contents

Cover image

Title page







Concept and practice combined

Diversity of perspectives




Learning strategies

Complete teaching and learning package

Chapter overview Part 1: Overview

1: Leading, Managing, and Following


Theory development in leading, managing, and following

Leading, managing, and followingdifferent but related

Traditional and emerging leadership and management roles

Leading, managing, and following in a diverse organization






The evidence

Tips for leading, managing, and following

2: Clinical Safety: The Core of Leading, Managing, and Following


The classic reports and emerging supports

Other key agencies and endeavors

Meaning for leading and managing in nursing



The evidence

Tips for clinical safety

3: Legal and Ethical Issues


Professional nursing practice: nurse practice acts

Negligence and malpractice

Informed consent

Privacy and confidentiality

Policies and procedures

Employment laws

Professional nursing practice: ethics



The evidence

Tips for incorporating legal and ethical issues in practice settings

4: Cultural Diversity and Inclusion in Health Care


Concepts and principles





National and global directives

Special issues


Meaning of diversity in the organization

Cultural relevance in the workplace

Individual and societal factors

Dealing effectively with cultural diversity

Implications in the workplace



The evidence

Tips for incorporating cultural diversity in health care

Part 2: Know Yourself

5: Gaining Personal Insight: The Beginning of Being a Leader


Informal and formal leadership

The core of learning to be a leader

Gaining insight into self

Becoming an authentic leader



The evidence

Tips for Gaining Personal Insight

6: Being an Effective Follower


Research on followership

Followership theories

Differences between leading and following

Leaderfollower relationship






The evidence

Tips on how to be an effective follower

7: Managing Self: Stress and Time


Emotional intelligence

Understanding stress

Definition of stress

Sources of job stress

Dynamics of stress

Management of stress


Resolution of stress

Management of time



The evidence

Tips for self-management

8: Communication and Conflict


Effective communication within healthcare settings

Types of conflict

Stages of conflict

Categories of conflict

Modes of conflict resolution

Differences of conflict-handling styles among nurses

The role of the leader

Managing incivility, lateral violence, and bullying



The evidence




Tips for effective communication and addressing conflict

9: Power, Politics, and Influence





Sharing Power

Personal power strategies

Exercising Power and Influence in the Workplace and Other Organizations



The evidence

Tips for using influence

Part 3: Know the Organization

10: Healthcare Organizations


Characteristics and types of organizations


Acquisitions and mergers

Forces that influence healthcare organizations

Theoretical Perspectives

Nursing role and function changes



The evidence

Tips for healthcare organizations

11: Organizational Structures








Organizational culture

Factors influencing organizational development

Characteristics of organizational structures


Types of organizational structures

Emerging fluid relationships



The evidence

Tips for understanding organizational structures

12: Care Delivery Strategies


Historical methods of organizing nursing care

Leadership during implementation of a model of care

Organizational strategies influencing care delivery

Positive care delivery systems

Transitional care

Interprofessional education and collaboration



The evidence

Tips for selecting a care delivery model

13: Staffing and Scheduling


The staffing process

Evaluation of effective staffing

Factors in staffing that influence patient outcomes

Supplemental (agency or contract) staff and float pools

Organizational factors that affect staffing plans

Developing a staffing budget





Evaluating unit staffing and productivity



The evidence

Tips for staffing and scheduling

14: Workforce Engagement Through Collective Action and Governance


Nurses as knowledge workers

Professional practice responsibility

Workplace advocacy, engagement, and empowerment

Shared governance

Collective action, collective bargaining, and unionization in nursing

Healthy work environments



The evidence

Tips for workforce engagement and collective action

Part 4: Use Your Skills

15: Making Decisions and Solving Problems


Differentiation of decision making and problem solving

Decision making

Problem solving



The evidence

Tips for decision making and problem solving

16: The Impact of Technology





Types of technologies

Knowledge technology

Information systems


Patient safety

Impact of clinical information systems

Safely implementing health information technology

Future trends and professional issues

Professional, ethical nursing practice and new technologies



The evidence

Tips for managing information and technology

17: Delegating: Authority, Accountability, and Responsibility in Delegation Decisions


Historical perspective


Assignment versus delegation

NCSBN model: an organizational framework for delegation

Effective communication: an essential competency for successful delegation

Delegation and the decision-making process in nursing

Organizational and individual accountability

Legal authority to delegate

Learning how to delegate: different strategies for success



The evidence

Implications for practice

Tips for delegating

18: Leading Change





The nature of change

The change process

People and change

Context and change

Leadership and change



The evidence

Tips for leading change

19: Building Effective Teams


Groups and teams

Creating effective teams

Key concepts of teams

Issues that affect team functioning

Interprofessional teams

The value of team-building

The role of leadership



The evidence

Tips for team building

20: Managing Costs and Budgets


What escalates healthcare costs

How health care is financed

Healthcare reimbursement

The changing healthcare economic environment

Why profit is necessary

Cost-conscious nursing practices







The evidence

Tips for managing costs and budgets

21: Selecting, Developing, and Evaluating Staff


Roles in an organization

Selection of staff

Developing staff

Performance appraisals




The evidence

Tips for selecting, developing, and evaluating staff

22: Person-Centered Care


Person-centered carewhy now?

Initiatives to deliver person-centered care

Challenges in the delivery of person-centered care

Patient engagement

Nurses in the delivery of person-centered care

Synthesis and application



The evidence

Tips for competent person-centered care

23: Managing Quality and Risk


Quality management in health care




Benefits of quality management

Planning for quality management

Evolution of quality management

Quality management principles


The quality improvement process

Quality assurance

Risk management



The evidence

Tips for quality management

24: Translating Research Into Practice


From using research to evidence-based practice

Development of evidence-based practice

Comparative effectiveness research

Practice-based evidence

Participatory action research

Quality improvement

Evaluating evidence

Organizational strategies to embed evidence-based practice into organizations

Issues for nurse leaders and managers



The evidence

Tips for developing skill in using evidence and translating research into practice

25: Managing Personal and Personnel Problems


Personal/personnel problems





Progressive discipline




The evidence

Tips in the documentation of problems

Part 5: Prepare for the Future

26: Role Transition


Types of roles

Roles: The ABCs of understanding roles

Role transition process

Strategies to promote role transition



The evidence

Tips for role transition

27: Managing Your Career


A career framework

Career theory

Professional development

Contributing through scholarly activities and research

Career marketing strategies



The evidence

Tips for a successful career

28: Developing the Role of Leader





What is a leader?

The practice of leadership

Leadership development

Leadership development model

Surviving and thriving as a leader

The nurse as leader



The evidence

Tips for becoming a leader

29: Developing the Role of Manager


The definition of management

Nurse manager as change leader

Nurse manager role and the intergenerational workforce

The nurse manager and interprofessional collaboration

Building a positive work environment

Consuming research

Organizational culture


Day-to-day management challenges

Managing resources

Technology and informatics

Dashboards and decision support tools

Budgets and finance

Quality indicators




The evidence

Tips for implementing the role of nurse manager




30: The Strategic Planning Process


Strategic planning

Reasons for strategic planning

Phases of the strategic planning process



The evidence

Tips for developing and executing a strategic plan for nursing

31: Thriving for the Future


Leadership demands for the future

Leadership strengths for the future

Visioning, forecasting, and innovation

The wise forecast model

Shared vision

Projections for the future



Tips for the Thriving in the future

The evidence






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Printed in Canada. Last digit is the print number: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1





This book is dedicated to the families and friends who supported all of us who created it, to the faculty who use this book to develop tomorrows emerging leaders and managers, and to the

learners who have the vision and insight to grasp todays reality and mold it into the future of dynamic nursing leadership.

Lead on! Adelante!





Joan Benson, BSN, RN, CPN Manager, Clinical Informatics and Practice, Children’s Mercy Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri

Kristin K. Benton, BS, BSN, MSN, DNP Director of Nursing, Nursing, Texas Board of Nursing, Austin, Texas

Amy Boothe, DNP, RN Instructor, Traditional Undergraduate Program, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Elizabeth H. Boyd, MSN, BS Instructor/Site Coordinator, School of Nursing, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Myra A. Broadway, JD, MS, BSN Formerly, Executive Director, Maine State Board of Nursing, Past President, National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Maine Medical Professionals Health Program Advisory Committee USAFR Nurse Corps (Retired Colonel), Gardiner, Maine

M. Margaret Calacci, MS Director, Simulation and Learning Resources, Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Phoenix, Arizona

Mary Ellen Clyne, PhD President and Chief Executive Officer, Administration, Clara Maass Medical Center, Belleville, New Jersey

Jeannette T. Crenshaw, DNP, RN, LCCE, IBCLC, NEA-BC, FACCE, FAAN Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Mary Ann T. Donohue-Ryan, PhD, RN, APN, APRN-MH, NEA-BC Vice President for Patient Care Services and Chief Nursing Officer, Administration, Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, New Jersey

Michael L. Evans, PhD, MSN, BSN, BA Dean and Professor, School of Nursing, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Victoria N. Folse, PhD, APN, PMHCNS-BC, LCPC Director and Professor; Caroline F. Rupert Endowed Chair of Nursing, School of Nursing, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, Illinois

Jacqueline Gonzalez, DNP, MBA, MSN Senior Vice President/Chief Nursing Officer, Nicklaus Childrens Hospital, Miami, Florida

Debra Hagler, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, CNE, CHSE, ANEF, FAAN Clinical Professor, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona

Shari Kist, PhD, RN Missouri Quality Initiative (MOQI) Project Supervisor, Sinclair School of Nursing, University of MissouriColumbia, Columbia, Missouri

Karren Kowalski, BSN, MSN, PhD President & CEO, Colorado Center for Nursing Excellence, Denver, Colorado Professor, Graduate Program, School of Nursing, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Mary E. Mancini, RN, MSN, PhD Senior Associate Dean for Education Innovation, Undergraduate Nursing, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas




Maureen Murphy-Ruocco, APN-C, CSN, MSN, EdM, EdD, DPNAP Senior Fellow, National Academies of Practice, Nurse Consultant/Nurse Practitioner New York, New York Professor and Dean Emerita Felician University, Lodi and Rutherford, New Jersey

Karen A. Quintana, PhD, APRN, CPNP-PC Director of Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Studies, Graduate Program, School of Nursing, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Elaine S. Scott, BSN, MSN, PhD Chair, Nursing Science, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina

Ashley Sediqzad, RN, BSN Manager, Clinical Informatics and Practice, Children’s Mercy Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri

Janis Bloedel Smith, DNP, MSN, BSN Senior Director, Clinical Informatics & Professional Practice, Patient Care Services, Children’s Mercy Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri

Susan Sportsman, PhD Nurse Consultant, Collaborative Momentum Consulting, LLC, St. Louis, Missouri

Sylvain Trepanier, DNP, MSN, BSN, RN, CENP Chief Clinical Executive, Administration, Providence St. Joseph Health, Torrance, California

Diane M. Twedell, DNP, MS Chief Nursing Officer, Mayo Clinic Health System, Southeast Minnesota Region, Austin, Minnesota

Jeffery Watson, DNP, RN-BC, NEA-BC, NE-BC, CRRN Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Jana Wheeler, MSN, RN-BC, CPN Manager, Clinical Informatics & Practice, Children’s Mercy Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri

Crystal J. Wilkinson, DNP, RN, CNS-CH, CPHQ Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Austin, Texas

Patricia S. Yoder-Wise, RN, EdD, NEA-BC, ANEF, FAAN Professor and Dean Emerita, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

Margarete Lieb Zalon, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN Professor, Nursing, University of Scranton, Scranton, Pennsylvania





Karen E. Alexander, PhD, RN, CNOR Program Director RN-BSN, Assistant Professor, Clinical Heath and Applied ScienceNursing, University of HoustonClear Lake, Houston, Texas

Vicki Bingham, PhD, RN, CPE Dean/Associate Professor of Nursing, Robert E. Smith School of Nursing, Delta State University, Cleveland, Mississippi

Deborah Birk, PhD, RN, MHA, NEA-BC Assistant Professor, Goldfarb School of Nursing, Barnes-Jewish College, St. Louis, Missouri

Barbara B. Blozen, EdD, MA, RN BC, CNL Associate Professor, New Jersey City University, Jersey City, New Jersey

Joseph Boney, MSN, RN, NEA-BC Director of Undergraduate Faculty Development/Instructor, Rutgers School of Nursing, Accelerated BS in Nursing Program, Newark, New Jersey

Mary T. Boylston, RN, MSN, EdD, AHN-BC Professor of Nursing, Nursing, Eastern University, St. Davids, Pennsylvania

Jane Campbell, DNP, RN, NE-BC Professor, School of Nursing, Northern Michigan University, Marquette, Michigan

Holly Johanna Diesel, RN, PhD Associate Professor, Academic Chair for Accelerated and RN to BSN Programs, Department of Nursing, Goldfarb School of Nursing at Barnes-Jewish College, St. Louis, Missouri

Jennifer B. Drexler, RN, MSN, PhDc, CCRN Clinical Faculty Educator, College of Nursing, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Lynn Renee Dykstra, MS, BSN, HPCN, RN Instructor, Adjunct Faculty, Northern Illinois University, College of Health and Human Sciences, Nursing, DeKalb, Illinois Oakton Community College, Division of Science and Health Careers, Nursing Des Plaines, Illinois

Julie A. Fitzgerald, PhD, RN, CNE Assistant Professor of Nursing, Ramapo College of New Jersey, Mahwah, New Jersey

Kay E. Gaehle, PhD, RN Associate Professor of Nursing, Department of Primary Care and Health Systems, Southern Illinois UniversityEdwardsville, Edwardsville, Illinois

Maria Gillespie, EdD, MSN, BSN, BS, CNE, RN Assistant Professor, Nursing, University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, Texas

Julia Henderson Gist, PhD, RN, CNE Dean, School of Health Sciences, Arkansas State University Mountain Home, Mountain Home, Arkansas

Stephanie A. Gustman, DNP, MSN, BSN, RN Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan

Cam A. Hamilton, PhD, MSN, RN, CNE Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Auburn University at Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama

Pamela Gibler Harrison, EdD, RN, CNE Professor of Nursing, Chair, Pre-Licensure Nursing,




Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, Indiana

Karen L. Hoblet, PhD, MSN, RN, CNL Licensed RN, Clinical Nurse Leader, Interim Department Chairperson and Associate Professor, Interim Director Nurse Educator and Clinical Nurse Leader Programs, Advanced Population Care, The University of Toledo College of Nursing, Toledo, Ohio

Janine Dailey Johnson, MSN, RN Assistant Professor, Nursing, Clarkson College, Omaha, Nebraska

Leo-Felix M. Jurado, PhD, RN, APN, NE-BC, CNE, FAAN Associate Professor, College of Science and Health, William Paterson University of New Jersey, Wayne, New Jersey

Barbara J. Keith, RN, MSN, CNE Clinical Lecturer, Vera Z. Dwyer College of Health Sciences, Indiana University School of Nursing, South Bend, Indiana

Donnamarie Lovestrand, RN, MSN, CPAN Faculty, Nursing Programs, Nursing Department, Pennsylvania College of Technology, Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Anne Boulter Lucero, RN, MSN Assistant Director, Instructor Nursing, Nursing Department, Cabrillo College, Aptos, California

Richard C. Meeks, DNP, RN, COI Assistant Professor, Graduate Program Coordinator, School of Nursing, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Kereen Forster Mullenbach, MBA, PhD, RN Associate Professor, Nursing, Radford University School of Nursing, Radford, Virginia

Sue S. Myers, RPN, BSW, MSCTE Faculty, Psychiatric Nursing and Bachelor of Psychiatric Nursing Programs, School of Nursing, Saskatchewan Polytechnic, Parkway Campus, Regina, Saskatchewan

Barbara Pinekenstein, DNP, RN- BC, CPHIMS Clinical Professor, Richard E. Sinaiko Professor in Health Care Leadership, School of Nursing, University of WisconsinMadison, Madison, Wisconsin

Dawn M. Pope, MS, RN Assistant Clinical Professor (retired), College of Nursing, University of WisconsinOshkosh, Oshkosh, Wisconsin

Cara L. Rigby, DNP, RN, CMSRN Associate Professor, BSN Program Director, Nursing, The Christ College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Cincinnati, Ohio

Dulce Anne Santacroce, DNP, RN, CCM Nurse Educator, Nursing, Touro UniversityNevada, Henderson, Nevada

Ruth Schumacher, DNP, RN, CNL, CPN Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, Illinois

Kathy S. Sweeney, MSN, RN Assistant Professor of Nursing, Nursing Education, Kansas Wesleyan University, Salina, Kansas

Denise Robin Zabriskie, DNP, RN, CWOCN, WCC Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Touro University Nevada, Henderson, Nevada





Patricia S. Yoder-Wise, RN, EdD, NEA-BC,ANEF, FAAN, Professor and Dean Emerita, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas

As with any publication endeavor, many people other than those whose names appear on the cover make the actual publication possible, including the contributors and the Challenge/Solution authors. These behind-the-scenes people also include the reviewers and the publishing team at Elsevier.

We thank each of the contributors who worked diligently to meet deadlines and content expectations. Their names are listed with the chapters they produced. Without them, this book would be a lot thinner! The nurses who told their fabulous stories related to the various chapters always illustrate the real-world meaning of the importance of the chapter content; their names appear with their stories. Without all of them, this book would be much less interesting! What a fabulous group to work with.

We are indebted to our reviewers, who provided valuable feedback that helped refine the book. Receiving peer review is critical to any successful publication. Now that the book is completed, we know who they are and we thank them!

Jeff Watson took on coordinating the ancillaries, and Shelley Burson coordinated and managed an enormous number of details. Both gently nudged all of us to complete our required tasks in a timely manner.

Special thanks go to our publishing team: Senior Content Strategist Yvonne Alexopoulos, Senior Content Development Specialist Tina Kaemmerer, and Senior Production Manager Jodi Willard.

Even more special thanks go to my husband and best friend, Robert Thomas Wise, who vowed to be minimally disruptive as I sat in my office reading, writing, typing, and talking. He is a man of his word!

This book is designed to stimulate thinking and to encourage continued professional development in the area of leading and managing. When the Institute of Medicine released the report, The Future of Nursing, the idea of leadership was clearly a concern for the profession. This book continues its tradition of providing the information that nurses need to assume greater leadership practices and even new management roles. All contributors attempted to provide their best thinking on a given topic so that learners could integrate concepts to form the basis for their contribution to health care. Both the thinking and the complexities will continue to changeand so, hopefully, will you! The passion of nursing and leadership await!





The first edition of Leading and Managing in Nursing began in a hotel room in New Orleans, Louisiana in January of 1990. Darlene Como, the founding publisher of Leading and Managing, and I conceptualized a new way of presenting content about leadership and management: one that might engage learners in valuing the importance of roles that support clinical practice. This new approach included personal stories (The Challenge and The Solution), Literature Perspectives, Research Perspectives, synopses, exercises, and boxes of key information. If you saw that first edition and compared the number of words then compared with the number of words in this edition, you would know the field has grown and become far more complex. Nursing has also grown the field of leadership and management research, and so we have many more citations we can share to make this content both theoretical and practical.

We continue to include everything todays nurses need to know about the basics of leading and managing. The changes with each revision of Leading and Managing reflect the intensity with which we know how leading and managing influence nurses in direct and indirect caregiving roles, as well as in other aspects of being a professional nurse in a complex, ever-changing, dynamic healthcare environment.

Nurses throughout the profession serve in various leadership roles. Leading and managing are two essential expectations of all professional nurses and become increasingly important throughout ones career. To lead, manage, and follow successfully, nurses must possess not only knowledge and skills but also a caring and compassionate attitude.

This book results from our continued strong belief in the need for a text that focuses in a distinctive way on the nursing leadership and management issues both today and in the future. We continue to find that we are not alone in this belief. This edition incorporates reviewers from both service and education to ensure that the text conveys important and timely information to users as they focus on the critical roles of leading, managing, and following. In addition, we took seriously the various comments offered by both educators and learners as I met them in person or heard from them by e-mail.




Concept and practice combined Innovative in both content and presentation, Leading and Managing in Nursing merges theory, research, and practical application in key leadership and management areas. Our overriding concern in this edition remains to create a text that, while well-grounded in theory and concept, presents the content in a way that is real. Wherever possible, we use real-world examples from the continuum of todays healthcare settings to illustrate the concepts. Because each chapter contributor synthesizes the designated focus, you will find no lengthy quotations in these chapters. We have made every effort to make the content as engaging, inviting, and interesting as possible. Reflecting our view of the real world of nursing leadership and management today, the following themes pervade the text:

Every role within nursing has the basic concern for safe, effective care for the people for whom we existour clients and patients.

The focus of health care continues to shift from the hospital to the community at a rapid rate.

Healthcare consumers and the healthcare workforce are increasingly culturally diverse.

Today virtually every professional nurse leads, manages, and follows, regardless of title or position.

Consumer relationships play a central role in the delivery of nursing and health care.

Communication, collaboration, team-building, and other interpersonal skills form the foundation of effective nursing leadership and management.

Change continues at a rapid pace in health care and society in general. Change must derive from evidence-based practices wherever possible and from

thoughtful innovation when no or limited evidence exists. Healthcare delivery is highly dependent on the effectiveness of nurses across roles

and settings.




Diversity of perspectives Contributors are recruited from diverse settings, roles, and geographic areas, enabling us to offer a broad perspective on the critical elements of nursing leadership and management roles. To help bridge the gap often found between nursing education and nursing practice, some contributors were recruited from academia, and others were recruited from practice settings. This blend not only contributes to the richness of this text but also conveys a sense of oneness in nursing. The historical gap between education and service must become a sense of a continuum, not a chasm.




Audience This book is designed for undergraduate learners in nursing leadership and management courses, including those in BSN-completion courses and second-degree programs. In addition, we know that practicing nurseswho had not anticipated formal leadership and management roles in their careersuse this text to capitalize on their own real-life experiences as a way to develop greater understanding about leading and managing and the important role of following. Numerous examples and The Challenge/The Solution in each chapter provide relevance to the real world of nursing.




Organization We have organized this text around issues that are key to the success of professional nurses in todays constantly changing healthcare environment. The content flows from the core concepts (leading, managing, and following; clinical safety; legal considerations; and culture), to knowing yourself (being an effective follower, self-management, conflicts, and power), to knowing the organization (care delivery strategies, staffing), to using your personal and professional skills (technology, delegation, change, and quality), to preparing for the future (personal role transition, self and career management and strategic planning).

Because repetition plays a crucial role in how well learners learn and retain new content, some topics appear in more than one chapter and in more than one section. For example, because problem behavior is so disruptive, it is addressed in several chapters that focus on conflict, personal/personnel problems, incivility, and self-management. Rather than referrin

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Stroop and Native Language

Use an independent t-test to analyze data from a fictitious study. This study compares the ability of native English speakers and native Spanish speakers to state the font color of words that are color names. Although some of the participants are nonnative English speakers, all participants are considered fluent in English at the time of the study. The tricky aspect of this task is that the words will be printed in colors that are incongruent to the color names. The independent variable is the native language, and the dependent variable is the time it takes to state the color of font for all the words. It is hypothesized the native English speakers will take longer to state the colors compared with the nonnative speakers.

The data from the hypothetical study is given below. The explanations for the variable names used in the table are participant number (PID), time for native English speaker to read color words (NECW), age of participants in years (Age), and time for Spanish speaker to read color words (SSCW)

You need to take the data from the twenty fictitious participants provided and enter the data into Microsoft Excel. Clickfor instructions to install the Data Analysis ToolPak. Obtain the descriptive statistics (be sure to reformat so these are clearly readable). Next, analyze the data with an independent t-test (be sure to reformat the output so it is clearly readable). Was the hypothesis supported? Write a results section in a 1-page Microsoft Word document and then a summary statement about the conclusions of the study.
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The 4,000-6,000-word should contain the following sections:
State the topic for your final project.

TOPIC: The Domino Effect How Mental Health Influences the Workplace

Explain why you decided to choose this topic.


Over the past few years, within the current teenage and newly adult generations, the topic of
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Apply the tools/skills learned in this class to your final project.

Please use the textbook reference provided and provide examples from textbook that relates to this topic.

(I have learned about time management, commitment, communication and organization from our course – we have applied this to our group. Chapters 1-4)

Michael Stebleton and Michael Henle, Hired! The Job Hunting and Career Planning Guide, 4th Edition (Pearson, 2011). ISBN: 9780135023259.

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Examples of good mental health and bad mental health
Services and resources offered to employees by their employers (this includes things
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Compare the turnover rate, how many people stay or quit; how long people stay in these
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The negative effects of not offering: room for growth, bonuses and raises, recognition,
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How mental health/environment/attitude all impact personal performance.
Financial impacts that mental health approaches have on employers and employees.

Provide a bibliography of the reference materials from the research you did (at least ten
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Alcohol tolerance study submission paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Dr. Carlos submitted a proposal to conduct an alcohol tolerance study with mice. He will have to inject mice with alcohol and then test them. Dr. Carlos has decided to euthanize the mice at the end of the study. He also wishes someone to volunteer the use of their pet for this research in return for some monetary compensation. Discuss:

note i included 2 student responses who answered the same questions as a sample. only need 1 -1.5 page its a discussion

What ethical and safety issues might arise when conducting such a study? What do you think the institutional review board at Dr. Carlos’ university will be most concerned about? Explain at least three areas of concern and why the reviewers might be concerned about the stated issues.
It is common for participants to be compensated for their participation in research. Do you think this influences their behaviors or responses? Use the Library to investigate whether there is evidence regarding the influence of compensation on participants’ participation. Find two articles and submit summaries of each of them.
Participants should be told they have a right to stop their participation in a study at any point in the study. Do you agree or disagree on whether this should be done or not? Why? Do you think they should still be able to receive the promised monetary compensation if they leave early?

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Mindfulness is a method of helping the brain focus. Neuroscience is making strides into the business environment. Find an article or two on neuroscience or more specifically neuroleadership. How can mindfulness, along with neuroscience/neuroleadership help a leader focus his or her followers? Please not that you do not have to cite the articles or include the references. You should provide attribution. Attribution is where you give credit. For example, if the article you select is written by Smith, you may write as follows: Smith stated (talked, reviewed, etc) that…

Module Four Worksheet, practiced completions get essay help

Overview: For Final Project Milestone One, you analyzed Bellevue Hospital, and in your Module Four Worksheet, you practiced completing a very basic SWOT analysis. Now, for this second milestone, due in Module Five, you will conduct a full situational analysis to identify the internal and external market factors that impact the Bellevue Hospital, propose a service to market for the organization, and generate a marketing goal for this proposed service.

Prompt: First, review the text readings and course resources you have so far studied. In addition, review your Final Project Milestone One and Module Four Worksheet submissions and instructor feedback to those submissions. The SWOT analysis you completed in the Module Four Worksheet is one method by which to conduct a situational analysis. Use this process to assist you as you complete the situational analysis in this milestone. Also refer back to the Bellevue: Community Health Needs Assessment to inform your analysis.

Next, in 2 to 3 pages, conduct a situational analysis that analyzes the internal and external market factors that impact Bellevue Hospital. In addition, propose a service to market for the organization and develop marketing goals for this proposed service. The paper should explain how the proposed marketing goals align with the mission, vision, and strategic goals of the organization. Keep in mind that your marketing goals shoul

Analyze and evaluate the social research study gp essay help: gp essay help

Please write notes about your article based on the points on the table below. It should be 2-3 pages, double spaced, or about 350-750 words.
Remember that your task is mainly to analyze and evaluate the social research study presented in the article.Thus, you willwrite mainly in the third personand discuss whether or not the authors have done a good job in the major parts of their research study.

Sample Assignment

Name:_____________ Article Analysis #1 Date:_____________

ID: _____________A study of Leisure Reading

In the journal,Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, Bailey Diers aims to uncover the leisure reading habits of the community at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Her article, At Your Leisure: Establishing a Popular Reading Collection at UBC Library, utilizes both qualitative and quantitative methods to effectively analyze whether creating a leisure reading collection at the campus academic library would be beneficial and garner regular use. Although the study has some problems with sampling, the methods used are valid and it contributes significantly to research on this topic.

Paragraph 1 – Introduction

Introduce the reading (author, title, general contents)

Provide a brief summary + your analysis (opinion) of the article

What is the main point of this article and why is it important?

Paragraph 2 Research Problem and Hypothesis

2-3 key terms from the article

research problem and objective

Hypothesis or Research Question

Your analysis did the authors do a good job? Why or why not?

Paragraph 3 Research Design + Procedure

independent variable (cause, thing being studied)

dependent variable (effect of thing being studied)

research methodology (qualitative, quantitative, mixed or critical)

research methods (surveys, interviews, observation, experiment)

population (general group) and sample (specific participants in study)

Your analysis did the authors do a good job? Why or why not?

Paragraph 4 Results, Analysis and Conclusion

main results

form of data analysis (how do the authors sort the information and make conclusions? ex. statistics)

discussion do the authors suggest any areas for improvement or further research?


Your analysis did the authors do a good job? Why or why not?

Paragraph 5 Analysis Summary

How well did the author(s) accomplish their original objectives? Refer to the strengths and weaknesses of the research.

Do you agree or disagree with any of the other points in the article?

Do you have any questions or suggestions about what could have been done differently in the study?

What new information could be collected, or what other studies could be conducted that are related to this topic?

Paragraph 6 – Conclusion

Briefly summarize what the authors accomplished with their research study will the article be useful to you or others?

Restate your positive and negative evaluation of the research and the research article.


Write the APA Citation for your article below the heading References

Be sure to use a hanging indent


Article Review #1Article Review #1CriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAPA reference and citationThe APA reference (at the end of the article analysis) and citations throughout the article analysis are complete and properly formatted.1.0ptsVery well done0.5ptsSome errors0.0ptsNot attempted1.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAnalysisYou evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the article using evidence to support your ideas.5.0ptsExcellent4.0ptsVery Good3.0ptsGood2.0ptsSome Parts Missing or Imcomplete1.0ptsAttempted0.0ptsNo marks5.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOverviewYou provide an overview of the major parts of the article as described in the assignment instructions.4.0ptsFull Marks3.0ptsGood2.0ptsMinimally complete1.0ptsAnalysis was attempted0.0ptsNot attempted4.0 pts
Total Points: 10.0

Evidence Based Library and Information Practice rice supplement essay help

Ima Gakusei 1007000651 January 18, 2020 SOCI 200A – Article Analysis #1

In the journal,Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, Bailey Diers aims to uncover the leisure reading habits of the community at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Her article, At Your Leisure: Establishing a Popular Reading Collection at UBC Library, utilizes both qualitative and quantitative methods to effectively analyze whether creating a leisure reading collection at the campus academic library would be beneficial and garner regular use. Although the study has some problems with sampling, the methods used are valid and it contributes significantly to research on this topic.

The main research question is to determine the level of need for leisure reading materials, with the goal to enhance the positive outcomes of reading by increasing accessibility to such resources. For the purposes of this research, leisure reading is defined as reading fiction or non-fiction books of ones own accord for pleasure, or for ones own enrichment, rather than for work and school (Diers 2012, p.50). (Would this mean popular books? Or books one might find in a non-university library or store? What about the overlap between classic literature and books one might read for leisure?) This research is differentiated from other similar articles in its field by its diversity in sample size (this would mean various sizes of sample. You could rephrase to by the internal diversity of its sample.). While other research tends to focus (solely?) on undergraduate students, the scope of Diers research is expanded to include undergraduate students, graduate students, staff, faculty and other community members of the UBC campus (as well?). This is significant, because nearly all UBC residents lack access to other free public library services that may enable them to attain leisure reading materials. The availability of said materials may act as an incentive for those who do not regularly read for leisure to choose more learning-positive leisure channels. For example, a study done by Salter and Brook (2007) is cited in the article to indicate that students are more inclined to spend their leisure time watching TV or movies in favour of leisure reading (which is the second most chosen preference) since the technological revolution. (Does the availability of e-books change access to leisure reading materials?)

Diers used a triangulation method to obtain data for her study, by sending 1500 random sample invitations for her survey to UBC residents (quantitative) and analyzing their subjective answers (qualitative) (try to integrate quantitative and qualitative directly into the sentence). To ensure that there was a relatively even number of responses from each demographic, a preset number of invitations were sent to undergraduates (500), graduate students (400), faculty (300), and community members (300). In addition to this sample, the survey was posted on the UBC library website for open participation for non-invited participants. Each participant was given an online questionnaire, consisting of nineteen questions and other open-ended questions to include their opinions, such as genres and authors that they wished to see in the hypothetical reading collection created. The questionnaire asked about reading habits, tendencies and preferences regarding leisure reading. Of the answers received, there were 467 deemed valid; with a relatively equal number coming from the random sample and the open participation (244 and 229, respectively). This method was designed with the intention of similar studies being easily replicated in future studies (unnecessary repetition), therefore giving it external validity.

Largely positive feedback was received, with 64% of respondents saying that they would use a leisure reading collection, 32% responding with maybe, and only 6% responding that they would not. Diers also found that within all response groups, there were strong leisure reading habits, with the Faculty of Arts being the highest, followed by the Faculty of Science. However, it is recognized that this information could be skewed, as these are also the two largest departments at UBC, resulting in a higher rate of response from that demographic in general. It was also found that graduate students were more likely than undergraduates to read for leisure. When prompted to explain why, the most common response was related to time – either that they had more of it to spare, or made more time. (maybe graduate students have more flexible schedules?)Finally, this study revealed that the UBC library already owned 81% of the titles and authors requested by the respondents. This could result in two interpretations. First, that the UBC library has an adequate number of resources to fulfill the need for leisure reading materials, therefore making a new collection unnecessary. The other interpretation, made by Diers, is that this demonstrates a genuine need for more leisure reading books, in order to supplement the existing resources. The expansion of this collection could also attract more community members, thus contributing to a thriving UBC community.

This studys contribution to the field is significant, as it distinguishes between the different groups who would benefit more from a leisure reading collection, and provides data regarding their reading habits and preferences. However, this data may be biased due to unrepresentative sampling. Although half the sample is randomly selected, the other half is comprised of those who already use the library, as the open survey was posted on the library website. This may mean that creating a collection would not actually lead students to choose reading over other activities in their leisure time. Furthermore, the wording of the questions may be misleading. A maybe response cannot be equated to a positive one, as the meaning is ambiguous. Maybe using the collection is unclear as to whether it will be used only once or many times, thereby not providing a concrete variable to evaluate whether the collection will be worth the cost. And while the design of the study provides generalizability, the results may not do the same. One must take into consideration that UBC is an affluent school with a higher tuition than most post-secondary institutions, so this data may not be applicable to less prestigious universities and colleges. For example, those of a lower socio-economic status may have other factors that reduce their leisure activity time, such as having to work. Despite the problems with the study, I believe the results are valid and create significant positive repercussions. A recommendation for future studies would be to do a comparative study of several campuses, using more random sampling and having more questions in the surveys with more specific wording.ReferenceDiers, B., & Simpson, S. (2012). At your leisure: Establishing a popular reading collection at UBC library.Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, 7(2), 49-66.

Instructor Comments: This is very good, including (and especially) the critical analysis section. Please take a look at some of the clarity issues I indicated. Your article choice is very beneficial for your research.

Grounded in literature and supported by evidence and analysis college essay help los angeles: college essay help los angeles




Part 4: Select a Solution

The purpose of this part is to select a solution to the problem you defined in Part 2 that is grounded in literature and supported by evidence and analysis. To accomplish this task, you will utilize a strategic thinking lens to consider the viability and applicability of the solutions you researched in Part 3 with respect to your selected problem and organizational context. As part of this process, for each solution you researched in Part 3, you will also consider any potential barriers to success in the context of your organization. Thus, after analyzing and reflecting on the potential solutions through the lens of strategic thinking, you will evaluate the viability of the solutions you researched within the context of the information you collected and analyzed in Part 1.


In the case that no solution is viable, you will need to propose a new, untested, and innovative solution to your selected problem that is grounded in both the literature you have reviewed and findings from Part 1. The final product for this section will be a narrative of at least eight full length pages that should include the following components: (a) a description of each of the potential solutions from Part 3, (b) a discussion of the pros and cons of each potential solution in the context of your organization or school setting, (c) a discussion of the barriers to success for each potential solution, and (d) a summary of the rationale for your selected solution.




Part 4: Select a Solution

Overview of Four Potential Solutions

Provide an overall description of each of the potential solutions from Part 3.

Pros and Cons of Solutions

Compile your evidence and validate your claims. For your organization provide the pros and cons you identified while reviewing each solution. Supported with the literature.

Solution One: Title of the Solution

Include pros and cons

Solution Two: Title of the Solution

Include pros and cons

Solution Three: Title of the Solution

Include pros and cons

Solution Four: Title of the Solution

Include pros and cons

Discussion of Barriers

Compile your evidence and validate your claims. If there was a barrier, how would you address each barrier? Support this section with literature.

Solution One: Title of the Solution

Describe how you would address the barrier for your particular organization. If there were no barriers, how you would accept the solution?

Solution Two: Title of the Solution

Describe how you would address the barrier for your particular organization. If there were no barriers, how you would accept the solution?

Solution Three: Title of the Solution

Describe how you would address the barrier for your particular organization. If there were no barriers, how you would accept the solution?

Solution Four: Title of the Solution

Describe how you would address the barrier for your particular organization. If there were no barriers, how you would accept the solution?

Summary of Rational for Selected Solution

Compile your evidence and validate your claims. From your selectedonesolution, identify your rational for choosing this solution compare to your other three proposed solutions. Supported this with literature.

Assignment on Persuasive Presentation write my essay help: write my essay help

n with Outline

Assignment:Persuasive Presentation w/ OutlineTime limit:6-8 minutesPoint value:75 PointsInstructional materials:Chapter 10 Topic Selection
Chapter 11 Being Credible and Using Evidence
Chapter 12 Organizing your Presentation
Chapter 13 Delivery (pgs. 340-355)
Chapter 15 Persuasive Presentations

Submission:SeeRecording Instructionsbelow

The purpose of this assignment is to give you experience creating a formal, motivational presentation from planning to delivery. You will gain experience selecting and narrowing a topic, researching a speech, and developing speaking notes and an outline.Although this presentation is persuasive, this assignment will help prepare you to make a successful presentation of most any kind.

A persuasive speech attempts to motivate an audience to change an attitude, belief, or behavior. For this reason, your chosen topic should be appropriate for this purpose.

How will I be graded?
which will be used to evaluate your submission.


Select a topic which advocates involvement with a charitable organization. The topic should relate in some way to issues within communities and/or the environment and be one in which the public can become directly involved. Possible organizations may include, but are not limited to: MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving), Wounded Warrior Project, Doctors Without Borders, USA, and Susan G. Komen for the Cure.
Research your topic. You are not simply telling the audience about the organization. Your research should uncover the problems this organization aims to solve, how they are providing solutions, and how individuals can become involved.
Organize the main points of your speech using a Monroes Motivated Sequence (Chapter 15).
Provide adequate support for each main point by citing at least three credible sources in the speech. Incorporate examples, narratives, testimonial evidence, statistics, analogies, explanations, and/or definitions where appropriate. Sources must be cited orally in the speech.
Create an introduction and conclusion.

Written Material

Once you have thought through each part of the speech (introduction, body, & conclusion), create a Sentence Outline of your speech (Chapter 12). Your outline should show the full content of your speech and include a list of References in MLA format.
Create speaking notes to use during your delivery. You should not speak from your outline. Use key words and phrases in your speaking notes rather than complete sentences. Your notes should serve only as a memory aid and should not be a word-for-word manuscript of your speech.


Practice your presentation before videoing yourself so that you can deliver the information with only occasional glances at your notes.
Consider asking friends or family members to view your presentation before submitting.

Sample Speeches

When Recording your final draft:After recording has started but before you begin your assignment you must verify your identity by holding a valid state- or nationally- issued picture ID to the camera so that it is visible and recognizable to our assessment staff. If you do not do this step you will be asked to resubmit. A driver’s license or passport are preferred.
Recording Instructions

Submitting for this assignment is an easy three-step process:

Upload to YouTube
Submit a link to your YouTube video

You can record and save videos using software on your computer before uploading them to YouTube. The most common computer recording programs are Camera for Windows 8+ and Photo Booth for Mac OS X (a download may be required). You may also use your device manual to look up how to record videos. After saving your video to your computer, please.

An alternative approach is recording a video on mobile device (phone or tablet). Please note that this could affect the quality of your video and you will need to download the YouTube app to upload your video.

Human Resources Planning and Employee Relations research essay help

Assignment 3: Human Resources Planning and Employee Relations


Building on the work that you completed in Assignment 2, continue evaluating the role of functions HR in creating a set of Human Resources policies and procedures for the acute care hospital.

Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:

1. Explain the importance of maintaining accurate and objective employee records, indicating the consequences that may result from lack of record keeping. Provide support for your rationale.

2. Provide an example of formal and an example of informal documentation that would normally be maintained in an employee file, indicating how each is likely to protect an employer.

3. Determine the most significant factor that will ensure an effective legal termination, indicating the most likely way employees can protect themselves from termination in a downsizing situation. Provide support for your rationale.

4. Analyze two (2) major challenges that todays health care leaders face in trying to uphold the ethics of critique, justice, and caring, indicating how managers can balance the need for ethics with employee and organizational needs.

5. Create a detailed outline of an effective succession planning process that will help ensure a smooth transition as members of the management team at your organization begin to retire. (The plan should prescribe, at a minimum, how to identify employees for advancement, training and development programs, mentorships, and a timeline for preparing leaders for their role.)

6. From both a management and employee perspective, justify or dispute unionization. Provide support for your rationale.

7. Suggest the best way in which HR can continue to be an effective strategic partner in helping this organization achieve its future goals. Provide support for your rationale.

8. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment.Note:Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

. Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

. Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the students name, the professors name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.


The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

. Analyze the unique aspects of managing human resources in health care organizations.

. Demonstrate the importance of HR as a strategic partner in health care organizations.

. Analyze the impact of labor unions on the health care industry.

. Use technology and information resources to research issues in health services human resource management.

. Write clearly and concisely about health services human resource management using proper writing mechanics.

Framework, Significance, And Research Plan Assignment compare and contrast essay help: compare and contrast essay help

Assignment Content

Identifyanddescribea theoretical and/or conceptual framework relevant to your study.

Writea 350- to 500-word description of a theoretical or conceptual framework for your proposed study using one of the following templates:

For a theoretical framework:
The theoretical basis for this study is (name the theory). It was developed by (originator or source) and has informed the study of (identify topics where the theory has been applied and/or how the theory has been used in prior research). This theory holds (identify major propositions or hypotheses of the theory). Applying this theory to the present study, it aids in understanding the (central phenomenon) by (give explanation of how and why the theory aids understanding) because (provide rationale based on the theory).

For a conceptual framework:
The conceptual basis for this study is (name the concept(s)/model). These concepts/models inform the study of (central phenomenon) by (give explanation of how the concepts relate to the study) because (provide rationale for basing the study on these concepts).

IncludeAPA-formatted in-text citations and references.

Change Matrix
A change matrix describes the changes you make to a document based on instructor feedback.
Viewthe Sample Change Matrix.

Reviewthe Week 7 feedback from your instructor on the research design and using a copy of the Change Matrix in Appendix G, record the instructors feedback in the first column, state in your own words the feedback provided in the second column, and specifically statewhat you have doneto address the feedback in the third column.

Continueusing theprovided in Week 3 and:

Reviseyour problem and purpose statements, if needed,
Revisethe RQs, if needed,
Revisethe research method, if needed,
Revisethe design from Week 7, based on instructors feedback,
Addthe theoretical framework discussion in the Framework section,
Addthe significance discussion in the Significance of the Study section, and
Completethe Change Matrix in Appendix G for feedback provided in Week 7.
CheckAPA-formatting for in-text citationsand references
A well-structured scholarly paragraph contains a minimum of 5 sentences. Please refer to the MEAL Plan document as a guide.

Utilize the APA Tutorials, located in CDS Central under the Student Resources tab, for proper formatting of citations and references.

Reminder: Before submitting your assignment, proof-read for grammatical and sentence structure and re-read the assignment description and refer to the attached rubric to ensure each element of the assignment has been addressed.

Submityour final Research Outline template.

ACC 422Intermediate Financial Accounting term paper college essay help los angeles

ACC 422Intermediate Financial Accounting II


Individual Assignment Disclosure Analysis Paper (Ford Company)

Individual Assignment Disclosure Analysis Paper (Wal-Mart)

Discussion Questions 1, 2, 3 and 4


Learning Team Exercise E8-25

Learning Team Problem P7-1

Weekly Reflections

Wiley Plus Questions 1, 2, 3, 4

Wiley Plus E7-2, E7-8, E8-5, E8-14, P7-1, E8-25

Discussion Questions 1, 2, 3 and 4


Learning Team Problems P10-8, P9-9

Weekly Reflections

WileyPlus E9-1, 9-12, E10-5, E10-12, P9-9, P10-5

Wiley Plus Questions 1, 2, 3, 4

Discussion Questions 1, 2, 3 and 4


WileyPlus E-11-4, E12-16, P12-1

Weekly Reflections

WileyPlus Question 1, 2, 3, 4

Discussion Question 1, 2, 3 and 4


WileyPlus E13-13, P13-9, E14-21, E21-7

WileyPlus Questions 1, 2, 3, 4

Weekly Reflections

Discussion Question 1, 2, 3 and 4

Help with the following

Help Pick 1 hotel companies, 1 cruise lines and 1 restaurant chains, such as Hyatt, Norwegian Cruise Lines and Denny’s. HelpResearch for the following information:

Brands- list them and describe who the target market would be, for example business person, families etc.
The category they are in, for instance luxury, budget etc.
Where the headquarters is
How many hotels, rooms, ships and restaurants does the company own
Any special promotions being offered
Any presence in Miami, if so where?
What countries are they in.
List a position you would like
List any management trainee programs or college programs they might have
List any tuition reimbursement program they might have

Use Powerpoint for the presentation. (about 6 slides)

What role the COVID-19 pandemic played common app essay help

Research Question:What role did the COVID-19 pandemic play in the high voter turnout in the US Presidential election?

This assignment is something that you will be able to draw upon moving forward in the program. A research proposal is a very common start to a research project as it helps to frame out the importance of the project itself and show the knowledge gaps that currently exist in the literature. Typically after a solid research proposal is written, the paper unfolds from there as you have a clear framework to follow moving forward.This assignment requires you to write a proposal that states your research question and your research strategy for addressing it. As mentioned throughout your previous assignments you may draw upon each one to help you build your proposal.Research Proposal:The research proposal must be between 8 pages in lengthnot including title page or references.Your title page should include the working title of your research project, your name, date, and course title. You should also have an abstract on your title page.Your proposal should have the following sections:Introduction:The introduction is where you identify your specific research question and where you set the general context for the study. In this section you need to include:

a statement of the problem or general research question and context leading to a clear statement of the specific research question;
background and contextual material justifying why this case or topic should be studied; and
a purpose statement.

Literature Review:This short preliminary literature review section reviews the literature important to your specific research question. The literature review focuses on discussing how other researchers have addressed the same or similar research questions. It introduces the study and places it in a larger context that includes a discussion of why it is important to study this case. It provides the current state of accumulated knowledge as it relates to your specific research question. In this section you should:

Summarize the general state of the literature (cumulative knowledge base) on the specific research question. For example, if you discuss other studies that have been conducted you would summarize the researcher’s findings, how those findings were obtained, and conduct an evaluation of biases in the findings.
This section should provide a broad overview of the primary arguments related to the topic and organizes the general views on the main aspects of the topic by theme, which could be the prevailing arguments or schools of thought, or commonly held beliefs that your particular topic may challenge.
Include a short conclusion and transition to the next section.

In your literature review, you should also discuss the theoretical framework to be used in the study. You should ensure you cover the following in your discussion:

a summary of the theory or model to be used in the study, including a diagram of the model if appropriate;
comment on the kinds of questions this theory has been used to answer in the past and why it is appropriate to use in this proposed study
To really drive this home you want to end your literature review with a discussion of the current knowledge gaps. This is an opportunity to once again promote the importance of your own research. How will your research fit within this larger body of knowledge? What are you doing differently? What gaps will your research fill?
For some additional information on how to organize your theoretical framework into your paper, check out this.

From here you would then include a transition into your methodology section.NOTE: Literature reviews can be a bit tricky to write. Think back to how you wrote your short theory lit review in week 4. Chances are you already started to write in a style similar to what one does when completing a literature review. Check out(the same one you were guided to in week 4) to help you further prepare to write this section of your proposal. This will not be the last time that you are asked to write a literature review in your academic career so it is important to master this skill.Research Design and Methods:Describes how you will answer your research question or test the hypothesis. This section describes your overall research design and how you plan to collect, synthesize, and interpret your data. It should include:

identification and operationalization (measurement) of variables;
a sampling plan (i.e., study population and sampling procedures, if appropriate);
justification of case studies used;
data collection/sources (secondary literature, archives, interviews, surveys, etc.);
a summary of analysis procedures (pattern-matching, etc.); and
the limitations of the study and bias discussion.

Conclusion:Reemphasizes the importance of your study and ties the proposal together.Reference List: As with all academic papers you need to references the works that you have cited (direct quotes or paraphrases) in the text of your document and incorporate a complete reference list or bibliography at the end. This list needs to be in the style used within your field. APA= Criminal Justice, Turabian for all others in this course.Remember that the references you use demonstrate your knowledge of the topic area. This research proposal is meant to convince your professor that you not only have identified a worthy question in need of investigation but that you are also capable of carrying out the research involved to successfully answer that question. At the very least you should have referenced 12-15 peer-reviewed sources in this proposal.Since multiple writing styles are in use within this course, on your title page, please note which style you are using within your assignment. This will help me cater my comments to the style you are using. The style you use needs to be the one that is used within your program of study.Format:Standard academic format will suffice: 1-inch borders on all four sides, double spaced, with times new roman 12-point font.

Discussion on Addressing Change college application essay help: college application essay help

SOCW 6070 WK 5 Discussion: Addressing Change

What does a leader do when things do not go as planned? How can a leader help to restore or improve an organizations operations when a situation stalls or interferes with its functions? Although taking a proactive approach to planning is desired, change may occur suddenly and unexpectedly causing immediate consequences. A skilled leader must be able to assess a situation in order to prioritize the steps necessary to stabilize the organization. This process must focus on a short-term strategy to address immediate concerns and include strategic decisions that will affect the long-term sustainability of the organization.

For this Discussion, you address the Southeast Planning Group (SPG) case study in the Social Work Case Studies: Concentration Year text.Questions in bold then answers

Postan analysis of the change that took place in the SPG.

Furthermore, suggest one strategy that might improve the organizational climate and return the organization to optimal functioning.

Provide support for your suggested strategy, explaining why it would be effective.

Support your post with specific references to the resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references.


Lauffer, A. (2011). Understanding your social agency (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Sage.

Chapter 10, Agency Structure and Change (pp. 324352)

Northouse, P. G. (2021). Introduction to leadership: Concepts and practice (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Sage.

Chapter 7, Creating a Vision (pp. 161-208)

Chapter 8, Establishing a Constructive Climate (pp. 182-208)

Chapter 10, Listening to Out-Group Members (pp. 252-275)

Case Study Southeast Planning Group (SPG)

Social Work Supervision, Leadership, and Administration: The Southeast Planning Group

The Southeast Planning Group (SPG) is an organization that was created in 2000 to facilitate the Office of Housing and Urban Developments (HUD) Continuum of Care planning process. The key elements of the approach were strategic planning, data collection systems, and an inclusive process that involved clients and service providers. The fundamental components of the system are 1) outreach, intake, and assessment; 2) emergency shelter; 3) transitional housing; and 4) permanent housing and permanent supportive housing. The outreach, intake, and assessment component identifies an individuals or familys needs in order to connect them with the appropriate resources. Emergency shelter provides a safe alternative to living on the streets. Transitional housing provides supportive services such as recovery services and life skills training to help clients develop the skills necessary for permanent housing. The final component, permanent housing, works with clients to obtain long-term affordable housing.

SPG works with the local government; service providers; the faith, academic, and business communities; homeless and formerly homeless individuals; and concerned citizens in the designated service area. During the first 5 years of its existence, SPG was staffed by one part-time and four full-time staff members and oversight was provided by a 21-member board. SPGs founding director was well respected and liked in the community. She was noted for her ability to bring stakeholders across sectors together and focus on the single mission of ending homelessness.

After serving 5 years, the executive director abruptly resigned amidst rumors that she was forced out by the board. Although she had been effective in bringing people together, there were concerns that the goals and objectives had not been met, and there was a lack of confidence in her ability to grow the organization. Approximately one month after her resignation, a new executive director was hired.

One of the new directors first priorities was to reconfigure the structure of the organization in order to increase efficiency. As a result of the restructuring, two positions were eliminated. The people who were let go had been with the organization from the beginning, and similar to the previous director, they had strong ties to the community. Once the community and SPGs partners learned about the changes, there was suspicion about the new leadership and the direction they wanted to take SPG. Stakeholders were split in their views of the changessome agreed that they were necessary in order to advance the goals of the organization, while others felt the new leadership was taking over with a hidden agenda to promote its own self-interest.

I worked with the group as an evaluation consultant to assess the SPG partnership during this period of transition. In order to assess how these changes were perceived by the stakeholders, I conducted key informant interviews with various stakeholders, both internal and external to the organization. The partners shared many insights about how the month without consistent leadership contributed to the uncertainty about SPGs purpose and strategy, and it was generally agreed that the leadership transition was not handled well. The results from the evaluation were used to help SPG identify strategies to improve communication with stakeholders and utilize the directors leadership role to build upon the organizations past successes while preparing for future growth.


Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. M. (Eds.). (2014b). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing [Vital Source e-reader].

Social Work Supervision, Leadership, and Administration: The Southeast Planning Group (pp. 8586)

Factors Related to Information Security Policy Knowledge admission college essay help

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Students and Information Security Culture in Organizations

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The 11th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS), Genoa, Italy, 2017





Track 10

Tanrverdi, Nur Sena, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey, [email protected]

Metin, Bilgin, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey, [email protected]


Employees Information security policy (ISP) complied actions ensures security in organizations. Dai-

ly interaction with information system and behaviour of employees against security issues are affected

by information security culture of organization. ISP of an organization can be evaluated as a part of

an information security culture of organization. Obviously, adoption of the culture takes time especial-

ly for new hires. When threats are evolving and systems are becoming more complex, information se-

curity culture is important to be adopted by new hires in a short time. Therefore, this study targets

potential employees of organizations; students. Although security behaviour and awareness of stu-

dents are examined in previous studies, they arent evaluated within information security culture as

future employees of organizations. In this study, security behaviour and policy knowledge of students,

and effective factors for policy knowledge are examined. According to the results, knowing ISP chang-

es security behaviour of students. If students know what ISP is, they will probably not threat systems

with their daily activities and comply with ISP of their future organizations. 73.1% of students who

know ISP are senior and higher degree of students, so it can be concluded that future employees of

organizations are knowledgeable in terms of information security.


Keywords: Security Awareness of Student, Information Security Culture, Information Security Policy,

Security Behaviour.




Students and Information Security Culture



The 11th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS), Genoa, Italy, 2017 2



1 Introduction

Most organizations operations are largely based on IT. Thus, managing risk related to information

security attacks is getting increasingly significant because infractions of information security often

have critical financial and reputational outcomes for organizations and their users (Cavusoglu, Mishra

and Raghunathan, 2004). Thats why protecting information security has become priority for compa-


IT systems are used in a variety of fields including transmission, storage and data processing in all

organizations regardless size. Thats why companies take a big care of security of their vital assets; IT

systems. Security of these systems is provided by using technical solutions like authentication, cryp-

tography, advanced firewalls against to attacks. However, technical solutions cannot succeed in pro-

tecting systems completely when human factor is ignored (Johnson, 2006). Employees have the most

critical role in the protection of information systems of their companies. According to participants of

ISACAs 2016 Cybersecurity Snapshot Survey (ISACA, 2016) social engineering, insider threats and

advanced persistent threat are respectively the most important consideration for their organization in

2016. Intentional or unintentional actions of people are the biggest threat for organizations.

The Global State of Information Security Survey 2016 of PwC (PwC, 2016) shows that current em-

ployees have threated companies at most. 34% of security incidents in 2015 have been caused by cur-

rent employees according to results of the survey.

End-user is the weakest link in the information security chain (Mitnick, 2002). From the organiza-

tional perspective, the weakest chain is the new joiners because they are unfamiliar to the organiza-

tional culture. Information security culture is considered as an aspect of organizational culture (Okere,

van Niekerk and Carrol, 2012), (Schlienger and Teufel, 2003). It is embedded in a company so as to

ensure secure environment.

Al Hogail and Mirza defined information security culture as The collection of perceptions, attitudes,

values, assumptions and knowledge that guides how thing are done in an organization in order to be

consistent with the information security requirements with the aim of protecting the information assets

and influencing employees security behaviour in a way that preserving the information security be-

comes a second nature (Al Hogail and Mirza, 2014). Thus, it can be said that if an organization has

an information security culture, it has a defined information security policy (ISP). ISP of a company

bases on standards and it should be open for access of all employees (International Organization for

Standardization, 2013). It is expected that every employee complies with this policy. Because adaption

of rules and environment takes time for new employees, they probably have higher potential than oth-

ers in terms of threatening of information security.

New employees of the IT departments are expected to be aware about information security because of

their IT related backgrounds. But companies employ non-IT related employees in such departments as

finance, marketing and human resources to conduct main business and those employees are mostly

unfamiliar to the IT related concepts like information security.

However regardless their departments and backgrounds they all are responsible for corporate general

security. So, companies continuously support employees with different kind of education and training

programs. Not only information security related training programs but also various informative activi-

ties are generally applied in organizations. For example, security department informs all organization

against new threats in Internet environment via e-mails, posters, pop-up screens and newsletters, web

based sections, desk-to-desk alerts and email messages in informative context (Wilson and Hash,

2003). These continuous educative activities begin with orientation programs for new employees.

General security awareness is given to new joiners in orientation programs.

In previous studies, although security behaviour and awareness of students are examined, they are not

evaluated within information security culture as future employees of organizations. Security behaviour

and policy knowledge of students, and effective factors for policy knowledge are examined within this



Students and Information Security Culture



The 11th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS), Genoa, Italy, 2017 3



study. According to the results, knowing ISP changes security behaviour of students. If students know

what ISP is, they will probably not threat systems with their daily activities and comply with ISP of

their future organizations. 73.1% of students who know ISP are senior and higher degree of students,

so it can be concluded that future employees of organizations are knowledgeable in terms of infor-

mation security.

2 Literature Review

In this section, previous studies on information security culture, information security policy compli-

ance, and student awareness are summarized so as to reveal what kind of outcomes have been present-

ed related to the concepts fundamental for the perspective of this study; students and information secu-

rity culture. Information security culture, information security policy compliance and student aware-

ness studies are reviewed to understand what kind of studies have been conducted, which factors have

been investigated in the literature.

2.1 Information Security Culture and Policy Compliance

Information security culture is a key term to understand, estimate and evaluate security behaviour of

human and the term is approached differently in the literature. Basically, it can be considered as the

subculture of organizational culture which constitutes company-wide shared values (Okere, van

Niekerk and Carrol, 2012), (Schlienger and Teufel, 2003).

The most common approach for information security culture has been derived from Scheins organiza-

tional culture model by van Niekerk & von Solms (Renaud and Goucher, 2014). They present layers

of IS culture; artefacts, espoused values, shared tacit assumptions and information security knowledge

(Renaud and Goucher, 2014), (D’Arcy, Hovav and Galletta, 2009), (van Niekerk and von Solms,


The literature has different aspects of information security culture. One of them is an analysis of dif-

ferent information security culture definitions (Al Hogail and Mirza, 2014). Moreover Okere, van

Niekerk and Carroll (Okere, van Niekerk and Carrol, 2012) have analysed different approaches of in-

formation security culture in the literature. According to them, usual approach to assess information

security culture is auditing.

Karlsson, strm and Karlssons literature review study shows that content of information security

culture, roots and consequences of information security culture and cultivating information security

culture have been commonly investigated in literature (Karlsson, strm and Karlsson, 2015). They

summarize theories which have tried to explain contributive factors of information security culture.

Those theories are Scheins (1985) culture model, competing values framework (Quinn and Cameron,

1983), theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991), Hofstedes (1997) national culture framework, in-

formation security behaviour modes (Alfawaz, Nelson and Mohannak, 2010), Nonakas modes of

knowledge creation (Thomson, von Solms and Louw, 2010), and Lazarus (1993) stress model.

Information security behaviour is usually considered as behaviour that comply with information secu-

rity policy of a company in the literature. Effective factors on information security policy compliance

are also searched in information security literature. In addition to this, those factors are evaluated

based on the theories (Bulgurcu, Cavusoglu and Benbasat, 2010), (Pahnila et al., 2007), (Hu et al.,

2012), (Safa, von Solms and Furnell, 2016). There are also some studies that combine theories to ful-

fill the research gap in the literature (Bulgurcu, Cavusoglu and Benbasat, 2010), (Herath and Rao,

2009), (Ifinedo, 2012), (Hu and Dinev, 2007).

2.2 Security Awareness of Students

In the literature students information security awareness has been investigated. Students security

awareness is not the only concern in the studies which investigates information security awareness



Students and Information Security Culture



The 11th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS), Genoa, Italy, 2017 4



level of students. They investigate information security awareness in higher education environment, so

both staff and students are sample group of studies. Marks and Regui have studied factors affecting

information security awareness in higher education environments (Marks and Regui, 2009). In the re-

search, they have investigated and revealed universitys ISP, information security awareness training

applications, auditing procedures. Katz has examined both physical and technical information security

behaviour of employees in higher education institution (Katz, 2005). One of the finding of the study is

that physical information security is ensured in higher education environment whereas technical secu-

rity requires more awareness. Instructive programs within an information security course or a module

of a course oriented to students are recommended in the research.

There is a study that targets only students in higher education. Ahmed and Zeki have investigated rela-

tionship between students knowledge and behaviour (Ahmed and Zeki, 2013). According to the re-

sults of the study, students know topics included in security courses if they took those courses. Other

study has been conducted by Kim that information security awareness level of undergraduate and

graduate students in a business college has been searched (Kim, 2014). It has suggested in the research

that information security awareness program should be given to their students for securing systems

and information.

There are also some studies that students are just chosen as sample group. However, what is important

especially for students in terms of information security is not a main focus of those studies (Herath et

al., 2012), (Limanyem and Hirt, 2003).

3 Theoretical Framework and Hypotheses

This section explains theoretical framework of this study and reveals hypotheses which have been

tested. In this research, applied ISP in the company is considered as a part of information security cul-

ture. So, factors which affect information security policy knowledge of students are aimed to be inves-


This research contains two parts. Firstly, whether knowing ISP changes security behaviour of students

is intended to be investigated. Then factors which affect ISP knowledge are aimed to be extracted. Es-

pecially second part of this study can be applicable in real life. However, first part of the study has a

critical role to show whether second part is suitable to consider.

First part of the research is explained in Security Behaviour of Students in Personal Computer section

and the second part in Factors Related to Information Security Policy Knowledge section.

3.1 Security Behaviour of Students

In this section hypothesis and related concept are given for the first part of this study.

According to the result of the survey conducted in Lim, Chang, Maynard, and Ahmads (Lim et al.,

2010) research, organizations security culture positively influences ISP compliant behaviour. Infor-

mation security policy is one of the components of information security culture or according to Van

Niekerk & Von Solms (Okere, van Niekerk and Carrol, 2012) it is a level of information security cul-

ture. Lim, Chang, Maynard, and Ahmad (Lim et al., 2010) cited from Thomson, von Solms, and Louw

(Thomson, von Solms and Louw, 2010) that ISP determines acceptable behaviour which constitutes

information security is ensured within daily activities of employees.

Behaviour of employee is one of the most important concerns so as to ensure information security.

Primarily, whether having knowledge about ISP changes security behaviour is aimed to be investigat-

ed. It is assumed that if students have secure behaviour when they are using their PC, they will have

secure behaviour in working environment.

Therefore, following hypothesis is analysed as the first part of this study. Results of conducted test for

the hypothesis is given in Table 1 and Table 2.



Students and Information Security Culture



The 11th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS), Genoa, Italy, 2017 5



H1: There is a difference between students who have knowledge about ISP or not with respect to secu-

rity behaviour in their personal computer.

3.2 Factors Related to Information Security Policy Knowledge

Research model and hypotheses of the second part of this study is mentioned in this part.

Safa, von Solms and Furnell have shown the positive effect of IS experience on ISP compliant behav-

iour (Safa, von Solms and Furnell, 2016). They define information security experience as being famil-

iar to threats and preventive methods in information security and having the knowledge about how to

act against to risk in information security events.

In the Van Niekerk & Von Solmss (Okere, van Niekerk and Carrol, 2012), (DArcy, Hovav and Gal-

letta, 2009) model, information security knowledge is considered as the least tangible, but the most

supportive layer of the model. When these features of information security knowledge make itself es-

sential component of IS culture, knowledge alone is insufficient to positively contribute information

security culture in terms of behaviour (Alfawaz, Nelson and Mohannak, 2010). Therefore, the role of

information security knowledge is critical in information security culture. However, Okere, van

Niekerk & Carroll (Okere, van Niekerk and Carrol, 2012) emphasize in their work that information

security knowledge is insufficiently evaluated in the literature in terms of information security culture.

That is why knowledge is determined as dependent variable of the conceptual model of this study

shown in Figure 1. Knowledge towards ISP is questioned. Independent variables of the framework are

seen as taking information security course, grade of student, current working situation in Figure

1. In reality only accumulations of student are education and limited working experience, taking in-

formation security course, so current working situation factors are considered to be investigated.

Moreover, grade of student is considered as a factor of having knowledge about ISP so as to under-

stand whether senior year student closer to be employed than others is readier to adopt information

security culture.

Properly designing a data collection instrument is critical to a research study (attached). Find an example of a survey on the web related to security. Can you determine what variables the survey is designed to collect data on? Using the last slide(attached) from this weeks presentation what do you think of the quality of the survey?

Your heading should follow this general pattern:

Paper Title


Findings of the Objectives



Your paper will be 3 to 4 pages, not including your cover page and references page(s), double-space and set up in APA standard formatting.

Masters in computer science assignments and online classes essay help writing: essay help writing

Masters in computer science. Competent on assignments and online classes also best time keeper Fields Of Study: Social Science Competent on assignments and online classes..You must score grade A+ Fields Of Study: Psychology Competent on assignments and online classes Fields Of Study: Literature mr A++ GIVES A in Chemistry and chemical engineering Fields Of Study: Chemistry – Physical chemistry Competent on assignments and online classes Fields Of Study: Biology Competent on assignments and online classes Fields Of Study: Computer Science The best in Education work Fields Of Study: Education All assignments and classes in Law Fields Of Study: Law Enjoy creativity and accuracy in grammar and sentence structure.. English be my first language Fields Of Study: English – Article writing

Evaluating Data Element reflection assignment essay help 123: essay help 123


A document titled Evaluating Data Elements is available to you in. This document provides a summary of a dissertation study conducted by an alumnus of UoF. Review the summary of the research and the adaptation of the survey instrument that was developed for the study.

For this SyncSession assignment, you will assess. First, select one of the three research questions identified. Using the survey map provided, identify the data being collected to measure the variables identified for that research question. For each variable associated with the research question, summarize the information about the data being collected in the following table(see in pic):


After summarizing this information, write a short assessment 3-4 pages, not including your cover page and references page(s), double-space and set up in APA standard formatting, answering the following questions about validity and reliability.


Do the questions fit the variables being studied?
Do the options provide appropriate measures of the variables?
Can the options skew the responses?
Does the instrument accurately measure the variables?
Will the instrument yield the same results if used again under the same circumstances?

Your heading should follow this general pattern:

Paper Title


Findings of the Objectives



Whether Partisan Gerrymandering should Be Banned narrative essay help

1. Do you think that state legislatures should do the redistricting?
2. Or do you favor the system used by a few states where an independent bipartisan commission is in charge of drawing congressional district boundaries after each census?
3. What is the basis of your preferred method?

Pediatric Patient With Mood Disorder need essay help: need essay help

At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature.

Packaging machine research proposal paper english essay help online

Due: Saturday Module 3

Please submit these problems to theSubmit Assignmentbutton by Saturday (Day Six) unless instructed otherwise. If there is a choice of problems to do, your instructor will tell you which one to do.

1. Assume you are the manager of a mustard seed factory in Colombia. Your company has received complaints that there isn’t enough mustard seed in your economy size packages, which should have 1.7 ounces. You ask your foreman and chief operating officer Juan Valdez to test the new mustard seed packaging machine you are installing. He runs a sample of 36 packages, with the results of package sizes in ounces: (your instructor will tell you which dataset to use). For a Word version of the Datasets, click on the following document:


Dataset one







Dataset two







Dataset three







2. Calculate a 95% confidence interval on the average weight of packaged mustard seed. Explain very carefully to the packaging workers what the 95% confidence interval numbers mean. Include your Excel output. Is there anything you would want to note for management?

3. 3. Use the same dataset you used for the previous problem. Over a period of time, Juan determines that the true mean of the packages is in fact 1.72 ounces with standard deviation the same as the sample above. Assume that Juan has a strong consumer orientation. Juan is also a savvy businessman. Indeed, a local TV station has been checking up on Juan by periodically sampling 36 packages and figuring up the average weight. Juan tells you that he wants to be at least 95% sure that the average package has at least 1.7 ounces. Further, he wants to be sure that 95% of the time, the TV crew that is watching him will find a sample mean of at least 1.70 ounces. At the same time he doesn’t want to set the equipment to fill packages with any more product than he absolutely has to. What advice would you give the mustard seed packaging factory management as to how to calibrate their equipment? In particular, should they increase or decrease the amount they are putting in the packages and by how much? Are there any other steps they might be able to take to improve the situation?

Discrimination faced by multiracial children essay help us

Dalmage (2013) writes, “Parents and teachers should be aware of the unique forms of discrimination faced by multiracial children and the White supremacist system in which discrimination flourishes” (p. 101). As social workers, we should be aware of our own understanding of what it means to be multiracial in society. This awareness includes a review of our own potential biases that might exist. We need to challenge our own personal ideas about how we categorize individuals and those assumptions that follow along with those categories. Rather, we must respect our client’s experience as a multiracial person in the world, beginning with asking him or her how they would define themselves when completing an intake or assessment form. Further, a social worker must be aware of the many forms of racism and prejudice a person with a multiracial background might experience. As Dalmage discusses, judgment comes from many sides with different intentions and expectations. Being aware of the particular forms of racism that a person who is multiracial will experience will give you the ability to do your best to understand their experience and empathize.

By Day 7

Submita 2- to 3-page paper. Describe the impact of discrimination on individuals of multiracial backgrounds. Describe the impact of biracial/multiracial or multiethnic distinction on our society. Justify your response. How do these distinctions relate to social work practice with individuals, families, groups, and communities? Be sure to use APA formatting and references from the Learning Resources and two additional peer-reviewed resources from the Walden library about the discrimination against biracial and multiracial individuals.

Password Choice Complexity Issues in Selected Middle Schools aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help: aqa unit 5 biology synoptic essay help

Research Topic: Password Complexity Choices


Password Choice Complexity Issues in Selected Middle Schools


Joseph Walter Popinski, III


Much of the access to todays computer systems is controlled by a user authentication mechanism commonly called a password. Computer users typically generate and type in individual secret passwords to gain access to computer systems, applications, and networks. For each subsequent access, they must remember their password and type it into the computer/network system. This research study investigated the existence of relationships among several variables and computer password complexity. The literature suggested five variables as having influence on these choices: Quantity of Passwords, Amount of Guidance, Existence of Policy, Job Roles, and Workplace Environment. Teachers and administrators from selected public middle schools in a School District were the subjects of this study. Data from these specific users were gathered and analyzed to determine whether a relationship existed between the variables and password complexity. Password complexity scores were used as a relative measure for the relationship between the variables and password complexity. A password complexity scoring schema was developed and used to calculate password complexity scores. Data about these variables and user password characteristics were gathered via a survey instrument. Results of this research show that a relationship between one of the variables is statistically supported by the data. However, relationships for the remaining variables could not be statistically supported. This research can be used as a basis for future work, such as expanding the target population to elementary, secondary, and post-secondary educators; widening the password complexity scoring criteria; including other computer user groups consultants, legal and accounting professionals and others; and focusing research on much broader geographic areas.

Research Questions:

1. Is there a relationship between the number of passwords a user has and password complexity?

2. Is there a relationship between the availability of password guidance a user has and password complexity?

3. Is there a relationship between the existence of password policy rules and password complexity?

Null Hypotheses: (Note: these hypotheses were not stated in the dissertation)

1. There is no relationship between the number of passwords a user has and password complexity.

2. There is no relationship between the availability of password guidance a user has and password complexity.

3. There is no relationship between the existence of password policy rules and password complexity

Survey Question Map (Variables/Questions)

Variable Type
Research Question
Survey Question

Number of Passwords
RQ 1

Amount of Guidance
RQ 2
16, 17, 18

Password Policy
RQ 3
1, 2, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14

Password Complexity
RQ 1 3

RQ 1 3

7, 8, 21, 22


Survey Instrument

Please note the survey instrument provided to you for this course has been slightly modified from the instrument used in conducting Dr Popinskis dissertation research.

Interviewing And Interrogating Special Populations a level english language essay help

The role of the criminal justice system is to investigate, enforce the law, and protect victims, regardless of the victims’ or the perpetrators’ ages or physical condition. This presents a challenge for law enforcement in conducting investigations involving special populations, especially the elderly. The number of elderly individuals in the US population is among the fastest-growing demographics of the country.

As criminal justice professionals, we must exercise care while handling this special population. In the past, crimes committed by or against the elderly were considered insignificant and a low priority. A real consideration when dealing with the elderly is the ability of this group to be effective in prosecution. Can they handle the pressure of questioning by prosecutors and defense attorneys?

Criminal justice agencies must design methods and strategies for successfully engaging in these delicate investigations. Often, agencies do not have the required expertise in their ranks to effectively deal with the elderly and may need to consult with resources better equipped to handle their needs. Most agencies have created policies that dictate the methods used to handle investigations involving the elderly.

Submission Details:

BySaturday, October 8, 2016, in a minimum of 250 words, post your responses to the following to theDiscussion Area:

Discuss appropriate techniques and strategies to use when interviewing or interrogating elderly citizens either as suspects or as victims.
Distinguish between interview and interrogation strategies used for elderly suspects versus elderly victims.
Explain the legal ramifications of each of these approaches. Compare your techniques and strategies with inappropriate approaches for the elderly population.

ByWednesday, October 12, 2016, read all your classmates’ posts and respond to at least two of them. When responding, use contradictions and counterexamples supported by class readings. You can ask questions, disagree with opinions, redirect your thoughts, or ask your classmates to rethink.

Discussion Grading Criteria and Rubric

All discussion assignments in this course will be graded using a rubric. This assignment is worth 40 points. Download the discussion rubric and carefully read it to understand the expectations.

I would like to introduce your project. Your project is called aLiterature Search. It is worth 10 percent of your grade. It is only atwo pageassignment, not longer. I would like you pick aReportfrom an issue ofScienceMagazine. The issue needs to be fromJanuary 1, 2021to present. The topic of the must be related to the study of biology (or any of its subdivisions). Go to theReportssection of an issue ofScience Magazine.Reportsin this magazine areprimary sources. Primary sources are articles in which original research is made public for the first time. The way to identify or recognize a primary source is to look for pronouns phrases such as I, we, our team, our group, When you search for an article, you need to use BCC library search tools. These are available on the BCC website. The steps are shown below the overview.

Data Analysis Spiral Research Discussion paper grad school essay help: grad school essay help

Module 11 focuses on strategies for analyzing qualitative data. The assignment is to think about the research topic. If you were to use a qualitative methodology, how would you go about conducting your own research? Your submission will be to complete the checklist on pp. 357-359 of your text, entitled “Pinning Down the Data Analysis in a Qualitative Study.” Make sure that you answer each question thoroughly and that you do not skip questions for study guide. Please number each response.

Anatomical and physiological details project paper extended essay help biology: extended essay help biology

Research and createone-pageDating Site Profile for one of the following topics.

Creativity is encouraged the more you use your imagination, the more enjoyable this project will be.

Just be sure to work together and cover your selected topic in anatomical and physiological detail. Topic selections include:

The layers of the skin and structures of thick and thin skin.

Create an anatomical visual prop to increase the understanding of your presentation topic. This may be a model, diagram, or other created object. Include the picture of your prop on a separate page and submit it along with your write up.

The Relationships And Expectations Of The Group You Chose research essay help

Relationships and Expectations

Continuing with the same cultural group and health issue for the Session Long Project that you began in Module 1, write a paper to address the following:

Describe theRelationships and Expectationsof the group you chose.(African Americans diagnosed with diabetes).Specifically address how each of the PEN-3 models three factors within the dimension of Relationships and Expectations applies to your group and provide examples.

Use subheadings to clearly show that you have addressed each of the three factors. Support your discussion with references from scholarly and professional references (not just your opinion).


Length: 23 pages.

Your work will be evaluated based on the grading rubric criteria. Review it before you begin working on the assignment.

Required reading

Purcell, N., & Cutchen, L. (2013). Diabetes self-management education for African Americans: Using the PEN-3 model to assess needs.American Journal of Health Education, 44(4), 203-212.

Lindberg, N. M., Stevens, V. J., & Halperin, R. O. (2013). Weight-Loss Interventions for Hispanic Populations: The Role of Culture.Journal of Obesity,2013, 542736.


The New York Times International World Press medical school essay help: medical school essay help

Provide an update to a developing story you first covered in WN#1 or investigate new stories you find interesting.

A reminder to read widely and then select a story or stories to highlight. Don’t just look at one article and call it good.

Cite sources as well.

At the beginning of the semester you are asked to pick a country (that is not your home country)
whose international news you will follow over the course of the quarter. Roughly every three
weeks, you will turn in a 2-page summary and analysis of international news that affects your
country, not just on affairs that are purely domestic. I will periodically take time in class to allow
you to share what is going on, and you will become our resident international correspondent on
your country of choice. You need to clear your country with me before you begin, so we dont
have duplicates.
You can search in many reputable news sources, but a good place to start is the New York
Times International/Global section. World Press (Links to an external
site.)Links to an external site. is also helpful.
Indicate which World News assignment youre submitting (WN #1, WN #2, etc.)
State which country you are following
Have an interesting title that is responsive to your report
Begin with a short paragraph (1/3 page) that ends with a thesis statement in bold
The thesis should reflect your analysis of the situation i.e. what you think about what
youre writing about
Cite sources properly at the end (dont just provide web links)
Have a minimum of two sources
World News papers will be graded on a 4.0 scale per standards of engagement, depth of
analysis, and carefully written prose.

a month ago

Weight Satisfaction Survey questions, data analysis output instant essay help

Look at the followingWeight Satisfaction Surveyquestions, data, data analysis output, and scatterplot. The data are similar to what would have been obtained if you sent the survey to 10 people. Your task is to evaluate the information and determine if there are any significant results and also to determine if there are any apparent gender differences. Based on your observation and evaluation, prepare a report in a 1- to 2-page Microsoft Word document.

answer the Questions for Weight Satisfaction

Study Results: Write a results section that includes the descriptive statistics for age, weight, and height. Also, look at the data for the satis, exreg, misrep, and mind variables for the males and females. Determine the frequency counts of the yes or no responses for the males and females. Does it seem the males and females responded differently to any of the questions?

How You Would Handle the Participants: You must write a brief statement to answer the following questions:

How would you feel if you had to collect the data from any of the participants who were selected for this study? Which specific participants might feel embarrassed and why?
How would you handle their discomfort while answering questions? What would you do if they wanted to stop filling out the survey?

Support your responses with examples.

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